Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Animal Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,547 Full-Text Articles 3,972 Authors 1,915,201 Downloads 155 Institutions

All Articles in Animal Studies

Faceted Search

3,547 full-text articles. Page 3 of 118.

Classifying Dogs’ Facial Expressions: Implications For Human Cognitive Social Evolution And Cross-Species Communication, Lauren Mitchell 2022 Kennesaw State University

Classifying Dogs’ Facial Expressions: Implications For Human Cognitive Social Evolution And Cross-Species Communication, Lauren Mitchell

Symposium of Student Scholars

Facial expressions have been considered outward expressions of internal behavioral states. There is evidence that both dogs and humans subscribe to the social learning theory to acquire contextual information from past experiences in connecting facial expressions to behaviors. Previous research has shown that people are able to read dog facial expressions; however, the research is inconsistent on whether this behavior is innate or learned, as well as if this ability extends to dogs of different facial morphologies. The goal of this study was to understand the extent of humans’ ability to read facial expressions of dog breeds with different facial ...


Whose Ethics?: Thinking Multispecies Relationships Through The Pandemic Classroom, Dierdra Reber, Erin Koch, Aylin Castro, Jed DeBruin, Kelly Ferguson, Jacob Saindon 2022 University of Kentucky

Whose Ethics?: Thinking Multispecies Relationships Through The Pandemic Classroom, Dierdra Reber, Erin Koch, Aylin Castro, Jed Debruin, Kelly Ferguson, Jacob Saindon

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

No abstract provided.


Translating Across Difference: Affect, Animal Studies, And Anthropology, Radhika Govindrajan, Qingfei Zhang, Morgan Keith Stewart 2022 University of Washington

Translating Across Difference: Affect, Animal Studies, And Anthropology, Radhika Govindrajan, Qingfei Zhang, Morgan Keith Stewart

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

No abstract provided.


Relations, Ethics, And Storytelling: On Ecology Without Culture, Christine Marran, Lee Mandelo, Abby Rudolph 2022 University of Minnesota

Relations, Ethics, And Storytelling: On Ecology Without Culture, Christine Marran, Lee Mandelo, Abby Rudolph

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

No abstract provided.


Studying Other Species: Understanding The Webs Of Living, Kathryn Gillespie, Aylin Castro, Jed DeBruin, Kelly Ferguson 2022 University of Kentucky

Studying Other Species: Understanding The Webs Of Living, Kathryn Gillespie, Aylin Castro, Jed Debruin, Kelly Ferguson

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

No abstract provided.


Animals: The Ultimate Radical, Doug Slaymaker, Tony Stallins, Aylin Castro, Jed DeBruin, Kelly Ferguson, Jacob Saindon 2022 University of Kentucky

Animals: The Ultimate Radical, Doug Slaymaker, Tony Stallins, Aylin Castro, Jed Debruin, Kelly Ferguson, Jacob Saindon

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Exercise On Fear Behavior In Zebrafish (Danio Rerio), Tyler Kuni 2022 University of Lynchburg

Effects Of Exercise On Fear Behavior In Zebrafish (Danio Rerio), Tyler Kuni

Student Scholar Showcase

The experiment shows the response of zebrafish when they are exposed to environments stimulating fear and how exercise will affect the behaviors of the fish in those environments. It is predicted that the behavior of fish receiving exercise before fear conditioning will show less behaviors associated with fear and anxiety. The subjects were exercised in a large water pump apparatus that creates a current for the fish to swim against, and then they were used in a classical fear conditioning protocol. Zebrafish behavior is recorded before and after fear conditioning is conducted. The speed of the subject’s swimming along ...


Persistence In The North Pacific: The Makah People And Their Fight To Protect Their Cultural Heritage, Jeff Cocci 2022 Ursinus College

Persistence In The North Pacific: The Makah People And Their Fight To Protect Their Cultural Heritage, Jeff Cocci

Richard T. Schellhase Essay Prize in Ethics

In the Pacific Ocean, just off the coast of North America a whale swims blissfully unaware of its own significance. It is a Gray Whale; scientists would call it Eschrichtius robustus and at nearly forty feet long, it is large enough that it does not have to worry about sharks or other carnivorous animals. Yet there are those that are brave enough to hunt the whale. They are the Makah People of the Olympian Peninsula, in upper Washington state. By doing so, they place themselves at the center of a complex ethical debate amongst activists, scientists, and the general public ...


Invertebrate Sentience Annotated Bibliography, Anne-Sophie Blouin, Nicolas Goulet, Katherine Mills, Karya St-Pierre, Stevan Harnad 2022 Université du Québec à Montréal & University of Southampton

Invertebrate Sentience Annotated Bibliography, Anne-Sophie Blouin, Nicolas Goulet, Katherine Mills, Karya St-Pierre, Stevan Harnad

General - Animal Feeling

The bibliography identifies and summarizes over 60 scientific reports on the development and possible presence of sentience (the capacity to feel positive and negative states) in a range of invertebrate species. The summaries provide a useful snapshot of what capabilities might be required to identify the presence of sentience in a specific invertebrate.


The Impact Of Diet & Different Animal Advocacy Tactics, Andrea Polanco, Jo Anderson 2022 Faunalytics

The Impact Of Diet & Different Animal Advocacy Tactics, Andrea Polanco, Jo Anderson

Diet

Many different approaches to advocacy exist within the animal protection movement, from talking to people you know about animal suffering, to sharing social media posts, to protesting in public spaces. Currently, we do not fully understand how these approaches affect people’s behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes towards farmed animals, or even how common they are.

We conducted two studies in the U.S. to address this topic as fully and accurately as possible. The first was a retrospective survey. It explored people’s experiences with different advocacy types within the last five years and measured their current behaviors and attitudes ...


Constructing The Eastern Coyote: A Temporal Analysis Of The Scientific And Social Production Of A Controversial Northeastern Canid, Kayleigh Moses 2022 Trinity College

Constructing The Eastern Coyote: A Temporal Analysis Of The Scientific And Social Production Of A Controversial Northeastern Canid, Kayleigh Moses

Senior Theses and Projects

Eastern coyotes (Canis latrans var) have confounded the scientific and social boundaries established by postcolonial United States. The first eastern coyote specimen on record comes from Otis, Massachusetts in 1957. At the time, this unknown and unnamed wolf-like creature sparked fear amongst human residents of the Northeastern United States. Threatened by the presence of this predator, Northeasterners launched coyote killing efforts similar to the eradication campaigns that had previously failed in the Western United States. Today, Massachusetts officials estimate that 11,500 eastern coyotes occupy the state, living amongst people and pets in every county. This abundance of eastern coyotes ...


Taking The Bull By The Horns: Gender Analysis In A Cattle Project In Indonesia, Febrina Prameswari 2022 Clark University

Taking The Bull By The Horns: Gender Analysis In A Cattle Project In Indonesia, Febrina Prameswari

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Women play a crucial role in agriculture, especially in cattle farming. However, gender inequality in livestock production remains a critical issue, as women usually have less engagement with livestock production, less control over finances, and less access to markets. The IndoBeef program in Indonesia was one of the first livestock projects to incorporate gender-specific activities in its implementation. The project used women-only focus groups, utilizing the Women’s Empowerment in Livestock Index (WELI) combined with farm production data to address women’s needs in the cattle industry. I conducted a gender analysis of one of IndoBeef’s subsidiary projects, CropCow ...


Good Cop/Bad Cop: A Comparative Analysis Of Affiliative And Aggressive Behaviors By Adult Female And Male Olive Baboons With Infants At Randilen Wildlife Management Area, Tanzania, Jesse Elop 2022 SIT Study Abroad

Good Cop/Bad Cop: A Comparative Analysis Of Affiliative And Aggressive Behaviors By Adult Female And Male Olive Baboons With Infants At Randilen Wildlife Management Area, Tanzania, Jesse Elop

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study investigated the infant-directed behaviors of adult male and female olive baboons in Randilen Wildlife Management Area in April of 2022. The objectives were 1) To determine the difference between olive baboon males and females in frequency and duration of listed behaviors towards infants; 2) To classify the interactions of adult male and adult female olive baboons with infants as either primarily affiliative or primarily aggressive; 3) To determine the frequency of selected behaviors at different reproductive phases (lactation, estrus, neutral, indeterminant) amongst female olive baboons towards infants. A single baboon troop in Randilen Wildlife Management Area was observed ...


Behavioral And Physiological Effects Of Heavy Metals On Fish: A Review And Preliminary Results, Diana V. Morales 2022 CUNY Hunter College

Behavioral And Physiological Effects Of Heavy Metals On Fish: A Review And Preliminary Results, Diana V. Morales

Theses and Dissertations

Pollution, specifically heavy metal pollution, in various bodies of water has been a significant issue for decades. Research has been conducted on heavy metals and their effects on the environment, larger fish species, and humans since the 1970s (Skidmore, 1964; Adeniyi et al., 2007; Adeosun et al., 2015; Bawuro et al., 2018). It is known that zinc is a neurotoxin in some species and causes harm to the environment. It is also known that it causes harm to people if it is ingested or if they are exposed to it for long periods of time (Mahurpawar, 2015; Mizuno and Kawahara ...


Attachment And Perceived Stress Among Pet Owners Before And During The Lockdown In China, Sara Platto, Agathe Serres, Simona R C Normando, Yanqing Wang, Dennis C. Turner 2022 Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Jianghan University, Wuhan P.R. China

Attachment And Perceived Stress Among Pet Owners Before And During The Lockdown In China, Sara Platto, Agathe Serres, Simona R C Normando, Yanqing Wang, Dennis C. Turner

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

The current pandemic has brought a lot of social and economic strains to families worldwide, as well as making a huge impact on the long- term care of companion animals. The current study explored differences in the attachment level of owners toward their pets and their perceived stress before and during the pandemic in China. The questionnaire, besides demographic information, included a modified version of the Companion Animal Bonding Scale (CABS) and the original form of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). A total of 261 questionnaires were collected. The respondents did not show any significant differences in attachment level toward ...


Banning The Unethical Practices Of Puppy Mills In Every State, Carolyn Dering 2022 College of DuPage

Banning The Unethical Practices Of Puppy Mills In Every State, Carolyn Dering

2022 HCIR

My presentation brings to light the inhumane and unethical practices within the commercial dog breeding industry. It is legal in most U.S. states for puppy mills to force dogs to live in deplorable conditions. The government takes little action in implementing and enforcing regulations regarding the care of the animals. I state the need for the Puppy Protection Act of 2021 to be added to the Animal Welfare Act. This bill would enforce that dogs in the commercial dog breeding industry be given proper care, therefore, bettering the lives of the animals.


Animal Abuse In Egypt: An Assessment Of Attitudes, Behaviors And Protective Factors Among University Students And Graduates., Salma El Saedy 2022 American University in Cairo

Animal Abuse In Egypt: An Assessment Of Attitudes, Behaviors And Protective Factors Among University Students And Graduates., Salma El Saedy

Theses and Dissertations

Animal abuse is an understudied problem in Egypt with possible ramifications on both non-human and human animals and links to interpersonal violence and conduct problems. This study aims to explore the attitudes and behaviors of Egyptian university students and graduates towards the treatment and use of animals in society and to test if exposure to animal abuse is associated with abusive behavior. The study also aims to identify possible protective factors against animal abuse among a group of positive deviants. A mixed-methods approach was used to study these questions; an online survey was disseminated over social media platforms, and 99 ...


Adapting Small Unmanned Aerial Systems For Behavioral Research With Coastal Marine Mammals, Eric Angel Ramos 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Adapting Small Unmanned Aerial Systems For Behavioral Research With Coastal Marine Mammals, Eric Angel Ramos

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Marine mammals inhabit aquatic worlds where their subsurface behavior, cryptic surface profiles, and movements make them difficult to study. New tools are needed to study coastal marine mammals in a world increasing impacted by climate change related shifts in weather and animal distribution patterns. Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are important remote-sensing tools for studying a range of wildlife including terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna. These systems offer flexible platforms for adding sensor packages needed for different applications, for example, most are equipped with high-resolution cameras and GPS sensors. The vantage point from an aerial platform dramatically improves the ability ...


An Exploration Of The Contextual Interference Effect On Trained Trick Retention In Companion Dogs (Canis Lupus Familiaris), Madeline Messina 2022 CUNY Hunter College

An Exploration Of The Contextual Interference Effect On Trained Trick Retention In Companion Dogs (Canis Lupus Familiaris), Madeline Messina

Theses and Dissertations

The ability to enact behavior change is pivotal to dog training success. Currently, there are few studies informing the best training practices. This thesis sought to enhance current training practices by applying a human motor skill learning theory, the contextual interference effect (CI), to a trick-training paradigm with companion dogs.


Finding Identity In The Intersections: Transnational Feminism And The Non-Human Primate, Kailyn Carr 2022 Bucknell University

Finding Identity In The Intersections: Transnational Feminism And The Non-Human Primate, Kailyn Carr

Honors Theses

This project examines how the conversations among feminism and primatology offers a unique critical lens into how “man” dominates other identities, whether that be woman or non-human primate, specifically within the rigid colonial structures of Western society. Donna Haraway’s landmark post-humanist work joins these conversations, especially with her earlier work Primate Visions and Simians, Cyborgs, and Women. While Haraway has changed the narrative surrounding feminist theory within the biological sciences – what has now become recognized as feminist science and technology studies –, this shift in perspective continues to emphasize Western ideological practices and their attention to primatology. My project first ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress