Mathematical Themes In Economics, Machine Learning, And Bioinformatics, 2010 Western Kentucky University

#### Mathematical Themes In Economics, Machine Learning, And Bioinformatics, Matt Bogard

*Economics Faculty Publications*

Graduate students in economics are often introduced to some very useful mathematical tools that many outside the discipline may not associate with training in economics. This essay looks at some of these tools and concepts, including constrained optimization, separating hyperplanes, supporting hyperplanes, and ‘duality.’ Applications of these tools are explored including topics from machine learning and bioinformatics.

Using Twitter To Demonstrate Basic Concepts From Network Analysis, 2010 Western Kentucky University

#### Using Twitter To Demonstrate Basic Concepts From Network Analysis, Matt Bogard

*Economics Faculty Publications*

Social network analysis focuses on finding patterns in interactions between people or entities. These patterns may be described in the form of a network. Network analysis in general has many applications including models of student integration and persistence, business to business supply chains, terrorist cells, or analysis of social media such as Facebook and Twitter. This presentation provides a reference for basic concepts from social network analysis with examples using tweets from Twitter.

Using R, 2010 Western Kentucky University

#### Using R, Matt Bogard

*Economics Faculty Publications*

R is a statistical programming language with a command line interface that is becoming more and more popular every day. I have used R for data visualization, data mining/machine learning, as well as social network analysis. Initially embraced largely in academia, R is becoming the software of choice in various corporate settings.

Analysis Of Models For Longitudinal And Clustered Binary Data, 2010 Old Dominion University

#### Analysis Of Models For Longitudinal And Clustered Binary Data, Weiming Yang

*Mathematics & Statistics Theses & Dissertations*

This dissertation deals with modeling and statistical analysis of longitudinal and clustered binary data. Such data consists of observations on a dichotomous response variable generated from multiple time or cluster points, that exhibit either decaying correlation or equi-correlated dependence. The current literature addresses modeling the dependence using an appropriate correlation structure, but ignores the feasible bounds on the correlation parameter imposed by the marginal means.

The first part of this dissertation deals with two multivariate probability models, the first order Markov chain model and the multivariate probit model, that adhere to the feasible bounds on the correlation. For both the …

Canonical Correlation Analysis For Longitudinal Data, 2010 Old Dominion University

#### Canonical Correlation Analysis For Longitudinal Data, Raymond Mccollum

*Mathematics & Statistics Theses & Dissertations*

Data (multivariate data) on two sets of vectors commonly occur in applications. Statistical analysis of these data is usually done using a canonical correlation analysis (CCA). Occurrence of these data at multiple occasions or conditions leads to longitudinal multivariate data for a CCA. We address the problem of canonical correlation analysis on longitudinal data when the data have a Kronecker product covariance structure. Using structured correlation matrices we model the dependency of repeatedly observed data. Recent work of Srivastava, Nahtman, and von Rosen (2008) developed an iterative algorithm to determine the maximum likelihood estimate of the Kronecker product covariance structure …

Impact Of Higher Education Workplace Relations Requirements On Nteu Membership Density, 2010 Edith Cowan University

#### Impact Of Higher Education Workplace Relations Requirements On Nteu Membership Density, Tulsi Laxman Panchani

*Theses : Honours*

The National Tertiary Education Union (NTEU) is the only union working entirely in tertiary education around Australia. The union has over twenty four thousand members comprising of academic and general staff. NTEU maintains membership records at three levels, national, state and branch. The information collected includes gender, age group, employment type and work classification. In late April 2005, Higher Education Workplace Relations Requirements (HEWRRs) legislation was introduced by the Australian government. This legislation imposed restrictions on the interaction between the universities and the union and also curtailed an automatic involvement of the union in the resolution of workplace issues. The …

Economic Risk Assessment Using The Fractal Market Hypothesis, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Economic Risk Assessment Using The Fractal Market Hypothesis, Jonathan Blackledge, Marek Rebow

*Conference papers*

This paper considers the Fractal Market Hypothesi (FMH) for assessing the risk(s) in developing a financial portfolio based on data that is available through the Internet from an increasing number of sources. Most financial risk management systems are still based on the Efficient Market Hypothesis which often fails due to the inaccuracies of the statistical models that underpin the hypothesis, in particular, that financial data are based on stationary Gaussian processes. The FMH considered in this paper assumes that financial data are non-stationary and statistically self-affine so that a risk analysis can, in principal, be applied at any time scale …

Traveling Wave Solutions For A Nonlocal Reaction-Diffusion Model Of Influenza A Drift, 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

#### Traveling Wave Solutions For A Nonlocal Reaction-Diffusion Model Of Influenza A Drift, Joaquin Riviera, Yi Li

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications*

In this paper we discuss the existence of traveling wave solutions for a nonlocal reaction-diffusion model of Influenza A proposed in Lin et. al. (2003). The proof for the existence of the traveling wave takes advantage of the different time scales between the evolution of the disease and the progress of the disease in the population. Under this framework we are able to use the techniques from geometric singular perturbation theory to prove the existence of the traveling wave.

Encryption Using Deterministic Chaos, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Encryption Using Deterministic Chaos, Jonathan Blackledge, Nikolai Ptitsyn

*Articles*

The concepts of randomness, unpredictability, complexity and entropy form the basis of modern cryptography and a cryptosystem can be interpreted as the design of a key-dependent bijective transformation that is unpredictable to an observer for a given computational resource. For any cryptosystem, including a Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG), encryption algorithm or a key exchange scheme, for example, a cryptanalyst has access to the time series of a dynamic system and knows the PRNG function (the algorithm that is assumed to be based on some iterative process) which is taken to be in the public domain by virtue of the Kerchhoff-Shannon …

Imputation Procedures For American Community Survey Group Quarters Small Area Estimation, 2009 Fordham University

#### Imputation Procedures For American Community Survey Group Quarters Small Area Estimation, Chandra Erdman, Chaitra Nagaraja

*Chaitra H Nagaraja*

No abstract provided.

The Effect Of Salvage Therapy On Survival In A Longitudinal Study With Treatment By Indication, 2009 University of Pennsylvania

#### The Effect Of Salvage Therapy On Survival In A Longitudinal Study With Treatment By Indication, Edward Kennedy, Jeremy Taylor, Douglas Schaubel, Scott Williams

*Edward H. Kennedy*

We consider using observational data to estimate the effect of a treatment on disease recurrence, when the decision to initiate treatment is based on longitudinal factors associated with the risk of recurrence. The effect of salvage androgen deprivation therapy (SADT) on the risk of recurrence of prostate cancer is inadequately described by the existing literature. Furthermore, standard Cox regression yields biased estimates of the effect of SADT, since it is necessary to adjust for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), which is a time-dependent confounder and an intermediate variable. In this paper, we describe and compare two methods which appropriately adjust for PSA …

Fast Function-On-Scalar Regression With Penalized Basis Expansions, 2009 New York University

#### Fast Function-On-Scalar Regression With Penalized Basis Expansions, Philip T. Reiss, Lei Huang, Maarten Mennes

*Lei Huang*

Regression models for functional responses and scalar predictors are often fitted by means of basis functions, with quadratic roughness penalties applied to avoid overfitting. The fitting approach described by Ramsay and Silverman in the 1990s amounts to a penalized ordinary least squares (P-OLS) estimator of the coefficient functions. We recast this estimator as a generalized ridge regression estimator, and present a penalized generalized least squares (P-GLS) alternative. We describe algorithms by which both estimators can be implemented, with automatic selection of optimal smoothing parameters, in a more computationally efficient manner than has heretofore been available. We discuss pointwise confidence intervals …

The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, 2009 DePaul University and Columbia College Chicago

#### The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, Byron E. Bell

*Byron E. Bell*

No abstract provided.

Bayesian Inference For A Periodic Stochastic Volatility Model Of Intraday Electricity Prices, 2009 Melbourne Business School

#### Bayesian Inference For A Periodic Stochastic Volatility Model Of Intraday Electricity Prices, Michael S. Smith

*Michael Stanley Smith*

The Gaussian stochastic volatility model is extended to allow for periodic autoregressions (PAR) in both the level and log-volatility process. Each PAR is represented as a first order vector autoregression for a longitudinal vector of length equal to the period. The periodic stochastic volatility model is therefore expressed as a multivariate stochastic volatility model. Bayesian posterior inference is computed using a Markov chain Monte Carlo scheme for the multivariate representation. A circular prior that exploits the periodicity is suggested for the log-variance of the log-volatilities. The approach is applied to estimate a periodic stochastic volatility model for half-hourly electricity prices …

Bayesian Skew Selection For Multivariate Models, 2009 Melbourne Business School

#### Bayesian Skew Selection For Multivariate Models, Michael S. Smith, Anastasios Panagiotelis

*Michael Stanley Smith*

We develop a Bayesian approach for the selection of skew in multivariate skew t distributions constructed through hidden conditioning in the manners suggested by either Azzalini and Capitanio (2003) or Sahu, Dey and Branco~(2003). We show that the skew coefficients for each margin are the same for the standardized versions of both distributions. We introduce binary indicators to denote whether there is symmetry, or skew, in each dimension. We adopt a proper beta prior on each non-zero skew coefficient, and derive the corresponding prior on the skew parameters. In both distributions we show that as the degrees of freedom increases, …

Using Twitter Hash Tags To Demonstrate Basic Concepts From Network Analysis, 2009 Western Kentucky University

#### Using Twitter Hash Tags To Demonstrate Basic Concepts From Network Analysis, Matt Bogard

*Matt Bogard*

Social Network Analysis focuses on finding patterns in interactions between people or entities. These patterns may be described in the form of a network. Network analysis in general has many applications including models of student integration and persistence, business to business supply chains, terrorist cells, or analysis of social media such as Facebook and Twitter. This presentation provides a reference for basic concepts from social network analysis with examples using tweets from Twitter.

Fast Function-On-Scalar Regression With Penalized Basis Expansions, 2009 New York University

#### Fast Function-On-Scalar Regression With Penalized Basis Expansions, Philip T. Reiss, Lei Huang, Maarten Mennes

*Philip T. Reiss*

Regression models for functional responses and scalar predictors are often fitted by means of basis functions, with quadratic roughness penalties applied to avoid overfitting. The fitting approach described by Ramsay and Silverman in the 1990s amounts to a penalized ordinary least squares (P-OLS) estimator of the coefficient functions. We recast this estimator as a generalized ridge regression estimator, and present a penalized generalized least squares (P-GLS) alternative. We describe algorithms by which both estimators can be implemented, with automatic selection of optimal smoothing parameters, in a more computationally efficient manner than has heretofore been available. We discuss pointwise confidence intervals …