Mathematically Modeling Prey-Catching Behavior Of The Tomato Frog, 2022 Pitzer College

#### Mathematically Modeling Prey-Catching Behavior Of The Tomato Frog, Conrad Tyler, Sarah Marzen, Jenna Monroy

*Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics*

Many microhylid frog species, such as the tomato frog, *Dyscophus sp.*, have demonstrated the ability to aim their tongues independently of head and jaw movements. However, a trade-off between tongue-aiming and head-only aiming exists in which the former allows for crypsis but lacks speed whereas the latter is faster but less accurate and more noticeable to prey. For frogs that can move their tongues independently of their heads, under what circumstances will they utilize each strategy, and why? We derive a model, dependent on factors relevant for prey-catching, for the probability the frog will turn its head (and not tongue ...

Lake Huron Shoreline Analysis, 2022 Wilfrid Laurier University

#### Lake Huron Shoreline Analysis, Shubham Satish Nandanwar

*Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)*

Lake Huron is a popular tourist destination and is home to several businesses and residents. Since the shoreline is dynamic and is subject to change over the years due to several factors such as a change in water level, soil type, human encroachment, etc., these locations tend to encounter floods due to increased water levels and wind speed. This causes erosion and loss to the properties along the shoreline.

This study is based on two areas of interest named Pinery Provincial Park and Sauble Beach which are located on the shoreline of Lake Huron where Pinery Provincial Park is a ...

Identification And Characterization Of Forest Fire Risk Zones Leveraging Machine Learning Methods, 2021 Southern Methodist University

#### Identification And Characterization Of Forest Fire Risk Zones Leveraging Machine Learning Methods, Joshua Balson, Matt Chinchilla, Cam Lu, Jeff Washburn, Nibhrat Lohia

*SMU Data Science Review*

Across the United States, record numbers of wildfires are observed costing billions of dollars in property damage, polluting the environment, and putting lives at risk. The ability of emergency management professionals, city planners, and private entities such as insurance companies to determine if an area is at higher risk of a fire breaking out has never been greater. This paper proposes a novel methodology for identifying and characterizing zones with increased risks of forest fires. Methods involving machine learning techniques use the widely available and recorded data, thus making it possible to implement the tool quickly.

(R1239) A New Type Ii Half Logistic-G Family Of Distributions With Properties, Regression Models, System Reliability And Applications, 2021 Bartin University

#### (R1239) A New Type Ii Half Logistic-G Family Of Distributions With Properties, Regression Models, System Reliability And Applications, Emrah Altun, Morad Alizadeh, Haitham M. Yousof, Mahdi Rasekhi, G. G. Hamedani

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

This study proposes a new family of distributions based on the half logistic distribution. With the new family, the baseline distributions gain flexibility through additional shape parameters. The important statistical properties of the proposed family are derived. A new generalization of the Weibull distribution is used to introduce a location-scale regression model for the censored response variable. The utility of the introduced models is demonstrated in survival analysis and estimation of the system reliability. Three data sets are analyzed. According to the empirical results, it is observed that the proposed family gives better results than other existing models.

(R1887) Inferring Trends Of Point Processes From Non-Iid Samples, 2021 Prairie View A&M University

#### (R1887) Inferring Trends Of Point Processes From Non-Iid Samples, Bruno Appolloni

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

We discuss unprecedented, albeit rudimentary, tools to infer the evolution of a point process where the available samples are both truncated and non independently drawn. To achieve this goal, we lay in an intermediate domain between probability models and fuzzy sets, still maintaining probabilistic features of the employed statistics as the reference KPI of the tools. The overall strategy is to frame the problem within the Algorithmic Inference framework and use a sort of kernel trick to distort the seeds of the observed variable so as to render them an iid sample of a random variable in a proper feature ...

(R1505) A Note On Large Deviations In Insurance Risk, 2021 TU Wien

#### (R1505) A Note On Large Deviations In Insurance Risk, Stefan Gerhold

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

We study large and moderate deviations for an insurance portfolio, with the number of claims tending to infinity, without assuming identically distributed claims. The crucial assumption is that the centered claims are bounded, and that variances are bounded below. From a general large deviations upper bound, we obtain an exponential bound for the probability of the average loss exceeding a threshold. A counterexample shows that a full large deviation principle, including also a lower bound, does not follow from our assumptions. We argue that our assumptions make sense, in particular, for life insurance portfolios and discuss how to apply our ...

Controlled Branching Processes With Continuous Time, 2021 University of Extremadura, Spain

#### Controlled Branching Processes With Continuous Time, Miguel Gonzalez, Manuel Molina, Ines Del Puerto, Nikolay Yanev, George Yanev

*Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations*

A class of controlled branching processes with continuous time is introduced and some limiting distributions are obtained in the critical case. An extension of this class as regenerative controlled branching processes with continuous time is proposed and some asymptotic properties are considered.

A Computational Study Of Genotype-Phenotype Mutation Patterns, 2021 Gulf University for Science and Technology

#### A Computational Study Of Genotype-Phenotype Mutation Patterns, Kamaludin Dingle, Omar Tawfik, Ahmed Aldabagh

*Undergraduate Research Symposium*

Understanding properties of genotype-phenotype maps is important for understanding biology and evolution. In this project we make a computational study of the statistical effects of genetic mutations, in particular computing the probabilities of each phenotype transitioning to any other phenotype. We also investigate the importance of the local phenotypic environment of a single genotype, and its role in determining mutation transition probabilities. We use HP protein folding, RNA structure, and a simplified GRN matrix model to study these questions.

Identification And Characterization Of De Novo Germline Tp53 Mutation Carriers In Families With Li-Fraumeni Syndrome, 2021 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

#### Identification And Characterization Of De Novo Germline Tp53 Mutation Carriers In Families With Li-Fraumeni Syndrome, Carlos C. Vera Recio

*The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)*

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an inherited cancer syndrome caused by a deleterious mutation in TP53. An estimated 48% of LFS patients present due to a de novo mutation (DNM) in TP53. The knowledge of DNM status, DNM or familial mutation (FM), of an LFS patient requires genetic testing of both parents which is often inaccessible, making de novo LFS patients difficult to study. Famdenovo.TP53 is a Mendelian Risk prediction model used to predict DNM status of TP53 mutation carriers based on the cancer-family history and several input genetic parameters, including disease-gene penetrance. The good predictive performance of Famdenovo.TP53 ...

Knowledge Discovery From Complex Event Time Data With Covariates, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Knowledge Discovery From Complex Event Time Data With Covariates, Samira Karimi

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

In particular engineering applications, such as reliability engineering, complex types of data are encountered which require novel methods of statistical analysis. Handling covariates properly while managing the missing values is a challenging task. These type of issues happen frequently in reliability data analysis. Specifically, accelerated life testing (ALT) data are usually conducted by exposing test units of a product to severer-than-normal conditions to expedite the failure process. The resulting lifetime and/or censoring data are often modeled by a probability distribution along with a life-stress relationship. However, if the probability distribution and life-stress relationship selected cannot adequately describe the underlying ...

Evaluating The Efficiency Of Markov Chain Monte Carlo Algorithms, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Evaluating The Efficiency Of Markov Chain Monte Carlo Algorithms, Thuy Scanlon

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) is a simulation technique that produces a Markov chain designed to converge to a stationary distribution. In Bayesian statistics, MCMC is used to obtain samples from a posterior distribution for inference. To ensure the accuracy of estimates using MCMC samples, the convergence to the stationary distribution of an MCMC algorithm has to be checked. As computation time is a resource, optimizing the efficiency of an MCMC algorithm in terms of effective sample size (ESS) per time unit is an important goal for statisticians. In this paper, we use simulation studies to demonstrate how the Gibbs ...

Applications Of Nonstandard Analysis In Probability And Measure Theory, 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Applications Of Nonstandard Analysis In Probability And Measure Theory, Irfan Alam

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

This dissertation broadly deals with two areas of probability theory and investigates how methods from nonstandard analysis may provide new perspectives in these topics. In particular, we use nonstandard analysis to prove new results in the topics of limiting spherical integrals and of exchangeability.

In the former area, our methods allow us to represent finite dimensional Gaussian measures in terms of marginals of measures on hyperfinite-dimensional spheres in a certain strong sense, thus generalizing some previously known results on Gaussian Radon transforms as limits of spherical integrals. This first area has roots in the kinetic theory of gases, which is ...

Application Of Randomness In Finance, 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

#### Application Of Randomness In Finance, Jose Sanchez, Daanial Ahmad, Satyanand Singh

*Publications and Research*

Brownian Motion which is also considered to be a Wiener process and can be thought of as a random walk. In our project we had briefly discussed the fluctuations of financial indices and related it to Brownian Motion and the modeling of Stock prices.

Statistical Analysis Of 2017-18 Premier League Match Statistics Using A Regression Analysis In R, 2021 University of Lynchburg

#### Statistical Analysis Of 2017-18 Premier League Match Statistics Using A Regression Analysis In R, Bergen Campbell

*Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects*

This thesis analyzes the correlation between a team’s statistics and the success of their performances, and develops a predictive model that can be used to forecast final season results for that team. Data from the 2017-2018 Premier League season is to be gathered and broken down within R to highlight what factors and variables are largely contributing to the success or downfall of a team. A multiple linear regression model and stepwise selection process is then used to include any factors that are significant in predicting in match results.

The predictions about the 17-18 season results based on the ...

Zeta Function Regularization And Its Relationship To Number Theory, 2021 East Tennessee State University

#### Zeta Function Regularization And Its Relationship To Number Theory, Stephen Wang

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

While the "path integral" formulation of quantum mechanics is both highly intuitive and far reaching, the path integrals themselves often fail to converge in the usual sense. Richard Feynman developed regularization as a solution, such that regularized path integrals could be calculated and analyzed within a strictly physics context. Over the past 50 years, mathematicians and physicists have retroactively introduced schemes for achieving mathematical rigor in the study and application of regularized path integrals. One such scheme was introduced in 2007 by the mathematicians Klaus Kirsten and Paul Loya. In this thesis, we reproduce the Kirsten and Loya approach to ...

Improving Bayesian Graph Convolutional Networks Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo Graph Sampling, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Improving Bayesian Graph Convolutional Networks Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo Graph Sampling, Aneesh Komanduri

*Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses*

In the modern age of social media and networks, graph representations of real-world phenomena have become incredibly crucial. Often, we are interested in understanding how entities in a graph are interconnected. Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have proven to be a very useful tool in a variety of graph learning tasks including node classification, link prediction, and edge classification. However, in most of these tasks, the graph data we are working with may be noisy and may contain spurious edges. That is, there is a lot of uncertainty associated with the underlying graph structure. Recent approaches to modeling uncertainty have been ...

Markov Chains And Their Applications, 2021 University of Texas at Tyler

#### Markov Chains And Their Applications, Fariha Mahfuz

*Math Theses*

Markov chain is a stochastic model that is used to predict future events. Markov chain is relatively simple since it only requires the information of the present state to predict the future states. In this paper we will go over the basic concepts of Markov Chain and several of its applications including Google PageRank algorithm, weather prediction and gamblers ruin.

We examine on how the Google PageRank algorithm works efficiently to provide PageRank for a Google search result. We also show how can we use Markov chain to predict weather by creating a model from real life data.

Predicting Tumor Response To Radiotherapy Based On Estimation Of Non-Treatment Parameters, 2021 Lafayette College

#### Predicting Tumor Response To Radiotherapy Based On Estimation Of Non-Treatment Parameters, Yutian Huang, Allison L. Lewis

*Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics*

Though clinicians can now collect detailed information about a variety of tumor characteristics as a tumor evolves, it remains difficult to predict the efficacy of a given treatment prior to administration. Additionally, the process of data collection may be invasive and expensive. Thus, the creation of a framework for predicting patient response to treatment using only information collected prior to the start of treatment could be invaluable. In this study, we employ ordinary differential equation models for tumor growth and utilize synthetic data from a cellular automaton model for calibration. We investigate which parameters have the most influence upon treatment ...

On Extensions And Restrictions Of Τ-Smooth And Τ-Maxitive Idempotent Measures, 2021 Institut of mathematical

#### On Extensions And Restrictions Of Τ-Smooth And Τ-Maxitive Idempotent Measures, Muzaffar M. Eshimbetov Mr

*Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences*

In the paper we investigate maps between idempotent measures spaces, τ-maxitive idempotent measures and their extensions and restrictions. For an idempotent measure we prove that its extension is τ-maxitive if and only if its restriction is τ-maxitive.

Continuous-Time Controlled Branching Processes, 2021 University of Extremadura, Spain

#### Continuous-Time Controlled Branching Processes, Ines Garcia, George Yanev, Manuel Molina, Nikolay Yanev, Miguel Velasco

*Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations*

Controlled branching processes with continuous time are introduced and limiting distributions are obtained in the critical case. An extension of this class as regenerative controlled branching processes with continuous time is proposed and some asymptotic properties are considered.