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Learning Graphical Models Of Multivariate Functional Data With Applications To Neuroimaging, Jiajing Niu 2022 Clemson University

Learning Graphical Models Of Multivariate Functional Data With Applications To Neuroimaging, Jiajing Niu

All Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the functional graphical models that infer the functional connectivity based on neuroimaging data, which is noisy, high dimensional and has limited samples. The dissertation provides two recipes to infer the functional graphical model: 1) a fully Bayesian framework 2) an end-to-end deep model.

We first propose a fully Bayesian regularization scheme to estimate functional graphical models. We consider a direct Bayesian analog of the functional graphical lasso proposed by Qiao et al. (2019).. We then propose a regularization strategy via the graphical horseshoe. We compare both Bayesian approaches to the frequentist functional graphical lasso, and compare the …


Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, Feridun Tasdan 2022 Illinois State University

Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, Feridun Tasdan

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Estimating R0 For Dengue Emergence In Central Argentina Using Statistical Models, Sahil Chindal 2022 Illinois State University

Estimating R0 For Dengue Emergence In Central Argentina Using Statistical Models, Sahil Chindal

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Functional Data Analysis Of Covid-19, Nichole L. Fluke 2022 University of New Mexico

Functional Data Analysis Of Covid-19, Nichole L. Fluke

Mathematics & Statistics ETDs

This thesis deals with Functional Data Analysis (FDA) on COVID data. The Data involves counts for new COVID cases, hospitalized COVID patients, and new COVID deaths. The data used is for all the states and regions in the United States. The data starts in March 1st, 2020 and goes through March 31st, 2021. The FDA smooths the data and looks to see if there are similarities or differences between the states and regions in the data. The data also shows which states and regions stand out from the others and which ones are similar. Also shown …


Applications Of Statistical Physics To Ecology: Ising Models And Two-Cycle Coupled Oscillators, Vahini Reddy Nareddy 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Applications Of Statistical Physics To Ecology: Ising Models And Two-Cycle Coupled Oscillators, Vahini Reddy Nareddy

Doctoral Dissertations

Many ecological systems exhibit noisy period-2 oscillations and, when they are spatially extended, they undergo phase transition from synchrony to incoherence in the Ising universality class. Period-2 cycles have two possible phases of oscillations and can be represented as two states in the bistable systems. Understanding the dynamics of ecological systems by representing their oscillations as bistable states and developing dynamical models using the tools from statistical physics to predict their future states is the focus of this thesis. As the ecological oscillators with two-cycle behavior undergo phase transitions in the Ising universality class, many features of synchrony and equilibrium …


Bayesian Estimation Of The Intensity Function Of A Non-Homogeneous Poisson Process, James Jensen 2022 Jacksonville State University

Bayesian Estimation Of The Intensity Function Of A Non-Homogeneous Poisson Process, James Jensen

Theses

In this paper we explore Bayesian inference and its application to the problem of estimating the intensity function of a non-homogeneous Poisson process. These processes model the behavior of phenomena in which one or more events, known as arrivals, occur independently of one another over a certain period of time. We are concerned with the number of events occurring during particular time intervals across several realizations of the process. We show that given sufficient data, we are able to construct a piecewise-constant function which accurately estimates the mean rates on particular intervals. Further, we show that as we reduce these …


An Attempt To Develop A Measurement Tool For Interpretation Performance Of Tourist Guides, Gizem Capar, Dilek Atci 2022 Iskenderun Technical University

An Attempt To Develop A Measurement Tool For Interpretation Performance Of Tourist Guides, Gizem Capar, Dilek Atci

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

The search for different experiences in touristic visits brings the necessity of differentiating the tours for tour guides with. Interpretation lies at the heart of this differentiation. This research aims to examine the structure of interpretation performance of tour guides empirically within the framework of E.R.O.T/T.O.R.E model. For this purpose, in line with the literature firstly conceptual structure of interpretation performance and interpretative guiding was determined, then expert opinion was sought with the expression pool consisting of draft statements. After expertising process, the measurement tool was first applied on a sample of 191 participants. For preliminary analysis the performance of …


Classification Of Breast Cancer Histopathological Images Using Semi-Supervised Gans, Balaji Avvaru, Nibhrat Lohia, Sowmya Mani, Vijayasrikanth kaniti 2022 Southern Methodist University

Classification Of Breast Cancer Histopathological Images Using Semi-Supervised Gans, Balaji Avvaru, Nibhrat Lohia, Sowmya Mani, Vijayasrikanth Kaniti

SMU Data Science Review

Breast cancer is diagnosed more frequently than skin cancer in women in the United States. Most breast cancer cases are diagnosed in women, while children and men are less likely to develop the disease. Various tissues in the breast grow uncontrollably, resulting in breast cancer. Different treatments analyze microscopic histopathology images for diagnosis that help accurately detect cancer cells. Deep learning is one of the evolving techniques to classify images where accuracy depends on the volume and quality of labeled images. This study used various pre-trained models to train the histopathological images and analyze these models to create a new …


Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan 2022 Southern Methodist University & Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc

Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan

SMU Data Science Review

Millions of people live with diabetes worldwide [7]. To mitigate some of the many symptoms associated with diabetes, an estimated 350,000 people in the United States rely on insulin pumps [17]. For many of these people, how effectively their insulin pump performs is the difference between sleeping through the night and a life threatening emergency treatment at a hospital. Three programmed insulin pump therapy settings governing effective insulin pump function are: Basal Rate (BR), Insulin Sensitivity Factor (ISF), and Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR). For many people using insulin pumps, these therapy settings are often not correct, given their physiological needs. While …


Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler 2022 Southern Methodist University

Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler

SMU Data Science Review

Women’s beach volleyball is one of the fastest growing collegiate sports today. The increase in popularity has come with an increase in valuable scholarship opportunities across the country. With thousands of athletes to sort through, college scouts depend on websites that aggregate tournament results and rank players nationally. This project partnered with the company Volleyball Life, who is the current market leader in the ranking space of junior beach volleyball players. Utilizing the tournament information provided by Volleyball Life, this study explored replacements to the current ranking systems, which are designed to aggregate player points from recent tournament placements. Three …


Regression-Based Methods For Dynamic Treatment Regimes With Mismeasured Covariates Or Misclassified Response, Dan Liu 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Regression-Based Methods For Dynamic Treatment Regimes With Mismeasured Covariates Or Misclassified Response, Dan Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The statistical study of dynamic treatment regimes (DTRs) focuses on estimating sequential treatment decision rules tailored to patient-level information across multiple stages of intervention. Regression-based methods in DTR have been studied in the literature with a critical assumption that all the observed variables are precisely measured. However, this assumption is often violated in many applications. One example is the STAR*D study, in which the patient's depressive score is subject to measurement error. In this thesis, we explore problems in the context of DTR with measurement error or misclassification considered in the observed data.

The first project deals with covariate measurement …


Understanding Consumers' Use Experience On Electrically Heated Jacket: A Study On Online Review Using Topic Modeling, Md Nakib-Ul Hasan 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Understanding Consumers' Use Experience On Electrically Heated Jacket: A Study On Online Review Using Topic Modeling, Md Nakib-Ul Hasan

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The demand for heated jackets is anticipated to be fuelled by frequent temperature drops, severe winter weather, and increasing outdoor activities. Electrically heated jackets (EHJ) are primarily marketed through online distribution channels and expansion of online sales channels is expected to boost the global market. Consumers are increasingly relying on online reviews from other consumers to help them decide what to buy. Businesses also actively monitor and manage their online reviews to build trust in their brand and make it more likely that customers will buy. Traditional approaches for assessing customer behavior, such as market research surveys and focus groups, …


Between “Breaking” And “Building”: The Bridge Theory Of Research Evaluation, Fang XU, Xiaoxuan LI 2022 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Between “Breaking” And “Building”: The Bridge Theory Of Research Evaluation, Fang Xu, Xiaoxuan Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

How to build "new standards" after breaking "Siwei" is a hot and difficult issue in the current reform of research evaluation, which urgently needs good theoretical and methodological support. In this context, this study puts forward the BRIDGE theory of research evaluation of scientific researchers' achievements, which is to integrate the reasonable elements in the quantitative evaluation based on SCI papers into the "new standard" based on peer review, so as to build a bridge between quantitative analysis and qualitative evaluation. The practical application of BRIDGE theory is expressed as "Six Steps", in which the second step "Recode" and the …


Exploring Human-Caused Fire Occurrence Prediction, Ruyi Jin 2022 Western University

Exploring Human-Caused Fire Occurrence Prediction, Ruyi Jin

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Wildland Fire Science has become an increasingly hot topic in recent years. The goal of this report is to investigate human-caused wildland fire occurrence prediction. The two main predictors of interest are the mean value of the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) and the month when a fire ignites. An Exploratory Data Analysis is presented first, after which we fit models to predict daily fire counts. We first consider Poisson models to fit the count data, but also attempt to fit Negative Binomial models to deal with overdispersion. We compare these models in the following ways: plotting the difference in …


An Analysis Of Weighted Least Squares Monte Carlo, Xiaotian Zhu 2022 The University of Western Ontario

An Analysis Of Weighted Least Squares Monte Carlo, Xiaotian Zhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Since Longstaff and Schwartz [2001] brought the amazing Regression-based Monte Carlo (LSMC) method in pricing American options, it has received heated discussion. Based on the research done by Fabozzi et al. [2017] that applies the heteroscedasticity correction method to LSMC, we further extend the study by introducing the methods from Park [1966] and Harvey [1976]. Our work shows that for a single stock American Call option modelled by GBM with two exercise opportunities, WLSMC or IRLSMC provides better estimates in continuation value than LSMC. However, they do not lead to better exercise decisions and hence have little to no effect …


A Transformer-Based Classification System For Volcanic Seismic Signals, Anthony P. Rinaldi, Cindy Mora Stock, Cristián Bravo Roman, Alexander Hemming 2022 Western University

A Transformer-Based Classification System For Volcanic Seismic Signals, Anthony P. Rinaldi, Cindy Mora Stock, Cristián Bravo Roman, Alexander Hemming

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Monitoring volcanic events as they occur is a task that, to this day, requires significant human capital. The current process requires geologists to monitor seismographs around the clock, making it extremely labour-intensive and inefficient. The ability to automatically classify volcanic events as they happen in real-time would allow for quicker responses to these events by the surrounding communities. Timely knowledge of the type of event that is occurring can allow these surrounding communities to prepare or evacuate sooner depending on the magnitude of the event. Up until recently, not much research has been conducted regarding the potential for machine learning …


Bias-Corrected Bagging In Active Learning With An Actuarial Application, Yangxuan Xu 2022 Western University

Bias-Corrected Bagging In Active Learning With An Actuarial Application, Yangxuan Xu

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The variable annuity (VA) is a modern insurance product that offers certain guaranteed protection and tax-deferred treatment. Because of the inherent complexity of guarantees’ payoff, the closed-form solution of fair market values (FMVs) is often not available. Most insurance companies depend on Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to price the FMVs of these products, which is an extremely computational intensive and time-consuming approach. The metamodeling approach can be used to circumvent the heavy computation.

In the modeling stage, the bagged tree method has proved to outperform other parametric approaches. Also, a bias-corrected (BC) bagging model was tried and showed significant improvement …


Investigating Distributions Of Epochs In Wildland Fire Lifetimes, Xinlei Wang 2022 Western University

Investigating Distributions Of Epochs In Wildland Fire Lifetimes, Xinlei Wang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The objective of my research project is to explore the relationship between variables related to wildland fire and to model distributions of epochs in wildland fire lifetimes. Several distributional families are considered for modeling these epochs, including the exponential distribution, gamma distribution, Weibull distribution and continuous phase-type distribution. I explain each of these distributions in short terms and illustrate how they are fit. Visual results of my exploratory data analysis are illustrated in two parts, data visualization and data modeling, along with my interpretation of each. Since this work is preliminary, I conclude the report with a discussion on what …


The Q-Analogue Of The Extended Generalized Gamma Distribution, Wenhao Chen 2022 Western University

The Q-Analogue Of The Extended Generalized Gamma Distribution, Wenhao Chen

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This project introduces a flexible univariate probability model referred to as the q-analogue of the Extended Generalized Gamma (or q-EGG) distribution, which encompasses the majority of the most frequently used continuous distributions, including the gamma, Weibull, logistic, type-1 and type-2 beta, Gaussian, Cauchy, Student-t and F. Closed form representations of its moments and cumulative distribution function are provided. Additionally, computational techniques are proposed for determining estimates of its parameters. Both the method of moments and the maximum likelihood approach are utilized. The effect of each parameter is also graphically illustrated. Certain data sets are modeled with q-EGG distributions; goodness of …


Investigation Of Key Factors To Earthquake Insurance Take-Up Rates In Quebec And British Columbia Households And Prediction Model Building, Yongcheng Jiang 2022 Western University

Investigation Of Key Factors To Earthquake Insurance Take-Up Rates In Quebec And British Columbia Households And Prediction Model Building, Yongcheng Jiang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Maintaining an adequate level of earthquake take-up rate could protect the insurance industry from systemic failure. Past research has shown that British Columbia and Quebec have significant differences in earthquake insurance take-up rate. This report investigates key factors from the structure (default options and various types) of the insurance plan and personal characteristics along with socioeconomic/demographic profiles that affect the demand for earthquake protection in the form of insurance. The report also provides a prediction model for earthquake insurance take-up rate. The results show an importance ranking of key factors of earthquake insurance take up, the most important three are …


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