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Piggybacking In? A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Argumentation Schemes, Harmony Peach 2020 University of Windsor

Piggybacking In? A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Argumentation Schemes, Harmony Peach

OSSA Conference Archive

In this paper, Douglas Walton’s Argumentation Schemes and corresponding critical questions are taken through Thomas Huckin’s (1997) Critical Discourse Analysis in order to further demonstrate that a schematic-pragmatic approach to argument evaluation needs to account for bias in and of itself. Building on the work of Audrey Yap (2013, 2015) and Ciurria and Al Tamini (2014) which demonstrates how the schemes have not addressed, and may even intensify, various disadvantages people with systemic identity prejudices face, Huckin’s approach offers additional nuance as to how these concerns can be exacerbated by the schemes. As the schemes have been ...


For The Sake Of The Environment?: Policing And Control In Glacier Bay National Park, Cecilia Slane 2020 DePauw University

For The Sake Of The Environment?: Policing And Control In Glacier Bay National Park, Cecilia Slane

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

In the years leading up to the creation of Glacier Bay National Monument in 1925, white scientists and explorers from the contiguous US began describing Alaska as a beautiful and awe-inspiring place - a change from its previous depiction as an empty expanse of land. They began lobbying for the Glacier Bay area to be preserved based on its value as a laboratory for scientific inquiry and as a place to be set aside for future generations to appreciate. However, the Tlingit people who lived in the area were not informed about the creation of the park, or even that Alaska ...


The Unexplored History Of Brockton, Massachusetts’ Residential Racial Inequity, Brianna Bryson 2020 Suffolk University

The Unexplored History Of Brockton, Massachusetts’ Residential Racial Inequity, Brianna Bryson

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How do the arguments made by Richard Rothstein in his book The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America apply to the metropolitan and suburban areas of Southeast, Massachusetts? To what extent were the Federal, Massachusetts, and local governments’ involved in maintaining residential segregation by race and economic class in Plymouth County Massachusetts, through the Home Owners Loan Corporation and the Federal Housing Administration? The topic of research for the project will investigate the government's role in creating residentially segregated communities in Southeast Massachusetts. Beginning with the “New Deal” policies carried out under FDR ...


The Narration Of Art On Google Arts And Culture, Aishan Zhang 2020 School of the Art Institute of Chicago

The Narration Of Art On Google Arts And Culture, Aishan Zhang

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Google Arts and Culture (GAC, former name: Google Art Project) is a non-profit program within the Google Cultural Institute that provides open-access online exhibitions for users and shares technical tools with cultural institutions across the globe. This paper shows that digital museum platforms serve the study of art by introducing new possibilities for accessibility, functionality and diversity, but questions whether or not GAC adopts a diverse representation of global art. Two specific phenomena are highlighted to inform the discussion: the standardization of all arts and culture and the compatibility of two-dimensional art with the digitization processes. This paper argues that ...


Danse Macabre: The Black Death Through The Global Health Lens, Dominic Ignatius Antinozzi 2020 Allegheny College

Danse Macabre: The Black Death Through The Global Health Lens, Dominic Ignatius Antinozzi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As we find ourselves amid a global pandemic it is pivotal to understand our past regarding medicine and its reaction to new threats. The Black Death outbreak of the fourteenth century catalyzed a major shift in medical thought across the Eurasian continent. As medical leaders and writers of the era attempted to understand and react to the death of millions, a conceptualization of disease came about. Coming to be known as Contagion theory, this novel conceptualization led to the many advances we have enjoyed in medicine over the past 700 years. This research explores sources written in the fourteenth century ...


What Is Enough?: Understanding The Ostracization Of Mixed People And How They Reaffirm Their Identity., Kiera Miles 2020 University of San Francisco

What Is Enough?: Understanding The Ostracization Of Mixed People And How They Reaffirm Their Identity., Kiera Miles

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As a mixed-race woman, and a person who has mixed identifying friends, I understand the constant struggle of having your identity being invalidated. Of never feeling acceptable enough of any one identity that I carry. It is due to this understanding why I decided to center my research around mix identity and the question of "am I enough" that I believe is present in mix identifying people; however, this question may change in variation from person to person but regardless it remains at the core issue.

In order to understand how fellow mix-identifying people navigate their identity, I plan to ...


“I’M Real I Thought I Told Ya”: Developing Critical Media Literacy Through U.S. Latinx Digital Media Representations, Solange T. Castellar 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

“I’M Real I Thought I Told Ya”: Developing Critical Media Literacy Through U.S. Latinx Digital Media Representations, Solange T. Castellar

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis explores how audiences engage with U.S. Latinx media representations through the practice of critical media literacy. I interrogate how media consumers construct critical media literacy through interacting with U.S. Latinx figures on digital media platforms, particularly on the social-media app, Twitter, and the user-generated video content platform, YouTube. Throughout this thesis, I argue that users on these platforms who engage with U.S. Latinx pop culture figures, like Jennifer Lopez and Belcalis Almanzar (Cardi B), read, digest, and comprehend a variety of multimedia images, texts, or videos, and that this engagement becomes an accessible form of ...


Desexualizing Queer Identities: Methods To Validating Non-Sexual Romantic Attraction And Relationships, Unnati Patel 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Desexualizing Queer Identities: Methods To Validating Non-Sexual Romantic Attraction And Relationships, Unnati Patel

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There is an increase in the negative views of queer and LGBT+ people in America, and I argue that it is, in part, due to the sexualized connotations of, and sexual association with, queer and LGBT+ identities. Innocuous acts by queer or LGBT+ people, such as being an out school teacher or holding hands in a public space, is enough for non-LGBT+ people to become uncomfortable to varying degrees and, sometimes, even cause verbal abuse or violence. When we look at queer or LGBT+ representation through the possibility of queerness, and by reading representations of queer and LGBT+ romantic attraction ...


Communication Competence Training Within Minority-Owned Small Businesses, Shirleena Racine Baggett 2020 California State University – San Bernardino

Communication Competence Training Within Minority-Owned Small Businesses, Shirleena Racine Baggett

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Business ownership is imperative in correcting economic issues for demographic groups subjugated to discrimination, inequality, poverty, and other harmful disadvantages. This project supports the idea that building communication competence within minority-owned small businesses and nonprofit organizations, will significantly increase achievement of long-term sustainability and success. The solution is not only creating communication training tailored for minority entrepreneurs, but to allow access in feasible and tangible ways. This study begins by defining communication and explaining its function to assist in moving past the narrative of communication interaction as “talking and listening,” but instead a concept rooted in logic, theoretical analysis, and ...


Enacting Gaia And Slow Violence In Fabrice Monteiro’S The Prophecy Series, Isadora Italia 2020 Dartmouth College

Enacting Gaia And Slow Violence In Fabrice Monteiro’S The Prophecy Series, Isadora Italia

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

No abstract provided.


"Tree Thinking": The Rhetoric Of Tree Diagrams In Biological Thought, Carolyn R. Miller, Molly Hartzog 2020 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

"Tree Thinking": The Rhetoric Of Tree Diagrams In Biological Thought, Carolyn R. Miller, Molly Hartzog

Poroi

Tree-like visualizations have played a central role in taxonomic and evolutionary biology for centuries, and the idea of a “tree of life” has been a pervasive notion not only in biology but also in religion, philosophy, and literature for much longer. The tree of life is a central figure in Darwin’s Origin of Species in both verbal and visual forms. As one of the most powerful and pervasive images in biological thought, what conceptual and communicative work has it enabled? How have the visual qualities and elements of the tree form interacted with biological thinking over time? This paper ...


Queer And Neurodivergent Identity Production Within The Social Media Panopticon, Jamie Logan 2020 Mills College

Queer And Neurodivergent Identity Production Within The Social Media Panopticon, Jamie Logan

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma 2020 University of Pittsburgh

Art Of The Cadaver: Spiritual And Secular In The East And West, Wanyan Ma

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

How does the image of the decrepit dead body manifest itself in art? Enlightenment thought had problematically conceived of Europe as at the forefront of knowledge while the rest of the world lagged behind. Christ's body is the original cadaver in Western images, but around the seventeenth century the trend of more secular understandings and depictions of the dead body arose. European anatomical knowledge was also making its way to East Asia around the same time. Non-Europeans were presumed to either lack the investigative spirit or more sinisterly, lack the skill. However, Japanese Buddhist art of the kusozu, or ...


In And Outside City Walls: Medieval Jewish Communities And Rulership In German Cities, Zoë Schwartz 2020 Wittenberg University

In And Outside City Walls: Medieval Jewish Communities And Rulership In German Cities, Zoë Schwartz

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As one would expect, Jewish life within the German Kingdom in the high middle ages (1000-1300 CE) was fraught with instability. The micro-history of specific Jewish communities has been undertaken by historians in the past, but the Jewish experience within multiple cities has yet to be compared. Due to the diversity of German city authority structures, the restrictions and privileges put upon the community were diverse. How these laws effect the daily life of the Jewish community was subject to the gentile authority of bishops, for those inhabiting bishop-cities, or the Emperor directly, for those living in free imperial states ...


Through The Lens Of Koreans: The Influence Of Media On Perceptions Of Feminism, Neha Cariappa 2020 The University of San Francisco

Through The Lens Of Koreans: The Influence Of Media On Perceptions Of Feminism, Neha Cariappa

Master's Projects and Capstones

Regardless of country and culture, the media has the power to influence the opinions and perceptions of its viewers. This project evaluates specific Korean movies—and the reactions of South Koreans to gender representations in films that are considered “feminist”—along with the variety show genre, which also tends to reinforce gender stereotypes and imbalances. With these media representations as a framework, this research explores the impact of the internet in forwarding feminist views along with unearthing the reactions of Koreans. Given the anonymity of the internet and social media, these platforms allow for honest expression and counterpoints to sexist ...


Purposefully Forgetting: Surveying San Diego’S Founding Narrative During The City’S Bicentennial Celebrations Of 1969, Noah Pallmeyer 2020 University of San Diego

Purposefully Forgetting: Surveying San Diego’S Founding Narrative During The City’S Bicentennial Celebrations Of 1969, Noah Pallmeyer

Keck Undergraduate Humanities Research Fellows

The city of San Diego owes much its success and prosperity to the “victories associated with colonization.” This quote comes directly from the current National Park Service description of the San Diego Presidio. This project turns to the 1969 bicentennial celebrations of San Diego’s founding. This was a rhetorically powerful period in San Diego’s historical remembrance. This project argues that native and other marginalized populations were not properly considered in the narrative of San Diego’s founding during these celebrations. To understand why and how these populations failed to be properly considered, this project turns to the narratives ...


Weary Women: Victorian Women And The Navigation Of Space-Less-Ness, Emily Alexander 2020 Davis and Elkins College

Weary Women: Victorian Women And The Navigation Of Space-Less-Ness, Emily Alexander

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Literary critics often emphasize the importance of physical space and privacy in Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, Mary Elizabeth Braddon's Lady Audley's Secret, and George Eliot's Middlemarch. Critic Liana F. Piehler argues private physical spaces serve as a sanctuary from the patriarchal structures of the novel, providing the female protagonist room to think clearly. New historical literary critics including Karen Chase, Michael Levenson, and Elizabeth Langland show how evolving dynamics within Victorian society led to a growing public interest in the secrets of the private sphere--the sphere where women reigned--penetrating even the most intimate spaces. Tracing a ...


Hollywood Media And The Model Minority Myth: The Representation Of Asian American Masculinity And Its Effects, Khanhlinh Le 2020 University of San Francisco

Hollywood Media And The Model Minority Myth: The Representation Of Asian American Masculinity And Its Effects, Khanhlinh Le

Master's Projects and Capstones

Asian Americans are becoming one of the largest growing minority groups in the United States, almost surpassing the Latinx community. Asian Americans, however, are rarely ever represented in Hollywood films and are limited to stereotypical roles. Asian American actors have a difficult time finding roles playing characters that are three-dimensional and complex. While both Asian American men and women face this challenge, it seems that in Hollywood films and television shows, Asian American males are even less represented than females and are typically portrayed as the quiet nerd, sexy doctor, martial arts expert, or the villain. These media stereotypes impact ...


Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach 2020 University of Texas at Austin

Compounded Effects Of The Model Minority Stereotype And Lack Of Social Capital Among Vietnamese American Students, Brooke Olivia Quach

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This study hopes to document how structures within the public education system affects the educational attainment of first-generation Vietnamese American students. Educational attainment significantly depends on student's social networks and resources, as these dynamics can affect whether they feel like they can attain a higher degree after high school. In other words, social capital and socioeconomic status can have a significant impact an individual's aspirations. In this study, I examine and investigate the educational attainment of Vietnamese American students and the obstacles they face in applying to and attending college. This attainment process includes the different variables that ...


Linguistic Disobedience: The Intactness Of The Minoritized Subject In Contemporary American Poetry, Jeannie Soairse 2020 Washington College

Linguistic Disobedience: The Intactness Of The Minoritized Subject In Contemporary American Poetry, Jeannie Soairse

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Oxford English Dictionary Intact, adj. Definition: Untouched; not affected by anything that injures, diminishes, or sullies; kept or left entire; unblemished; unimpaired. Etymology: Latin intactus,

To be intact: "to be unbroken" is to be untouched. Theodore Adorno defines lyrical language as an expression of an individual's personal subjectivity into universality through specific concepts and signs. However, to render a minoritized subject into a language designed to oppress them is to make that subjectivity lose its intactness. By bringing in Paul Ricoeur's conception of the metaphor as a discursive linguistic act which has to work on the level of ...


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