Self-Learning Algorithms For Intrusion Detection And Prevention Systems (Idps), 2023 Southern Methodist University

#### Self-Learning Algorithms For Intrusion Detection And Prevention Systems (Idps), Juan E. Nunez, Roger W. Tchegui Donfack, Rohit Rohit, Hayley Horn

*SMU Data Science Review*

Today, there is an increased risk to data privacy and information security due to cyberattacks that compromise data reliability and accessibility. New machine learning models are needed to detect and prevent these cyberattacks. One application of these models is cybersecurity threat detection and prevention systems that can create a baseline of a network's traffic patterns to detect anomalies without needing pre-labeled data; thus, enabling the identification of abnormal network events as threats. This research explored algorithms that can help automate anomaly detection on an enterprise network using Canadian Institute for Cybersecurity data. This study demonstrates that Neural Networks with Bayesian …

A Chairpersons Guide To Managing Time And Stress, 2023 Eastern Washington University

#### A Chairpersons Guide To Managing Time And Stress, Christian K. Hansen

*Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings*

In this interactive workshop we discuss time and stress management specifically from the perspective of a department chairperson responsible for leading an academic department through numerous internal and external challenges. The focus will be on practical strategies for effective use of time, not only at a personal level, but also at a department wide level.

Two-Stage Approach For Forensic Handwriting Analysis, 2023 Iowa State University

#### Two-Stage Approach For Forensic Handwriting Analysis, Ashlan J. Simpson, Danica M. Ommen

*SDSU Data Science Symposium*

Trained experts currently perform the handwriting analysis required in the criminal justice field, but this can create biases, delays, and expenses, leaving room for improvement. Prior research has sought to address this by analyzing handwriting through feature-based and score-based likelihood ratios for assessing evidence within a probabilistic framework. However, error rates are not well defined within this framework, making it difficult to evaluate the method and can lead to making a greater-than-expected number of errors when applying the approach. This research explores a method for assessing handwriting within the Two-Stage framework, which allows for quantifying error rates as recommended by …

Session 8: Ensemble Of Score Likelihood Ratios For The Common Source Problem, 2023 Iowa State University/CSAFE

#### Session 8: Ensemble Of Score Likelihood Ratios For The Common Source Problem, Federico Veneri, Danica M. Ommen

*SDSU Data Science Symposium*

Machine learning-based Score Likelihood Ratios have been proposed as an alternative to traditional Likelihood Ratios and Bayes Factor to quantify the value of evidence when contrasting two opposing propositions.

Under the common source problem, the opposing proposition relates to the inferential problem of assessing whether two items come from the same source. Machine learning techniques can be used to construct a (dis)similarity score for complex data when developing a traditional model is infeasible, and density estimation is used to estimate the likelihood of the scores under both propositions.

In practice, the metric and its distribution are developed using pairwise comparisons …

Biasing Estimator To Mitigate Multicollinearity In Linear Regression Model, 2023 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University Wukari, Wukari, Nigeria

#### Biasing Estimator To Mitigate Multicollinearity In Linear Regression Model, Abdulrasheed Bello Badawaire, Issam Dawoud, Adewale Folaranmi Lukman, Victoria Laoye, Arowolo Olatunji

*Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences*

A new two-parameter estimator was developed to combat the threat of multicollinearity for the linear regression model. Some necessary and sufficient conditions for the dominance of the proposed estimator over ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator, ridge regression estimator, Liu estimator, KL estimator, and some two-parameter estimators are obtained in the matrix mean square error sense. Theory and simulation results show that, under some conditions, the proposed two-parameter estimator consistently dominates other estimators considered in this study. The real-life application result follows suit.

A Statistical Analysis Of The Change In Age Distribution Of Spawning Hatchery Salmon, 2023 University of Portland

#### A Statistical Analysis Of The Change In Age Distribution Of Spawning Hatchery Salmon, Rachel Macaulay, Emily Barrett, Grace Penunuri, Eli E. Goldwyn

*Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics*

Declines in salmon sizes have been reported primarily as a result of younger maturation rates. This change in age distribution poses serious threats to salmon-dependent peoples and ecological systems. We perform a statistical analysis to examine the change in age structure of spawning Alaskan chum salmon *Oncorhynchus keta* and Chinook salmon *O. tshawytscha* using 30 years of hatchery data. To highlight the impacts of this change, we investigate the average number of fry/smolt that each age of spawning chum/Chinook salmon produce. Our findings demonstrate an increase in younger hatchery salmon populations returning to spawn, and fewer amounts of fry produced …

Beyond Statistical Significance: A Holistic View Of What Makes A Research Finding "Important", 2023 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

#### Beyond Statistical Significance: A Holistic View Of What Makes A Research Finding "Important", Jane E. Miller

*Numeracy*

Students often believe that statistical significance is the *only* determinant of whether a quantitative result is “important.” In this paper, I review traditional null hypothesis statistical testing to identify what questions inferential statistics can and cannot answer, including statistical significance, effect size and direction, causality, generalizability, and changeability of the independent variable. I illustrate these issues with examples from an empirical study of the association between how much time teenagers spent playing video games and time spent reading. I describe how study design and context determine each of those aspects of “importance,” and close by summarizing how to provide a …

Nearby Galaxies: Modelling Star Formation Histories And Contamination By Unresolved Background Galaxies, 2023 The University of Western Ontario

#### Nearby Galaxies: Modelling Star Formation Histories And Contamination By Unresolved Background Galaxies, Hadi Papei

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

Galaxies are complex systems of stars, gas, dust, and dark matter which evolve over billions of years, and one of the main goals of astrophysics is to understand how these complex systems form and change. Measuring the star formation history of nearby galaxies, in which thousands of stars can be resolved individually, has provided us with a clear picture of their evolutionary history and the evolution of galaxies in general.

In this work, we have developed the first public Python package, SFHPy, to measure star formation histories of nearby galaxies using their colour-magnitude diagrams. In this algorithm, an observed colour-magnitude …

On Partially Observed Tensor Regression, 2023 University of Windsor

#### On Partially Observed Tensor Regression, Dinara Miftyakhetdinova

*Major Papers*

Tensor data is widely used in modern data science. The interest lies in identifying and characterizing the relationship between tensor datasets and external covariates. These datasets, though, are often incomplete. An efficient nonconvex alternating updating algorithm proposed by J. Zhou et al. in the paper "Partially Observed Dynamic Tensor Response Regression" provides a novel approach. The algorithm handles the problem of unobserved entries by solving an optimization problem of a loss function under the low-rankness, sparsity, and fusion constraints. This analysis aims to understand in detail the proposed algorithms and their theoretical proofs with, potentially, dropping some of the assumptions …

Informative Hypothesis For Group Means Comparison, 2023 National University of Singapore

#### Informative Hypothesis For Group Means Comparison, Dr. Teck Kiang Tan

*Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation*

Researchers often have hypotheses concerning the state of affairs in the population from which they sampled their data to compare group means. The classical frequentist approach provides one way of carrying out hypothesis testing using ANOVA to state the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the means and proceed with multiple comparisons if the null hypothesis is rejected. As this approach is not able to incorporate order, inequality, and direction into hypothesis testing, and neither does it able to specify multiple hypotheses, this paper introduces the informative hypothesis that allows more flexibility in stating hypothesis testing and is …

Optimal Speed Of A Machine In An Assembly Line Using The Continuous Time Markov Chain Rate Matrix, 2023 University of Windsor

#### Optimal Speed Of A Machine In An Assembly Line Using The Continuous Time Markov Chain Rate Matrix, Chandi Darshani Rupasinghe

*Major Papers*

The optimal speed of a machine in an assembly line is determined using a Markov decision process type model. We develop the rate matrix that represents the inter-event time of a machine, either repair time or time to breakdown, as a function of speed. We consider the rate of time to breakdown with a variety of functions of speed. We find limiting probabilities and express profit in terms of these probabilities. We then find the optimal speed to maximize profit. Further, we assume an underlying function of speed and simulate data using R. From the simulated data, we estimate the …

Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, 2023 Wilfrid Laurier University

#### Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, Sean Hellingman

*Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)*

As soccer is widely regarded as the most popular sport in the world there is high interest in methods of improving team performances. There are many ways teams and individual athletes can influence their own performances during competition. This thesis focuses on developing statistical methodologies for improving competition-based decision-making for soccer so as to allow professional soccer teams to make better informed decisions regarding player selection and in-game decision-making.

To properly capture the dynamic actions of professional soccer, Markov chains with increasing complexity are proposed. These models allow for the inclusion of potential changes in the process caused by goals …

(R1899) Asymptotic Normality Of The Conditional Hazard Function In The Local Linear Estimation Under Functional Mixing Data, 2022 Djillali Liabes University

#### (R1899) Asymptotic Normality Of The Conditional Hazard Function In The Local Linear Estimation Under Functional Mixing Data, Amina Goutal, Boubaker Mechab, Omar Fetitah, Torkia Merouan

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this study, we are interested in using the local linear technique to estimate the conditional hazard function for functional dependent data where the scalar response is conditioned by a functional random variable. The asymptotic normality of this constructed estimator is demonstrated under some extreme conditions. Our estimator’s performance is demonstrated through simulations.

Learning Graphical Models Of Multivariate Functional Data With Applications To Neuroimaging, 2022 Clemson University

#### Learning Graphical Models Of Multivariate Functional Data With Applications To Neuroimaging, Jiajing Niu

*All Dissertations*

This dissertation investigates the functional graphical models that infer the functional connectivity based on neuroimaging data, which is noisy, high dimensional and has limited samples. The dissertation provides two recipes to infer the functional graphical model: 1) a fully Bayesian framework 2) an end-to-end deep model.

We first propose a fully Bayesian regularization scheme to estimate functional graphical models. We consider a direct Bayesian analog of the functional graphical lasso proposed by Qiao et al. (2019).. We then propose a regularization strategy via the graphical horseshoe. We compare both Bayesian approaches to the frequentist functional graphical lasso, and compare the …

Learning From Public Spaces In Historic Cities, 2022 Kennesaw State University

#### Learning From Public Spaces In Historic Cities, Cody Josh Kucharski

*Symposium of Student Scholars*

Successful public spaces in cities are key for enhancing social cohesion and improving health and safety. Learning from historic cities involves the development of representational and analytical tools aimed at capturing their essence as places of human interaction. The research reports findings of the spatial analysis of twenty Adriatic and Ionian coastal cities, which addresses the question of how the network of public spaces calibrates different degrees of spatial enclosure necessary for creating successful social interactions. Cities in the littoral region include well-preserved historic centers that are renowned for the successful integration of urban squares into the urban fabric. For …

Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, 2022 Illinois State University

#### Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, Feridun Tasdan

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Incorporating Interventions To An Extended Seird Model With Vaccination: Application To Covid-19 In Qatar, 2022 Illinois State University

#### Incorporating Interventions To An Extended Seird Model With Vaccination: Application To Covid-19 In Qatar, Elizabeth Amona

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Improving The Accuracy Of Interactive Voice Response (Ivr) Technology For Pediatric Experience Scores, 2022 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

#### Improving The Accuracy Of Interactive Voice Response (Ivr) Technology For Pediatric Experience Scores, Elizabeth Spaargaren Ms, Mph, Cpxp, Abigail Kozak Mba, Cpxp, Cara Herbener Cpxp, Barbara Lawlor Burke Ma, Cpxp

*Patient Experience Journal*

The increased use of interactive voice response (IVR) in assessing patient and family experience should be paired with evidence-based practices on how to obtain the most accurate information via this survey mode. We added a brief clarification sentence of the survey scale at the start of the IVR call to improve our experience data both qualitatively and quantitatively. Our setting was an urban pediatric hospital. We gathered lived experiences from our patients, families, and providers to understand and design a change to the IVR survey mode that would reduce survey inaccuracies. Outcome measures were assessed by baseline measurement and post-intervention …

Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, 2022 Southern Methodist University & Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc

#### Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan

*SMU Data Science Review*

Millions of people live with diabetes worldwide [7]. To mitigate some of the many symptoms associated with diabetes, an estimated 350,000 people in the United States rely on insulin pumps [17]. For many of these people, how effectively their insulin pump performs is the difference between sleeping through the night and a life threatening emergency treatment at a hospital. Three programmed insulin pump therapy settings governing effective insulin pump function are: Basal Rate (BR), Insulin Sensitivity Factor (ISF), and Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR). For many people using insulin pumps, these therapy settings are often not correct, given their physiological needs. While …

Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler

*SMU Data Science Review*

Women’s beach volleyball is one of the fastest growing collegiate sports today. The increase in popularity has come with an increase in valuable scholarship opportunities across the country. With thousands of athletes to sort through, college scouts depend on websites that aggregate tournament results and rank players nationally. This project partnered with the company Volleyball Life, who is the current market leader in the ranking space of junior beach volleyball players. Utilizing the tournament information provided by Volleyball Life, this study explored replacements to the current ranking systems, which are designed to aggregate player points from recent tournament placements. Three …