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Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ethnicity in Communication Commons

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Sleepless In Seattle: Three Writers, Three Concepts, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D. 2018 Molloy College

Sleepless In Seattle: Three Writers, Three Concepts, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D.

Deidre Pribram

One of the most striking facts of narrative storytelling is how specific story elements, such as plot, character and structure may remain the same, yet the story told can be remarkably different. We see this, for instance, through the limitations imposed by generic conventions and via characters drawn to stereotype or type. Yet the meanings created are open to seemingly endless replenishment. Indeed, it is narrative's persistent renewability that helps account for the sway and pleasures story holds us.


"M.F.E.O.:" Nora Ephron's Sleepless In Seattle, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D., Jeanne Hall 2018 Molloy College

"M.F.E.O.:" Nora Ephron's Sleepless In Seattle, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D., Jeanne Hall

Deidre Pribram

Nora Ephron is one of the very few women writer/directors working in Hollywood today. Her credits include Silkwood (1983, co-writer with Alice Arlen), Heartburn (1986, writer, based on her own novel), Cookie (1989, co-writer with Alice Arlen), When Harry Met Sally (1989, writer), My Blue Heaven (1990, writer), This is my Life (1992, director and co-writer with Delia Ephron), and Sleepless in Seattle (1993, director and co-writer with David S. Ward and Jeff Arch).


Straight Outta Money: Institutional Power And Independent Film Funding, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D. 2018 Molloy College

Straight Outta Money: Institutional Power And Independent Film Funding, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D.

Deidre Pribram

In the last few years, and despite the increased prominence of American independent films, there have been surprisingly few feature films by women that have "made it" on the independent circuit. The success of an independet film can be considered by the following criteria: securing theatrical release, receiving critical and media attention, and obtaining visibility among audiences. The few films that come to mind as having met these criteria are Lizzie Borden's Working Girls (1986), distributed by Miramax; Julie Dash's Daughter's of the Dust (1991), a Kino release: and most recently, Allision Anders's gas, food, lodging ...


A Cultural Approach To Emotional Disorders: Introduction, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D. 2018 Molloy College

A Cultural Approach To Emotional Disorders: Introduction, E. Deidre Pribram Ph.D.

Deidre Pribram

In her latest contribution to the growing field of emotion studies, Deidre Pribram makes a compelling argument for why culturalist approaches to the study of emotional "disorders" continue to be eschewed, even as the sociocultural and historical study of mental illness flourishes. The author ties this phenomenon to a tension between two fundamentally different approaches to emotion: an individualist approach, which regards emotions as the property of the individual, whether biologically or psychologically, and a culturalist approach, which regards emotions as collective, social processes with distinctive histories and meanings that work to produce particularized subjects. While she links a strong ...


Two Case Examples Of Reaching The Hard-To-Reach: Low Income Minority And Lgbt Individuals, Tricia K. Gatlin, Michael J. Johnson 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Two Case Examples Of Reaching The Hard-To-Reach: Low Income Minority And Lgbt Individuals, Tricia K. Gatlin, Michael J. Johnson

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

‘Hard-to-reach’ is a term primarily used by researchers to describe groups of people who have been historically difficult to find or contact. It is important for the public interest to include hard-to-reach groups in research because excluding certain sub-populations diminishes the ability to identify groups that potentially have the highest burden of illness and to develop an understanding of why group differences exist. Thus, the purposes of this paper are to: 1) describe the challenges in recruiting hard-to-reach population in two separate research studies; 2) discuss the strategies that were used to overcome those challenges; and 3) provide recommendations for ...


Microfinance: Combating World Poverty One Small Business At A Time, Alison Basney 2018 Liberty University

Microfinance: Combating World Poverty One Small Business At A Time, Alison Basney

Senior Honors Theses

Poverty is a major problem that reaches millions of people around the world. Although many organizations and individuals work daily to combat this, much of the work done to reduce poverty lacks sustainability and serves only to remedy to the effects of poverty, rather than create a solution to the causes of poverty. Microfinance can be very basically defined as the provision of banking to the impoverished who would not otherwise have access to these services. This purpose of this thesis is to show that microfinance is the ideal solution to the poverty problem by using research and evidence from ...


The Spanish Town Crier: A Case Study Of Radio Sol’S Grassroots Programming In An Era Of Spanish-Language Radio Consolidation, Carolyn E. Nielsen 2017 Western Washington University

The Spanish Town Crier: A Case Study Of Radio Sol’S Grassroots Programming In An Era Of Spanish-Language Radio Consolidation, Carolyn E. Nielsen

Carolyn Nielsen

This study draws evidence from trends in Spanish-language radio proliferation and media consolidation to examine how the nation’s fastest growing ethnic group is served by this key news and information medium. Latinos establishing themselves in historically non-Latino urban areas are statistically likely to turn to radio for information. However, the quality of programming can vary significantly and, in many cases, is exclusively entertainment produced outside the region. Local programming has been threatened by growth and consolidation, which have led to large corporations holding most stations in urban markets. Networks that distribute canned programming to their outlets ignore listener’s ...


A Palimpsest Of Diné Voices, Frances Vitali, Brian C. O'Connor 2017 University of New Mexico

A Palimpsest Of Diné Voices, Frances Vitali, Brian C. O'Connor

Proceedings from the Document Academy

We use the idea of a palimpsest to probe and illuminate Hayse's model of communication as a dance - not simply the erasure of a single manuscript but the scraping away of the communication system of an entire people.

Among Navajo (Dine’), oral tradition and oral language still operates within mediated print and digital technologies as a complementarity. There is still a commitment to honoring whose voice is telling the stories in American Indian literature, for colonialist attitudes may still be coded with unchallenged stereotypes, cultural inaccuracies for readers.

Modeling the intersection of Diné culture and Anglo culture – both historical ...


Underrepresented: The Lack Of Black Designers Featured In Harper’S Bazaar And Vogue, Tameka N. Ellington 2017 Kent State University

Underrepresented: The Lack Of Black Designers Featured In Harper’S Bazaar And Vogue, Tameka N. Ellington

The Seneca Falls Dialogues Journal

During the Fall 2012 New York Fashion Week preview, only two African American designers showcased collections of the 127 designers (Mullins). Spring 2015 Fashion Week showcased 25 African American/African (Black) designers (Superselected), which is a significant increase. However, there is still minimal to no presence of Black designers in high-fashion magazines. There has been lay/popular research on this phenomenon (Kearney; madamenoire; Mullins; Williams; Woodberry), but no academic data has been published regarding this injustice.

Through a Critical Race Theory (CRT) lens the coverage or lack thereof that Black designers receive is divulged. CRT recognizes that racism is engrained ...


Effect Of Female Superhero Body Types On Parasocial Relationships, Perceived Homophily And Self-Esteem Of College Women, Ashe C. Cleveland, Michael John Farzinpour, Alyssa Aroz Vega 2017 Chapman University

Effect Of Female Superhero Body Types On Parasocial Relationships, Perceived Homophily And Self-Esteem Of College Women, Ashe C. Cleveland, Michael John Farzinpour, Alyssa Aroz Vega

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

This study examines how exposure to female superheroes’ body images increases the strength of parasocial relationships, perceived homophily, and level of self-esteem that female college students experience. Three images of female superheroes were manipulated into round, muscular, and hyper-thin body types. Eighty-one students at a west coast university were randomly assigned to view one of three images of the female superhero. After viewing the images, the participants were asked to answer three Likert scales to determine the strength of parasocial relationships to the superheroine (bonds with the character), perceived homophily (perceived similarity), and self-esteem. The results of the study indicate ...


Social Movements And Memory: Education, Age, And Memories Of The Women's Movement, Kimberly A. Longfellow 2017 Gettysburg College

Social Movements And Memory: Education, Age, And Memories Of The Women's Movement, Kimberly A. Longfellow

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

Past research in memory studies has indicated that there are social factors that influence who are more or less likely to recall certain events as important. Past research emphasizes age as one of the most important variables; however, when regarding memories of social movements, additional demographic factors such as gender, race, region, and education may have potential impacts. More so, past research has not studied the importance of these factors over time. This study re-analyzes the data collected by Schuman and Rodgers (2004) combined with the data collected by Schuman and Scott (1985), in which 5,294 people were asked ...


Gettysburg Social Sciences Review Fall 2017, 2017 Gettysburg College

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review Fall 2017

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

No abstract provided.


The Efficacy Of A Goal-Based Study Skills Course For Academically At-Risk, First-Generation, African American, Female Students, Sarah Beth Garrison 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Efficacy Of A Goal-Based Study Skills Course For Academically At-Risk, First-Generation, African American, Female Students, Sarah Beth Garrison

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to identify effective intervention strategies used in a goal-based study skills course for academically at-risk, first-generation, African-American, female students. Based on the theoretical framework from goal, motivation and achievement theories (Covington, 2000; Kuh, 2007; Nicholls, 1984), this study provided an analysis of research regarding the academic success and persistence of at-risk students. An explanatory mixed-method design was employed that consisted of two phases. The first phase of the study used quantitative data to test for difference in GPA and academic status between the control and treatment group. Quantitative data was also used to identify ...


Interns Matter: Maximizing Integration Of Interns Into Community Agencies, Valerie Garcia 2017 California State University, Monterey Bay

Interns Matter: Maximizing Integration Of Interns Into Community Agencies, Valerie Garcia

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Hope Services is a non-profit agency serving individuals with developmental disabilities in six counties. Over the years, there have been many agencies that have formed connections with Hope Services. One of these collaborative partnerships has been with CSU Monterey Bay’s (CSUMB) integration of interns through their field placement program. However, recently former Hope Services South District Manager, Greg Dinsmore, witnessed a lack of utilization and integration of interns across all Hope Services agencies. Through firsthand experience as a mentor, he witnessed the benefits of utilizing interns and saw the need for further advocacy and support for the integration of ...


Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins 2017 University of Nebraska

Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberative (and educational) theories typically predict knowledge gains will be enhanced by information structure and discussion. In two studies, we experimentally manipulated key features of deliberative public engagement (information, instructions, and discussion) and measured impacts on cognitive-affective engagement and knowledge about nanotechnology. We also examined the direct and moderating impacts of individual differences in need for cognition and gender. Findings indicated little impact of information (organized by topic or by pro-con relevance). Instructions (prompts to think critically) decreased engagement in Study 1, and increased it in Study 2, but did not impact post-knowledge. Group discussion had strong positive benefits for ...


Sexual Goals-Plans-Actions: Toward A Sexual Script In Marriage, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess 2017 Iowa State University

Sexual Goals-Plans-Actions: Toward A Sexual Script In Marriage, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess

Tina Coffelt

This study introduces a sexual script in heterosexual marriage, based on interviews with 12 married women and 13 married men. The qualitative data analysis revealed a two-phase sexual script, beginning with priming messages and culminating in synchronizing messages. Synchronizing messages took one of three forms—in-synch, token acceptance, or out-of-synch. In-synch messages showed alignment between an initiation message and an acceptance message such that a sexual episode occurred. Token acceptance messages, made by women, conveyed compliance with a sexual episode despite low desire. Out-of-synch messages rejected an initiation message.


Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess 2017 Iowa State University

Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess

Tina Coffelt

This study examines sexual communication by describing the content of sexual disclosures within marital relationships and assessing the association between sexual disclosures and relational outcomes, specifically relational satisfaction and closeness. A survey administered to 293 married individuals (58% female) who had an average age of 40 years (range = 20–73), 13.7 years of marriage (range = 1 month to 54 years), and who reported high levels of relational satisfaction assessed the relation between the content of sexual disclosures and satisfaction and closeness. While sexual disclosures are made infrequently, positive affect and sexual preferences are disclosed more than negative topics and ...


Use What You Choose: Applying Computational Methods To Genre Studies In Technical Communication, Brian N. Larson, William Hart-Davidon, Kenneth C. Walker, Douglas M. Walls, Ryan Omizo 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Use What You Choose: Applying Computational Methods To Genre Studies In Technical Communication, Brian N. Larson, William Hart-Davidon, Kenneth C. Walker, Douglas M. Walls, Ryan Omizo

Brian Larson

This paper reports on the results of an intensive application development workshop held in the summer of 2015 during which a group of thirteen researchers came together to explore the use of machine-learning algorithms in technical communication. To do this we analyzed Amazon.com consumer electronic product customer reviews to reevaluate a central concept in North American Genre Theory: stable genre structures arise from recurring social actions. We discovered evidence of genre hybridity in the signals of instructional genres embedded into customer reviews. Our paper discusses the creation of a prototype web application, "Use What You Choose" (UWYC), which sorts ...


Men’S Rights Activists And The Ray Rice Domestic-Violence Case: Using Critical Communication Pedagogy To Counter Hegemonic Masculinity, David H. Kahl 2017 Penn State Erie, The Behrend College

Men’S Rights Activists And The Ray Rice Domestic-Violence Case: Using Critical Communication Pedagogy To Counter Hegemonic Masculinity, David H. Kahl

Discourse: The Journal of the SCASD

Some groups in society communicate in ways that attempt to marginalize others. One such group is the Men’s Rights Activists (MRA) who use language to attempt to normalize the subjugation of women through its rejection of feminism. This activity is designed to engage students in a dialogue about MRA’s response to the domestic-violence incident involving Baltimore Ravens’ running back Ray Rice and his fiancé, Janay Palmer, in a hotel elevator. Specifically, the activity allows students to learn about MRA members and their hegemonic ideology, to examine/view the domestic-violence incident, and to use critical-communication pedagogy (CCP) as a ...


A Guilty Conscience: Barack Obama And America’S Guilt In “A More Perfect Union”, Scott Anderson 2017 University of Memphis

A Guilty Conscience: Barack Obama And America’S Guilt In “A More Perfect Union”, Scott Anderson

Discourse: The Journal of the SCASD

On March 18, 2008, Barack Obama addressed the status of racial equality in America in a speech titled “A More Perfect Union.” The speech came on the heels of a media firestorm that erupted around Reverend Jeremiah Wright, Obama’s religious advisor and friend, whom media accused of harboring allegedly racist and anti-American sentiment. The association with Wright undermined Obama’s status as the post-racial candidate and threatened to derail his presidential bid. Using Kenneth Burke’s dramatistic process (the guilt-purification-redemption cycle), this article argues that Obama’s use of guilt may have contributed to his success. In the speech ...


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