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On Partially Observed Tensor Regression, Dinara Miftyakhetdinova 2023 University of Windsor

On Partially Observed Tensor Regression, Dinara Miftyakhetdinova

Major Papers

Tensor data is widely used in modern data science. The interest lies in identifying and characterizing the relationship between tensor datasets and external covariates. These datasets, though, are often incomplete. An efficient nonconvex alternating updating algorithm proposed by J. Zhou et al. in the paper "Partially Observed Dynamic Tensor Response Regression" provides a novel approach. The algorithm handles the problem of unobserved entries by solving an optimization problem of a loss function under the low-rankness, sparsity, and fusion constraints. This analysis aims to understand in detail the proposed algorithms and their theoretical proofs with, potentially, dropping some of the assumptions …


Informative Hypothesis For Group Means Comparison, Dr. Teck Kiang Tan 2023 National University of Singapore

Informative Hypothesis For Group Means Comparison, Dr. Teck Kiang Tan

Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Researchers often have hypotheses concerning the state of affairs in the population from which they sampled their data to compare group means. The classical frequentist approach provides one way of carrying out hypothesis testing using ANOVA to state the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the means and proceed with multiple comparisons if the null hypothesis is rejected. As this approach is not able to incorporate order, inequality, and direction into hypothesis testing, and neither does it able to specify multiple hypotheses, this paper introduces the informative hypothesis that allows more flexibility in stating hypothesis testing and is …


Optimal Speed Of A Machine In An Assembly Line Using The Continuous Time Markov Chain Rate Matrix, Chandi Darshani Rupasinghe 2023 University of Windsor

Optimal Speed Of A Machine In An Assembly Line Using The Continuous Time Markov Chain Rate Matrix, Chandi Darshani Rupasinghe

Major Papers

The optimal speed of a machine in an assembly line is determined using a Markov decision process type model. We develop the rate matrix that represents the inter-event time of a machine, either repair time or time to breakdown, as a function of speed. We consider the rate of time to breakdown with a variety of functions of speed. We find limiting probabilities and express profit in terms of these probabilities. We then find the optimal speed to maximize profit. Further, we assume an underlying function of speed and simulate data using R. From the simulated data, we estimate the …


Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, Sean Hellingman 2023 Wilfrid Laurier University

Statistical Models For Decision-Making In Professional Soccer, Sean Hellingman

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

As soccer is widely regarded as the most popular sport in the world there is high interest in methods of improving team performances. There are many ways teams and individual athletes can influence their own performances during competition. This thesis focuses on developing statistical methodologies for improving competition-based decision-making for soccer so as to allow professional soccer teams to make better informed decisions regarding player selection and in-game decision-making.

To properly capture the dynamic actions of professional soccer, Markov chains with increasing complexity are proposed. These models allow for the inclusion of potential changes in the process caused by goals …


(R1899) Asymptotic Normality Of The Conditional Hazard Function In The Local Linear Estimation Under Functional Mixing Data, Amina Goutal, Boubaker Mechab, Omar Fetitah, Torkia Merouan 2022 Djillali Liabes University

(R1899) Asymptotic Normality Of The Conditional Hazard Function In The Local Linear Estimation Under Functional Mixing Data, Amina Goutal, Boubaker Mechab, Omar Fetitah, Torkia Merouan

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In this study, we are interested in using the local linear technique to estimate the conditional hazard function for functional dependent data where the scalar response is conditioned by a functional random variable. The asymptotic normality of this constructed estimator is demonstrated under some extreme conditions. Our estimator’s performance is demonstrated through simulations.


Learning From Public Spaces In Historic Cities, Cody Josh Kucharski 2022 Kennesaw State University

Learning From Public Spaces In Historic Cities, Cody Josh Kucharski

Symposium of Student Scholars

Successful public spaces in cities are key for enhancing social cohesion and improving health and safety. Learning from historic cities involves the development of representational and analytical tools aimed at capturing their essence as places of human interaction. The research reports findings of the spatial analysis of twenty Adriatic and Ionian coastal cities, which addresses the question of how the network of public spaces calibrates different degrees of spatial enclosure necessary for creating successful social interactions. Cities in the littoral region include well-preserved historic centers that are renowned for the successful integration of urban squares into the urban fabric. For …


Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, Feridun Tasdan 2022 Illinois State University

Evaluation Of Circular Logistic Regression Models With Asymmetrical Link Functions, Feridun Tasdan

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Incorporating Interventions To An Extended Seird Model With Vaccination: Application To Covid-19 In Qatar, Elizabeth Amona 2022 Illinois State University

Incorporating Interventions To An Extended Seird Model With Vaccination: Application To Covid-19 In Qatar, Elizabeth Amona

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Improving The Accuracy Of Interactive Voice Response (Ivr) Technology For Pediatric Experience Scores, Elizabeth Spaargaren MS, MPH, CPXP, Abigail Kozak MBA, CPXP, Cara Herbener CPXP, Barbara Lawlor Burke MA, CPXP 2022 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Improving The Accuracy Of Interactive Voice Response (Ivr) Technology For Pediatric Experience Scores, Elizabeth Spaargaren Ms, Mph, Cpxp, Abigail Kozak Mba, Cpxp, Cara Herbener Cpxp, Barbara Lawlor Burke Ma, Cpxp

Patient Experience Journal

The increased use of interactive voice response (IVR) in assessing patient and family experience should be paired with evidence-based practices on how to obtain the most accurate information via this survey mode. We added a brief clarification sentence of the survey scale at the start of the IVR call to improve our experience data both qualitatively and quantitatively. Our setting was an urban pediatric hospital. We gathered lived experiences from our patients, families, and providers to understand and design a change to the IVR survey mode that would reduce survey inaccuracies. Outcome measures were assessed by baseline measurement and post-intervention …


Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan 2022 Southern Methodist University & Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc

Predicting Insulin Pump Therapy Settings, Riccardo L. Ferraro, David Grijalva, Alex Trahan

SMU Data Science Review

Millions of people live with diabetes worldwide [7]. To mitigate some of the many symptoms associated with diabetes, an estimated 350,000 people in the United States rely on insulin pumps [17]. For many of these people, how effectively their insulin pump performs is the difference between sleeping through the night and a life threatening emergency treatment at a hospital. Three programmed insulin pump therapy settings governing effective insulin pump function are: Basal Rate (BR), Insulin Sensitivity Factor (ISF), and Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR). For many people using insulin pumps, these therapy settings are often not correct, given their physiological needs. While …


Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler 2022 Southern Methodist University

Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler

SMU Data Science Review

Women’s beach volleyball is one of the fastest growing collegiate sports today. The increase in popularity has come with an increase in valuable scholarship opportunities across the country. With thousands of athletes to sort through, college scouts depend on websites that aggregate tournament results and rank players nationally. This project partnered with the company Volleyball Life, who is the current market leader in the ranking space of junior beach volleyball players. Utilizing the tournament information provided by Volleyball Life, this study explored replacements to the current ranking systems, which are designed to aggregate player points from recent tournament placements. Three …


Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Improving Data-Driven Infrastructure Degradation Forecast Skill With Stepwise Asset Condition Prediction Models, Kurt R. Lamm, Justin D. Delorit, Michael N. Grussing, Steven J. Schuldt

Faculty Publications

Organizations with large facility and infrastructure portfolios have used asset management databases for over ten years to collect and standardize asset condition data. Decision makers use these data to predict asset degradation and expected service life, enabling prioritized maintenance, repair, and renovation actions that reduce asset life-cycle costs and achieve organizational objectives. However, these asset condition forecasts are calculated using standardized, self-correcting distribution models that rely on poorly-fit, continuous functions. This research presents four stepwise asset condition forecast models that utilize historical asset inspection data to improve prediction accuracy: (1) Slope, (2) Weighted Slope, (3) Condition-Intelligent Weighted Slope, and (4) …


Bias-Corrected Bagging In Active Learning With An Actuarial Application, Yangxuan Xu 2022 Western University

Bias-Corrected Bagging In Active Learning With An Actuarial Application, Yangxuan Xu

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The variable annuity (VA) is a modern insurance product that offers certain guaranteed protection and tax-deferred treatment. Because of the inherent complexity of guarantees’ payoff, the closed-form solution of fair market values (FMVs) is often not available. Most insurance companies depend on Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to price the FMVs of these products, which is an extremely computational intensive and time-consuming approach. The metamodeling approach can be used to circumvent the heavy computation.

In the modeling stage, the bagged tree method has proved to outperform other parametric approaches. Also, a bias-corrected (BC) bagging model was tried and showed significant improvement …


The Q-Analogue Of The Extended Generalized Gamma Distribution, Wenhao Chen 2022 Western University

The Q-Analogue Of The Extended Generalized Gamma Distribution, Wenhao Chen

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This project introduces a flexible univariate probability model referred to as the q-analogue of the Extended Generalized Gamma (or q-EGG) distribution, which encompasses the majority of the most frequently used continuous distributions, including the gamma, Weibull, logistic, type-1 and type-2 beta, Gaussian, Cauchy, Student-t and F. Closed form representations of its moments and cumulative distribution function are provided. Additionally, computational techniques are proposed for determining estimates of its parameters. Both the method of moments and the maximum likelihood approach are utilized. The effect of each parameter is also graphically illustrated. Certain data sets are modeled with q-EGG distributions; goodness of …


Investigation Of Key Factors To Earthquake Insurance Take-Up Rates In Quebec And British Columbia Households And Prediction Model Building, Yongcheng Jiang 2022 Western University

Investigation Of Key Factors To Earthquake Insurance Take-Up Rates In Quebec And British Columbia Households And Prediction Model Building, Yongcheng Jiang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Maintaining an adequate level of earthquake take-up rate could protect the insurance industry from systemic failure. Past research has shown that British Columbia and Quebec have significant differences in earthquake insurance take-up rate. This report investigates key factors from the structure (default options and various types) of the insurance plan and personal characteristics along with socioeconomic/demographic profiles that affect the demand for earthquake protection in the form of insurance. The report also provides a prediction model for earthquake insurance take-up rate. The results show an importance ranking of key factors of earthquake insurance take up, the most important three are …


Financial Literacy: Self-Evaluation And Reality, Yangsijia Wang 2022 Western University

Financial Literacy: Self-Evaluation And Reality, Yangsijia Wang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This study is on the topic of financial literacy, with the data source containing information on clients' demographic information and self-evaluation, change in account value, and trade record, three major problems were investigated: first, whether a client's demographic traits are related to his/her self-evaluation of financial knowledge level; second, does the trading behaviour differ for clients who self-identified as in different financial knowledge groups; and third, do people who self-identified as financially knowledgeable have better investment result. Data manipulation was done using SQL and R. Exploratory analysis including multiple types of plots and proportion tables was used to derive the …


Building Intrapersonal Competencies In The First-Year Experience: Utilizing Random Forest, Cluster Analysis, And Linear Regression To Identify Students’ Strengths And Opportunities For Institutional Improvement, Marilee Bresciani Ludvik, Shiming Zhang, Sandra Kahn, Nina Potter, Lisa Richardson-Gates, Stephen Schellenberg, Robyn Saiki, Nasima Subedi, Rebecca Harmata, Rey Monzon, Randy Timm, Jeanne Stronach, Anna Jost 2022 San Diego State University

Building Intrapersonal Competencies In The First-Year Experience: Utilizing Random Forest, Cluster Analysis, And Linear Regression To Identify Students’ Strengths And Opportunities For Institutional Improvement, Marilee Bresciani Ludvik, Shiming Zhang, Sandra Kahn, Nina Potter, Lisa Richardson-Gates, Stephen Schellenberg, Robyn Saiki, Nasima Subedi, Rebecca Harmata, Rey Monzon, Randy Timm, Jeanne Stronach, Anna Jost

Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Leveraging research that illustrates the importance of intrapersonal competency cultivation and its correlation with institutional performance indicators of student success such as end-of-term cumulative GPA, persistence, and academic probation, our team set out to conduct an analysis on the effectiveness of a 1-unit credit/no-credit first-semester, first-year student seminar course. The course was designed to cultivate specific intrapersonal competency gains using a pre- and post-assessment design. Using a supervised Random Forest method and cluster analysis, the team expected to find unique differences in intrapersonal competency pre-, matched pre- and post-, and post-assessment inventory scores in a way where course design improvements …


Practical T-Test Power Analysis With R, Teck Kiang Tan 2022 National University of Singapore

Practical T-Test Power Analysis With R, Teck Kiang Tan

Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

Power analysis based on the analytical t-test is an important aspect of a research study to determine the sample size required to detect the effect for the comparison of two means. The current paper presents a reader-friendly procedure for carrying out the t-test power analysis using the various R add-on packages. While there is a growing of R users in the academic that uses R as the base for carrying out research, there is a lack of reference that discusses both frequentist and Bayesian approaches and point out their distinct features for t-test power analysis. The practical aspects of the …


Dynamic Prediction For Alternating Recurrent Events Using A Semiparametric Joint Frailty Model, Jaehyeon Yun 2022 Southern Methodist University

Dynamic Prediction For Alternating Recurrent Events Using A Semiparametric Joint Frailty Model, Jaehyeon Yun

Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

Alternating recurrent events data arise commonly in health research; examples include hospital admissions and discharges of diabetes patients; exacerbations and remissions of chronic bronchitis; and quitting and restarting smoking. Recent work has involved formulating and estimating joint models for the recurrent event times considering non-negligible event durations. However, prediction models for transition between recurrent events are lacking. We consider the development and evaluation of methods for predicting future events within these models. Specifically, we propose a tool for dynamically predicting transition between alternating recurrent events in real time. Under a flexible joint frailty model, we derive the predictive probability of …


To Logit Or Not To Logit Data In The Unit Interval: A Simulation Study, Kayode Idris Hamzat 2022 University of Windsor

To Logit Or Not To Logit Data In The Unit Interval: A Simulation Study, Kayode Idris Hamzat

Major Papers

In this paper, we recommend a mechanism for determining whether to logit or not to logit data in the unit interval which is based on quantile estimation of data between 0 and 1. By using a simulated dataset generated from a Beta regression model, the estimated quantile for this model perform better than those based on the linear quantile regression with logit transformation.

Further, we investigate the performance of the quantile regression estimators based on the LQR and we conclude that it is better than those based on the Beta regression when the distribution is contaminated with 10% uniform numbers …


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