Gronwall-Ouiang-Type Integral Inequalities On Time Scales, 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

#### Gronwall-Ouiang-Type Integral Inequalities On Time Scales, Ailian Liu, Martin Bohner

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Research & Creative Works*

We present several Gronwall-OuIang-type integral inequalities on time scales. Firstly, an OuIang inequality on time scales is discussed. Then we extend the Gronwall-type inequalities to multiple integrals. Some special cases of our results contain continuous Gronwall-type inequalities and their discrete analogues. Several examples are included to illustrate our results at the end.

Dynamic Model Pooling Methodology For Improving Aberration Detection Algorithms, 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Dynamic Model Pooling Methodology For Improving Aberration Detection Algorithms, Brenton J. Sellati

*Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014*

Syndromic surveillance is defined generally as the collection and statistical analysis of data which are believed to be leading indicators for the presence of deleterious activities developing within a system. Conceptually, syndromic surveillance can be applied to any discipline in which it is important to know when external influences manifest themselves in a system by forcing it to depart from its baseline. Comparing syndromic surveillance systems have led to mixed results, where models that dominate in one performance metric are often sorely deficient in another. This results in a zero-sum trade off where one performance metric must be afforded greater ...

Behavior And Habitat Use Of Roseate Terns (Sterna Dougallii) Before And After Construction Of An Erosion Control Revetment, 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Behavior And Habitat Use Of Roseate Terns (Sterna Dougallii) Before And After Construction Of An Erosion Control Revetment, Corey Grinnell

*Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014*

An erosion control revetment was constructed at the Falkner Island Unit of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge, Connecticut during the winter of 2000–2001. At the time, Falkner Island was the fifth largest breeding colony site for the federally endangered Roseate Tern. This study measures and describes some baseline information regarding Roseate Tern nesting, behavior, and habitat use at Falkner Island during the three breeding seasons prior to revetment construction (1998–2000). This baseline information is then compared to similar information from the first breeding season following revetment construction (2001).

For Roseate Tern adults, this study examined changes ...

Optimal Dynamic Policies For Influenza Management, 2010 University of California - Santa Barbara

#### Optimal Dynamic Policies For Influenza Management, Michael Ludkovski, Jarad Niemi

*Jarad Niemi*

Management policies for influenza outbreaks balance the expected morbidity and mortality costs versus the cost of intervention policies. We present a methodology for dynamic determination of optimal policies in a completely observed stochastic compartmental model with parameter uncertainty. Our approach is simulation-based and searches the full set of sequential control strategies. For each time point, it generates a policy map describing the optimal intervention to implement as a function of outbreak state and Bayesian parameter posteriors. As a running example, we study a stochastic SIR model with isolation and vaccination as two possible interventions. Numerical simulations based on a classic ...

Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, Lori Abendroth, Stephanie Marlay, Anthony J.W. Myers, Roger W. Elmore, Robert C. Foster

*Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports*

Corn is planted earlier every year and thisis one important component in maximizing grain yield. In 2009, 47% of the statewide corn crop was planted by approximately April 26. This was four days earlier than the previous 5-year average (USDA NASS, 2009). Earlier planting dates are attributed to several causes: larger acreage per producer, less spring tillage, advancements in hybrids, increased tile drainage, and improved seed treatments. The start of corn planting is generally related to the date when the soil temperature reaches 50°F (10°C) or greater.

Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, Lori Abendroth, Stephanie Marlay, Anthony J.W. Myers, Roger W. Elmore, Robert C. Foster

*Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports*

Corn is planted earlier every year and thisis one important component in maximizing grain yield. In 2009, 47% of the statewide corn crop was planted by approximately April 26. This was four days earlier than the previous 5-year average (USDA NASS, 2009). Earlier planting dates are attributed to several causes: larger acreage per producer, less spring tillage, advancements in hybrids, increased tile drainage, and improved seed treatments. The start of corn planting is generally related to the date when the soil temperature reaches 50°F (10°C) or greater.

Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, Lori Abendroth, Stephanie Marlay, Anthony J.W. Myers, Roger W. Elmore, Robert C. Foster

*Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports*

Corn is planted earlier every year and thisis one important component in maximizing grain yield. In 2009, 47% of the statewide corn crop was planted by approximately April 26. This was four days earlier than the previous 5-year average (USDA NASS, 2009). Earlier planting dates are attributed to several causes: larger acreage per producer, less spring tillage, advancements in hybrids, increased tile drainage, and improved seed treatments. The start of corn planting is generally related to the date when the soil temperature reaches 50°F (10°C) or greater.

Regional Corn Planting Date Recommendations For Iowa, 2010 Iowa State University

*Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports*

Shaping A Functional And Sustainable Biofuels Industry Through Bridging Industrial Needs With Farmer Production Capabilities, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Shaping A Functional And Sustainable Biofuels Industry Through Bridging Industrial Needs With Farmer Production Capabilities, Richard M. Cruse, James Richardson, Carl Herndl, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Elena Yu Polush, Brent H. Shanks, Carl Roberts

*Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports*

In order for the biofuels industry to survive and succeed, it will need the cooperation of Iowa farmers to supply biomass. Farmers have concerns about production that need to be addressed in order to create a sustainable industry.

Strategies To Stabilize Locally Grown Produce For Year-Round Sales: A Feasibility Study, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Strategies To Stabilize Locally Grown Produce For Year-Round Sales: A Feasibility Study, Sam Beattie, Lester Wilson, Aubrey Mendonca, Stéphanie Jung

*Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports*

Local markets are dependent on fresh-grown products that are available only on a seasonal basis. This project looked at possible ways to preserve fruits and vegetables for profitable sales in the offseason.

Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities In Northeast Ohio, 2010 Cleveland State University

#### Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities In Northeast Ohio, Mark Salling, Joseph Ahern

*Urban Publications*

Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities in Northeast Ohio, Planning & Action, The Center for Community Solutions, Vol. 63, No. 4 (July), 2010, pp. 12-15.

Putting Artists On The Map: A Five Part Study Of Greater Cleveland Artists' Location Decisions - Part 1: Summary Report, 2010 Cleveland State University

#### Putting Artists On The Map: A Five Part Study Of Greater Cleveland Artists' Location Decisions - Part 1: Summary Report, Mark Salling, Gregory Soltis, Charles Post, Sharon Bliss, Ellen Cyran

*Urban Publications*

A series of reports detailing the residential and work space location preferences of Cuyahoga county's artists.

Periodic Solutions Of Neutral Delay Integral Equations Of Advanced Type, 2010 University of Dayton

#### Periodic Solutions Of Neutral Delay Integral Equations Of Advanced Type, Muhammad Islam, Nasrin Sultana, James Booth

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We study the existence of continuous periodic solutions of a neutral delay integral equation of advanced type. In the analysis we employ three fixed point theorems: Banach, Krasnosel'skii, and Krasnosel'skii-Schaefer. Krasnosel'skii-Schaefer fixed point theorem requires an a priori bound on all solutions. We employ a Liapunov type method to obtain such bound.

Linearly Ordered Topological Spaces And Weak Domain Representability, 2010 University of Dayton

#### Linearly Ordered Topological Spaces And Weak Domain Representability, Joe Mashburn

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

It is well known that domain representable spaces, that is topological spaces that are homeomorphic to the space of maximal elements of some domain, must be Baire. In this paper it is shown that every linearly ordered topological space (LOTS) is homeomorphic to an open dense subset of a weak domain representable space. This means that weak domain representable spaces need not be Baire.

Coarsening In High Order, Discrete, Ill-Posed Diffusion Equations, 2010 University of Dayton

#### Coarsening In High Order, Discrete, Ill-Posed Diffusion Equations, Catherine Kublik

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We study the discrete version of a family of ill-posed, nonlinear diffusion equations of order 2n. The fourth order (n=2) version of these equations constitutes our main motivation, as it appears prominently in image processing and computer vision literature. It was proposed by You and Kaveh as a model for denoising images while maintaining sharp object boundaries (edges). The second order equation (n=1) corresponds to another famous model from image processing, namely Perona and Malik's anisotropic diffusion, and was studied in earlier papers. The equations studied in this paper are high order analogues of the Perona-Malik equation ...

Statistical Topology Via Morse Theory, Persistence And Nonparametric Estimation, 2010 Cleveland State University

#### Statistical Topology Via Morse Theory, Persistence And Nonparametric Estimation, Peter Bubenik, Gunnar Carlsson, Peter T. Kim, Zhiming Luo

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

In this paper we examine the use of topological methods for multivariate statistics. Using persistent homology from computational algebraic topology, a random sample is used to construct estimators of persistent homology. This estimation procedure can then be evaluated using the bottleneck distance between the estimated persistent homology and the true persistent homology. The connection to statistics comes from the fact that when viewed as a nonparametric regression problem, the bottleneck distance is bounded by the sup-norm loss. Consequently, a sharp asymptotic minimax bound is determined under the sup–norm risk over H¨older classes of functions for the nonparametric regression ...

Detecting Recombination And Its Mechanistic Association With Genomic Features Via Statistical Models, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Detecting Recombination And Its Mechanistic Association With Genomic Features Via Statistical Models, Misha Rajaram

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

Recombination is a powerful weapon in the evolutionary arsenal of retroviruses such as HIV. It enables the production of chimeric variants or recombinants that may confer a selective advantage to the pathogen over the host immune response. Recombinants further accentuate differences in virulence, disease progression and drug resistance mutation patterns already observed in non-recombinant variants of HIV. This thesis describes the development of a rapid genotyper for HIV sequences employing supervised learning algorithms and its application to complex HIV recombinant data, the application of a hierarchical model for detection of recombination hotspots in the HIV-1 genome and the extension of ...

Improving Statistical Inference For Gene Expression Profiling Data By Borrowing Information, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Improving Statistical Inference For Gene Expression Profiling Data By Borrowing Information, Long Qu

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

Gene expression profiling experiments, in particular, microarray experiments, are popular in genomics research. However, in addition to the great opportunities provided by such experiments, statistical challenges also arise in the analysis of expression profiling data. The current thesis discusses statistical issues associated with gene expression profiling experiments and develops new statistical methods to tackle some of these problems.

In Chapter 2, we consider the insufficient sample size problem in detecting differential gene expression. We address the problem by developing and evaluating methods for variance model selection. The idea is that information about error variances might be learned from related datasets ...

Moesin1 And Ve-Cadherin Are Required In Endothelial Cells During In Vivo Tubulogenesis, 2010 Iowa State University

#### Moesin1 And Ve-Cadherin Are Required In Endothelial Cells During In Vivo Tubulogenesis, Ying Wang, Mark S. Kaiser, Jon D. Larson, Aidas Nasevicius, Karl J. Clark, Shannon A. Wadman, Sharon E. Roberg-Perez, Stephen C. Ekker, Perry B. Hackett, Maura Mcgrail, Jeffrey J. Essner

*Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications*

Endothelial tubulogenesis is a crucial step in the formation of functional blood vessels during angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Here, we use in vivo imaging of living zebrafish embryos expressing fluorescent fusion proteins of β-Actin, α-Catenin, and the ERM family member Moesin1 (Moesin a), to define a novel cord hollowing process that occurs during the initial stages of tubulogenesis in intersegmental vessels (ISVs) in the embryo. We show that the primary lumen elongates along cell junctions between at least two endothelial cells during embryonic angiogenesis. Moesin1-EGFP is enriched around structures that resemble intracellular vacuoles, which fuse with the luminal membrane during expansion ...

Investigating An Optimal Decision Point For Probability Bounds Analysis Models When Used To Estimate Remedial Soil Volumes Under Uncertainty At Hazardous Waste Sites, 2010 Walden University

#### Investigating An Optimal Decision Point For Probability Bounds Analysis Models When Used To Estimate Remedial Soil Volumes Under Uncertainty At Hazardous Waste Sites, Charles O. Dankwah

*Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies*

Hazardous waste site remediation cost estimation requires a good estimate of the contaminated soil volume. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) currently uses deterministic point values to estimate soil volumes but the literature suggests that probability bounds analysis (PBA) is the more accurate method to make estimates under uncertainty. The underlying statistical theory is that they are more accurate than deterministic estimates because probabilistic estimates account for data uncertainties. However, the literature does not address the problem of selecting an optimal decision point from the interval-valued PBA estimates. The purpose of this study was to identify the ...