Almost Unbiased Estimator Using Known Value Of Population Parameter(S) In Sample Surveys, 2016 Department of Statistics, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi

#### Almost Unbiased Estimator Using Known Value Of Population Parameter(S) In Sample Surveys, Rajesh Singh, S.B. Gupta, Sachin Malik

*Rajesh Singh*

An almost unbiased estimator using known value of some population parameter(s) is proposed. A class of estimators is defined which includes Singh and Solanki (2012) and Sahai and Ray (1980), Sisodiya and Dwivedi (1981), Singh, Cauhan, Sawan, and Smarandache (2007), Upadhyaya and Singh (1984), Singh and Tailor (2003) estimators. Under simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR) scheme the expressions for bias and mean square error (MSE) are derived. Numerical illustrations are given.

The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, 2016 University of Iowa

#### The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, Marcia R. Laugerman, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson, Diane T. Rover

*Steven K. Mickelson*

This paper presents the evaluation of a program designed to improve transfer outcomes for community college students pursuing an engineering degree. The program, the Engineering Admissions Partnership Program (E-APP), was designed to improve the navigational success of community college transfer students through connections to the university. These connections include coordinated academic advising, peer-mentoring, campus visits, and online social and professional networks. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of the E-APP and its interventions, which will be measured by increased participation rates and increased university retention rates for E-APP participants. Outcome data for the students are analyzed ...

Failure Of Surface Color Cues Under Natural Changes In Lighting, 2016 University of Manchester

#### Failure Of Surface Color Cues Under Natural Changes In Lighting, David H. Foster, Iván Marín-Franch

*MODVIS Workshop*

Color allows us to effortlessly discriminate and identify surfaces and objects by their reflected light. Although the reflected spectrum changes with the illumination spectrum, cone photoreceptor signals can be transformed to give useful cues for surface color. But what happens when both the spectrum and the geometry of the illumination change, as with lighting from the sun and sky? Is it possible, as a matter of principle, to obtain reliable cues by processing cone signals alone? This question was addressed here by estimating the information provided by cone signals from time-lapse hyperspectral radiance images of five outdoor scenes under natural ...

Factors That Influence Prices Producers Receive For Hogs: Statistical Analysis Of Killsheet And Survey Data, 2016 Iowa State University

#### Factors That Influence Prices Producers Receive For Hogs: Statistical Analysis Of Killsheet And Survey Data, John D. Lawrence

*John Lawrence*

The Iowa Pork Producers Association surveyed its members in late summer of 1995. Nearly 1,000 usable surveys were returned from the more than 8,000 that were mailed out. In additionto completingand returningthe four-page survey, over 300 producers sent in killsheets from loads ofhogs they had sold. Combining the load-specific qualitycharacteristics from the killsheets with informationabout the operation from the surveymay provide greater insightinto key marketing questions such as

A Transformation Approach To Estimating Usual Intake Distributions, 2016 Selected Works

#### A Transformation Approach To Estimating Usual Intake Distributions, Sarah M. Nusser, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Helen H. Jensen, Wayne A. Fuller

*Helen Jensen*

Design of effective food and nutrition policies, efficient allocation of resources, and more precise targeting of food programs require good estimates of the percentage of the population with deficient, or excess, nutrient or other food component intake. An individual's mean daily intake of the dietary component is a good estimate of the individual's dietary status. However, to evaluate dietary adequacy of a population it is necessary to obtain an estimate of the distribution of usual intakes. Often, the distribution of usual intakes is estimated from the distribution of mean daily intakes. Two problems arise. First, distributions of usual ...

Generalized Singular Value Decomposition With Additive Components, 2016 GfK

#### Generalized Singular Value Decomposition With Additive Components, Stan Lipovetsky

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

The singular value decomposition (SVD) technique is extended to incorporate the additive components for approximation of a rectangular matrix by the outer products of vectors. While dual vectors of the regular SVD can be expressed one via linear transformation of the other, the modified SVD corresponds to the general linear transformation with the additive part. The method obtained can be related to the family of principal component and correspondence analyses, and can be reduced to an eigenproblem of a specific transformation of a data matrix. This technique is applied to constructing dual eigenvectors for data visualizing in a two dimensional ...

Generalized Linear Model Analyses For Treatment Group Equality When Data Are Non-Normal, 2016 University of Manitoba

#### Generalized Linear Model Analyses For Treatment Group Equality When Data Are Non-Normal, Harvey J. Kesleman, Abdul R. Othman, Rand R. Wilcox

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

One of the validity conditions of classical test statistics (e.g., Student’s *t*-test, the ANOVA and MANOVA *F*-tests) is that data be normally distributed in the populations. When this and/or other derivational assumptions do not hold the classical test statistic can be prone to too many Type I errors (i.e., falsely rejecting too often) and/or have low power (i.e., failing to reject when the null hypothesis is false) to detect treatment effects when they are present. However, alternative procedures are available for assessing equality of treatment group effects when data are non-normal. For ...

Construction Of Pair-Wise Balanced Design, 2016 Manonmaniam Sundaranar University

#### Construction Of Pair-Wise Balanced Design, Rajarathinam Arunachalam, Mahalakshmi Sivasubramanian, Dilip Kumar Ghosh

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

A new procedure for construction of pair wise balanced design with equal replication and un-equal block sizes based on factorial design have been evolved. Numerical illustration also provided. It was found that the constructed pair wise balanced design was found to be universal optimal.

Bayesian Estimation Of P[Y < X] Based On Record Values From The Lomax Distribution And Mcmc Technique, 2016 Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

#### Bayesian Estimation Of P[Y < X] Based On Record Values From The Lomax Distribution And Mcmc Technique, Mohamed A. W Mahmoud, Rashad M. El-Sagheer, Ahmed A. Soliman, Ahmed H. Abd Ellah

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

Our interest is in estimating the stress-strength reliability *R* = P[*Y* < *X*], where* X* and *Y* follow the Lomax distribution with common scale parameter. We discuss the problem in the situation where the stress measurements and the strength measurements are both in terms of records. Firstly, we obtain the MLE of *R* in general case (the common scale parameter is unknown). The MLE of the three unknown parameters can be obtained by solving one non-linear equation. We provide a simple fixed point type algorithm to find the MLE. We propose percentile bootstrap confidence intervals of R. A Bayes point estimator ...

Factorial Invariance Testing Under Different Levels Of Partial Loading Invariance Within A Multiple Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis Model, 2016 washington State University

#### Factorial Invariance Testing Under Different Levels Of Partial Loading Invariance Within A Multiple Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis Model, Brian F. French, Holmes Finch

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

Scalar invariance in factor models is important for comparing latent means. Little work has focused on invariance testing for other model parameters under various conditions. This simulation study assesses how partial factorial invariance influences invariance testing for model parameters. Type I error inflation and parameter bias were observed.

A Comparison Of Estimation Methods For Nonlinear Mixed-Effects Models Under Model Misspecification And Data Sparseness: A Simulation Study, 2016 University of Maryland

#### A Comparison Of Estimation Methods For Nonlinear Mixed-Effects Models Under Model Misspecification And Data Sparseness: A Simulation Study, Jeffrey R. Harring, Junhui Liu

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

A Monte Carlo simulation is employed to investigate the performance of five estimation methods of nonlinear mixed effects models in terms of parameter recovery and efficiency of both regression coefficients and variance/covariance parameters under varying levels of data sparseness and model misspecification.

A Spatial Analytical Framework For Examining Road Traffic Crashes, 2016 UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN

#### A Spatial Analytical Framework For Examining Road Traffic Crashes, Grace O. Korter

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

A number of different modeling techniques have been used to examine road traffic crashes for analytic and predictive purposes. Map-based spatial analysis** **is introduced. Applications are given which show the power in a combination of existing exploratory and statistical methods.

Almost Unbiased Estimator Using Known Value Of Population Parameter(S) In Sample Surveys, 2016 Department of Statistics, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi

#### Almost Unbiased Estimator Using Known Value Of Population Parameter(S) In Sample Surveys, Rajesh Singh, S.B. Gupta, Sachin Malik

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

An almost unbiased estimator using known value of some population parameter(s) is proposed. A class of estimators is defined which includes Singh and Solanki (2012) and Sahai and Ray (1980), Sisodiya and Dwivedi (1981), Singh, Cauhan, Sawan, and Smarandache (2007), Upadhyaya and Singh (1984), Singh and Tailor (2003) estimators. Under simple random sampling without replacement (SRSWOR) scheme the expressions for bias and mean square error (MSE) are derived. Numerical illustrations are given.

Application Of Esscher Transformed Laplace Distribution In Microarray Gene Expression Data, 2016 Christian Medical College

#### Application Of Esscher Transformed Laplace Distribution In Microarray Gene Expression Data, Shanmugasundaram Devika, Sebastian George, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

Microarrays allow the study of the expression profile of hundreds to thousands of genes simultaneously. These expressions could be from treated samples and the healthy controls. The Esscher transformed Laplace distribution is used to fit microarray expression data as compared to Normal and Laplace distributions. The Maximum Likelihood Estimation procedure is used to estimate the parameters of the distribution. R codes are developed to implement the estimation procedure. A simulation study is carried out to test the performance of the algorithm. AIC and BIC criterion are used to compare the distributions. It is shown that the fit of the Esscher ...

New Procedures Of Estimating Proportion And Sensitivity Using Randomized Response In A Dichotomous Finite Population, 2016 School of Studies in Statistics, Vikram University Ujjain - M.P. - India.

#### New Procedures Of Estimating Proportion And Sensitivity Using Randomized Response In A Dichotomous Finite Population, Tanveer A. Tarray, Housila P. Singh

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

The problem of estimating the population proportion possessing a sensitive attribute using simple random sampling with replacement (SRSWR) is advocated. Two new procedures are proposed. The suggested models are more efficient than the Huang (2004) randomized response technique under some realistic conditions. Numerical and graphic illustrations are given.

Variable Selection In Regression Using Multilayer Feedforward Network, 2016 Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

#### Variable Selection In Regression Using Multilayer Feedforward Network, Tejaswi S. Kamble, Dattatraya N. Kashid

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

The selection of relevant variables in the model is one of the important problems in regression analysis. Recently, a few methods were developed based on a model free approach. A multilayer feedforward neural network model was proposed for developing variable selection in regression. A simulation study and real data were used for evaluating the performance of proposed method in the presence of outliers, and multicollinearity.

Principal Component Preliminary Test Estimator In The Linear Regression Model, 2016 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka

#### Principal Component Preliminary Test Estimator In The Linear Regression Model, Sivarajah Arumairajan, Pushpakanthie Wijekoon

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

A Preliminary Test Estimator is introduced based on Principal Component Regression Estimator defined in the linear regression model when the stochastic restrictions are available in addition to the sample information, and when the explanatory variables are multicollinear. It is further developed as a large sample preliminary test estimator by using Wald (WA), Likelihood Ratio (LR), and Lagrangian Multiplier (LM) tests. Stochastic properties of this estimator based on F test as well as WA, LR, and LM tests are derived, and the performance of the estimator is compared using WA, LR, and LM tests with respect to Mean Square Error Matrix ...

Symmetric Variants Of Logistic Smooth Transition Autoregressive Models: Monte Carlo Evidences, 2016 University of Ibadan, Nigeria

#### Symmetric Variants Of Logistic Smooth Transition Autoregressive Models: Monte Carlo Evidences, Olaoluwa S. Yaya, Olanrewaju I. Shittu

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

The Smooth Transition Autoregressive (STAR) models are becoming popular in modeling economic and financial time series. The asymmetric type of the model is the Logistic STAR (LSTAR) model, which is limited in its applications as a result of its asymmetric property, which makes it suitable for modelling specific macroeconomic time series. This study was designed to develop the Absolute Error LSTAR (AELSTAR) and Quadratic LSTAR (QLSTAR) models for improving symmetry and performance in terms of model fitness. Modified Teräsvirta’s Procedure (TP) and Escribano and Jordá's Procedure (EJP) were used to test for nonlinearity in the series. The performance ...

Liu-Type Logistic Estimators With Optimal Shrinkage Parameter, 2016 Necmettin Erbakan University

#### Liu-Type Logistic Estimators With Optimal Shrinkage Parameter, Yasin Asar

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

Multicollinearity in logistic regression affects the variance of the maximum likelihood estimator negatively. In this study, Liu-type estimators are used to reduce the variance and overcome the multicollinearity by applying some existing ridge regression estimators to the case of logistic regression model. A Monte Carlo simulation is given to evaluate the performances of these estimators when the optimal shrinkage parameter is used in the Liu-type estimators, along with an application of real case data.

Solution To The Multicollinearity Problem By Adding Some Constant To The Diagonal, 2016 Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

#### Solution To The Multicollinearity Problem By Adding Some Constant To The Diagonal, Hanan Duzan, Nurul Sima Binti Mohamaed Shariff

*Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods*

Ridge regression is an alternative to ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression. It is believed to be superior to least-squares regression in the presence of multicollinearity. The robustness of this method is investigated and comparison is made with the least squares method through simulation studies. Our results show that the system stabilizes in a region of *k*, where *k* is a positive quantity less than one and whose values depend on the degree of correlation between the independent variables. The results also illustrate that* k* is a linear function of the correlation between the independent variables.