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Recent Phd Dissertations, 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Recent Phd Dissertations

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


New Historical Resources, 2010 University of Pennsylvania

New Historical Resources

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Franz Boas And The Missionary Exhibit, Erin Hasinoff 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Franz Boas And The Missionary Exhibit, Erin Hasinoff

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Involvement Of Volunteers In Precollege Outreach Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura W. Perna, Erin J. Walsh, Jamey Alan Rorison, Rachel Fester 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Understanding The Involvement Of Volunteers In Precollege Outreach Programs: An Exploratory Study, Laura W. Perna, Erin J. Walsh, Jamey Alan Rorison, Rachel Fester

GSE Publications

Precollege outreach programs are an important resource for improving college enrollment for groups that have been historically underrepresented in higher education. But the ability of these programs to serve all eligible students is constrained by resource limitations. This study uses data collected from case studies of four precollege outreach programs to understand how precollege outreach programs may expand the reach of their programs through the use of one seemingly free resource: volunteers. To address this overarching purpose, the study frames volunteering as a type of prosocial behavior and explores the following three questions: How and why do precollege outreach programs ...


Volume 37, Issue 2, 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Volume 37, Issue 2

History of Anthropology Newsletter

No abstract provided.


"Something You Love And Something More Practical": Undergraduate Anthropology Education In The Neoliberal Era, Amy Goldmacher 2010 Wayne State University

"Something You Love And Something More Practical": Undergraduate Anthropology Education In The Neoliberal Era, Amy Goldmacher

Wayne State University Dissertations

This ethnographic case study attempts to understand how neoliberalism, which emphasizes education for employment, contradicts, complements, or coexists with the values of the liberal arts discipline of anthropology. Liberal arts education, the broader type of education that anthropology fits into, is called into question in this neoliberal era because its goal is not to train workers but to educate liberally. Historical data show a trend away from liberal arts degrees towards technical and professional degrees over the last thirty years (Fogg, Harrington, and Harrington 2004). Though the most important reason for earning a bachelor's degree cited among college freshman ...


A Bioarchaeological Study Of A Prehistoric Michigan Population: Fraaer-Tyra Site (20sa9), Allison June Muhammad 2010 Wayne State University

A Bioarchaeological Study Of A Prehistoric Michigan Population: Fraaer-Tyra Site (20sa9), Allison June Muhammad

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The Saginaw Valley Region has been the focus of Michigan archaeology for many decades. The Late Woodland period of the Saginaw Valley has been characterized as an area that prehistoric people abandoned as a permanent resident, but exploited seasonally during times of scarcity. Furthermore, the valley's resources were exploited by a diverse group of prehistoric peoples, both native to Michigan and those Mississippian `intruders' (Halsey 1976; Holman and Brashler 1999; Norder et al. 2003; Stothers 1999). Though previous studies of the Frazer-Tyra site (20SA9) have included ceramic and lithic analysis (Andrews 1995; Halsey 1976) and a study of ...


Deep East Texas Grave Markers: Types, Styles, And Motifs, Nancy Adgent, Perky Beisel, George Avery 2010 Stephen F Austin State University

Deep East Texas Grave Markers: Types, Styles, And Motifs, Nancy Adgent, Perky Beisel, George Avery

Faculty Publications

Grave markers are often the only physical evidence of a person’s existence and offer opportunities for even ordinary people to ‘speak’ from the grave. Sometimes the deceased selects the marker or leaves instructions for its composition.

In modern times, the grieving family typically chooses the type, style, motif, and inscription according to commercial availability, aesthetic appeal, and budgetary constraints. A cemetery visitor will likely have no idea of the actual circumstances that caused a particular marker to have its shape, design, and decorative elements.

Like other possessions, markers are subject to fashion trends and since the advent of mass ...


Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Holistic Medicine Not "Torture": Performing Acupuncture In Galway, Ireland, Kevin Taylor Anderson

Adjunct Faculty Author Gallery

This article examines how the aesthetic design of clinics and interactive discourse 5 and rituals construct the social reality of acupuncture sessions as a form of holistic medical therapy. Verbal and nonverbal interactions create an appealing medical environment but also help prevent the emergence of undesired counter-realities (e.g., pain, biomedical intervention). Based on observations of acupuncture sessions conducted in Galway, Ireland, I illustrate how 10 ambiance and aesthetic elements of clinics create a complex medico-cultural environment that balances oppositional associations (Western=non-Western, exoticism=convention, medical alterity=medical professionalism). Patients inter- viewed continually referred to acupuncture as a natural and ...


The Climatic Niche Diversity Of Malagasy Primates: A Phylogenetic Approach, Jason M. Kamilar, Kathleen M. Muldoon 2010 Yale University

The Climatic Niche Diversity Of Malagasy Primates: A Phylogenetic Approach, Jason M. Kamilar, Kathleen M. Muldoon

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Background

Numerous researchers have posited that there should be a strong negative relationship between the evolutionary distance among species and their ecological similarity. Alternative evidence suggests that members of adaptive radiations should display no relationship between divergence time and ecological similarity because rapid evolution results in near-simultaneous speciation early in the clade's history. In this paper, we performed the first investigation of ecological diversity in a phylogenetic context using a mammalian adaptive radiation, the Malagasy primates.

Methodology/Principal Findings

We collected data for 43 extant species including: 1) 1064 species by locality samples, 2) GIS climate data for each ...


Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Teaching Heritage Values Through Field Schools: Case Studies From New England, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


Bibliography Of Book Collections At The Southeast European Institue, Univesity Of Graz, Joel Halpern 2010 University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Bibliography Of Book Collections At The Southeast European Institue, Univesity Of Graz, Joel Halpern

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Successful Return Of A Wild Infant Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Verus) To Its Natal Group After Capture By Poachers, Jill D. Pruetz, Dondo Kante 2010 Iowa State University

Successful Return Of A Wild Infant Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Verus) To Its Natal Group After Capture By Poachers, Jill D. Pruetz, Dondo Kante

Anthropology Publications

We report the successful return of an infant chimpanzee, aged approximately nine months, to her mother following the infant’s capture by poachers. The infant received only minor wounds in the incident, but her mother received severe wounds from hunters’ dogs during the capture. One of us (DK) was able to confiscate the infant from the hunters without incident. She was kept in fairly isolated surroundings in order to minimize disease transmission from humans, until the fate of her mother was determined. Following five days in captivity, we successfully returned the infant to her mother. The infant and mother appear ...


New Range Record For The Lesser Spot-Nosed Guenon (Cercopithecus Petaurista) In Southeastern Senegal, Jill D. Pruetz, A. Socha, D. Kante 2010 Iowa State University

New Range Record For The Lesser Spot-Nosed Guenon (Cercopithecus Petaurista) In Southeastern Senegal, Jill D. Pruetz, A. Socha, D. Kante

Anthropology Publications

The lesser spot-nosed guenon (Cercopithecus petaurista Schreber 1774) was known to range, historically, in the southwestern or Casamance region of Senegal (Dupuy 1971); its status in that country has been questionable in more recent times1 (Figure 1). The recent sightings of a lesser spot-nosed guenon in southeastern Senegal (12º39’N, 12º13’W) to be reported here appear to be the first record for this species in the Kedougou (formerly, Tambacounda) region. The guenon was seen by researchers at the Fongoli study site where chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) have been observed continuously since April 2001. Although Guinea baboons (Papio hamadryas papio ...


Centuries Of Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Age Variation Within Archaeological Mesodesma Donacium Shells From Southern Peru, Kevin B. Jones, Gregory W. L. Hodgins, Miguel F. Etayo-Cadavid, C. Fred T. Andrus, Daniel H. Sandweiss 2010 United States Geological Survey

Centuries Of Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Age Variation Within Archaeological Mesodesma Donacium Shells From Southern Peru, Kevin B. Jones, Gregory W. L. Hodgins, Miguel F. Etayo-Cadavid, C. Fred T. Andrus, Daniel H. Sandweiss

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

Mollusk shells provide brief (<5 yr per shell) records of past marine conditions, including marine radiocarbon reservoir age (R) and upwelling. We report 21 14C ages and R calculations on small (~2 mg) samples from 2 Mesodesma donacium (surf clam) shells. These shells were excavated from a semi-subterranean house floor stratum 14C dated to 7625 ± 35 BP at site QJ-280, Quebrada Jaguay, southern Peru. The ranges in marine 14C ages (and thus R) from the 2 shells are 530 and 170 14C yr; R from individual aragonite samples spans 130 ± 60 to 730 ± 170 14C yr. This intrashell 14C variability suggests that 14C dating of small (time-slice much less than 1 yr) marine samples from a variable-R (i.e. variable-upwelling) environment may introduce centuries of chronometric uncertainty.


The Politics Of Power And Aids Education In Ghana, Anna Reeves 2010 Pacific University

The Politics Of Power And Aids Education In Ghana, Anna Reeves

Social Sciences Capstone Projects

The crisis of HIV/AIDS is now classified as a world-wide pandemic, reaching all corners of the globe. The region most affected is sub-Saharan Africa where it is the leading cause of death. For the time being there is no cure for AIDS, and as a result education is incredibly important to reduce the spread of this disease. This research focuses on the politics of AIDS education through a case study of Ghana, West Africa while exploring the question of what political and/or cultural factors affect the implementation of an effective AIDS educational health policy. It looks at policy ...


Surfing And Spirituality, Leslie Kerby 2010 Pacific University

Surfing And Spirituality, Leslie Kerby

Social Sciences Capstone Projects

A common conception in our society is that the sacred and profane realms are oppositional. This study seeks to demonstrate the fallacy of this belief through the observation and analysis of the spiritual capacity of surfing. The research conducted for this project will contribute to the scholarship on the binary of secular versus sacred and on the relationship between surfing and spirituality. The intention is to illustrate how people make spiritual meaning out of surfing, a seemingly secular activity. Spirituality here refers to any process in which one aspires towards enlightenment; any activity through which one aspires to assuage the ...


Haitian Americans, Bertin M. Louis Jr. 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Haitian Americans, Bertin M. Louis Jr.

Anthropology Publications and Other Works

On January 12th, 2010, a 7.0 earthquake devastated Port-au-Prince, Leogane and other parts of Haiti. This natural disaster claimed more than 230,000 lives and left more than 1 million Haitians homeless. As Americans watched horrifying images of devastation, death and destruction, Haitian Americans in Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, Florida, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island, New York and Chicago, Illinois tried to contact their loved ones. Many people around the world wondered whether or not Haiti, a country with a long, turbulent history was cursed, as the Reverend Pat Robertson stated on his show called the ...


Haitian Protestant Views Of Vodou And The Importance Of Karacte Within A Transnational Social Field, Bertin M. Louis Jr. 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Haitian Protestant Views Of Vodou And The Importance Of Karacte Within A Transnational Social Field, Bertin M. Louis Jr.

Anthropology Publications and Other Works

The ways that some Haitian Protestants view of Vodou and the importance of karactè (character) have emerged as two interrelated and fundamental aspects of Haitian Protestant worldview within a transnational social field. First, many Haitian Protestants believe the practice of Vodou since the Bwa Kayiman ceremony is the main reason why Haiti is mired in a socioeconomic crisis. Second, the development of a Haitian individual’s karactè through Haitian Protestantism is seen by a growing number of Haitian Protestants in the Bahamas, Haiti and the United States as a remedy that can transform the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere ...


Willing To Work: Agency And Vulnerability In An Undocumented Immigrant Network, Ruth Gomberg-Munoz 2010 Loyola University Chicago

Willing To Work: Agency And Vulnerability In An Undocumented Immigrant Network, Ruth Gomberg-Munoz

Ruth Gomberg-Munoz

Restriction-oriented immigration policies and polarizing political debates have intensified the vulnera- bility of undocumented people in the United States, promoting their “willingness” to do low-wage, low-status work. In this article, I draw on ethnographic research with undocumented immigrants in Chicago to examine the everyday strategies that undocumented workers develop to mediate constraints and enhance their well-being. In particular, I explore how a cohort of undocumented Mexican immigrants cultivates a social identity as “hard workers” to promote their labor and bolster dignity and self-esteem. Much of the existing literature on unauthorized labor migration has focused on the structural conditions that encumber ...


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