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1646 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

A Distribution Of The First Order Statistic When The Sample Size Is Random, Vincent Z. Forgo Mr 2017 East Tennessee State University

A Distribution Of The First Order Statistic When The Sample Size Is Random, Vincent Z. Forgo Mr

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Statistical distributions also known as probability distributions are used to model a random experiment. Probability distributions consist of probability density functions (pdf) and cumulative density functions (cdf). Probability distributions are widely used in the area of engineering, actuarial science, computer science, biological science, physics, and other applicable areas of study. Statistics are used to draw conclusions about the population through probability models. Sample statistics such as the minimum, first quartile, median, third quartile, and maximum, referred to as the five-number summary, are examples of order statistics. The minimum and maximum observations are important in extreme value theory. This paper will ...


Evaluation Of Progress Towards The Unaids 90-90-90 Hiv Care Cascade: A Description Of Statistical Methods Used In An Interim Analysis Of The Intervention Communities In The Search Study, Laura Balzer, Joshua Schwab, Mark J. van der Laan, Maya L. Petersen 2017 Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Heath

Evaluation Of Progress Towards The Unaids 90-90-90 Hiv Care Cascade: A Description Of Statistical Methods Used In An Interim Analysis Of The Intervention Communities In The Search Study, Laura Balzer, Joshua Schwab, Mark J. Van Der Laan, Maya L. Petersen

U.C. Berkeley Division of Biostatistics Working Paper Series

WHO guidelines call for universal antiretroviral treatment, and UNAIDS has set a global target to virally suppress most HIV-positive individuals. Accurate estimates of population-level coverage at each step of the HIV care cascade (testing, treatment, and viral suppression) are needed to assess the effectiveness of "test and treat" strategies implemented to achieve this goal. The data available to inform such estimates, however, are susceptible to informative missingness: the number of HIV-positive individuals in a population is unknown; individuals tested for HIV may not be representative of those whom a testing intervention fails to reach, and HIV-positive individuals with a viral ...


Stochastic Optimization Of Adaptive Enrichment Designs For Two Subpopulations, Aaron Fisher, Michael Rosenblum 2016 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Stochastic Optimization Of Adaptive Enrichment Designs For Two Subpopulations, Aaron Fisher, Michael Rosenblum

Johns Hopkins University, Dept. of Biostatistics Working Papers

An adaptive enrichment design is a randomized trial that allows enrollment criteria to be modified at interim analyses, based on a preset decision rule. When there is prior uncertainty regarding treatment effect heterogeneity, these trial designs can provide improved power for detecting treatment effects in subpopulations. We present a simulated annealing approach to search over the space of decision rules and other parameters for an adaptive enrichment design. The goal is to minimize the expected number enrolled or expected duration, while preserving the appropriate power and Type I error rate. We also explore the benefits of parallel computation in the ...


Some Remarks On Rao And Lovric’S ‘Testing Point Null Hypothesis Of A Normal Mean And The Truth: 21st Century Perspective’, Bruno D. Zumbo, Edward Kroc 2016 University of British Columbia

Some Remarks On Rao And Lovric’S ‘Testing Point Null Hypothesis Of A Normal Mean And The Truth: 21st Century Perspective’, Bruno D. Zumbo, Edward Kroc

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Although we have much to agree with in Rao and Lovric’s important discussion of the test of point null hypotheses, it stirred us to provide a way out of their apparent Zero probability paradox and cast the Hodges-Lehmann paradigm from a Serlin-Lapsley approach. We close our remarks with an eye toward a broad perspective.


Within Groups Anova When Using A Robust Multivariate Measure Of Location, Rand Wilcox, Timothy Hayes 2016 University of Southern California

Within Groups Anova When Using A Robust Multivariate Measure Of Location, Rand Wilcox, Timothy Hayes

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

For robust measures of location associated with J dependent groups, various methods have been proposed that are aimed at testing the global hypothesis of a common measure of location applied to the marginal distributions. A criticism of these methods is that they do not deal with outliers in a manner that takes into account the overall structure of the data. Location estimators have been derived that deal with outliers in this manner, but evidently there are no simulation results regarding how well they perform when the goal is to test the some global hypothesis. The paper compares four bootstrap methods ...


Longitudinal Stability Of Effect Sizes In Education Research, Joshua Stephens 2016 Cleveland State University

Longitudinal Stability Of Effect Sizes In Education Research, Joshua Stephens

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Educators use meta-analyses to decide best practices. It has been suggested that effect sizes have declined over time due to various biases. This study applies an established methodological framework to educational meta-analyses and finds that effect sizes have increased from 1970–present. Potential causes for this phenomenon are discussed.


A New Estimator Of The Population Mean: An Application To Bioleaching Studies, Amer I. Al-Omari, Carlos N. Bouza, Dante Covarrubias, Roma Pal 2016 Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan

A New Estimator Of The Population Mean: An Application To Bioleaching Studies, Amer I. Al-Omari, Carlos N. Bouza, Dante Covarrubias, Roma Pal

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The multistage balanced groups ranked set samples (MBGRSS) method is considered for estimating the population mean for samples of size m = 3k where k is a positive real integer. It is compared with the simple random sampling (SRS) and ranked set sampling (RSS) schemes. For the symmetric distributions considered in this study, the MBGRSS estimator is an unbiased estimator of the population mean and it is more efficient than SRS and RSS methods based on the same number of measured units. Its efficiency is increasing in s for fixed value of the sample size, where s is the number ...


A Comprehensive Review Of The Two-Sample Independent Or Paired Binary Data, With Or Without Stratum Effects, Dewi Rahardja, Ying Yang, Zhiwei Zhang 2016 U.S. Department of Defense

A Comprehensive Review Of The Two-Sample Independent Or Paired Binary Data, With Or Without Stratum Effects, Dewi Rahardja, Ying Yang, Zhiwei Zhang

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Various statistical hypotheses testing for discrete or categorical or binary data have been extensively discussed in the literature. A comprehensive review is given for the two-sample binary or categorical data testing methods on data with or without Stratum Effects. The review includes traditional methods such as Fisher’s Exact, Pearson’s Chi-Square, McNemar, Bowker, Stuart-Maxwell, Breslow-Day and, Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel, as well as newly developed ones. We also provide the roadmap, in a figure or diagram format to which methods are available in the literature. In addition, the implementation of these methods in popular statistical software packages such as SAS and/or ...


Vol. 15, No. 2 (Full Issue), JMASM Editors 2016 Wayne State University

Vol. 15, No. 2 (Full Issue), Jmasm Editors

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

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Optimal Estimation And Sampling Allocation In Survey Sampling Under A General Correlated Superpopulation Model, Ioulia Papageorgiou 2016 Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB)

Optimal Estimation And Sampling Allocation In Survey Sampling Under A General Correlated Superpopulation Model, Ioulia Papageorgiou

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Sampling from a finite population with correlated units is addressed. The proposed methodology applies to any type of correlation function and provides the sample allocation that ensures optimal efficiency of the population parameters estimates. The expressions of the estimate and its MSE are also provided.


Doubly Censored Data From Two-Component Mixture Of Inverse Weibull Distributions: Theory And Applications, Tabassum Sindhu, Navid Feroze, Muhammad Aslam 2016 Government Post Graduate College Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Doubly Censored Data From Two-Component Mixture Of Inverse Weibull Distributions: Theory And Applications, Tabassum Sindhu, Navid Feroze, Muhammad Aslam

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Finite mixture distributions consist of a weighted sum of standard distributions and are a useful tool for reliability analysis of a heterogeneous population. They provide the necessary flexibility to model failure distributions of components with multiple failure models. The analysis of the mixture models under Bayesian framework has received sizable attention in the recent years. However, the Bayesian estimation of the mixture models under doubly censored samples has not yet been introduced in the literature. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the Bayes estimation of the inverse Weibull mixture distributions under doubly censoring. Different priors and loss ...


Improved Ridge Estimator In Linear Regression With Multicollinearity, Heteroscedastic Errors And Outliers, Ashok Vithoba Dorugade 2016 Y C Mahavidyalaya, Halkarni, Tal-Chandgad, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Improved Ridge Estimator In Linear Regression With Multicollinearity, Heteroscedastic Errors And Outliers, Ashok Vithoba Dorugade

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

This paper introduces a new estimator, of ridge parameter k for ridge regression and then evaluated by Monte Carlo simulation. We examine the performance of the proposed estimators compared with other well-known estimators for the model with heteroscedastics and/or correlated errors, outlier observations, non-normal errors and suffer from the problem of multicollinearity. It is shown that proposed estimators have a smaller MSE than the ordinary least squared estimator (LS), Hoerl and Kennard (1970) estimator (RR), jackknifed modified ridge (JMR) estimator, and Jackknifed Ridge M‑estimator (JRM).


Multicollinearity And A Ridge Parameter Estimation Approach, Ghadban Khalaf, Mohamed Iguernane 2016 King Khalid University

Multicollinearity And A Ridge Parameter Estimation Approach, Ghadban Khalaf, Mohamed Iguernane

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

One of the main goals of the multiple linear regression model, Y = + u, is to assess the importance of independent variables in determining their predictive ability. However, in practical applications, inference about the coefficients of regression can be difficult because the independent variables are correlated and multicollinearity causes instability in the coefficients. A new estimator of ridge regression parameter is proposed and evaluated by simulation techniques in terms of mean squares error (MSE). Results of the simulation study indicate that the suggested estimator dominates ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator and other ridge estimators with respect to MSE.


An Adjusted Network Information Criterion For Model Selection In Statistical Neural Network Models, Christopher Godwin Udomboso, Godwin Nwazu Amahia, Isaac Kwame Dontwi 2016 University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

An Adjusted Network Information Criterion For Model Selection In Statistical Neural Network Models, Christopher Godwin Udomboso, Godwin Nwazu Amahia, Isaac Kwame Dontwi

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

In this paper, we derived and investigated the Adjusted Network Information Criterion (ANIC) criterion, based on Kullback’s symmetric divergence, which has been designed to be an asymptotically unbiased estimator of the expected Kullback-Leibler information of a fitted model. The ANIC improves model selection in more sample sizes than does the NIC.


On Generalizing Cumulative Ordered Regression Models, Robert W. Walker 2016 Atkinson Graduate School of Management, Willamette University

On Generalizing Cumulative Ordered Regression Models, Robert W. Walker

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

We examine models that relax proportionality in cumulative ordered regression models. Something fundamental arising from ordered variables and stochastic ordering implies a partitioning. Efforts to relax proportionality also relax the ability to collapse an inherently multidimensional problem to a partitioning of the (unidimensional) real line. It is surprising and unfortunate to find that deviations from proportionality are sufficient to generate internal contradictions; undecidable propositions must exist by relaxing proportional odds without other relevant and significant changes in the underlying model. We prove a single theorem linking continuous support and partitions of a latent space to show that for these two ...


The Application Of Legendre Multiwavelet Functions In Image Compression, Elham Hashemizadeh, Sohrab Rahbar 2016 Department of Mathematics, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

The Application Of Legendre Multiwavelet Functions In Image Compression, Elham Hashemizadeh, Sohrab Rahbar

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Legendre multiwavelets are introduced. These functions can be designed in such a way that the properties of orthogonality, polynomial approximation, and symmetry hold at the same time. In this way, they can be effectively deployed in image compression.


Bayesian Inference For Median Of The Lognormal Distribution, K. Aruna Rao, Juliet Gratia D'Cunha 2016 SDM Degree College, Ujire, India

Bayesian Inference For Median Of The Lognormal Distribution, K. Aruna Rao, Juliet Gratia D'Cunha

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Lognormal distribution has many applications. The past research papers concentrated on the estimation of the mean of this distribution. This paper develops credible interval for the median of the lognormal distribution. The estimated coverage probability and average length of the credible interval is compared with the confidence interval using Monte Carlo simulation.


Regularized Neural Network To Identify Potential Breast Cancer: A Bayesian Approach, Hansapani S. Rodrigo, Chris P. Tsokos, Taysseer Sharaf 2016 University of South Florida

Regularized Neural Network To Identify Potential Breast Cancer: A Bayesian Approach, Hansapani S. Rodrigo, Chris P. Tsokos, Taysseer Sharaf

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

In the current study, we have exemplified the use of Bayesian neural networks for breast cancer classification using the evidence procedure. The optimal Bayesian network has 81% overall accuracy in correctly classifying the true status of breast cancer patients, 59% sensitivity in correctly detecting the malignancy and 83% specificity in correctly detecting the non-malignancy. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.7940) shows that this is a moderate classification model.


E-Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameter Of The Logarithmic Series Distribution, Parviz Nasiri, Hassan Esfandyarifar 2016 University of Payam Noor, Tehran, Iran

E-Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameter Of The Logarithmic Series Distribution, Parviz Nasiri, Hassan Esfandyarifar

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

E-Bayesian estimation is introduced to estimate the parameter of logarithmic series distribution. In addition, E-Bayesian, Bayesian and maximum likelihood estimation with through applying mean squared error.


Bayesian Analysis Of Generalized Exponential Distribution, Saima Naqash, S. P. Ahmad, Aquil Ahmed 2016 University of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Bayesian Analysis Of Generalized Exponential Distribution, Saima Naqash, S. P. Ahmad, Aquil Ahmed

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Bayesian estimators of unknown parameters of a two parameter generalized exponential distribution are obtained based on non-informative priors using different loss functions.


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