Life And Death: Quantifying The Risk Of Heart Disease With Machine Learning, 2020 University of Northern Iowa

#### Life And Death: Quantifying The Risk Of Heart Disease With Machine Learning, Jack Scott Glienke

*Honors Program Theses*

Coronary heart disease has long been a key area of focus in the discussion of public health. As such, numerous studies have been conducted throughout history with the sole intention of identifying risk factors leading to the onset of cardiovascular conditions. A plethora of statistical procedures can be used to identify an individual’s risk of developing heart disease, yet regression models tend to be the default tool used by researchers. Using the data obtained from the most influential cardiovascular study to date, the Framingham Heart Study, this analysis uses machine learning techniques to generate and test the predictive power ...

Personal Foul: How Head Trauma And The Insurance Industry Are Threatening Sports, 2020 Liberty University

#### Personal Foul: How Head Trauma And The Insurance Industry Are Threatening Sports, Zachary Cooler

*Senior Honors Theses*

This thesis will investigate the growing problem of head trauma in contact sports like football, hockey, and soccer through medical studies, implications to the insurance industry, and ongoing litigation. The thesis will investigate medical studies that are finding more evidence to support the claim that contact sports players are more likely to receive head trauma symptoms such as memory loss, mood swings, and even Lou Gehrig’s disease in extreme cases. The thesis will also demonstrate that these medical symptoms and monetary losses from medical claims are convincing insurance companies to withdraw insurance coverage for sports leagues, which they are ...

D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, 2020 Old Dominion University

#### D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, Huihui Lin, N. Rao Chaganty

*College of Sciences Posters*

High-dimensional dependent binary data are prevalent in a wide range of scientific disciplines. A popular method for analyzing such data is the Multivariate Probit (MP) model. But the MP model sometimes fails even within a feasible range of binary correlations, because the underlying correlation matrix of the latent variables may not be positive definite. In this research, we proposed pair copula models, assuming the dependence between the binary variables is first order autoregressive (AR(1))or equicorrelated structure. Also, when Archimediean copula is used, most paper converted Kendall Tau to corresponding copula parameter, there is no explicit function of Pearson ...

Dice Questions Answered, 2020 Civil Engineering

#### Dice Questions Answered, Warren Campbell, William P. Dolan

*SEAS Faculty Publications*

Superstitious discussion of fair and unfair dice has pervaded the tabletop gaming industry since its inception. Many of these are not based on any quantitative data or studies. Consequently, misconceptions have been spread widely. One dice float test video on Youtube currently has 925,000 views (Fisher, 2015a). To combat the flood of misconceptions we investigated the following questions: 1) Are dice cursed? 2) Are D20s (20-sided dice) less fair than D6s (6-sided dice)? 3) Do float tests tell anything about the fairness of dice? 4) Are some dice systems inherently fairer than others? 5) Are density differences or dimensions ...

Next-Generation Air Force Weather Metrics Via Bayes Cost Analysis, 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Next-Generation Air Force Weather Metrics Via Bayes Cost Analysis, Brandon M. Bailey

*Theses and Dissertations*

This research proposes a new methodology for U.S. Air Force weather forecast metrics. Military weather forecasters are essentially statistical classifiers. They categorize future conditions into an operationally relevant category based on current data, much like an Artificial Neural Net or Logistic Regression model. There is extensive literature on statistically-based metrics for these types of classifiers. Additionally, in the U.S. Air Force, forecast errors (errors in classification) have quantifiable operational costs and benefits associated with incorrect or correct classification decisions. There is a methodology in the literature, Bayes Cost, which provides a structure for creating statistically rigorous metrics for ...

Teaching A University Course On The Mathematics Of Gambling, 2020 University of Utah

#### Teaching A University Course On The Mathematics Of Gambling, Stewart N. Ethier, Fred M. Hoppe

*UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal*

Courses on the mathematics of gambling have been offered by a number of colleges and universities, and for a number of reasons. In the past 15 years, at least seven potential textbooks for such a course have been published. In this article we objectively compare these books for their probability content, their gambling content, and their mathematical level, to see which ones might be most suitable, depending on student interests and abilities. This is not a book review (e.g., none of the books is recommended over others) but rather an essay offering advice about which topics to include in ...

Detection And Density Of Breeding Marsh Birds In Iowa Wetlands, 2020 Iowa State University

#### Detection And Density Of Breeding Marsh Birds In Iowa Wetlands, Rachel A. Vanausdall, Stephen J. Dinsmore

*Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications*

Accounting for imperfect detection is an important process when obtaining estimates of density or abundance for breeding birds, and this is particularly true when researchers are monitoring birds to assess the success of restored wetlands. Due to the dramatic decline in areal cover and habitat quality, wetland restoration in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) is critically important to breeding birds. The Shallow Lakes Restoration Project (SLRP), a partnership between the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and Ducks Unlimited, Inc., aims to restore degraded shallow lakes throughout the Iowa PPR. We conducted unlimited-radius point counts with call-broadcast surveys for breeding marsh ...

Evaluation Of An Elk Detection Probability Model In The Black Hills, South Dakota, 2020 South Dakota State University

#### Evaluation Of An Elk Detection Probability Model In The Black Hills, South Dakota, Evan C. Phillips, Chadwick P. Lehman, Robert W. Klaver, Angela R. Jarding, Susan P. Rupp, Jonathan A. Jenks, Christopher N. Jacques

*Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications*

Since 1993, elk (*Cervus canadensis nelsoni*) abundance in the Black Hills of South Dakota has been estimated using a detection probability model previously developed in Idaho, though it is likely biased because of a failure to account for visibility biases under local conditions. To correct for this bias, we evaluated the current detection probability across the Black Hills during January and February 2009–2011 using radio-collared elk. We used logistic regression to evaluate topographic features, habitat characteristics, and group characteristics relative to their influence on detection probability of elk. Elk detection probability increased with less vegetation cover (%), increased group size ...

Accuracy Of Avs Life Expectancy Reports, 2020 The University of Akron

#### Accuracy Of Avs Life Expectancy Reports, Ariya Aghababa

*Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects*

Use insurance company data to predict the trends in life insurance life expectancy reports. Also, use the data to predict what impairments could potentially decrease or increase an insured's life expectancy based on reports created by various Actuaries at life settlement companies.

Predicting Diabetes Diagnoses, 2020 Misericordia University

#### Predicting Diabetes Diagnoses, Sarah Netchert

*Student Research Poster Presentations 2020*

This study explored the traits and health state of African Americans in central Virginia in order to determine what traits put people at a higher probability of being diagnosed with diabetes. We also want to know which traits will generate the highest probability a person will be diagnosed with diabetes. Traits that were included and used in this study were cholesterol, stabilized glucose, high density lipoprotein levels, age(years), gender, height(inches), weight(pounds), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, waist size(inches), and hip size(inches). There were 403 individuals included in study since they were only ones screened ...

Evaluating An Ordinal Output Using Data Modeling, Algorithmic Modeling, And Numerical Analysis, 2020 Murray State University

#### Evaluating An Ordinal Output Using Data Modeling, Algorithmic Modeling, And Numerical Analysis, Martin Keagan Wynne Brown

*Murray State Theses and Dissertations*

Data and algorithmic modeling are two diﬀerent approaches used in predictive analytics. The models discussed from these two approaches include the proportional odds logit model (POLR), the vector generalized linear model (VGLM), the classiﬁcation and regression tree model (CART), and the random forests model (RF). Patterns in the data were analyzed using trigonometric polynomial approximations and Fast Fourier Transforms. Predictive modeling is used frequently in statistics and data science to ﬁnd the relationship between the explanatory (input) variables and a response (output) variable. Both approaches prove advantageous in diﬀerent cases depending on the data set. In our case, the data ...

Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, 2020 West Virginia University

#### Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, Brad Crawford

*Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports*

The structural, transport, and thermodynamic properties related to cellulose dissolution by tetrabutylphosphonium chloride (TBPCl) and tetrabutylphosphonium hydroxide (TBPH)-water mixtures have been calculated via molecular dynamics simulations. For both ionic liquid (IL)-water solutions, water veins begin to form between the TBPs interlocking arms at 80 mol % water, opening a pathway for the diffusion of the anions, cations, and water. The water veins allow for a diffusion regime shift in the concentration region from 80 to 92.5 mol % water, providing a higher probability of solvent interaction with the dissolving cellulose strand. The hydrogen bonding was compared between small and ...

Time-Dependent Reliability Framework For Durability Design Of Frp Composites, 2020 West Virginia University

#### Time-Dependent Reliability Framework For Durability Design Of Frp Composites, Rajneesh Kumar Bharil

*Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports*

The life-cycle performance, durability, and aging characteristics of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP or Structural Composites) have been of keen interest to the engineers engaged in the FRP design, construction, and manufacturing. Unlike conventional construction materials such as steel and concrete, the design guidelines to account for the aging of FRP are somewhat scattered or not available in an approved or consistent format. Loss of strength over time or aging of any structural material should be of concern to engineers as the in-service lifespan of many engineering structures is expected to exceed 100 years. Use of durability strength-reduction factors or factors ...

Statistical Inference For Networks Of High-Dimensional Point Processes, 2019 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

#### Statistical Inference For Networks Of High-Dimensional Point Processes, Xu Wang, Mladen Kolar, Ali Shojaie

*UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series*

Fueled in part by recent applications in neuroscience, high-dimensional Hawkes process have become a popular tool for modeling the network of interactions among multivariate point process data. While evaluating the uncertainty of the network estimates is critical in scientific applications, existing methodological and theoretical work have only focused on estimation. To bridge this gap, this paper proposes a high-dimensional statistical inference procedure with theoretical guarantees for multivariate Hawkes process. Key to this inference procedure is a new concentration inequality on the first- and second-order statistics for integrated stochastic processes, which summarizes the entire history of the process. We apply this ...

Characterization Of The Anomalous Ph Of Aqueous Nanoemulsions, 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Characterization Of The Anomalous Ph Of Aqueous Nanoemulsions, Kieran P. Ramos

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Aqueous water-in-oil nanoemulsions have emerged as a versatile tool for use in microfluidics, drug delivery, single-molecule measurements, and other research. Nanoemulsions are often prepared with perfluorocarbons which are remarkably biocompatbile due to their stability, low surface tension, lipophobicity, and hydrophobicity. Therefore it is often assumed that droplet contents are unperturbed by the perfluorinated surface. However, in microemulsions, which are similar to nanoemulsions, it is known that either the pH of the aqueous phase or the ionization constants of encapsulated molecules are different from bulk solution. There is also recent evidence of low pH in perfluorinated aqueous nanoemulsions. The current underlying ...

Function And Dissipation In Finite State Automata - From Computing To Intelligence And Back, 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Function And Dissipation In Finite State Automata - From Computing To Intelligence And Back, Natesh Ganesh

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Society has benefited from the technological revolution and the tremendous growth in computing powered by Moore's law. However, we are fast approaching the ultimate physical limits in terms of both device sizes and the associated energy dissipation. It is important to characterize these limits in a physically grounded and implementation-agnostic manner, in order to capture the fundamental energy dissipation costs associated with performing computing operations with classical information in nano-scale quantum systems. It is also necessary to identify and understand the effect of quantum in-distinguishability, noise, and device variability on these dissipation limits. Identifying these parameters is crucial to ...

Network Structure And Dynamics Of Biological Systems, 2019 University of Nevada, Reno

#### Network Structure And Dynamics Of Biological Systems, Deena R. Schmidt

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Statistical Methods For Probability Of Detection In Structural Health Monitoring, 2019 Iowa State University

#### Statistical Methods For Probability Of Detection In Structural Health Monitoring, William Q. Meeker, Dennis Roach, Seth S. Kessler

*Statistics Publications*

There is much interest in the potential to use Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technology to augment traditional Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) methods to improve safety, increase asset availability, and reduce maintenance and inspection costs. SHM has the potential to be used in many areas of application including critical components in aircraft and pipelines. Probability of detection (POD) plays a critical role in aircraft structural integrity programs. As such, there has been a high interest in developing methods that can be used to assess POD in SHM applications. In contrast to traditional NDE laboratory experiments to assess POD that involve a set ...

Coverage Properties Of Weibull Prediction Interval Procedures To Contain A Future Number Of Failures, 2019 Iowa State University

#### Coverage Properties Of Weibull Prediction Interval Procedures To Contain A Future Number Of Failures, Fanqi Meng, William Q. Meeker

*Statistics Publications*

Prediction intervals are needed to quantify prediction uncertainty in, for example, warranty prediction and prediction of other kinds of field failures. Naïve prediction intervals (also known as intervals from the “plug-in method”) ignore the uncertainty in parameter estimates. Simulation-based calibration methods can be used to improve the accuracy of prediction interval coverage probabilities. This article investigates the finite-sample coverage probabilities for naive and calibrated prediction interval procedures for the number of future failures, based on the failure-time information obtained before a censoring time. We have designed and conducted a simulation experiment over combinations of factors with levels covering the ranges ...

Probabilistic Models For Order-Picking Operations With Multiple In-The-Aisle Pick Positions, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Probabilistic Models For Order-Picking Operations With Multiple In-The-Aisle Pick Positions, Jingming Liu

*Theses and Dissertations*

The development of probability density functions (pdfs) for travel time of a narrow aisle lift truck (NALT) and an automated storage and retrieval (AS/R) machine is the focus of the dissertation. The multiple in-the-aisle pick positions (MIAPP) order picking system can be modeled as an M/G/1 queueing problem in which storage and retrieval requests are the customers and the vehicle (NALT or AS/R machine) is the server. Service time is the sum of travel time and the deterministic time to pick up and deposit a pallet (TPD).

Our first contribution is the development of travel time ...