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Assessing The Influence Of Health Policy And Population Mobility On Covid-19 Spread In Arkansas, Tayden Barretto 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessing The Influence Of Health Policy And Population Mobility On Covid-19 Spread In Arkansas, Tayden Barretto

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a major crisis across the world since its start in 2019, and its influence on every realm of society is undeniable. Globally, more than 500 million cases have been recorded since March 2020, with almost 6 million deaths. In the wake of this crisis, many governments and health organizations have taken steps and precautions to mitigate its spread. These steps involve public mandates of information, reducing frequency of personal contact, and use of masks to minimize the risk of transmission. Current access to mobility data released from Google detailing population movements has provided a ...


Attempting To Predict The Unpredictable: March Madness, Coleton Kanzmeier 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Attempting To Predict The Unpredictable: March Madness, Coleton Kanzmeier

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

Each year, millions upon millions of individuals fill out at least one if not hundreds of March Madness brackets. People test their luck every year, whether for fun, with friends or family, or to even win some money. Some people rely on their basketball knowledge whereas others know it is called March Madness for a reason and take a shot in the dark. Others have even tried using statistics to give them an edge. I intend to follow a similar approach, using statistics to my advantage. The end goal is to predict this year’s, 2022, March Madness bracket. To ...


Applying Data Analytics As An Alternative To Subjective Rankings Of Players In Fantasy Basketball, Christopher Collins 2022 United States Military Academy

Applying Data Analytics As An Alternative To Subjective Rankings Of Players In Fantasy Basketball, Christopher Collins

Mathematica Militaris

This paper demonstrates the ranking of players for fantasy basketball using one of the platforms of Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM), the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method. Specially, it compares results of TOPSIS generated fantasy rankings from the 2016-2017 NBA Season against industry fantasy experts’ 2017-2018 NBA pre-season rankings. Fantasy experts combine various techniques to create their rankings. Frequently blending quantitative and qualitative factors in order to project bottom-up rankings, they incongruently mix subjective and objective criterion. Conversely, TOPSIS is a mathematical way of doing literally what its name describes, ranking by a ...


A Study About Unemployment In India – 2004 - 2018, Sahana Prasad Dr, Harshini N, Aishwarya N, Aishwarya HR 2022 NMKRV college for women

A Study About Unemployment In India – 2004 - 2018, Sahana Prasad Dr, Harshini N, Aishwarya N, Aishwarya Hr

International Journal of Computer Science and Informatics

Unemployment is one of the growing economic concerns for a developing country like India, which has the world’s largest youth population. Young Indians face a lot of barriers due to poverty and lack of technical skills required to get into the right job. Though there are a lot of reforms in the education sector, gaining a stable position in the labor market is difficult. Most men in rural areas are now shifting to casual jobs rather than farming activities and women tend to be self-employed. This paper explores the trend in the unemployment rate from 2004 -2018. It provides ...


Physical Investigation Of Downburst Winds And Applicability To Full Scale Events, Federico Canepa 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Physical Investigation Of Downburst Winds And Applicability To Full Scale Events, Federico Canepa

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Thunderstorm winds, i.e. downbursts, are cold descending currents originating from cumulonimbus clouds which, upon the impingement on the ground, spread radially with high intensities. The downdraft phase of the storm and the subsequent radial outflow that is formed can cause major issues for aviation and immense damages to ground-mounted structures. Thunderstorm winds present characteristics completely different from the stationary Gaussian synoptic winds, which largely affect the mid-latitude areas of the globe in the form of extra-tropical cyclones. Downbursts are very localized winds in both space and time. It follows that their statistical investigation, by means of classical full scale ...


Session 13: On Statistical Estimates Of The Inverted Kumaraswamy Distribution Under Adaptive Type-I Progressive Hybrid Censoring, Qingqing Li, Yuhlong Lio 2022 University of South Dakota

Session 13: On Statistical Estimates Of The Inverted Kumaraswamy Distribution Under Adaptive Type-I Progressive Hybrid Censoring, Qingqing Li, Yuhlong Lio

SDSU Data Science Symposium

The probability distribution modeling is investigated via maximum likelihood estimation method based on adaptive type-I progressively hybrid censored samples from the inverted Kumaraswamy distribution. The point estimates of model parameters, reliability, hazard rate and quantile are obtained and confidence intervals are also developed by using asymptotic distribution as well as bootstrap method. Monte Carlo simulation has been performed to evaluate the accuracy of estimations. Finally, a real data set is given for the application illustration.


Analysis Of Minor League Rule Changes Effect On Stolen Bases, Zachary Houghtaling 2022 The University of Akron

Analysis Of Minor League Rule Changes Effect On Stolen Bases, Zachary Houghtaling

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This study uses various statistical analyses to evaluate the justification of rule changes for Major League Baseball that were implemented within the Minor Leagues during the 2021 minor league season. The primary focus of the study is predicting how some of these Minor League rule changes could affect the stolen base success rate and the number of attempts per game within the Major Leagues. A survey was conducted to evaluate how fans feel about stolen bases within the current game and if rules should be altered to increase the number of stolen bases that occur. Additionally, recorded Major and Minor ...


Exploring Cyberterrorism, Topic Models And Social Networks Of Jihadists Dark Web Forums: A Computational Social Science Approach, Vivian Fiona Guetler 2022 West Virginia University

Exploring Cyberterrorism, Topic Models And Social Networks Of Jihadists Dark Web Forums: A Computational Social Science Approach, Vivian Fiona Guetler

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

This three-article dissertation focuses on cyber-related topics on terrorist groups, specifically Jihadists’ use of technology, the application of natural language processing, and social networks in analyzing text data derived from terrorists' Dark Web forums. The first article explores cybercrime and cyberterrorism. As technology progresses, it facilitates new forms of behavior, including tech-related crimes known as cybercrime and cyberterrorism. In this article, I provide an analysis of the problems of cybercrime and cyberterrorism within the field of criminology by reviewing existing literature focusing on (a) the issues in defining terrorism, cybercrime, and cyberterrorism, (b) ways that cybercriminals commit a crime in ...


Parameter Estimation And Inference Of Spatial Autoregressive Model By Stochastic Gradient Descent, Gan Luan 2021 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Parameter Estimation And Inference Of Spatial Autoregressive Model By Stochastic Gradient Descent, Gan Luan

Dissertations

Stochastic gradient descent (SGD) is a popular iterative method for model parameter estimation in large-scale data and online learning settings since it goes through the data in only one pass. While SGD has been well studied for independent data, its application to spatially-correlated data largely remains unexplored. This dissertation develops SGD-based parameter estimation and statistical inference algorithms for the spatial autoregressive (SAR) model, a common model for spatial lattice data.

This research contains three parts. (I) The first part concerns SGD estimation and inference for the SAR mean regression model. A new SGD algorithm based on maximum likelihood estimator (MLE ...


Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, And Depression In Association With Incidence Of Type 2 Diabetes Among Mexican Americans In Starr County, Texas, Gabriela Rubannelsonkumar 2021 St. Mary's University

Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, And Depression In Association With Incidence Of Type 2 Diabetes Among Mexican Americans In Starr County, Texas, Gabriela Rubannelsonkumar

St. Mary's University Honors Theses and Projects

Previous studies on conditions like obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have explored the correlations between them and various other human conditions, including aortic stiffness, left ventricular hypertrophy and sleep apnea, as they predict possibilities of developing certain diseases in Mexican Americans. This study aims to observe the correlation between lifestyle decisions that could relate to the onset of the depression in normal, prediabetic, and diabetic individuals. These include smoking habits and alcohol consumption. Many papers have previously conducted research on these lifestyle habits as they relate to obesity, hypertension, diabetes, however, have done so in a singular ...


Understanding The Comparative Fit Index: It's All About The Base!, Saskia van Laar, Johan Braeken 2021 CEMO: Centre for Educational Measurement at the university of Oslo

Understanding The Comparative Fit Index: It's All About The Base!, Saskia Van Laar, Johan Braeken

Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Despite the sensitivity of fit indices to various model and data characteristics in structural equation modeling, these fit indices are used in a rigid binary fashion as a mere rule of thumb threshold value in a search for model adequacy. Here, we address the behavior and interpretation of the popular Comparative Fit Index (CFI) by stressing that its metric for model assessment is the amount of misspecification in a baseline model and by further decomposition into its fundamental components: sample size, number of variables and the degree of multivariate dependence in the data. Simulation results show how these components influence ...


Estimation Of Parameters Of Epidemiological Models Under A Non-Parametric Approach And Its Application For Covid-19 In Bogotá D.C., Andrés Ríos-Gutiérrez, Viswanathan Arunachalam, Soledad Torres 2021 Universidad de Valparaiso

Estimation Of Parameters Of Epidemiological Models Under A Non-Parametric Approach And Its Application For Covid-19 In Bogotá D.C., Andrés Ríos-Gutiérrez, Viswanathan Arunachalam, Soledad Torres

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Estimation Analysis For The Seir Model With Stochastic Perturbation For The Covid-19 Outbreak In Bogotá, Viswanathan Arunachalam, Andres Rios-Gutierrez 2021 Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Estimation Analysis For The Seir Model With Stochastic Perturbation For The Covid-19 Outbreak In Bogotá, Viswanathan Arunachalam, Andres Rios-Gutierrez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling And Analysis Of Covid-19 Epidemic With Vaccination, Caitlin Seibel, Tina Huang, Jackson Reisman, Erika Johanna Martinez Salinas, VISWANATHAN ARUNACHALAM, Moatlhodi Kgosimore, Anuj Mubayi, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer, ALLEN BONE SEHUNELO 2021 Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Mathematical Modeling And Analysis Of Covid-19 Epidemic With Vaccination, Caitlin Seibel, Tina Huang, Jackson Reisman, Erika Johanna Martinez Salinas, Viswanathan Arunachalam, Moatlhodi Kgosimore, Anuj Mubayi, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer, Allen Bone Sehunelo

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Characterizing Clustering Models Of High-Dimensional Remotely Sensed Data Using Subsampled Field-Subfield Spatial Cross-Validated Random Forests, Andrew B. Whetten 2021 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Characterizing Clustering Models Of High-Dimensional Remotely Sensed Data Using Subsampled Field-Subfield Spatial Cross-Validated Random Forests, Andrew B. Whetten

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

Clustering models are regularly used to construct meaningful groups of observations within complex datasets, and they are an exceptional tool for spatial exploratory analysis. The clusters detected in a recent spatio-temporal cluster analysis of leaf area index (LAI) in the Columbia River Basin (CRB) require further investigation since they are only derived using a single greenness metric. It is of great interest to further understand how greening indices can be used to determine separation of sites across an array of remotely sensed environmental attributes. In this prior work, there are highly localized minority clusters that were detected to be most ...


Port Throughput Forecasting Using Arima And Ols Regression: Case Study : Gwangyang Port In Korea, Shin Park 2021 World Maritime University

Port Throughput Forecasting Using Arima And Ols Regression: Case Study : Gwangyang Port In Korea, Shin Park

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Monitoring Mammals At Multiple Scales: Case Studies From Carnivore Communities, Kadambari Devarajan 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Monitoring Mammals At Multiple Scales: Case Studies From Carnivore Communities, Kadambari Devarajan

Doctoral Dissertations

Carnivores are distributed widely and threatened by habitat loss, poaching, climate change, and disease. They are considered integral to ecosystem function through their direct and indirect interactions with species at different trophic levels. Given the importance of carnivores, it is of high conservation priority to understand the processes driving carnivore assemblages in different systems. It is thus essential to determine the abiotic and biotic drivers of carnivore community composition at different spatial scales and address the following questions: (i) What factors influence carnivore community composition and diversity? (ii) How do the factors influencing carnivore communities vary across spatial and temporal ...


Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry

Doctoral Dissertations

Between the United States and Great Britain, over 30 billion USD was spent in 2018 on international aid, over a billion of which is dedicated to education programs alone. Recently, there has been increased attention on the rigorous evaluation of aid-funded programs, moving beyond counting outputs to the measurement of educational impact. The current study uses two methodological approaches (Generalizability (Brennan, 1992, 2001) and Rasch Measurement Theory (Andrich, 1978; Rasch, 1980; Wright & Masters, 1982) to analyze data from math and literacy assessments, and self-report surveys used in an international evaluation of an educational initiative in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These approaches allow the researcher to identify and select pertinent facets and look at them in relation to one another, allowing us to attribute smaller or larger sources of variability to a particular facet, and using both provides additional insight to instrument development and validation efforts. A thorough analysis of five Early Grades Reading Assessment subtasks, five Early Grades Mathematics Assessment subtasks, and three sets of items from a survey administered to the girls in the study was completed. Results suggest that two factors were consistently flagged as contributing to error in the outcome measures: enumerators and language of administration/girl’s home language. The results of this study provide implications for several phases of evaluations of educational initiatives in developing countries: evaluation design development; the importance of a pilot in assisting in refining the design and sampling plan; and the importance of selecting the appropriate outcome measure, particularly in projects utilizing payment ...


Compound Sums, Their Distributions, And Actuarial Pricing, Ang Li 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Compound Sums, Their Distributions, And Actuarial Pricing, Ang Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Compound risk models are widely used in insurance companies to mathematically describe their aggregate amount of losses during certain time period. However, evaluation of the distribution of compound random variables and the computation of the relevant risk measures are non-trivial. Therefore, the main purpose of this thesis is to study the bounds and simulation methods for both univariate and multivariate compound distributions. The premium setting principles related to dependent multivariate compound distributions are studied. .

In the first part of this thesis, we consider the upper and lower bounds of the tail of bivariate compound distributions. Our results extend those in ...


A Clash Of Cultures: The Struggle Of Native Americans To Participate In Traditional Ecological Knowledge And Western Science Under California’S Marine Life Protection Act, John W. Corbett, Ruthie A. Maloney 2021 Humboldt State University

A Clash Of Cultures: The Struggle Of Native Americans To Participate In Traditional Ecological Knowledge And Western Science Under California’S Marine Life Protection Act, John W. Corbett, Ruthie A. Maloney

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Cal Poly Humboldt

This article comprehensively details the culture clash that took place between Native Americans, the North Group Science Panel, and the Science Advisory Team (SAT) involved in the Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA). In 1999, the California Legislature passed the Marine Life Protection Act to create a statewide, science-driven network of marine reserves along the 1,100 miles of the California coast. The MLPA was meant to protect marine areas from overharvesting, and an initiative was formed to create a state marine reserve system advised by regional science panels. The science panel, a public body, decided that Native Americans science was ...


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