An Investigation Of Process Parameters To Optimize The Fiber Diameter Of Electrospun Vascular Scaffolds Through Experimental Design, 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
An Investigation Of Process Parameters To Optimize The Fiber Diameter Of Electrospun Vascular Scaffolds Through Experimental Design, Steffi Wong
No abstract provided.
Developing A Library Value Indicator For A Disciplinary Population, 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Developing A Library Value Indicator For A Disciplinary Population, Jeanne M. Brown
Library Faculty Presentations
- Landscape architecture studio of ten 5th year students
- Use of physical library ranges from 1- 30 times/month
- Use of virtual library ranges from 2-30x/month
- Compared to others in School of Architecture use is moderate
- They self-rate as average or above average on library skills, compared to their peers
A Critical Constructionist View Of "At-Risk" Youth In Alternative Education, 2010 Loma Linda University
A Critical Constructionist View Of "At-Risk" Youth In Alternative Education, Rachelle Silverstein Touzard
Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects
Family therapists and school counselors are increasingly called upon to provide services for youth in alternative education (Carver, Lewis, & Tice, 2010). Alternative education systems are programs for youth who have been defined as at risk. This study explored the at-risk discourse and asked the questions (a) how do youth and staff define the term at risk, (b) construct their experience in alternative education systems, and (c) experience their relationships with each other.
Combined elements from critical theory and a social constructionist perspective guided this study. A qualitative, grounded theory method was used that included semi structured interviews with …
A New Screening Methodology For Mixture Experiments, 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
A New Screening Methodology For Mixture Experiments, Maria Weese
Many materials we use in daily life are comprised of a mixture; plastics, gasoline, food, medicine, etc. Mixture experiments, where factors are proportions of components and the response depends only on the relative proportions of the components, are an integral part of product development and improvement. However, when the number of components is large and there are complex constraints, experimentation can be a daunting task. We study screening methods in a mixture setting using the framework of the Cox mixture model . We exploit the easy interpretation of the parameters in the Cox mixture model and develop methods for screening …
Publication Bias In Reports Of Animal Stroke Studies Leads To Major Overstatement Of Efficacy, 2010 University of Edinburgh
Publication Bias In Reports Of Animal Stroke Studies Leads To Major Overstatement Of Efficacy, Emily Sena, H. Bart Van Der Worp, Philip M.W. Bath, David W. Howells, Malcolm Macleod
Validation of Animal Experimentation Collection
The consolidation of scientific knowledge proceeds through the interpretation and then distillation of data presented in research reports, first in review articles and then in textbooks and undergraduate courses, until truths become accepted as such both amongst “experts” and in the public understanding. Where data are collected but remain unpublished, they cannot contribute to this distillation of knowledge. If these unpublished data differ substantially from published work, conclusions may not reflect adequately the underlying biological effects being described. The existence and any impact of such “publication bias” in the laboratory sciences have not been described. Using the CAMARADES (Collaborative Approach …
Can Animal Models Of Disease Reliably Inform Human Studies?, 2010 Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience
Can Animal Models Of Disease Reliably Inform Human Studies?, H. Bart Van Der Worp, David W. Howells, Emily Sena, Michelle J. Porritt, Sarah Rewell, Victoria O'Collins, Malcolm Macleod
Validation of Animal Experimentation Collection
- The value of animal experiments for predicting the effectiveness of treatment strategies in clinical trials has remained controversial, mainly because of a recurrent failure of interventions apparently promising in animal models to translate to the clinic.
- Translational failure may be explained in part by methodological flaws in animal studies, leading to systematic bias and thereby to inadequate data and incorrect conclusions about efficacy.
- Failures also result because of critical disparities, usually disease specific, between the animal models and the clinical trials testing the treatment strategy.
- Systematic review and meta-analysis of animal studies may aid in the selection of the most …
Statistical Power Analysis Using Sas And R, 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Statistical Power Analysis Using Sas And R, Peter Osmena
Statistical power is something that has to be considered when designing an experiment. The power is used to determine the usefulness of the test. In this paper the concept of power and what it is will be discussed. A general ANOVA test and a Chi Squared test will be discussed in greater depth. Computers make these power calculations relatively easy to compute, considering they are used right. SAS and R both have the capabilities to make these calculations for a different variety of tests. Calculating power for a general ANOVA test and a Chi Squared test using these programs are …
Software Internationalization: A Framework Validated Against Industry Requirements For Computer Science And Software Engineering Programs, 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Software Internationalization: A Framework Validated Against Industry Requirements For Computer Science And Software Engineering Programs, John Huân Vũ
View John Huân Vũ's thesis presentation at http://youtu.be/y3bzNmkTr-c.
In 2001, the ACM and IEEE Computing Curriculum stated that it was necessary to address "the need to develop implementation models that are international in scope and could be practiced in universities around the world." With increasing connectivity through the internet, the move towards a global economy and growing use of technology places software internationalization as a more important concern for developers. However, there has been a "clear shortage in terms of numbers of trained persons applying for entry-level positions" in this area. Eric Brechner, Director of Microsoft Development Training, suggested …
Applied Statistics: Experience & Cerification In Quality Assurance, 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Applied Statistics: Experience & Cerification In Quality Assurance, Huey D. Dodson
The composition of my senior project can be broken down into two parts. The first part of my project, without which the second could not be pursued, involved a 13 week internship at a produce processing facility where I took part in several projects varying in scope and type. The second part was to acquire certification as a Quality Process Analyst from the American Society for Quality.
This document is structured to represent the dichotomous nature of my project; the first section is dedicated to my internship experience, and the second dedicated to the certification examination preparation and completion.
Accounting For Response Misclassification And Covariate Measurement Error Improves Powers And Reduces Bias In Epidemiologic Studies, 2010 Baylor Health Care System
Accounting For Response Misclassification And Covariate Measurement Error Improves Powers And Reduces Bias In Epidemiologic Studies, Dunlei Cheng, Adam J. Branscum, James D. Stamey
Purpose: To quantify the impact of ignoring misclassification of a response variable and measurement error in a covariate on statistical power, and to develop software for sample size and power analysis that accounts for these flaws in epidemiologic data. Methods: A Monte Carlo simulation-based procedure is developed to illustrate the differences in design requirements and inferences between analytic methods that properly account for misclassification and measurement error to those that do not in regression models for cross-sectional and cohort data. Results: We found that failure to account for these flaws in epidemiologic data can lead to a substantial reduction in …
A Bayesian Approach To Sample Size Determination For Studies Designed To Evaluate Continuous Medical Tests, 2010 Baylor Health Care System
A Bayesian Approach To Sample Size Determination For Studies Designed To Evaluate Continuous Medical Tests, Dunlei Cheng, Adam J. Branscum, James D. Stamey
We develop a Bayesian approach to sample size and power calculations for cross-sectional studies that are designed to evaluate and compare continuous medical tests. For studies that involve one test or two conditionally independent or dependent tests, we present methods that are applicable when the true disease status of sampled individuals will be available and when it will not. Within a hypothesis testing framework, we consider the goal of demonstrating that a medical test has area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve that exceeds a minimum acceptable level or another relevant threshold, and the goals of establishing the superiority …
Troubleshooting With Surveys, 2010 Edith Cowan University
Troubleshooting With Surveys, Sandra Pereira
ECU Research Week
This presentation discusses ways to identify and avoid the problems commonly encountered in draft surveys.
Noncompliance With Public Health Service (Phs) Policy On Humane Care And Use Of Laboratory Animals: An Exploratory Analysis, 2010 The Humane Society of the United States
Noncompliance With Public Health Service (Phs) Policy On Humane Care And Use Of Laboratory Animals: An Exploratory Analysis, Leah M. Gomez, Kathleen Conlee, Martin Stephens
Laboratory Experiments Collection
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a major biomedical research-funding body in the United States. Approximately 40% of NIH-funded research involves experimentation on nonhuman animals (Monastersky, 2008). Institutions that conduct animal research with NIH funds must adhere to the Public Health Service (PHS) care and use standards of the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW, 2002a). Institutions deviating significantly from the PHS’s animal care and use standards must report these incidents to the NIH’s OLAW. This study is an exploratory analysis of all the significant deviations reported by animal-research facilities to OLAW during a 3-month period. The study identifies …
Route Choice Behavior In Risky Networks With Real-Time Information, 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Route Choice Behavior In Risky Networks With Real-Time Information, Michael D. Razo
Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014
This research investigates route choice behavior in networks with risky travel times and real-time information. A stated preference survey is conducted in which subjects use a PC-based interactive maps to choose routes link-by-link in various scenarios. The scenarios include two types of maps: the first presenting a choice between one stochastic route and one deterministic route, and the second with real-time information and an available detour. The first type measures the basic risk attitude of the subject. The second type allows for strategic planning, and measures the effect of this opportunity on subjects' choice behavior.
Results from each subject are …
Behavior And Habitat Use Of Roseate Terns (Sterna Dougallii) Before And After Construction Of An Erosion Control Revetment, 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Behavior And Habitat Use Of Roseate Terns (Sterna Dougallii) Before And After Construction Of An Erosion Control Revetment, Corey Grinnell
Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014
An erosion control revetment was constructed at the Falkner Island Unit of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge, Connecticut during the winter of 2000–2001. At the time, Falkner Island was the fifth largest breeding colony site for the federally endangered Roseate Tern. This study measures and describes some baseline information regarding Roseate Tern nesting, behavior, and habitat use at Falkner Island during the three breeding seasons prior to revetment construction (1998–2000). This baseline information is then compared to similar information from the first breeding season following revetment construction (2001).
For Roseate Tern adults, this study examined changes in pre-nesting …
Item Order Effects On Attitude Measures, 2010 University of Denver
Item Order Effects On Attitude Measures, Pei-Hua Chen
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the effects of altered item order on attitude measures for both computerized adaptive and conventional survey formats. Based on items modified from a dissertation/thesis completion survey (Green & Kluever, 1997) with three scales, three survey versions were generated with items ordered by difficulty as hard-to-easy (H-E), easy-to-hard (E-H), and five medium trait level items presented first followed by randomly ordered items (M-R) for conventional survey format. Significant differences in item difficulty and item discrimination were found for two of the three scales. Differences in scale reliability were detected for the procrastination and …
Imputation Procedures For American Community Survey Group Quarters Small Area Estimation, 2009 Fordham University
Imputation Procedures For American Community Survey Group Quarters Small Area Estimation, Chandra Erdman, Chaitra Nagaraja
Chaitra H Nagaraja
No abstract provided.