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Biological and Physical Anthropology Commons

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Nonmetric Trait Correlation: A Look At Environmental And Biological Influences On Third Trochanter Formation Among Pre-Contact Upper Midwest Populations, Sarah Jean Binkley 2011 Minnesota State University - Mankato

Nonmetric Trait Correlation: A Look At Environmental And Biological Influences On Third Trochanter Formation Among Pre-Contact Upper Midwest Populations, Sarah Jean Binkley

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Nonmetric traits of the human skeleton are thought to correlate with genetic and/or environmental influences; however, to what extent each may affect the presence of nonmetric traits has not been clearly substantiated in the literature. Nonmetric traits as defined by Larsen are, "discrete or quasi-continuous anatomical entities often expressed as gradations from absence to full expression" (1997:305). More precisely, nonmetric traits are anomalies that express themselves in the skeleton and are recorded as absent or present. A third trochanter is one of many nonmetric traits present in the femur and is defined by Finnegan as, "a rounded tubercle ...


Tanning Predicts Bone Mass But Not Structure In Adolescent Females Living In Hawaii, Daniel L. Osborne, Connie M. Weaver, Linda D. McCabe, George P. McCabe, Rachel Novotny, Carol Boushey, Dennis A. Savaiano 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Tanning Predicts Bone Mass But Not Structure In Adolescent Females Living In Hawaii, Daniel L. Osborne, Connie M. Weaver, Linda D. Mccabe, George P. Mccabe, Rachel Novotny, Carol Boushey, Dennis A. Savaiano

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between facultative skin pigmentation, which predicts circulating levels of plasma 25-hydroxymitamin D, and several measures of bone mass and structure in a cross sectional sample of adolescent females living in Hawaii.

Methods: Our sample was composed of adolescent females (n = 94) living in Hawaii where seasonal sun exposure is minimal, and who self-identified as either white (n = 16) or Asian (n = 78). Bone mineral content (BMC) of the total body, the lumbar spine and the hip, and cross sectional area (CSA) and section modulus (Z) at the proximal femur were quantified using DXA. Facultative skin ...


A History Of Resilience Is A History Of Resistance, Melissa Ooten 2011 University of Richmond

A History Of Resilience Is A History Of Resistance, Melissa Ooten

Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies Faculty Publications

As an historian, I’m struck by the emphasis this documentary places on non-humans – be it animals, plants, soil, or mountains – although as a native of Appalachia, that doesn’t surprise me. The film is billed as “America’s first environmental history series: and as such, it gives us a bold, unique template of how to talk holistically about the concept of place and the specific place of Appalachia. While it may be particularly prescient to talk about the broader concept of place through ecology and other facets when analyzing the history of Appalachia, surely it is no less important ...


An Archaeobotanical Perspective On Environment, Plant Use, Agriculture, And Interregional Contact In South And Western Iran, Naomi F. Miller 2011 University of Pennsylvania

An Archaeobotanical Perspective On Environment, Plant Use, Agriculture, And Interregional Contact In South And Western Iran, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

Plant remains from archaeological sites reflect many aspects of the relationship between people, plants, and the environment in which they lived. Plant macroremains—seeds and wood that are visible without a microscope—can address a wide range of questions. The most basic include what crops were grown? What was used for fuel? Do any of the plants come from distant lands? Examples from fourth and third millennium deposits at Farukhabad, Sharafabad, Godin, and Malyan show that within the basic agricultural assemblage of wheat and barley shared by all sites, Sharafabad and Godin have stronger evidence of irrigation, lentil and flax ...


Coping With Forest Fragmentation: A Comparison Of Colobus Angolensis Palliatus Dietary Diversity And Behavioral Plasticity In The East Sagara Forest, Tanzania., Noah T. Dunham 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Coping With Forest Fragmentation: A Comparison Of Colobus Angolensis Palliatus Dietary Diversity And Behavioral Plasticity In The East Sagara Forest, Tanzania., Noah T. Dunham

Honors Projects

Habitat destruction and forest fragmentation are perhaps the largest threats to primate species around the world. While national parks, games reserves, and primate sanctuaries are instrumental in primate conservation, research suggests that some non-governmentally protected forest fragments may also serve as viable habitats for primates. Of course not all primates respond to fragmentation in the same way, but a species’ ability to survive in a fragment relates to 1) home range size 2) degree of frugivory 3) dietary flexibility and behavioral plasticity and 4) ability to utilize matrix habitats. Here I describe these variables in relation to black and white ...


Una Reflexión Entorno A “El Espíritu De La Ilustración” De Tzvetan Todorov., Mariado Hinojosa 2011 University of Valencia, Spain

Una Reflexión Entorno A “El Espíritu De La Ilustración” De Tzvetan Todorov., Mariado Hinojosa

Mariado Hinojosa

Tomando como referencia la obra de Tzvetan Todorov, el presente artículo reflexiona brevemente sobre algunos de los presupuestos heredados de la Ilustración y que marcaron profundamente el horizonte social, cultural y político del pasado siglo XX.


Contributory Factors Of Extraneous New Bone Growth On The Endocranial Surfaces Of Human Infant And Sub-Adult Skeletal Remains, Mark Andrew Zahareas 2011 Loyola University Chicago

Contributory Factors Of Extraneous New Bone Growth On The Endocranial Surfaces Of Human Infant And Sub-Adult Skeletal Remains, Mark Andrew Zahareas

Master's Theses

This study investigates the factors that may contribute to endocranial bone changes in human sub-adult skeletal remains in an effort to differentiate bone changes, or lesions, caused by pathological processes and those caused by growth and development. The contributory factors investigated included the presence of endocranial bone lesions, the age-at-death of the individual, the precise location of the bone change, the dynamic nature of the locations, and the presence (or absence) of postcranial and/or ectocranial indicators of pathology within the individual. The sample population used for this research was comprised of 129 individuals from 15 different Native American groups ...


Food Habits And Physical Activity Patterns Among Children Living In The San Luis Valley, Colorado, Heather Susan Williams 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

Food Habits And Physical Activity Patterns Among Children Living In The San Luis Valley, Colorado, Heather Susan Williams

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The relatively recent increase in obesity among children in the United States has become of interest to researchers. In the past 10 to 15 years, research has typically focused on “at risk” populations, health outcomes and potential causes of obesity. As a result, the prevalence, associated disease risks, and potential causes of obesity have been well documented. Poor diet quality, high energy intake (primarily from sweetened beverages and fast food) and low physical activity levels have all been linked childhood obesity. Despite this large body of literature, few studies have focused on the biocultural aspects of childhood obesity, especially among ...


Ancient Dna In Physical Anthropology: A Review, Jacqueline E. Broida 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

Ancient Dna In Physical Anthropology: A Review, Jacqueline E. Broida

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The field of ancient DNA began in 1984 with the sequencing of quagga—an extinct member of the horse family—DNA and the development of PCR (Higuchi et al., 1984). Since then, ancient DNA has been used in physical anthropology. Ancient DNA has a variety of applications in anthropology including phylogentic relationships and human evolution, movement and migration, the study of hominin ancestors, sex determination, agriculture, animal domestication, nutrition, diseases, historical kinships, and primate conservation. In particular aDNA technology has given anthropologists the opportunity to study the history and pre-history of the agricultural expansion in the Pacific as well as ...


Stable Isotope Analysis Of Hair From Christian Period Kulubnarti In Sudanese Nubia, Hillary Jane Glasgow 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

Stable Isotope Analysis Of Hair From Christian Period Kulubnarti In Sudanese Nubia, Hillary Jane Glasgow

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Stable isotope analysis of hair was used to investigate the dietary patterns of individuals from the Christian period Sudanese Nubian site of Kulubnarti, taking into consideration established patterns of health. Over three decades of research has shown consistent differences between two cemetery populations, believed to represent diachronic periods of use. In this study, carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios were analyzed to reconstruct aspects of diet, while oxygen and hydrogen isotope ratios were analyzed to evaluate the belief that S cemetery dates to the Early Christian period (A.D. 600-850), while the R cemetery dates to the Late Christian period (A ...


Can Salmonids (Oncorhynchus Spp.) Be Identified To Species Using Vertebral Morphometrics?, Harriet R. Huber, Jeffery C. Jorgensen, Virginia L. Butler, Greg Baker, Rebecca Stevens 2011 Portland State University

Can Salmonids (Oncorhynchus Spp.) Be Identified To Species Using Vertebral Morphometrics?, Harriet R. Huber, Jeffery C. Jorgensen, Virginia L. Butler, Greg Baker, Rebecca Stevens

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Remains of anadromous Pacific salmon and trout (genus Oncorhynchus) are common in archaeological sites from California to Alaska; however, morphological similarity generally precludes species identification, limiting the range of questions that salmonid remains can address in relation to past human use and ongoing efforts in conservation biology. We developed a relatively simple, rapid, and non-destructive way to classify salmon and trout vertebrae from archaeological contexts to species using length, height and the ratio of length to height. Modern reference material was obtained from all seven anadromous Oncorhynchus species native to the west coast of North America. A minimum of ten ...


Preservation And Use Of Natural Resources In The Developing World: A Case Study Of The Can Gio Biosphere Reserve, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Emily Green 2011 Western Washington University

Preservation And Use Of Natural Resources In The Developing World: A Case Study Of The Can Gio Biosphere Reserve, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Emily Green

Occam's Razor

Developing nations often overlook the environmental effects of industrialization. However, these nations need healthy, sustainable resources in order to become prosperous and stable countries. Additionally, developed nations depend upon the natural resources of developing nations as raw materials. Loss of natural resources in developing nations therefore has effects at both national and global levels. A key challenge across the globe is balancing the human need for development with the necessity of the sustainable use and protection of natural resources. In the process of finding this balance, developing nations are revising both their national definition of conservation as well as the ...


Occam's Razor Vol. 1 - Full (2011), 2011 Western Washington University

Occam's Razor Vol. 1 - Full (2011)

Occam's Razor

No abstract provided.


What Anthropologists Should Know About The New Evolutionary Synthesis, Cameron M. Smith, Julia Cleverly Ruppell 2011 Portland State University

What Anthropologists Should Know About The New Evolutionary Synthesis, Cameron M. Smith, Julia Cleverly Ruppell

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Discoveries of modern biology are forcing a re-evaluation of even the central pillars of neo- Darwinian evolution. Anthropologists study the processes and results of biological and biocultural evolution, so they must be aware of the scope and nature of these changes in biology. We introduce these changes, comment briefly on how will influence anthropology, and suggest numerous readings to introduce anthropologists to the significance and substance of the new evolutionary synthesis.


Micromammal Paleoecology: Theory, Methods, And Application To Modern And Fossil Assemblages In The Cradle Of Humankind World Heritage Site, South Africa, Jennifer Nicole Leichliter 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

Micromammal Paleoecology: Theory, Methods, And Application To Modern And Fossil Assemblages In The Cradle Of Humankind World Heritage Site, South Africa, Jennifer Nicole Leichliter

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Many Plio‐Pleistocene hominin‐bearing sites in Africa contain large samples of small mammalian fauna. Micromammals, relative to larger fauna, are a useful proxy for reconstructing local habitat. Due to their ubiquity, their small home ranges, their close affinity with certain microhabitats, and their diversity, micromammals may contribute to more precise and fine‐scale reconstruction of local paleoenvironments relevant to hominin evolution. These reconstructions are inherently dependent upon modern ecological knowledge and accurate niche modeling. This thesis focuses in greater detail on the community composition of modern micromammals in specific habitat types as well as the ecology of the predators ...


An Earlier Origin For The Acheulian, Christopher Lepre, Helene Roche, Dennis Kent, Sonia Harmand, Rhonda Quinn, Jean-Philip Brugal, Pierre-Jean Texier, Arnaud Lenoble, Craig Feibel 2010 Rutgers University

An Earlier Origin For The Acheulian, Christopher Lepre, Helene Roche, Dennis Kent, Sonia Harmand, Rhonda Quinn, Jean-Philip Brugal, Pierre-Jean Texier, Arnaud Lenoble, Craig Feibel

Rhonda L Quinn

No abstract provided.


Race And Human Diversity: A Biocultural Approach, Robert Anemone 2010 Western Michigan University

Race And Human Diversity: A Biocultural Approach, Robert Anemone

Robert L. Anemone

No abstract provided.


The Age Of The 20 Meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia And The Survival Of Homo Erectus In Asia, Etty Indriati, Carl Swisher, Christopher Lepre, Rhonda Quinn, Rusyad Suriyanto, Agus Hascaryo, Rainer Grun, Craig Feibel, Briana Pobiner, Maxime Aubert, Wendy Lees, Susan Anton 2010 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

The Age Of The 20 Meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia And The Survival Of Homo Erectus In Asia, Etty Indriati, Carl Swisher, Christopher Lepre, Rhonda Quinn, Rusyad Suriyanto, Agus Hascaryo, Rainer Grun, Craig Feibel, Briana Pobiner, Maxime Aubert, Wendy Lees, Susan Anton

Rhonda L Quinn

No abstract provided.


Gis And Paleoanthropology: Incorporating New Approaches From The Geospatial Sciences In The Analysis Of Primate And Human Evolution, Robert L. Anemone, Glenn C. Conroy, Charles W. Emerson 2010 Western Michigan University

Gis And Paleoanthropology: Incorporating New Approaches From The Geospatial Sciences In The Analysis Of Primate And Human Evolution, Robert L. Anemone, Glenn C. Conroy, Charles W. Emerson

Robert L. Anemone

The incorporation of research tools and analytical approaches from the geospatial sciences is a welcome trend for the study of primate and human evolution. The use of remote sensing (RS) imagery and geographic information systems (GIS) allows vertebrate paleontologists, paleoanthropologists, and functional morphologists to study fossil localities, landscapes, and individual specimens in new and innovative ways that recognize and analyze the spatial nature of much paleoanthropological data. Whether one is interested in locating and mapping fossiliferous rock units in the field, creating a searchable and georeferenced database to catalog fossil localities and specimens, or studying the functional morphology of fossil ...


Cross-Sectional Morphology And Mechanical Loading In Plio-Pleistocene Hominins: Implications For Locomotion And Taxonomy, Michele M. Bleuze Ms. 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Cross-Sectional Morphology And Mechanical Loading In Plio-Pleistocene Hominins: Implications For Locomotion And Taxonomy, Michele M. Bleuze Ms.

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explores locomotion and locomotor variability in Plio-Pleistocene hominins by examining cross-sectional properties and mechanical loading patterns in the proximal and midshaft femur of Paranthropus, fossil Homo sp. and H. erectus. Modern human and Pan models are used for comparative purposes. Cross-sectional properties in the proximal and midshaft femur of fossil hominins are examined to test the hypothesis that members of the same genus should exhibit similar locomotor behavior. In the proximal femur, fossil Homo sp. cluster with modern humans to the exclusion of Paranthropus, and East and South African Paranthropus cluster together. Group differences are primarily due to ...


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