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Economic And Environmental Implications Of Biomass Commercialization In Agricultural Processing, Bin LI, Onur BOYABATLI, Buket AVCI 2020 Singapore Management University

Economic And Environmental Implications Of Biomass Commercialization In Agricultural Processing, Bin Li, Onur Boyabatli, Buket Avci

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School of Business

This paper examines the economic and environmental implications of biomass commercialization; that is, converting organic waste into a saleable product, from the perspective of an agri-processor that uses a commodity input to produce both a commodity output and biomass. We characterize the economic value and perform sensitivity analysis to investigate how spot price uncertainty affects this value. We nd that commercializing biomass makes the pro ts more resilient to changes in spot price uncertainty. To examine the environmental implications, we characterize the expected carbon emissions considering the pro t-maximizing operational decisions. In comparison with the perception in practice, which fails ...


Planning For The Peel Food Zone, Heather M. Percy 2020 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

Planning For The Peel Food Zone, Heather M. Percy

All other publications

The Planning for the Peel Food Zone project is part of Phase 1 of the Transform Peel initiative.Transform Peel is intended to be a ‘disruptive’ long-term program that supports economic growth, diversification and creates jobs in the Peel region. Transform Peel recognises the importance of protecting the internationally recognised waterways and wetlands of the Peel–Harvey Estuary and aims to halve the nutrient loads entering its waterways from the surrounding catchment.

The $49.3 million Phase 1 program for Transform Peel comprises three main components: Peel Food Zone; Peel Integrated Water Initiative; Peel Business Park.

This report summarises the ...


Eat Mor Chikin!: A Case Study In Economic Efficiency And Sustainability, Thomas Andrews 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Eat Mor Chikin!: A Case Study In Economic Efficiency And Sustainability, Thomas Andrews

Sustainability Research & Practice Seminar Presentations

No abstract provided.


The United States Love Affair With Maize: A National Security Issue?, Jared Kelly 2020 University of California - Berkeley

The United States Love Affair With Maize: A National Security Issue?, Jared Kelly

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

Maize is the most widely grown crop in the United States. The crop has a variety of applications being used for food, fuel, and in some industries. Maize is heavily integrated into the fabric of billions of lives across the world. The United States has encouraged the growth of a massive maize monoculture through the usage of government subsidies. However, this presents issues for the United States since it has created a large monoculture that is threatened by natural disasters, pest infestation, and bioterrorism attacks. Additionally, the cheap nature of the monoculture has additional externalities. Examples include decimated maize production ...


Prospects For Commercialization Among Smallholder Farmers In South Africa: A Case Study, Christopher Ugochukwu Nwafor, Carlu van der Westhuizen 2020 Central University of Technology, South Africa

Prospects For Commercialization Among Smallholder Farmers In South Africa: A Case Study, Christopher Ugochukwu Nwafor, Carlu Van Der Westhuizen

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

The study explored determinants of commercialization among selected smallholder potato farmers in Bizana, Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Increasingly presented as a rural development paradigm, the capability of many smallholders to commercialize is questioned. Fifty-eight smallholder farmers were purposively sampled for this study, which estimated farmers’ level of commercialization and identified factors contributing to their estimated engagement with markets. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain primary data from farmers, while reports from published materials were also reviewed. The study utilized the household commercialization index (HCI) and ordinary least squares (OLS) regression model as its main analytical tools. It found ...


Economic Impacts Of Coastal Hazards On Mississippi Commercial Oyster Fishery From 2005 To 2016, Benedict C. Posadas 2020 Mississippi State University

Economic Impacts Of Coastal Hazards On Mississippi Commercial Oyster Fishery From 2005 To 2016, Benedict C. Posadas

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

This paper attempted to quantify the commercial fishery impacts consisting of wild harvest losses of oysters by commercial Mississippi fishers due to coastal hazards since 2005. The economic impacts of coastal hazards on the Mississippi oyster fishery included the direct losses associated with Katrina in 2005, the oil spill in 2010, spillway opening in 2011 and harmful algal blooms in 2015. The cumulative economic direct impacts on the Mississippi oyster reached almost $40 million, averaging about $3.3 million per year. Long-term data were compiled to develop economic recovery models for the Mississippi oyster fishery. The economic recovery model attempted ...


The Geographies Of Intermediation: Labor Intermediaries, Labor Migration, And Cane Harvesting In Rural Western India, Pronoy Rai 2020 Portland State University

The Geographies Of Intermediation: Labor Intermediaries, Labor Migration, And Cane Harvesting In Rural Western India, Pronoy Rai

International & Global Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, I explain the role of labor intermediaries in the weaving of capital–labor relations in capitalist agro-business. I do so by focusing on migration infrastructure or the vertical network of labor intermediaries who facilitate labor recruitment from migrant home villages and migrant labor disciplining on cane fields in rural western India, where the laborers are brought seasonally to harvest sugarcane. I show how the role of labor intermediaries cannot be understood by containing them within the villainous stereotypes associated with brokers. Intermediaries are embedded within the labor geographies of commodity production where capital accumulation requires the downward ...


Corn Nitrogen Rate Recommendation Tools’ Performance Across Eight Us Midwest Corn Belt States, Curtis J. Ransom, Newell R. Kitchen, James J. Camberato, Paul R. Carter, Richard B. Ferguson, Fabián G. Fernández, David W. Franzen, Carrie A. M. Laboski, Emerson D. Nafziger, John E. Sawyer, Peter C. Scharf, John F. Shanahan 2020 University of Missouri

Corn Nitrogen Rate Recommendation Tools’ Performance Across Eight Us Midwest Corn Belt States, Curtis J. Ransom, Newell R. Kitchen, James J. Camberato, Paul R. Carter, Richard B. Ferguson, Fabián G. Fernández, David W. Franzen, Carrie A. M. Laboski, Emerson D. Nafziger, John E. Sawyer, Peter C. Scharf, John F. Shanahan

Agronomy Publications

Determining which corn (Zea mays L.) N fertilizer rate recommendation tools best predict crop N need would be valuable for maximizing profits and minimizing environmental consequences. Simultaneous comparisons of multiple tools across various environmental conditions have been limited. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the performance of publicly‐available N fertilizer recommendation tools across diverse soil and weather conditions for: (i) prescribing N rates for planting and split‐fertilizer applications, and (ii) economic and environmental effects. Corn N‐response trials using standardized methods were conducted at 49 sites, spanning eight US Midwest states and three growing seasons. Nitrogen ...


The Path To Building Resilience In Sri Lankan Rice Farms, Tarea Karunaratne 2019 Fordham University

The Path To Building Resilience In Sri Lankan Rice Farms, Tarea Karunaratne

Student Theses 2015-Present

Rice cultivation in Sri Lanka roots back to its very first Kingdom in 161 B.C, and is still an incredibly populous industry to this day with an estimated 708,000 hectares of land being used for paddy cultivation. However, due to a changing global climate and an increase in natural disasters worldwide, Sri Lanka’s rice industry and the millions of people dependent on it have been greatly affected. This paper seeks to explore resilience building in a Sri Lankan context, taking into account the cultural and socio-economic factors that may influence how rice is farmed and who farms ...


Food Deserts In Urban Areas, Regina Bellian 2019 Cleveland State University

Food Deserts In Urban Areas, Regina Bellian

The Downtown Review

This paper illustrates the issue of food deserts faced by urban areas in three parts. Part one focuses on defining food deserts and what exactly the term denotes as well as who is affected by their present existence socially, physically, and economically. Part two presents research on some of the current policies and programs in place to address the issue of food deserts and discusses a few of the difficulties in implementing them. These approaches are then further analyzed for effectiveness in varying regions. Part three explores a handful of alternative methods to combat this urban issue in order to ...


What Regional Economic Factors Drive Feedstock Cost For Cannabinoid Hemp Processors In The United States?, Tanner McCarty 2019 Utah State University

What Regional Economic Factors Drive Feedstock Cost For Cannabinoid Hemp Processors In The United States?, Tanner Mccarty

Journal of Agricultural Hemp Research

This study measures the importance of various regional economic and agronomic factors on a grower’s decision to cultivate cannabinoid (CBD) hemp flower in the United States, and its subsequent effect on CBD processor feedstock cost. I use real options analysis to recover the price of hemp flower required to trigger land use change from commodity crop production to hemp flower production across various scenarios endemic to different hemp producing regions. Results suggest the most important factors in determining the price required to trigger CBD floral hemp production are the expected yield of floral hemp and CBD concentrations within it ...


Identifying The Suitable Areas For Establishment Of Agricultural Machinery Repair Center Using Gis In Rudsar, Maedeh Shoaei, Razieh Pourdarbani, Mir Sadegh Fazel Dolat-abad 2019 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran

Identifying The Suitable Areas For Establishment Of Agricultural Machinery Repair Center Using Gis In Rudsar, Maedeh Shoaei, Razieh Pourdarbani, Mir Sadegh Fazel Dolat-Abad

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

With the increase in mechanization, the need for the agricultural machinery repair centers is increasing. However, there are only a limited number of tractor repair centers in Rudsar. The existence of repair centers will increase the life of the equipment; on the other hand, the presence of machinery repairmen will lead to quick determination of the precision location of the failure and timely repair. The purpose of this study was to determine suitable locations for the establishment of machinery repair and helping to meet the needs of farmers in the Rudsar district. Therefore, spatial information was collected from various relevant ...


Genetically Modified Organisms In The United States Crop Market, Toluwani V. Ogunbayode 2019 Collin College

Genetically Modified Organisms In The United States Crop Market, Toluwani V. Ogunbayode

Quest

Economic Analysis

Research in progress for ECON 2302: Principles of Microeconomics

Faculty Mentors: Millie D. Black, Ph.D., and Michael Latham, Ph.D.

The following paper represents research begun by students in Honors Principles of Microeconomics. The honors course introduced students to numerous economic models and methods of analysis. Students were asked to identify an economic issue or controversy related to topics studied in class and to provide a literature review relevant to their topic. Students were also asked to provide an economic analysis, discuss opposing viewpoints, present an economic evaluation of various policy options, and make a recommendation regarding ...


Exploring Stakeholder Consensus For Multiple Outcomes In Agriculture: An Iowa Case Study, Drake Larsen, John C. Tyndall, Lisa A. Schulte, Nancy Grudens-Schuck 2019 Three Ridges Ecological Farm

Exploring Stakeholder Consensus For Multiple Outcomes In Agriculture: An Iowa Case Study, Drake Larsen, John C. Tyndall, Lisa A. Schulte, Nancy Grudens-Schuck

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Extensive row-crop agricultural production systems dominant in the United States Corn Belt are designed to produce high yields of a small number of commodities at low production costs. While remarkably valuable, this model of agriculture is directly and indirectly associated with significant externalized public costs and questions about its long-term viability. Agro-environmental conservation policy in the United States has failed to deliver desired environmental outcomes at broad scales, in part, because policy is supply-oriented with scaled financial and technical incentives aimed at the interests of individual farm managers. Understanding broader stakeholder demand relative to agro-ecosystem outcomes is fundamental to modifying ...


Science-Based Intensive Agriculture: Sustainability, Food Security, And The Role Of Technology, Jim Gaffney, James Bing, Patrick F. Byrne, Kenneth G. Cassman, Ignacio Ciampitti, Deborah Delmer, Jeffrey Habben, H. Renee Lafitte, Ulrika E. Lidstrom, Dana O. Porter, John E. Sawyer, Jeff Schussler, Tim Setter, Robert E. Sharp, Tony J. Vyn, David Warner 2019 Corteva Agriscience

Science-Based Intensive Agriculture: Sustainability, Food Security, And The Role Of Technology, Jim Gaffney, James Bing, Patrick F. Byrne, Kenneth G. Cassman, Ignacio Ciampitti, Deborah Delmer, Jeffrey Habben, H. Renee Lafitte, Ulrika E. Lidstrom, Dana O. Porter, John E. Sawyer, Jeff Schussler, Tim Setter, Robert E. Sharp, Tony J. Vyn, David Warner

Agronomy Publications

Sustainable agriculture describes crop management approaches that address the interdependent goals of increasing or at least maintaining yield while protecting the environment, conserving natural resources, and slowing climate change. Numerous authors have espoused limiting synthetic fertilizer and pesticides and promoting organic agriculture (Lechenet et al., 2014; Martinez-Alcantara et al., 2016; Muller at al. 2017), less meat consumption (West et al., 2014; Poore and Nemecek, 2018; Springmann et al., 2018), or combinations of these strategies as viable solutions to achieve those goals, thereby improving agricultural sustainability.


Cost Effectiveness Of Greenhouse Gas Reductions Through Afforestation Of Agricultural Land In The Arkansas Delta, Karli A. Moore 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Cost Effectiveness Of Greenhouse Gas Reductions Through Afforestation Of Agricultural Land In The Arkansas Delta, Karli A. Moore

Theses and Dissertations

Sequestration of atmospheric carbon in forested lands offsets carbon emissions from other industries. Conversion of private lands, particularly agricultural tracts in marginal areas, to forests can bolster carbon abatement. The United States government agencies administer some voluntary, incentive-based programs to encourage landowners to adopt production practices with positive environmental outcomes. This policy stream can be used to increase transition of marginal agricultural land to forests, thereby creating new carbon sinks. We analyze an eleven-county study area in the Arkansas Delta to determine feasibility for a subsidy focused on carbon abatement through afforestation. This study area is significant for two reasons ...


Eco-News December 2019, Office of Sustainability, University of Southern Maine 2019 University of Southern Maine

Eco-News December 2019, Office Of Sustainability, University Of Southern Maine

Eco-News

In this issue:

  • Annual Sustainability Fair
  • Energy Upgrades Coming To Gorham
  • Residential Food Waste Study
  • Meet Our Specialty Coordinators


Using A Crop Modeling Framework For Precision Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Variable Seeding And Nitrogen Application Rates, Gabriel McNunn, Emily Heaton, Sotirios Archontoulis, Mark A. Licht, Andy VanLoocke 2019 Iowa State University

Using A Crop Modeling Framework For Precision Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Variable Seeding And Nitrogen Application Rates, Gabriel Mcnunn, Emily Heaton, Sotirios Archontoulis, Mark A. Licht, Andy Vanloocke

Agronomy Publications

A key goal of precision agriculture is to achieve the maximum crop yield while minimizing inputs and loses from cropping systems. The challenge for precision agriculture is that these factors interact with one another on a subfield scale. Seeding density and nitrogen (N) fertilizer application rates are two of the most important inputs influencing agronomic, economic and environmental outcomes in cropping systems including yield, return on investment (ROI), and nitrate (NO3−) leaching. Here a cropping system model framework is used to predict site-specific subfield optimum seeding density and (N) fertilizer application rates based on publicly available data sources. The framework ...


Brand Inertia In Seed Demand: State Dependence And Heterogeneity, Jinjing Luo, Giancarlo Moschini, Edward D. Perry 2019 Iowa State University

Brand Inertia In Seed Demand: State Dependence And Heterogeneity, Jinjing Luo, Giancarlo Moschini, Edward D. Perry

Economics Working Papers

A commonly observed feature of differentiated product markets is brand inertia, the tendency of consumers to purchase brands they have purchased in the past. In this paper, we develop and estimate a micro-level random coefficients logit model to study two competing explanations of brand inertia, state dependence and heterogeneity, in the U.S. soybean seed industry. Specifically, heterogeneity is captured by brand-specific random coefficients and state dependence is incorporated through a brand purchase history variable. We further deal with two important issues in the identification: we apply a correction to the initial conditions problem similar to the procedure outlined in ...


Empowering Rural Participation And Partnerships In Morocco’S Sustainable Development, Yossef Ben-Meir 2019 High Atlas Foundation

Empowering Rural Participation And Partnerships In Morocco’S Sustainable Development, Yossef Ben-Meir

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

This essay explores the vast potential for participatory and sustainable human development in Morocco. Though Morocco is a country with many diverse resources, it remains burdened by severe levels of poverty and illiteracy, and now growing social discord. There have recently been increased public calls for participatory development programs designed and implemented by and for local people. The essay identifies six existing Moroccan Frameworks intended to initiate decentralized human development programs, and critically examines their efficacy. Ultimately, the purpose of the article is to suggest a new model to implement these Frameworks with maximum impact. The six Frameworks deal with ...


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