# Applied Statistics Commons™

## All Articles in Applied Statistics

3,418 full-text articles. Page 2 of 101.

Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt

##### Faculty Publications

Organizations with large facility and infrastructure portfolios have used asset management databases for over ten years to collect and standardize asset condition data. Decision makers use these data to predict asset degradation and expected service life, enabling prioritized maintenance, repair, and renovation actions that reduce asset life-cycle costs and achieve organizational objectives. However, these asset condition forecasts are calculated using standardized, self-correcting distribution models that rely on poorly-fit, continuous functions. This research presents four stepwise asset condition forecast models that utilize historical asset inspection data to improve prediction accuracy: (1) Slope, (2) Weighted Slope, (3) Condition-Intelligent Weighted Slope, and (4) …

2022 Western University

#### Bias-Corrected Bagging In Active Learning With An Actuarial Application, Yangxuan Xu

##### Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The variable annuity (VA) is a modern insurance product that offers certain guaranteed protection and tax-deferred treatment. Because of the inherent complexity of guarantees’ payoff, the closed-form solution of fair market values (FMVs) is often not available. Most insurance companies depend on Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to price the FMVs of these products, which is an extremely computational intensive and time-consuming approach. The metamodeling approach can be used to circumvent the heavy computation.

In the modeling stage, the bagged tree method has proved to outperform other parametric approaches. Also, a bias-corrected (BC) bagging model was tried and showed significant improvement …

2022 Western University

#### The Q-Analogue Of The Extended Generalized Gamma Distribution, Wenhao Chen

##### Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This project introduces a flexible univariate probability model referred to as the q-analogue of the Extended Generalized Gamma (or q-EGG) distribution, which encompasses the majority of the most frequently used continuous distributions, including the gamma, Weibull, logistic, type-1 and type-2 beta, Gaussian, Cauchy, Student-t and F. Closed form representations of its moments and cumulative distribution function are provided. Additionally, computational techniques are proposed for determining estimates of its parameters. Both the method of moments and the maximum likelihood approach are utilized. The effect of each parameter is also graphically illustrated. Certain data sets are modeled with q-EGG distributions; goodness of …

2022 Western University

#### Investigation Of Key Factors To Earthquake Insurance Take-Up Rates In Quebec And British Columbia Households And Prediction Model Building, Yongcheng Jiang

##### Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Maintaining an adequate level of earthquake take-up rate could protect the insurance industry from systemic failure. Past research has shown that British Columbia and Quebec have significant differences in earthquake insurance take-up rate. This report investigates key factors from the structure (default options and various types) of the insurance plan and personal characteristics along with socioeconomic/demographic profiles that affect the demand for earthquake protection in the form of insurance. The report also provides a prediction model for earthquake insurance take-up rate. The results show an importance ranking of key factors of earthquake insurance take up, the most important three are …

Financial Literacy: Self-Evaluation And Reality, 2022 Western University

#### Financial Literacy: Self-Evaluation And Reality, Yangsijia Wang

##### Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This study is on the topic of financial literacy, with the data source containing information on clients' demographic information and self-evaluation, change in account value, and trade record, three major problems were investigated: first, whether a client's demographic traits are related to his/her self-evaluation of financial knowledge level; second, does the trading behaviour differ for clients who self-identified as in different financial knowledge groups; and third, do people who self-identified as financially knowledgeable have better investment result. Data manipulation was done using SQL and R. Exploratory analysis including multiple types of plots and proportion tables was used to derive the …

Building Intrapersonal Competencies In The First-Year Experience: Utilizing Random Forest, Cluster Analysis, And Linear Regression To Identify Students’ Strengths And Opportunities For Institutional Improvement, 2022 San Diego State University

#### Building Intrapersonal Competencies In The First-Year Experience: Utilizing Random Forest, Cluster Analysis, And Linear Regression To Identify Students’ Strengths And Opportunities For Institutional Improvement, Marilee Bresciani Ludvik, Shiming Zhang, Sandra Kahn, Nina Potter, Lisa Richardson-Gates, Stephen Schellenberg, Robyn Saiki, Nasima Subedi, Rebecca Harmata, Rey Monzon, Randy Timm, Jeanne Stronach, Anna Jost

##### Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Leveraging research that illustrates the importance of intrapersonal competency cultivation and its correlation with institutional performance indicators of student success such as end-of-term cumulative GPA, persistence, and academic probation, our team set out to conduct an analysis on the effectiveness of a 1-unit credit/no-credit first-semester, first-year student seminar course. The course was designed to cultivate specific intrapersonal competency gains using a pre- and post-assessment design. Using a supervised Random Forest method and cluster analysis, the team expected to find unique differences in intrapersonal competency pre-, matched pre- and post-, and post-assessment inventory scores in a way where course design improvements …

Practical T-Test Power Analysis With R, 2022 National University of Singapore

#### Practical T-Test Power Analysis With R, Teck Kiang Tan

##### Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Power analysis based on the analytical t-test is an important aspect of a research study to determine the sample size required to detect the effect for the comparison of two means. The current paper presents a reader-friendly procedure for carrying out the t-test power analysis using the various R add-on packages. While there is a growing of R users in the academic that uses R as the base for carrying out research, there is a lack of reference that discusses both frequentist and Bayesian approaches and point out their distinct features for t-test power analysis. The practical aspects of the …

2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Dynamic Prediction For Alternating Recurrent Events Using A Semiparametric Joint Frailty Model, Jaehyeon Yun

##### Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

Alternating recurrent events data arise commonly in health research; examples include hospital admissions and discharges of diabetes patients; exacerbations and remissions of chronic bronchitis; and quitting and restarting smoking. Recent work has involved formulating and estimating joint models for the recurrent event times considering non-negligible event durations. However, prediction models for transition between recurrent events are lacking. We consider the development and evaluation of methods for predicting future events within these models. Specifically, we propose a tool for dynamically predicting transition between alternating recurrent events in real time. Under a flexible joint frailty model, we derive the predictive probability of …

To Logit Or Not To Logit Data In The Unit Interval: A Simulation Study, 2022 University of Windsor

#### To Logit Or Not To Logit Data In The Unit Interval: A Simulation Study, Kayode Idris Hamzat

##### Major Papers

In this paper, we recommend a mechanism for determining whether to logit or not to logit data in the unit interval which is based on quantile estimation of data between 0 and 1. By using a simulated dataset generated from a Beta regression model, the estimated quantile for this model perform better than those based on the linear quantile regression with logit transformation.

Further, we investigate the performance of the quantile regression estimators based on the LQR and we conclude that it is better than those based on the Beta regression when the distribution is contaminated with 10% uniform numbers …

2022 Clemson University

#### Advanced High Dimensional Regression Techniques, Yuan Yang

##### All Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on developing high dimensional regression techniques to analyze large scale data using both Bayesian and frequentist approaches, motivated by data sets from various disciplines, such as public health and genetics. More specifically, Chapters 2 and Chapter 4 take a Bayesian approach to achieve modeling and parameter estimation simultaneously while Chapter 3 takes a frequentist approach. The main aspects of these techniques are that they perform variable selection and parameter estimation simultaneously, while also being easily adaptable to large-scale data. In particular, by embedding a logistic model into traditional spike and slab framework and selecting of proper prior …

2022 Utah State University

#### Quantum Computing Simulation Of The Hydrogen Molecule System With Rigorous Quantum Circuit Derivations, Yili Zhang

##### All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Quantum computing has been an emerging technology in the past few decades. It utilizes the power of programmable quantum devices to perform computation, which can solve complex problems in a feasible time that is impossible with classical computers. Simulating quantum chemical systems using quantum computers is one of the most active research fields in quantum computing. However, due to the novelty of the technology and concept, most materials in the literature are not accessible for newbies in the field and sometimes can cause ambiguity for practitioners due to missing details.

This report provides a rigorous derivation of simulating quantum chemistry …

Statistical Methods For Personalized Treatment Selection And Survival Data Analysis Based On Observational Data With High-Dimensional Covariates., 2022 University of Louisville

#### Statistical Methods For Personalized Treatment Selection And Survival Data Analysis Based On Observational Data With High-Dimensional Covariates., Don Ramesh Dinendra Sudaraka Tholkage

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to the wide availability of functional data from multiple disciplines, the studies of functional data analysis have become popular in the recent literature. However, the related development in censored survival data has been relatively sparse. In Chapter 2, we consider the problem of analyzing time-to-event data in the presence of functional predictors. We develop a conditional generalized Kaplan Meier (KM) estimator that incorporates functional predictors using kernel weights and rigorously establishes its asymptotic properties. In addition, we propose to select the optimal bandwidth based on a time-dependent Brier score. We then carry out extensive numerical studies to examine the …

Concerns With Taking The Covid-19 Vaccine, 2022 Kennesaw State University

#### Concerns With Taking The Covid-19 Vaccine, Kaela Bellamy, Robert S. Keyser

##### The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

This IRB-approved descriptive study provides an overview of the concerns associated with receiving a COVID-19 vaccination within the Kennesaw State University community, an R2 university with over 41,000 students, and uses a survey to provide insight into how students, faculty, staff, and administrators are responding to the vaccinations for COVID-19, both available and unavailable, and their preferences. Our research findings indicate that: 1) Most of the population at Kennesaw State University intends to receive the vaccine, regardless of their concerns; 2) The majority of the participants who are either employed or provided an education by Kennesaw State University plan to …

Transportation Service Level Impact On Aircraft Availability, 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Transportation Service Level Impact On Aircraft Availability, Vincent Mclean, Adam D. Reiman

##### Faculty Publications

Purpose — Aircraft fail to meet mission capable rate goals due to a lack of supply of aircraft parts in inventory where the aircraft breaks. This triggers an order at the repair location. To maximize mission capable rate, the time from order to delivery needs to be minimized. The purpose of this research is to examine the case of three airfields for the order to delivery time of mission critical aircraft parts for a specific aircraft type. Design/methodology/approach — This research captured data from three information systems to assess the order fulfillment process. The data were analyzed to determine the …

Forecasting Country Conflict Using Statistical Learning Methods, 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Forecasting Country Conflict Using Statistical Learning Methods, Sarah Neumann, Darryl K. Ahner, Raymond R. Hill

##### Faculty Publications

Purpose — This paper aims to examine whether changing the clustering of countries within a United States Combatant Command (COCOM) area of responsibility promotes improved forecasting of conflict. Design/methodology/approach — In this paper statistical learning methods are used to create new country clusters that are then used in a comparative analysis of model-based conflict prediction. Findings — In this study a reorganization of the countries assigned to specific areas of responsibility are shown to provide improvements in the ability of models to predict conflict. Research limitations/implications — The study is based on actual historical data and is purely data driven. …

Pilot Development: An Empirical Mixed-Method Analysis, 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Pilot Development: An Empirical Mixed-Method Analysis, Jonathan Slottje, Jason Anderson, John M. Dickens, Adam D. Reiman

##### Faculty Publications

Purpose — Pilot upgrade training is critical to aircraft and passenger safety. This study aims to identify variances in the US Air Force C-130J pilot upgrade training based on geographic location and provide a model to enhance policy that will impact future pilot training efforts that lower cost and increase operator quality and proficiency.
Design/methodology/approach This research employed a mixed-method approach. First, the authors collected data and analyzed 90 C-130J pilots' aviation records and then contextualized this analysis with interviews of experts. Finally, the authors present a modified version of Six Sigma's define–measure–analyze–improve–control (DMAIC) that identifies and reduces the …

Adjusting Community Survey Data Benchmarks For External Factors, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Adjusting Community Survey Data Benchmarks For External Factors, Allen Miller, Nicole M. Norelli, Robert Slater, Mingyang N. Yu

##### SMU Data Science Review

Abstract. Using U.S. resident survey data from the National Community Survey in combination with public data from the U.S. Census and additional sources, a Voting Regressor Model was developed to establish fair benchmark values for city performance. These benchmarks were adjusted for characteristics the city cannot easily influence that contribute to confidence in local government, such as population size, demographics, and income. This adjustment allows for a more meaningful comparison and interpretation of survey results among individual cities. Methods explored for the benchmark adjustment included cluster analysis, anomaly detection, and a variety of regression techniques, including random forest, ridge, decision …

(R1510) A Special Case Of Rodriguez-Lallena And Ubeda-Flores Copula Based On Ruschendorf Method, 2022 Agusan del Sur State College of Agriculture and Technology

#### (R1510) A Special Case Of Rodriguez-Lallena And Ubeda-Flores Copula Based On Ruschendorf Method, Marvin G. Pizon, Rolando N. Paluga

##### Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

Measure of dependence is a particular way of looking at the association between random variables, and one way to capture stochastic dependence is through the use of copula. In this study, a Rushendorf Method was applied to a bivariate function to obtain a copula through the use of a special case of Rodriguez-Lallena and Ubeda-Flores (RLUF) copula. Properties of the RLUF copula such as the density, measures of dependence, and lower and upper tail dependence were studied. In particular, measures of dependence such as Spearman’s rho, Kendall’s tau and Blomqvist’s beta of RLUF copula are given. Moreover, the Root-Mean-Square Error …

2022 Makerere University

#### (R1503) Numerical Ultimate Survival Probabilities In An Insurance Portfolio Compounded By Risky Investments, Juma Kasozi

##### Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

Probability of ultimate survival is one of the central problems in insurance because it is a management tool that may be used to check on the solvency levels of the insurer. In this article, we numerically compute this probability for an insurer whose portfolio is compounded by investments arising from a risky asset. The uncertainty in the celebrated Cramér-Lundberg model is provided by a standard Brownian motion that is independent of the standard Brownian motion in the model for the risky asset. We apply an order four Block-by-block method in conjunction with the Simpson rule to solve the resulting Volterra …

2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Evaluating A Statistical-Based Assessment Tool For Stratifying Risk Among U.S. Air Force Organizations, Tiffany A. Low

##### Theses and Dissertations

The Air Force Inspection System is a proponent of utilizing a risk-based sampling strategy (RBSS) for conducting inspections from major command levels down to the unit level. The strategy identifies areas deemed most important or risky by commanders and prioritizes them accordingly for an independent assessment by the Inspector General. While Air Force regulation specifies the need to use a RBSS for inspection, the implementation process is delegated to individual commands and, subsequently, wings. The 23rd Wing, the sponsor for this research, directed us to analyze a RBSS tool highlighted as an example from which to adopt for those units …