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Detecting Differentially Co-Expressed Gene Modules Via The Edge-Count Test, Anne Gratius Lin 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Detecting Differentially Co-Expressed Gene Modules Via The Edge-Count Test, Anne Gratius Lin

Theses and Dissertations

Background

Gene expression profiling by microarray has been used to uncover molecular variations in many different diseases. Complementary to conventional differential expression analysis, differential co-expression analysis can identify gene markers from the systematic and granular level. There are three aspects for differential co-expression network analysis, including the network global topological comparison, differential co-expression cluster identification, and differential co-expressed genes and gene pair identification. To date, most of the methods available still rely on Pearson’s correlation coefficient despite its nonlinear insensitivity.

Results

Here we present an approach that is robust to nonlinearity by using the edge-count test for differential co-expression ...


Classification Of Coronary Artery Disease In Non-Diabetic Patients Using Artificial Neural Networks, Demond Handley 2019 Illinois State University

Classification Of Coronary Artery Disease In Non-Diabetic Patients Using Artificial Neural Networks, Demond Handley

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Gene Expression Profiling In Salmonella Choleraesuis-Infected Porcine Lung Using A Long Oligonucleotide Microarray, Shu-Hong Zhao, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Harry Dawson, Catherine Guidry, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Justin Recknor, Dan Nettleton, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Gene Expression Profiling In Salmonella Choleraesuis-Infected Porcine Lung Using A Long Oligonucleotide Microarray, Shu-Hong Zhao, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Harry Dawson, Catherine Guidry, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Justin Recknor, Dan Nettleton, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Understanding the transcriptional response to pathogenic bacterial infection within food animals is of fundamental and applied interest. To determine the transcriptional response to Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (SC) infection, a 13,297-oligonucleotide swine array was used to analyze RNA from control, 24-h postinoculation (hpi), and 48-hpi porcine lung tissue from pigs infected with SC. In total, 57 genes showed differential expression (p < 0.001; false discovery rate = 12%). Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) of 61 genes was used to confirm the microarray results and to identify pathways responding to infection. Of the 33 genes identified by microarray analysis as differentially expressed, 23 were confirmed by qRT-PCR results. A novel finding was that two transglutaminase family genes (TGM1 and TGM3) showed dramatic increases in expression postinoculation; combined with several other apoptotic genes, they indicated the induction of apoptotic pathways during SC infection. A predominant T helper 1-type immune response occurred during infection, with interferon γ ...


Laser Microdissection Of Narrow Sheath Mutant Maize Uncovers Novel Gene Expression In The Shoot Apical Meristem, Xiaolan Zhang, Shahinez Madi, Lisa Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Robert J. Elshire, Brent Buckner, Diane Janick-Buckner, Jon Beck, Marja Timmermans, Patrick S. Schnable, Michael J. Scanlon 2019 University of Georgia

Laser Microdissection Of Narrow Sheath Mutant Maize Uncovers Novel Gene Expression In The Shoot Apical Meristem, Xiaolan Zhang, Shahinez Madi, Lisa Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Robert J. Elshire, Brent Buckner, Diane Janick-Buckner, Jon Beck, Marja Timmermans, Patrick S. Schnable, Michael J. Scanlon

Dan Nettleton

Microarrays enable comparative analyses of gene expression on a genomic scale, however these experiments frequently identify an abundance of differentially expressed genes such that it may be difficult to identify discrete functional networks that are hidden within large microarray datasets. Microarray analyses in which mutant organisms are compared to nonmutant siblings can be especially problematic when the gene of interest is expressed in relatively few cells. Here, we describe the use of laser microdissection microarray to perform transcriptional profiling of the maize shoot apical meristem (SAM), a ~100-μm pillar of organogenic cells that is required for leaf initiation. Microarray analyses ...


Scanning Microarrays At Multiple Intensities Enhances Discovery Of Differentially Expressed Genes, David S. Skibbe, Xiujuan Wang, Xuefeng Zhao, Lisa A. Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable 2019 Iowa State University

Scanning Microarrays At Multiple Intensities Enhances Discovery Of Differentially Expressed Genes, David S. Skibbe, Xiujuan Wang, Xuefeng Zhao, Lisa A. Borsuk, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable

Dan Nettleton

Motivation: Scanning parameters are often overlooked when optimizing microarray experiments. A scanning approach that extends the dynamic data range by acquiring multiple scans of different intensities has been developed.

Results: Data from each of three scan intensities (low, medium, high) were analyzed separately using multiple scan and linear regression approaches to identify and compare the sets of genes that exhibit statistically significant differential expression. In the multiple scan approach only one-third of the differentially expressed genes were shared among the three intensities, and each scan intensity identified unique sets of differentially expressed genes. The set of differentially expressed genes from ...


Microarray Gene Expression Profiles Of Fasting Induced Changes In Liver And Adipose Tissues Of Pigs Expressing The Melanocortin-4 Receptor D298n Variant, Sender Lkhagvadorj, Long Qu, Weiguo Cai, Oliver P. Coutoure, C. Richard Barb, Gary J. Hausman, Dan Nettleton, Lloyd L. Anderson, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Microarray Gene Expression Profiles Of Fasting Induced Changes In Liver And Adipose Tissues Of Pigs Expressing The Melanocortin-4 Receptor D298n Variant, Sender Lkhagvadorj, Long Qu, Weiguo Cai, Oliver P. Coutoure, C. Richard Barb, Gary J. Hausman, Dan Nettleton, Lloyd L. Anderson, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Transcriptional profiling coupled with blood metabolite analyses were used to identify porcine genes and pathways that respond to a fasting treatment or to a D298N missense mutation in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene. Gilts (12 homozygous for D298 and 12 homozygous for N298) were either fed ad libitum or fasted for 3 days. Fasting decreased body weight, backfat, and serum urea concentration and increased serum nonesterified fatty acid. In response to fasting, 7,029 genes in fat and 1,831 genes in liver were differentially expressed (DE). MC4R genotype did not significantly affect gene expression, body weight, backfat depth, or ...


Analysis Of Porcine Transcriptional Response To Salmonella Enterica Serovar Choleraesuis Suggests Novel Targets Of Nfkappab Are Activated In The Mesenteric Lymph Node, Yanfang Wang, Olivre P. Couture, Long Qu, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Dan Nettleton, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Analysis Of Porcine Transcriptional Response To Salmonella Enterica Serovar Choleraesuis Suggests Novel Targets Of Nfkappab Are Activated In The Mesenteric Lymph Node, Yanfang Wang, Olivre P. Couture, Long Qu, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Daniel Kuhar, Joan K. Lunney, Dan Nettleton, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Background: Specific knowledge of the molecular pathways controlling host-pathogen interactions can increase our understanding of immune response biology as well as provide targets for drug development and genetic improvement of disease resistance. Toward this end, we have characterized the porcine transcriptional response to Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis), a Salmonella serovar that predominately colonizes swine, yet can cause serious infections in human patients. Affymetrix technology was used to screen for differentially expressed genes in pig mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) responding to infection with S. Choleraesuis at acute (8 hours (h), 24 h and 48 h post-inoculation (pi)) and chronic ...


Comparative Gene Expression Profiles Between Heterotic And Non-Heterotic Hybrids Of Tetraploid Medicago Sativa, Xuehui Li, Yanling Wei, Dan Nettleton, E. Charles Brummer 2019 University of Georgia

Comparative Gene Expression Profiles Between Heterotic And Non-Heterotic Hybrids Of Tetraploid Medicago Sativa, Xuehui Li, Yanling Wei, Dan Nettleton, E. Charles Brummer

Dan Nettleton

Background: Heterosis, the superior performance of hybrids relative to parents, has clear agricultural value, but its genetic control is unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that hybrids expressing heterosis for biomass yield would show more gene expression levels that were different from midparental values and outside the range of parental values than hybrids that do not exhibit heterosis.

Results: We tested these hypotheses in three Medicago sativa (alfalfa) genotypes and their three hybrids, two of which expressed heterosis for biomass yield and a third that did not, using Affymetrix M. truncatula GeneChip arrays. Alfalfa hybridized to approximately 47 ...


Distinct Peripheral Blood Rna Responses To Salmonella In Pigs Differing In Salmonella Shedding Levels: Intersection Of Ifng, Tlr And Mirna Pathways, Ting-Hua Huang, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Cumhur Yusuf Demirkale, Dan Nettleton, Susan Knetter, Curtis Christian, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Christopher K. Tuggle 2019 Iowa State University

Distinct Peripheral Blood Rna Responses To Salmonella In Pigs Differing In Salmonella Shedding Levels: Intersection Of Ifng, Tlr And Mirna Pathways, Ting-Hua Huang, Jolita J. Uthe, Shawn M. D. Bearson, Cumhur Yusuf Demirkale, Dan Nettleton, Susan Knetter, Curtis Christian, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Christopher K. Tuggle

Dan Nettleton

Transcriptomic analysis of the response to bacterial pathogens has been reported for several species, yet few studies have investigated the transcriptional differences in whole blood in subjects that differ in their disease response phenotypes. Salmonella species infect many vertebrate species, and pigs colonized with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (ST) are usually asymptomatic, making detection of these Salmonella-carrier pigs difficult. The variable fecal shedding of Salmonella is an important cause of foodborne illness and zoonotic disease. To investigate gene pathways and biomarkers associated with the variance in Salmonellashedding following experimental inoculation, we initiated the first analysis of the whole ...


Unique Genome-Wide Transcriptome Profiles Of Chicken Macrophages Exposed To Salmonella-Derived Endotoxin, Ceren Ciraci, Christopher K. Tuggle, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Dan Nettleton, Susan J. Lamont 2019 Iowa State University

Unique Genome-Wide Transcriptome Profiles Of Chicken Macrophages Exposed To Salmonella-Derived Endotoxin, Ceren Ciraci, Christopher K. Tuggle, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Dan Nettleton, Susan J. Lamont

Dan Nettleton

Background: Macrophages play essential roles in both innate and adaptive immune responses. Bacteria require endotoxin, a complex lipopolysaccharide, for outer membrane permeability and the host interprets endotoxin as a signal to initiate an innate immune response. The focus of this study is kinetic and global transcriptional analysis of the chicken macrophage response to in vitro stimulation with endotoxin from Salmonella typhimurium-798.

Results: The 38535-probeset Affymetrix GeneChip Chicken Genome array was used to profile transcriptional response to endotoxin 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours post stimulation (hps). Using a maximum FDR (False Discovery Rate) of 0.05 to declare genes as ...


Feature Selection For Longitudinal Data By Using Sign Averages To Summarize Gene Expression Values Over Time, Suyan Tian, Chi Wang 2019 The First Hospital of Jilin University, China

Feature Selection For Longitudinal Data By Using Sign Averages To Summarize Gene Expression Values Over Time, Suyan Tian, Chi Wang

Biostatistics Faculty Publications

With the rapid evolution of high-throughput technologies, time series/longitudinal high-throughput experiments have become possible and affordable. However, the development of statistical methods dealing with gene expression profiles across time points has not kept up with the explosion of such data. The feature selection process is of critical importance for longitudinal microarray data. In this study, we proposed aggregating a gene’s expression values across time into a single value using the sign average method, thereby degrading a longitudinal feature selection process into a classic one. Regularized logistic regression models with pseudogenes (i.e., the sign average of genes across ...


Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan 2019 Temple University

Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

One of the major goals in large-scale genomic studies is to identify genes with a prognostic impact on time-to-event outcomes which provide insight into the disease's process. With rapid developments in high-throughput genomic technologies in the past two decades, the scientific community is able to monitor the expression levels of tens of thousands of genes and proteins resulting in enormous data sets where the number of genomic features is far greater than the number of subjects. Methods based on univariate Cox regression are often used to select genomic features related to survival outcome; however, the Cox model assumes proportional ...


Non-Invasive Analysis Of The Sputum Transcriptome Discriminates Clinical Phenotypes Of Asthma, Xiting Yan 2019 Yale University School of Medicine

Non-Invasive Analysis Of The Sputum Transcriptome Discriminates Clinical Phenotypes Of Asthma, Xiting Yan

Yale Day of Data

Whole transcriptome wide gene expression profiles in the sputum and circulation from 100 asthma patients were measured using the Affymetrix HuGene 1.0ST arrays. Unsupervised clustering analysis based on pathways from KEGG were used to identify TEA clusters of patients from the sputum gene expression profiles. The identified TEA clusters have significantly different pre-bronchodilator FEV1, bronchodilator responsiveness, exhaled nitric oxide levels, history of hospitalization for asthma and history of intubation. Evaluation of TEA clusters in children from Asthma BRIDGE cohort confirmed the identified differences in intubation and hospitalization. Furthermore, evaluation of the TH2 gene signatures suggested a much lower prevalence ...


A Novel Pathway-Based Distance Score Enhances Assessment Of Disease Heterogeneity In Gene Expression, Yunqing Liu, Xiting Yan 2019 Yale University School of Public Health

A Novel Pathway-Based Distance Score Enhances Assessment Of Disease Heterogeneity In Gene Expression, Yunqing Liu, Xiting Yan

Yale Day of Data

Distance-based unsupervised clustering of gene expression data is commonly used to identify heterogeneity in biologic samples. However, high noise levels in gene expression data and the relatively high correlation between genes are often encountered, so traditional distances such as Euclidean distance may not be effective at discriminating the biological differences between samples. In this study, we developed a novel computational method to assess the biological differences based on pathways by assuming that ontologically defined biological pathways in biologically similar samples have similar behavior. Application of this distance score results in more accurate, robust, and biologically meaningful clustering results in both ...


Estimation And Variable Selection In High-Dimensional Settings With Mismeasured Observations, Michael Byrd 2019 Southern Methodist University

Estimation And Variable Selection In High-Dimensional Settings With Mismeasured Observations, Michael Byrd

Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

Understanding high-dimensional data has become essential for practitioners across many disciplines. The general increase in ability to collect large amounts of data has prompted statistical methods to adapt for the rising number of possible relationships to be uncovered. The key to this adaptation has been the notion of sparse models, or, rather, models where most relationships between variables are assumed to be negligible at best. Driving these sparse models have been constraints on the solution set, yielding regularization penalties imposed on the optimization procedure. While these penalties have found great success, they are typically formulated with strong assumptions on the ...


Microarray Data Analysis And Classification Of Cancers, Grant Gates 2019 The University of Akron

Microarray Data Analysis And Classification Of Cancers, Grant Gates

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

When it comes to cancer, there is no standardized approach for identifying new cancer classes nor is there a standardized approach for assigning cancer tumors to existing classes. These two ideas are known as class discovery and class prediction. For a cancer patient to receive proper treatment, it is important that the type of cancer be accurately identified. For my Senior Honors Project, I would like to use this opportunity to research a topic in bioinformatics. Bioinformatics incorporates a few different subjects into one including biology, computer science and statistics. An intricate method for class discovery and class prediction is ...


Gene Network Reconstruction With C-Level Partial Correlation Graph, Hao Wang 2019 Iowa State University

Gene Network Reconstruction With C-Level Partial Correlation Graph, Hao Wang

Creative Components

A key aim in system biology is to understand molecules’ structural and functional processes in a living cell. With the development of high-throughput technologies, quantitative methods can be applied on large scale ‘omics’ datasets. Due to the nature of intricate relationships of all molecules in a cell, network-based methods have become a popular approach to reconstruct gene-gene, gene-protein, and protein-protein interactions. Among different network approaches, Gaussian Graphical Model shows advantages in reconstructing gene co-expression networks because it is able to capture the direct association between genes with partial correlations. However, estimating and inferring partial correlations under the high-dimensional setting are ...


Power In Pairs: Assessing The Statistical Value Of Paired Samples In Tests For Differential Expression, John R. Stevens, Jennifer S. Herrick, Roger K. Wolff, Martha L. Slattery 2018 Utah State University

Power In Pairs: Assessing The Statistical Value Of Paired Samples In Tests For Differential Expression, John R. Stevens, Jennifer S. Herrick, Roger K. Wolff, Martha L. Slattery

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications

Background: When genomics researchers design a high-throughput study to test for differential expression, some biological systems and research questions provide opportunities to use paired samples from subjects, and researchers can plan for a certain proportion of subjects to have paired samples. We consider the effect of this paired samples proportion on the statistical power of the study, using characteristics of both count (RNA-Seq) and continuous (microarray) expression data from a colorectal cancer study.

Results: We demonstrate that a higher proportion of subjects with paired samples yields higher statistical power, for various total numbers of samples, and for various strengths of ...


Innate Immunity, The Hepatic Extracellular Matrix, And Liver Injury: Mathematical Modeling Of Metastatic Potential And Tumor Development In Alcoholic Liver Disease., Shanice V. Hudson 2018 University of Louisville

Innate Immunity, The Hepatic Extracellular Matrix, And Liver Injury: Mathematical Modeling Of Metastatic Potential And Tumor Development In Alcoholic Liver Disease., Shanice V. Hudson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The overarching goals of the current work are to fill key gaps in the current understanding of alcohol consumption and the risk of metastasis to the liver. Considering the evidence this research group has compiled confirming that the hepatic matrisome responds dynamically to injury, an altered extracellular matrix (ECM) profile appears to be a key feature of pre-fibrotic inflammatory injury in the liver. This group has demonstrated that the hepatic ECM responds dynamically to alcohol exposure, in particular, sensitizing the liver to LPS-induced inflammatory damage. Although the study of alcohol in its role as a contributing factor to oncogenesis and ...


Predictions Generated From A Simulation Engine For Gene Expression Micro-Arrays For Use In Research Laboratories, Gopinath R. Mavankal, John Blevins, Dominique Edwards, Monnie McGee, Andrew Hardin 2018 Southern Methodist University

Predictions Generated From A Simulation Engine For Gene Expression Micro-Arrays For Use In Research Laboratories, Gopinath R. Mavankal, John Blevins, Dominique Edwards, Monnie Mcgee, Andrew Hardin

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper we introduce the technical components, the biology and data science involved in the use of microarray technology in biological and clinical research. We discuss how laborious experimental protocols involved in obtaining this data used in laboratories could benefit from using simulations of the data. We discuss the approach used in the simulation engine from [7]. We use this simulation engine to generate a prediction tool in Power BI, a Microsoft, business intelligence tool for analytics and data visualization [22]. This tool could be used in any laboratory using micro-arrays to improve experimental design by comparing how predicted ...


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