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Language, Power And Politics (Fall 2010 Syllabus), Adam Hodges 2009 Carnegie Mellon University

Language, Power And Politics (Fall 2010 Syllabus), Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

In this course, we will examine the integral role language plays in politics; and, more generally, how power operates in linguistic practices and political interaction. As we critically examine how language is used to articulate, maintain and subvert relations of power in society, emphasis will be placed on language in the media, the political rhetoric associated with war, and the construction of ‘truth’ in politics. We will also consider the role of ethnographic analysis in aiding our understandings of how social actors use and (re)interpret political language. The course will provide you with a foundation for understanding how language ...


Learning Guided By Others, David F. Lancy, M. A. Grove 2009 Utah State University

Learning Guided By Others, David F. Lancy, M. A. Grove

David Lancy

Anthropologists who study children in traditional societies almost universally note the absence or great rarity of adults teaching children in the village setting. Children are encouraged to learn on their own. This chapter teases out those instances where, in the view of adults, independent learning is not sufficient. In some situations,adult intervention—usually falling short of “teaching”—is deemed necessary. The chapter focuses on four very general issues. At what age is the child targeted for a course correction or intervention to facilitate his or her development and socialization? What is the substance or goal of this intervention? What ...


The Multidimensional Structure Of Gottfredson And Hirschi's Concept Of Self-Control, Gang Lee 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

The Multidimensional Structure Of Gottfredson And Hirschi's Concept Of Self-Control, Gang Lee

Gang Lee

The purpose of this study is to determine the unidimensionality of Grasmick’s operationalization of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s criminality inducing the concept of low self-control. By applying confirmatory factor analysis procedures that incorporate advances in the application, the proposed six factor model and two alternative models were examined suggesting that Grasmick’s low self-control scale actually contains 6 distinguishable factors, not a single factor. The factors identified to be consistent with the six factor model were impulsivity, simple tasks, risk seeking, physical activities, self-centered, and temper.


When Nurture Becomes Nature: Ethnocentrism In Studies Of Humandevelopment, David F. Lancy 2009 Utah State University

When Nurture Becomes Nature: Ethnocentrism In Studies Of Humandevelopment, David F. Lancy

David Lancy

This commentary will extend the territory claimed in the target article by identifying several other areas in the social sciences where findings from the WEIRD population have been over-generalized. An argument is made that the root problem is the ethnocentrism of scholars, textbook authors, and social commentators, which leads them to take their own cultural values as the norm.


A Baseline Assessment Of Haitian Migrant Communities In Nassau And Abaco, Bahamas, John Mazzeo 2009 DePaul University

A Baseline Assessment Of Haitian Migrant Communities In Nassau And Abaco, Bahamas, John Mazzeo

John Mazzeo, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Language In Society (Winter 2010 Syllabus), Adam Hodges 2009 Stanford University

Language In Society (Winter 2010 Syllabus), Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

In this course, we will examine how language and society affect each other. We will place a significant focus on language use in our own society to explore regional and social differences in speech. We will examine the attitudes and ideologies people have about languages, language varieties, and their speakers (e.g. issues of prestige and stigma). We will explore how speakers use language to construct identities and interact with different audiences. And we will examine how language itself often becomes a political issue (e.g. in debates over language and education). The course will use a mixture of lectures ...


Postcolonial, Neo-Imperial, Or A Little Bit Of Both?: Reflections On Museums In Lebanon, Neil A. Silberman 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Postcolonial, Neo-Imperial, Or A Little Bit Of Both?: Reflections On Museums In Lebanon, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


The Echoes Of War: Effects Of Early Malnutrition On Adult Health., Patrick F. Clarkin 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Echoes Of War: Effects Of Early Malnutrition On Adult Health., Patrick F. Clarkin

Patrick F. Clarkin

No abstract provided.


On Conflicted Swedish Consumers, The Effort To “Stop Shopping” & Neoliberal Environmental Governance, Cindy Isenhour 2009 University of Maine, Department of Anthropology

On Conflicted Swedish Consumers, The Effort To “Stop Shopping” & Neoliberal Environmental Governance, Cindy Isenhour

Cindy Isenhour

No abstract provided.


Macusani Obsidian From Southern Peru: A Characterization Of Its Elemental Composition With A Demonstration Of Its Ancient Use, Nathan Craig, Robert J. Speakman, Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff, Mark S. Aldenderfer, Luis A. Flores, Margaret Brown, Michael D. Glascock, Charles Stanish 2009 Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal

Macusani Obsidian From Southern Peru: A Characterization Of Its Elemental Composition With A Demonstration Of Its Ancient Use, Nathan Craig, Robert J. Speakman, Rachel S. Popelka-Filcoff, Mark S. Aldenderfer, Luis A. Flores, Margaret Brown, Michael D. Glascock, Charles Stanish

Luis FLORES

Transparent obsidian artifacts have been reported for the northern Lake Titicaca Basin. Based on instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) of these artifacts a distinct chemical group was identified. Yet, the location of the source of transparent obsidian in the southern Andes remained unreported in the archaeological literature. This paper reports on the chemical composition and geographic location of a source of transparent obsidian from the Macusani region of Peru. Through the use of INAA and portable X-ray fluorescence (PXRF) we demonstrate that Macusani obsidian or macusanite comprises (at least) two chemical groups. One of these groups was used for making ...


Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer 2009 Temple University School of Law

Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The approximately two million gay and lesbian elders in the United States are an underserved and understudied population. At a time when gay men and lesbians enjoy an unprecedented degree of social acceptance and legal protection, many elders face the daily challenges of aging isolated from family, detached from the larger gay and lesbian community, and ignored by mainstream aging initiatives. Drawing on materials from law, history, and social theory, this book integrates practical proposals for reform with larger issues of sexuality and identity. Beginning with a summary of existing demographic data and offering a historical overview of pre-Stonewall views ...


Field Work In The Age Of Digital Reproduction: A Review Of The Potentials And Limitations Of Google Earth For Archaeologists, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Field Work In The Age Of Digital Reproduction: A Review Of The Potentials And Limitations Of Google Earth For Archaeologists, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Chat @ Tag In Context, Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Introduction: Chat @ Tag In Context, Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

Introduction to edited journal issue on the archaeology of the recent past. http://www.springerlink.com/content/1555-8622/6/1/


Camp Delta, Google Earth And The Ethics Of Remote Sensing In Archaeology, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Camp Delta, Google Earth And The Ethics Of Remote Sensing In Archaeology, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

With easy access to satellite imagery through free applications such as Google Earth, it is now financially feasible for archaeologists to undertake remote survey in areas that are difficult or impossible to access in person. But there are ethical concerns inherent in the use of remotely sensed images, as Google Earth might be seen as a panoptic viewing technology that leaves no voice to those being viewed. Through a virtual investigation of the Camp Delta prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, I discuss methodological and theoretical aspects of the use of Google Earth in archaeology.


Special Journal Issue: "Perspectives On The Recent Past", Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Special Journal Issue: "Perspectives On The Recent Past", Brent Fortenberry, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Anna Andrzejewski, Building Power: Architecture And Surveillance In Victorian America, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Book Review Of Anna Andrzejewski, Building Power: Architecture And Surveillance In Victorian America, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

Historical Archaeology


Telling Time For The Electrified: An Introduction To Porcelain Insulators And The Electrification Of The American Home, Adrian Myers 2009 Stanford University

Telling Time For The Electrified: An Introduction To Porcelain Insulators And The Electrification Of The American Home, Adrian Myers

Adrian Myers

As archaeologists increasingly survey and excavate at sites from the late 19th to the mid-20th centuries, they more commonly encounter artifacts that the standard guides do not consider. Included in this class of “too recent” artifacts are the material remnants of the early electrification of the American household. Particularly ubiquitous electrical artifacts are the small white porcelain knobs, tubes, and cleats used in “knob and tube” wiring systems. Meticulous research by insulator collectors, notably Jack Tod and Elton Gish, is a significant boon to the archaeologist, and their work shows that these artifacts can often be dated and provenanced. This ...


Differential Association Theory And Juvenile Delinquency In Ghana’S Capital City - Accra: The Case Of Ghana Borstal Institute, Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH, Paul Kofi ANDOH 2009 University of Ghana

Differential Association Theory And Juvenile Delinquency In Ghana’S Capital City - Accra: The Case Of Ghana Borstal Institute, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh, Paul Kofi Andoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Current sociological theories argue that, delinquency results from economic and family relational problems. Unable to have their parents meet their material needs, children turn to all sorts of activities, many of which eventually lead to delinquent acts. Other theories focus on the role of peer relationships in determining deviancy. Using Edwin Sutherland’s differential association theory, this study explores the notion that, delinquency in inmates of the Ghana borstal institute is a reflection of the peer groups/friendship relations they hanged out with. Data for the study were collected from the Ghana borstal institute, a correctional institution for reforming juvenile ...


State Policy, Depeasantisation And Agrarian Change: The Effects Of The Presidential Special Initiative (Psi) On Cassava-Starch On Peasant Farmers’ Socio-Economic Livelihood, Paul Kofi Andoh, Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH 2009 University of Ghana

State Policy, Depeasantisation And Agrarian Change: The Effects Of The Presidential Special Initiative (Psi) On Cassava-Starch On Peasant Farmers’ Socio-Economic Livelihood, Paul Kofi Andoh, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

This study focuses on the interface between state policy initiatives, the process of depeasantisation and agrarian change, using the Presidential Special Initiative on Cassava-Starch as a case. Employing both quantitative and qualitative data gathering techniques, primary data were collected from six farming communities in the Awutu-Effutu-Senya and Atebubu-Amantin districts of the Central and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana. The analysis of primary data revealed that with the right policy initiatives by the state, it is possible to systematically incorporate peasant farmers into mainstream economy and to improve their socio-economic livelihoods. To this extent, the study recommends among others that given ...


Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH 2009 University of Ghana

Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Dr Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Migrant associations are a worldwide phenomenon, featuring in much of the migration studies literature. However, much of these studies focus on migrant associations in theUSA mostly of Latino migrants from Central and Latin America. In Africa and more particularly Ghana, literature on migrant associations is paltry. The few that exist only explore their development impacts on the migration sending areas. In this paper, I explore three Nigerian migrant associations in Accra, Ghana. The leadership and membership structures of the Nigerian Women, Nigerian Committee of Brothers and the Edo State associations in Accra, Ghana are under the spotlight of this discourse ...


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