Umsl Faculty Expertise, 2018 Selected Works
Umsl Faculty Expertise
Anne Folta Fish
Minimizing The Perceived Financial Burden Due To Cancer, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Minimizing The Perceived Financial Burden Due To Cancer, Hassan Azhar, Zoheb Allam, Gino Varghese, Daniel W. Engels, Sajiny John
SMU Data Science Review
In this paper, we present a regression model that predicts perceived financial burden that a cancer patient experiences in the treatment and management of the disease. Cancer patients do not fully understand the burden associated with the cost of cancer, and their lack of understanding can increase the difficulties associated with living with the disease, in particular coping with the cost. The relationship between demographic characteristics and financial burden were examined in order to better understand the characteristics of a cancer patient and their burden, while all subsets regression was used to determine the best predictors of financial burden. Age ...
Robust Inference For The Stepped Wedge Design, 2018 University of Washington - Seattle Campus
Robust Inference For The Stepped Wedge Design, James P. Hughes, Patrick J. Heagerty, Fan Xia, Yuqi Ren
UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series
Based on a permutation argument, we derive a closed form expression for an estimate of the treatment effect, along with its standard error, in a stepped wedge design. We show that these estimates are robust to misspecification of both the mean and covariance structure of the underlying data-generating mechanism, thereby providing a robust approach to inference for the treatment effect in stepped wedge designs. We use simulations to evaluate the type I error and power of the proposed estimate and to compare the performance of the proposed estimate to the optimal estimate when the correct model specification is known. The ...
A Programme For Risk Assessment And Minimisation Of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Developed For Vedolizumab Clinical Trials, 2018 Takeda Pharmaceuticals International Co.
A Programme For Risk Assessment And Minimisation Of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Developed For Vedolizumab Clinical Trials, Asit Parikh, Kristin Stephens, Eugene Major, Irving Fox, Catherine Milch, Serap Sankoh, Michael H. Lev, James M. Provenzale, Jesse Shick, Mark Patti, Megan Mcauliffe, Joseph R. Berger, David B. Clifford
Neurology Faculty Publications
Introduction Over the past decade, the potential for drug-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) has become an increasingly important consideration in certain drug development programmes, particularly those of immunomodulatory biologics. Whether the risk of PML with an investigational agent is proven (e.g. extrapolated from relevant experience, such as a class effect) or merely theoretical, the serious consequences of acquiring PML require careful risk minimisation and assessment. No single standard for such risk minimisation exists. Vedolizumab is a recently developed monoclonal antibody to α4β7 integrin. Its clinical development necessitated a dedicated PML risk minimisation assessment as part of a global preapproval ...
Computer Aided Clinical Trials For Implantable Cardiac Devices, 2018 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Computer Aided Clinical Trials For Implantable Cardiac Devices, Kuk Jin Jang, James Weimer, Houssam Abbas, Zhihao Jiang, Jackson Liang, Sanjay Dixit, Rahul Mangharam
Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)
In this paper we aim to answer the question, ``How can modeling and simulation of physiological systems be used to evaluate life-critical implantable medical devices?'' Clinical trials for medical devices are becoming increasingly inefficient as they take several years to conduct, at very high cost and suffer from high rates of failure. For example, the Rhythm ID Goes Head-to-head Trial (RIGHT) sought to evaluate the performance of two arrhythmia discriminator algorithms for implantable cardioverter defibrillators, Vitality 2 vs. Medtronic, in terms of time-to-first inappropriate therapy, but concluded with results contrary to the initial hypothesis - after 5 years, 2,000+ patients ...
Therapeutic Benefit Of Apremilast On Enthesitis And Dactylitis In Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis: A Pooled Analysis Of The Palace 1-3 Studies, Dafna D. Gladman, Arthur Kavanaugh, Juan J. Gomez-Reino, Jurgen Wollenhaupt, Maurizio Cutolo, Georg Schett, Eric Lespessailles, Benoit Guerette, Nikolay Delev, Lichen Teng, Christopher J. Edwards, Charles Birbara, Philip J. Mease
Open Access Articles
Objective: The Psoriatic Arthritis Long-term Assessment of Clinical Efficacy (PALACE) clinical trial programme findings demonstrated that apremilast, an oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, is effective for treating psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Enthesitis and dactylitis are difficult-to-treat features of PsA leading to disability and affecting quality of life. PALACE 1, 2 and 3 data were pooled to assess the efficacy of apremilast on enthesitis and dactylitis outcomes in patients with these conditions at baseline.
Methods: Patients with enthesitis (n=945) or dactylitis (n=633) at baseline were analysed after receiving double-blind treatment with placebo, apremilast 30 mg two times per day or apremilast ...
Low-Fat Abiraterone Food Effect Is Of Little Consequence, 2018 University of Kentucky
Low-Fat Abiraterone Food Effect Is Of Little Consequence, Jill M. Kolesar, Glenn X. Liu
Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Analysis Of Patient Recruitment Methods For Clinical Trials Of Different Heart And Lung Diseases, 2018 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
Analysis Of Patient Recruitment Methods For Clinical Trials Of Different Heart And Lung Diseases, Oghenevovwero Vovwe Sido
Theses and Dissertations
Patient recruitment is key to the success of any clinical trial, as clinical trials cannot be conducted without the willful participation of subjects. However, clinical trial recruitment has always been a great challenge in clinical studies. This practicum project conducted over an eight-month period, compares three different methods of subject recruitment into 2 clinical research studies conducted at the Heart & Lung Transplant and Pulmonary Research Department of Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Dallas. The three recruitment methods are: Physician Referral, EHR Screening and Online Portals. We hypothesize that Physician referral is a more successful method for enrolling patients into clinical ...
Robust Multivariate Nonparametric Tests For Detection Of Two-Sample Location Shift In Clinical Trials, 2018 Southern University of Science and Technology
Robust Multivariate Nonparametric Tests For Detection Of Two-Sample Location Shift In Clinical Trials, Xuejun Jiang, Xu Guo, Ning Zhang, Bo Wang, Bo Zhang
Open Access Articles
This article presents and investigates performance of a series of robust multivariate nonparametric tests for detection of location shift between two multivariate samples in randomized controlled trials. The tests are built upon robust estimators of distribution locations (medians, Hodges-Lehmann estimators, and an extended U statistic) with both unscaled and scaled versions. The nonparametric tests are robust to outliers and do not assume that the two samples are drawn from multivariate normal distributions. Bootstrap and permutation approaches are introduced for determining the p-values of the proposed test statistics. Simulation studies are conducted and numerical results are reported to examine performance of ...
Quality Of Life During Treatment With Chemohormonal Therapy: Analysis Of E3805 Chemohormonal Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial In Prostate Cancer, Alicia K. Morgans, Yu-Hui Chen, Christopher J. Sweeney, David F. Jarrard, Elizabeth R. Plimack, Benjamin A. Gartrell, Michael A. Carducci, Maha Hussain, Jorge A. Garcia, David Cella, Robert S. Dipaola, Linda J. Patrick-Miller
Internal Medicine Faculty Publications
Chemohormonal therapy with docetaxel and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT+D) for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer improves overall survival as compared with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) alone. We compared the quality of life (QOL) between patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who were treated with ADT+D and those who were treated with ADT alone.
Men were randomly assigned to ADT+ D (six cycles) or to ADT alone. QOL was assessed by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P), FACT-Taxane, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue, and the Brief Pain Inventory at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 ...
Telotristat Ethyl In Carcinoid Syndrome: Safety And Efficacy In The Telecast Phase 3 Trial, 2018 Charité–Universitätsmedizin, Germany
Telotristat Ethyl In Carcinoid Syndrome: Safety And Efficacy In The Telecast Phase 3 Trial, Marianne Pavel, David J. Gross, Marta Benavent, Petros Perros, Raj Srirajaskanthan, Richard R. P. Warner, Matthew H. Kulke, Lowell B. Anthony, Pamela L. Kunz, Dieter Hörsch, Martin O Weickert, Pablo Lapuerta, Wenjun Jiang, Kenneth Kassler-Taub, Suman Wason, Rosanna Fleming, Douglas Fleming, Rocio Garcia-Carbonero
Internal Medicine Faculty Publications
Telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, was efficacious and well tolerated in the phase 3 TELESTAR study in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS) experiencing ≥ 4 bowel movements per day (BMs/day) while on somatostatin analogs (SSAs). TELECAST, a phase 3 companion study, assessed the safety and efficacy of telotristat ethyl in patients with CS (diarrhea, flushing, abdominal pain, nausea or elevated urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (u5-HIAA)) with < 4 BMs/day on SSAs (or ≥ 1 symptom or ≥ 4 BMs/day if not on SSAs) during a 12-week double-blind treatment period followed by a 36-week open-label extension (OLE). The primary safety and efficacy endpoints were incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and percent change from baseline in 24-h u5-HIAA at week 12. Patients (N = 76) were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive placebo or telotristat ethyl 250 mg or 500 mg 3 times per day (tid); 67 continued receiving telotristat ethyl 500 mg tid during the ...
Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis: Tuberculosis, Tnfα Inhibitors, And Crohn's Disease, 2018 University of Central Florida
Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis: Tuberculosis, Tnfα Inhibitors, And Crohn's Disease, Brent L. Cao
Honors Undergraduate Theses
Inflammation is often a protective reaction against harmful foreign agents. However, in many disease conditions, the mechanisms behind the inflammatory response are poorly understood. Often times, the inflammation causes adverse effects, such as joint pain, abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Thus, many treatments aim to inhibit the inflammatory response in order to control adverse symptoms. Such treatments include TNFα inhibitors. However, a major risk associated with drugs inhibiting tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is serious infection, including tuberculosis (TB).
Anti-TNFα therapy is used to treat patients with Crohn’s disease, for which the risk of tuberculosis may ...
A Checklist For Clinical Trials In Rare Disease: Obstacles And Anticipatory Actions-Lessons Learned From The For-Dmd Trial, 2018 George Washington University
A Checklist For Clinical Trials In Rare Disease: Obstacles And Anticipatory Actions-Lessons Learned From The For-Dmd Trial, R Crow, K Hart, M Mcdermott, R Tawil, W Martens, Mathula Thangarajh, +Several Additional Authors
Neurology Faculty Publications
Background: Trials in rare diseases have many challenges, among which are the need to set up multiple sites in different countries to achieve recruitment targets and the divergent landscape of clinical trial regulations in those countries. Over the past years, there have been initiatives to facilitate the process of international study set-up, but the fruits of these deliberations require time to be operationally in place. FOR-DMD (Finding the Optimum Steroid Regimen for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy) is an academic-led clinical trial which aims to find the optimum steroid regimen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH ...
Baseline Characteristics And Enrichment Results From The Sonar Trial, 2018 Australian Catholic University
Baseline Characteristics And Enrichment Results From The Sonar Trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Dennis L. Andress, George Bakris, John J. Brennan, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Fan Fan Hou, Dalane W. Kitzman, Donald Kohan, Hirofumi Makino, John Mcmurray, Vlado Perkovic, Sheldon Tobe, Melissa Wigderson, Tingting Yi, Hans-Henrik Parving, Dick De Zeeuw
Faculty of Health Sciences Publications
Aim: The SONAR trial uses an enrichment design based on the individual response to the selective endothelin receptor antagonist atrasentan on efficacy (the degree of the individual response in the urinary albumin‐to‐creatinine ratio [UACR]) and safety/tolerability (signs of sodium retention and acute increases in serum creatinine) to assess the effects of this agent on major renal outcomes. The patient population and enrichment results are described here. Methods: Patients with type 2 diabetes with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) within 25 to 75 mL/min/1.73 m2 and UACR between 300 and 5000 mg/g were ...
Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., 2017 George Washington University
Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +Several Additional Authors
Global Health Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: Interventions in infectious diseases can have both direct effects on individuals who receive the intervention as well as indirect effects in the population. In addition, intervention combinations can have complex interactions at the population level, which are often difficult to adequately assess with standard study designs and analytical methods.
DISCUSSION: Herein, we urge the adoption of a new paradigm for the design and interpretation of intervention trials in infectious diseases, particularly with regard to emerging infectious diseases, one that more accurately reflects the dynamics of the transmission process. In an increasingly complex world, simulations can explicitly represent transmission dynamics ...
Long-Term Follow-Up Of Cardiac Function And Quality Of Life For Patients In Nsabp Protocol B-31/Nrg Oncology: A Randomized Trial Comparing The Safety And Efficacy Of Doxorubicin And Cyclophosphamide (Ac) Followed By Paclitaxel With Ac Followed By Paclitaxel And Trastuzumab In Patients With Node-Positive Breast Cancer With Tumors Overexpressing Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2, 2017 University of California - Los Angeles
Long-Term Follow-Up Of Cardiac Function And Quality Of Life For Patients In Nsabp Protocol B-31/Nrg Oncology: A Randomized Trial Comparing The Safety And Efficacy Of Doxorubicin And Cyclophosphamide (Ac) Followed By Paclitaxel With Ac Followed By Paclitaxel And Trastuzumab In Patients With Node-Positive Breast Cancer With Tumors Overexpressing Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2, Patricia A. Ganz, Edward H. Romond, Reena S. Cecchini, Priya Rastogi, Charles E. Geyer Jr., Sandra M. Swain, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Louis Fehrenbacher, Howard M. Gross, Adam M. Brufsky, Patrick J. Flynn, Tanya A. Wahl, Thomas E. Seay, James L. Wade Iii, David D. Biggs, James N. Atkins, Jonathan Polikoff, John L. Zapas, Eleftherios P. Mamounas, Norman Wolmark
Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications
Early cardiac toxicity is a risk associated with adjuvant chemotherapy plus trastuzumab. However, objective measures of cardiac function and health-related quality of life are lacking in long-term follow-up of patients who remain cancer free after completion of adjuvant treatment.
Patients and Methods
Patients in NSABP Protocol B-31 received anthracycline and taxane chemotherapy with or without trastuzumab for adjuvant treatment of node-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–positive early-stage breast cancer. A long-term follow-up assessment was undertaken for patients who were alive and disease free, which included measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction by multigated acquisition scan along with ...
Impact Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy On Clinical And Patient-Reported Quality-Of-Life Outcomes In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Impact Of Tocilizumab Monotherapy On Clinical And Patient-Reported Quality-Of-Life Outcomes In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Leslie R. Harrold, Ani John, George W. Reed, Tmirah Haselkorn, Chitra Karki, Youfu Li, Jennie Best, Steve Zlotnick, Joel M. Kremer, Jeffrey D. Greenberg
Open Access Articles
INTRODUCTION: Tocilizumab (TCZ) monotherapy has been proven as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical trials. However, there are limited data available regarding the effectiveness of TCZ monotherapy in real-world clinical settings in the United States. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of TCZ monotherapy on disease activity and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in a US-based observational cohort of patients with RA seen in routine clinical practice.
METHODS: Eligible patients had active RA, no prior use of TCZ, and initiated TCZ as monotherapy. Changes in disease activity and PROs were assessed 1 year after TCZ ...
Reducing Symptom Distress In Patients With Advanced Cancer Using An E-Alert System For Caregivers: Pooled Analysis Of Two Randomized Clinical Trials, 2017 University of Wisconsin - Madison
Reducing Symptom Distress In Patients With Advanced Cancer Using An E-Alert System For Caregivers: Pooled Analysis Of Two Randomized Clinical Trials, David H. Gustafson, Lori L. Dubenske, Amy K. Atwood, Ming-Yuan Chih, Roberta A. Johnson, Fiona Mctavish, Andrew Quanbeck, Roger L. Brown, James F. Cleary, Dhavan Shah
Clinical Sciences Faculty Publications
Background: Symptom distress in patients toward the end of life can change rapidly. Family caregivers have the potential to help patients manage those symptoms, as well as their own stress, if they are equipped with the proper resources. Electronic health (eHealth) systems may be able to provide those resources. Very sick patients may not be able to use such systems themselves to report their symptoms but family caregivers could.
Objective: The aim of this paper was to assess the effects on cancer patient symptom distress of an eHealth system that alerts clinicians to significant changes in the patient’s symptoms ...
Infection Rates In Patients From Five Rheumatoid Arthritis (Ra) Registries: Contextualising An Ra Clinical Trial Programme, 2017 Tokyo Women's Medical University
Infection Rates In Patients From Five Rheumatoid Arthritis (Ra) Registries: Contextualising An Ra Clinical Trial Programme, Hisashi Yamanaka, George W. Reed
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of serious infections. Comparing infection rates across RA populations is complicated by differences in background infection risk, population composition and study methodology. We measured infection rates from five RA registries globally, with the aim to contextualise infection rates from an RA clinical trials population.
METHODS: We used data from Consortium of Rheumatology Research of North America (CORRONA) (USA), Swedish Rheumatology Quality of Care Register (Sweden), Norfolk Arthritis Register (UK), CORRONA International (multiple countries) and Institute of Rheumatology Rheumatoid Arthritis (Japan) and an RA clinical trial programme (fostamatinib). Within each registry ...
Reducing Therapeutic Misconception: A Randomized Intervention Trial In Hypothetical Clinical Trials, Paul P. Christopher, Paul S. Appelbaum, Debbie Truong, Karen Albert, Louise S. Maranda, Charles W. Lidz
Open Access Articles
BACKGROUND: Participants in clinical trials frequently fail to appreciate key differences between research and clinical care. This phenomenon, known as therapeutic misconception, undermines informed consent to clinical research, but to date there have been no effective interventions to reduce it and concerns have been expressed that to do so might impede recruitment. We determined whether a scientific reframing intervention reduces therapeutic misconception without significantly reducing willingness to participate in hypothetical clinical trials.
METHODS: This prospective randomized trial was conducted from 2015 to 2016 to test the efficacy of an informed consent intervention based on scientific reframing compared to a traditional ...