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The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NN/LM NER) Repository

Background: Graphic medicine is defined as the “interaction between the medium of comics and the discourse of healthcare”. We seek to understand the ways in which comics are currently being employed in healthcare settings and what effects, if any, these practices have on physician, patient, and their experiences and health outcomes.

Methods: Our scoping review is following the six-stage methodology laid out by Arksey and O’Malley (2005) in order to map the field – an appropriate methodology, as graphic medicine is a relatively new field that thus far lacks clear boundaries. We built, tested, and conducted searches in six databases ...


Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book For Kids, Anya Kim 2017 University of Iowa

Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book For Kids, Anya Kim

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

When I was growing up, comic books served as a medium for me to let my imagination grow, explore new worlds, and have fun while reading. The goal of Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book for Kids is to provide that same experience for elementary school students while teaching them a little bit about neurobiology along the way. I worked with Professor Michael Dailey, Professor Renita Schmidt, and Professor Kevin Ripka at the University of Iowa to create a short comic book that was accurate, accessible to elementary school students, and fun to read. I then did a reading with the ...


A New Class Of Antibiotics Could Stop Drug-Resistant Bacteria In Their Tracks, Nicholas McCarty 2017 University of Iowa

A New Class Of Antibiotics Could Stop Drug-Resistant Bacteria In Their Tracks, Nicholas Mccarty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Bonnie Bassler, PhD is a world-renowned microbiologist and professor at Princeton University. She rose to fame, at least outside of the scientific community, after her 2009 TED talk entitled “How bacteria ‘talk’”. A stunning success, this 18-minute exposé into molecular biology is widely touted as one of the best general audience interpretations of research in the natural sciences. Bassler discusses the ways that bacteria communicate with one another, called quorum sensing, and explains its rather intricate mechanisms in clear and relatable terms. Quorum sensing relies upon small chemical messengers to transmit information between bacteria. The Bassler lab played a sizable ...


Attitudes, Perceptions, And Usage Of Electronic Cigarettes : An Exploratory Investigation., Elizabeth P Hart 2017 University of Louisville

Attitudes, Perceptions, And Usage Of Electronic Cigarettes : An Exploratory Investigation., Elizabeth P Hart

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are increasing in popularity. Originally, e-cigs were marketed and sold primarily online, but now they are easily accessible in a variety of locations, such as specialty and convenience stores, retail outlets, as well as online. Despite the increasing popularity of these devices, little is known about the overall health effects of using e-cigs. Additionally, relatively few studies have explored users’ and non-users’ perceptions of and attitudes about the devices and their use. The primary objective of this study was to address that gap by examining perceptions of and attitudes about e-cigs from users and non-users. A questionnaire ...


Sometimes Laughter Is The Best Medicine: Stand-Up Comedy, Humor, And Healthcare, Haran Mennillo 2017 University of Rhode Island

Sometimes Laughter Is The Best Medicine: Stand-Up Comedy, Humor, And Healthcare, Haran Mennillo

Senior Honors Projects

While for many healthcare is no laughing matter, humor can be a valuable tool for physicians. Hospitals and other healthcare environments can be very stressful places for patients, many of whom are having the worst day of their lives. Humor is an excellent medium through which doctors can connect with their patients, improving the doctor-patient relationship. Patients will often use humor as a way to cope with their stress, and doctors with a sense of humor are able to better connect with their patients. This use of humor has many applications across different fields of medicine, including pediatrics, oncology, palliative ...


Transgenerational Patterns Of Communication Orientations And Depression Among Mothers And Adult Children, Timothy Curran, Jennifer A. Samp, Anastacia Janovec 2017 Utah State University

Transgenerational Patterns Of Communication Orientations And Depression Among Mothers And Adult Children, Timothy Curran, Jennifer A. Samp, Anastacia Janovec

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

This study investigated intergenerational transmissions of conversation orientations, conformity orientations, and depressive symptoms among 235 (N = 470) mother–child dyads. The analysis revealed that mothers’ reports of conformity orientation in her family of origin positively predicted her child’s report of conformity orientation and conversation orientation. Moreover, maternal depressive symptoms predicted child reports of family communication climates, which in turn predicted child depressive symptoms. A mediation analysis showed a significant indirect effect from maternal depressive symptoms to child depressive symptoms through child reports of conformity orientation. Implications for transgenerational patterns of family communication climates and depressive symptoms are discussed.


Diabetes: A History, Nicholas McCarty 2017 University of Iowa

Diabetes: A History, Nicholas Mccarty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

About 9% of Americans have diabetes, yet the tales behind research in endocrinology (the study of hormones) are largely undiscussed. Diseases are rooted in a sort of temporal interest – little attention is paid to the illness until it affects us or a loved one. Many of the great advancements in diabetes research stem from a greater understanding of insulin, a small hormone produced in the pancreas that tells cells to take in sugar from the bloodstream, particularly after a starch-filled meal. Diabetic patients either do not produce enough insulin or their cells cannot respond appropriately to insulin. Research in the ...


Art As A Tool In Science Communication, Brittany Todd 2017 University of Iowa

Art As A Tool In Science Communication, Brittany Todd

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

This piece explores the value of engaging the public in conversations about science and diversity. While painting a park bench with images that reflect diversity in science, strangers of all ages and walks of life approached to discuss the art and the meaning behind the design. Each conversation took on a life of its own, each one added a different colorful shade. The objective of this project was to create a public piece of art that would hopefully connect to passersby the importance of diversity in science. But by the end of the project it was clear that the process ...


Deaf Access To Healthcare, Jennifer L. Yates 2017 Liberty University

Deaf Access To Healthcare, Jennifer L. Yates

Senior Honors Theses

Modern medical professionals strive to provide culturally competent care; however, Deaf[1] culture remains overlooked. Common language and experience draw deaf individuals together as a cultural group. Ignorance about Deaf culture perpetuates barriers to holistic care in the medical setting. Deaf patients receive misdiagnoses, delayed treatment, and privacy breaches. Deaf culture understandably avoids healthcare and is characterized by numerous health disparities as a result. Obstacles hindering Deaf access to healthcare are directly opposed to the intended therapeutic relationship and holistic care. Increased awareness of Deaf culture is required to improve the Deaf’s access to healthcare.

[1] The word deaf ...


When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay 2017 St. Mary's Research Centre

When One Is Sick And Two Need Help: Caregivers’ Perspectives On The Negative Consequences Of Caring, Ilja Ormel, Susan Law, Courtney Abbott, Mark Yaffe, Marc Saint-Cyr, Kerry Kuluski, Debbie Josephson, Ann C. Macaulay

Patient Experience Journal

Informal or family caregivers contribute significantly to individual care, and to the Canadian healthcare system, yet receive limited support from governments, institutions, and healthcare professionals in recognition of their role, or in response to their health and social care needs – often due to the negative consequences of caregiving. Learning about the diversity of others’ experiences can positively influence personal decision-making, reduce feelings of isolation, as well as promote adjustment to a personal situation. For caregivers, however, few resources exist that provide reliable information on others’ experiences. We collected the narratives of caregivers’ experiences of caring for someone with a chronic ...


Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier 2017 Olivet Nazarene University

Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier

Scholar Week 2016 - present

No abstract provided.


Culturally Competent Health Education In African-Americans’ Faith-Based Communities For Better Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Kougang Anne Mbe 2017 San Jose State University

Culturally Competent Health Education In African-Americans’ Faith-Based Communities For Better Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Kougang Anne Mbe

McNair Research Journal SJSU

Obesity is a compelling health issue among African-Americans, who have the highest prevalence of excess weight among all ethnic and racial groups in the United States. This soaring obesity rate contributes to poor health outcomes and significantly inflates the risks for many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer. The literature provides evidence for the success of health programs aimed at promoting healthy behavior and lifestyles in African-American faith-based organizations, as the influential role of churches in African-American communities is well documented. However, few studies have investigated the criteria essential for improved efficiency of health interventions ...


Time To Push: Use Of Gestational Age In The Electronic Health Record To Support Delivery Of Relevant Prenatal Education Content, Adriana Arcia 2017 Columbia University

Time To Push: Use Of Gestational Age In The Electronic Health Record To Support Delivery Of Relevant Prenatal Education Content, Adriana Arcia

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Clinicians must provide anticipatory guidance pregnant clients would find useful but might not seek out independently. Client-facing health information resources should a) satisfy clients’ health self-management queries, and b) provide anticipatory guidance at developmentally appropriate times. Care Guide (by our technology partner, Maternity Neighborhood™) is an online maternity education platform positioned to meet pregnant clients’ information needs through high-quality, curated content paired with secure provider/client messaging. The research version of Care Guide is called Maternity Information Access Point (MIAP). Little is known about how clients perceive or engage with maternity education delivered via patient portal or personal health ...


Engaging Moms On Teen Indoor Tanning Through Social Media: Protocol Of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L. Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J. Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L. Henry, David B. Buller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Engaging Moms On Teen Indoor Tanning Through Social Media: Protocol Of A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sherry L. Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L. Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J. Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L. Henry, David B. Buller

Sherry L. Pagoto

BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children. OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial will test the efficacy of a ...


Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Inactivity early in life can lead to inactively later in life, which can result in negative outcomes. The primary purpose was to determine if gain- or loss-framed messages about physical activity would change the attitudes, intentions, and behaviours of students in the contemplation or preparation stage of the Transtheoretical model. The secondary purpose was to determine if framing the message in terms of the physical health benefits, appearance/social benefits, or mental health benefits (benefit condition) would change attitude, intention and behaviour. Undergraduate female students (N=60) between the ages of 18 and 36 were recruited from the university. The ...


Assessment Of Tips From Former Smokers: Implications For An Advance Directive Completion Campaign For Young Adults, Kimberly Clark 2017 John Carroll University

Assessment Of Tips From Former Smokers: Implications For An Advance Directive Completion Campaign For Young Adults, Kimberly Clark

Masters Essays

No abstract provided.


Editors' Note, Lori Adams, Matthew J. Gilchrist, Brinda Shetty 2017 University of Iowa

Editors' Note, Lori Adams, Matthew J. Gilchrist, Brinda Shetty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A welcome from the editors and a summary of the first issue of Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication


Book Review: When Technology Hurts. How Pornography Harms: What Today's Teens, Young Adults, Parents, And Pastors Need To Know By John Foubert, Walter S. DeKeseredy 2017 West Virginia University

Book Review: When Technology Hurts. How Pornography Harms: What Today's Teens, Young Adults, Parents, And Pastors Need To Know By John Foubert, Walter S. Dekeseredy

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Chronic Disease Management & Fitness Trackers Through The Lens Of The Health Belief Model & Diffusion Of Innovations Theory, Amanda Folk 2017 John Carroll University

Chronic Disease Management & Fitness Trackers Through The Lens Of The Health Belief Model & Diffusion Of Innovations Theory, Amanda Folk

Masters Essays

Chronic disease has become one of the leading causes of death in the United States. The purpose of this project is to understand the motivation behind health behaviors that individuals engage in to prevent, manage, or treat chronic diseases. By simultaneously examining chronic disease and fitness trackers through the Health Belief Model and The Diffusion of Innovations Theory, external factors are exposed that influence perceptions and lead to purchase decisions. Incorporating the cost-benefit analysis of the devices confirms that associated risks and questions of accuracy do not prevent product purchases or the belief that it can improve health. Moreover, the ...


Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. McKenzie 2017 University of Alabama - Birmingham

Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

This study investigated the oral health beliefs of Alaska Native dental patients via a questionnaire with 4-point Likert scales. Respondents (n = 136) reported high perceived importance of keeping natural teeth. Females viewed oral health as more important than males. Respondents generally did not view dentists as readily available (M = 2.86, SD = 0.66). Perceived availability and efficacy of dentists were positively correlated (r = 0.219, p = 0.021). Beliefs regarding seriousness of dental problems and importance of oral health were strongly correlated (r = 0.547, p < 0.001). Age predicted perceived seriousness of oral health problems, dentist availability, and prevention benefits. Access to dental care is perceived as a barrier among Alaska Natives generally and elders in particular. Oral health education and prevention messages should utilize the existing belief that keeping natural teeth is important. Public information about available services and transportation logistics may decrease perceived availability barriers.


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