Establishing Building Recommissioning Priorities And Potential Energy Savings From Utility Energy Data, 2011 University of Dayton

#### Establishing Building Recommissioning Priorities And Potential Energy Savings From Utility Energy Data, Kevin P. Hallinan, Philip Brodrick, Jessica Northridge, J. Kelly Kissock, Robert J. Brecha

*Physics Faculty Publications*

An energy reduction program for commercial buildings is implemented for a SW Ohio natural gas utility. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that historical utility data for individual building customers, along with knowledge of pertinent building information (square footage, year built, number of floors, height of floors, wall construction type, and use type) available in county auditor databases, could be used to identify the best candidate buildings for recommissioning in terms of energy savings and simple payback. A study is completed for all natural gas customers of a utility in Montgomery and Clinton counties in Ohio. A total …

Poincare Recurrence And Spectral Cascades In Three-Dimensional Quantum Turbulence, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Poincare Recurrence And Spectral Cascades In Three-Dimensional Quantum Turbulence, George Vahala, Jeffrey Yepez, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe, Bo Zhang, Sean Ziegeler

*Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications*

The time evolution of the ground state wave function of a zero-temperature Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) gas is well described by the Hamiltonian Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation. Using a set of appropriately interleaved unitary collision-stream operators, a qubit lattice gas algorithm is devised, which on taking moments, recovers the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation under diffusion ordering (time scales as length^{2}). Unexpectedly, there is a class of initial states whose Poincaré recurrence time is extremely short and which, as the grid resolution is increased, scales with diffusion ordering (and not as length^{3}). The spectral results of J. Yepez *et al. …*

Experimental Results In Dis, Sidis And Des From Jefferson Lab, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Experimental Results In Dis, Sidis And Des From Jefferson Lab, Sebastian E. Kuhn

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Jefferson Lab’s electron accelerator in its present incarnation, with a maximum beam energy slightly above 6 GeV, has already enabled a large number of experiments expanding our knowledge of nucleon and nuclear structure (especially in Deep Inelastic Scattering—DIS—at moderately high *x*, and in the resonance region). Several pioneering experiments have yielded first results on Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) and other Deep Exclusive Processes (DES), and the exploration of the rich landscape of transverse momentum‐dependent (TMD) structure functions using Semi‐Inclusive electron scattering (SIDIS) has begun. With the upgrade of CEBAF to 12 GeV now underway, a significantly larger kinematic …

High-Energy Amplitudes In The Next-To-Leading Order, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### High-Energy Amplitudes In The Next-To-Leading Order, Ian Balitsky

*Physics Faculty Publications*

High-energy scattering in the saturation region is described by the evolution of color dipoles. In the leading order this evolution is governed by the non-linear BK equation. To see if this equation is relevant for existing or future accelerators (like EIC or LHeC) one needs to know how big are the next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections. I review the calculation of the NLO corrections to high-energy amplitudes in QCD.

Stern-Gerlach Dynamics With Quantum Propagators, 2011 Brigham Young University

#### Stern-Gerlach Dynamics With Quantum Propagators, Bailey C. Hsu, Manuel Berrondo, Jean F. Van Huele

*Faculty Publications*

We study the quantum dynamics of a nonrelativistic neutral particle with spin in inhomogeneous external magnetic fields. We first consider fields with one-dimensional inhomogeneities, both unphysical and physical, and construct the corresponding analytic propagators. We then consider fields with two-dimensional inhomogeneities and develop an appropriate numerical propagation method. We propagate initial states exhibiting different degrees of space localization and various initial spin configurations, including both pure and mixed spin states. We study the evolution of their spin densities and identify characteristic features of spin density dynamics, such as the spatial separation of spin components, and spin localization or accumulation. We …

Unitary-Quantum-Lattice Algorithm For Two-Dimensional Quantum Turbulence, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Unitary-Quantum-Lattice Algorithm For Two-Dimensional Quantum Turbulence, Bo Zhang, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe

*Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications*

Quantum vortex structures and energy cascades are examined for two-dimensional quantum turbulence (2D QT) at zero temperature. A special unitary evolution algorithm, the quantum lattice algorithm, is employed to simulate the Bose-Einstein condensate governed by the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation. A parameter regime is uncovered in which, as in 3D QT, there is a short Poincare recurrence time. It is demonstrated that such short recurrence times are destroyed by stronger nonlinear interaction. The similar loss of Poincare recurrence is also seen in the 3D GP equation. Various initial conditions are considered in an attempt to discern if 2D QT exhibits inverse …

Coherent Photoproduction Of Π+ From 3He, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Coherent Photoproduction Of Π+ From 3He, K. P. Adhikari, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, M. Mayer, F. Sabatié, L. B. Weinstein, Et Al., The Clas Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We have measured the differential cross section for the 𝛾 ^{3}He → π^{+}t reaction. This reaction was studied using the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab. Real photons produced with the Hall-B bremsstrahlung tagging system in the energy range from 0.50 to 1.55 GeV were incident on a cryogenic liquid ^{3}He target. The differential cross sections for the 𝛾 ^{3}He → π^{+}t reaction were measured as a function of photon-beam energy and pion-scattering angle. Theoretical predictions to date cannot explain the large cross sections except at …

Superluminal Neutrinos At Opera Confront Pion Decay Kinematics, 2011 Washington University in St Louis

#### Superluminal Neutrinos At Opera Confront Pion Decay Kinematics, Ramanath Cowsick, Shmuel Nussinov, Utpal Sarkar

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Violation of Lorentz invariance (VLI) has been suggested as an explanation of the superluminal velocities of muon neutrinos reported by OPERA. In this Letter, we show that the amount of VLI required to explain this result poses severe difficulties with the kinematics of the pion decay, extending its lifetime and reducing the momentum carried away by the neutrinos. We show that the OPERA experiment limits alpha = (upsilon(v) - c)/c < 4 x 10(-6). We then take recourse to cosmic-ray data on the spectrum of muons and neutrinos generated in Earth's atmosphere to provide a stronger bound on VLI: (upsilon - c)/c < 10(-12).

Dynamical Features Of Interference Phenomena In The Presence Of Entanglement, 2011 Tel Aviv University

#### Dynamical Features Of Interference Phenomena In The Presence Of Entanglement, Tirzah Kaufherr, Yakir Aharonov, Shmuel Nussinov, Sandu Popescu, Jeff Tollaksen

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

A strongly interacting, and entangling, heavy nonrecoiling external particle effects a significant change of the environment. Described locally, the corresponding entanglement event is a generalized electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, which differs from the original one in a crucial way. We propose a gedanken interference experiment. The predicted shift of the interference pattern is due to a self-induced or "private" potential difference experienced while the particle is in vacuum. We show that all nontrivial Born-Oppenheimer potentials are "private" potentials. We apply the Born-Oppenheimer approximation to interference states. Using our approach, we calculate the relative phase of the external heavy particle as well …

Mellin Representation Of The Graviton Bulk-To-Bulk Propagator In Ads Space, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Mellin Representation Of The Graviton Bulk-To-Bulk Propagator In Ads Space, Ian Balitsky

*Physics Faculty Publications*

A Mellin-type representation of the graviton bulk-to-bulk propagator from E. D’Hoker, D. Z. Freedman, S. D. Mathur, A. Matusis, and L. Rastelli [Nucl. Phys. B562, 330 (1999)] in terms of the integral over the product of bulk-to-boundary propagators is derived.

Evolution Of Conformal Color Dipoles And High Energy Amplitudes In 𝒩 = 4 Sym, 2011 Old Dominion University

#### Evolution Of Conformal Color Dipoles And High Energy Amplitudes In 𝒩 = 4 Sym, Ian Balitsky

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The high-energy behavior of the 𝒩 = 4 SYM amplitudes in the Regge limit can be calculated order by order in perturbation theory using the high-energy operator expansion in Wilson lines. At large N_{c}, a typical four-point amplitude is determined by a single BFKL pomeron. The conformal structure of the four-point amplitude is fixed in terms of two functions: pomeron intercept and the coefficient function in front of the pomeron (the product of two residues). The pomeron intercept is universal while the coefficient function depends on the correlator in question. The intercept is known in the first two …

Conjugated Quantum Dots Inhibit The Amyloid Β (1–42) Fibrillation Process, 2010 University of Miami

#### Conjugated Quantum Dots Inhibit The Amyloid Β (1–42) Fibrillation Process, Garima Thakur, Miodrag Micic, Yuehai Yang, Wenzhi Li, Dania Movia, Silvia Giordani, Hongzhou Zhou, Roger M. Levlanc

*Department of Physics*

Nanoparticles have enormous potential in diagnostic and therapeutic studies. We have demonstrated that the amyloid beta mixed with and conjugated to dihydrolipoic acid- (DHLA) capped CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) of size approximately 2.5 nm can be used to reduce the fibrillation process. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used as tools for analysis of fibrillation. There is a significant change in morphology of fibrils when amyloid β (1–42) (Aβ (1–42)) is mixed or conjugated to the QDs. The length and the width of the fibrils vary under modified conditions. Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence supports the decrease …

Scattering Matrix Elements For The Nonadiabatic Collision B (2PJₐ) + H2 (1Σ+G, Ν, Ј) ↔ B (2PJ’ₐ) + H2 (1Σ+G, Ν’, J’)., 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

#### Scattering Matrix Elements For The Nonadiabatic Collision B (2PJₐ) + H2 (1Σ+G, Ν, Ј) ↔ B (2PJ’ₐ) + H2 (1Σ+G, Ν’, J’)., Luke A. Barger

*Theses and Dissertations*

Scattering matrix elements are calculated for the nonadiabatic inelastic collision *B ( ^{2}P_{j}*

_{ₐ}) + H_{2}(^{1}Σ^{+}_{g},*ν,*

*ј)*

*↔ B (*

^{2}P_{j’}

_{ₐ}) + H_{2}(^{1}Σ^{+}_{g},*ν’, j’)*. This calculation utilizes the effective potential energy surfaces for this collision generated by Garvin along with a correction to the asymptotic H

_{2 }potential. Wavepackets are propagated on these surfaces using a split-operator propagator. This propagation yields correlation functions between reactant and product Møller states which are used to calculate the scattering …

Information-Preserving Structures: A General Framework For Quantum Zero-Error Information, 2010 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

#### Information-Preserving Structures: A General Framework For Quantum Zero-Error Information, Robin Blume-Kohout, Hui Khoon Ng, David Poulin, Lorenza Viola

*Dartmouth Scholarship*

Quantum systems carry information. Quantum theory supports at least two distinct kinds of information (classical and quantum), and a variety of different ways to encode and preserve information in physical systems. A system’s ability to carry information is constrained and defined by the noise in its dynamics. This paper introduces an operational framework, using *information-preserving structures*, to classify all the kinds of information that can be perfectly (i.e., with zero error) preserved by quantum dynamics. We prove that every perfectly preserved code has the same structure as a matrix algebra, and that preserved information can always be corrected. We …

Changing Mutual Perception Of Television News Viewers And Program Makers In India- A Case Study Of Cnn-Ibn And Its Unique Initiative Of Citizen Journalism, 2010 India Today Group

#### Changing Mutual Perception Of Television News Viewers And Program Makers In India- A Case Study Of Cnn-Ibn And Its Unique Initiative Of Citizen Journalism, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

*Ratnesh Dwivedi*

The Indian television system is one of the most extensive systems in the world. Terrestrial broadcasting, which has been the sole preserve of the government, provides television coverage to over 90% of India's 900 million people. By the end of 1996 nearly 50 million households had television sets. International satellite broadcasting, introduced in 1991, has swept across the country because of the rapid proliferation of small scale cable systems. By the end of 1996, Indians could view dozens of foreign and local channels and the competition for audiences and advertising revenues was one of the hottest in the world. In …

Casimir Potential Of A Compact Object Enclosed By A Spherical Cavity, 2010 University of Pennsylvania

#### Casimir Potential Of A Compact Object Enclosed By A Spherical Cavity, Saad Zaheer, Sahand Jamal Rahi, Thorsten Emig, Robert L. Jaffe

*Department of Physics Papers*

We study the electromagnetic Casimir interaction of a compact object contained inside a closed cavity of another compact object. We express the interaction energy in terms of the objects’ scattering matrices and translation matrices that relate the coordinate systems appropriate to each object. When the enclosing object is an otherwise empty metallic spherical shell, much larger than the internal object, and the two are sufficiently separated, the Casimir force can be expressed in terms of the static electric and magnetic multipole polarizabilities of the internal object, which is analogous to the Casimir-Polder result. Although it is not a simple power …

Community Radio:History,Growth,Challenges And Current Status Of It With Special Reference To India, 2010 India Today Group

#### Community Radio:History,Growth,Challenges And Current Status Of It With Special Reference To India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

*Ratnesh Dwivedi*

Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting content that is popular to a local audience but which may often be overlooked by commercial or mass-media broadcasters. Modern-day community radio stations often serve their listeners by offering a variety of content that is not necessarily provided by the larger commercial radio stations. Community radio outlets may carry news and information programming geared toward the local area, particularly immigrant or minority groups that are poorly served by other major media outlets. Philosophically two distinct approaches to community radio can be discerned, …

The Trilinear Hamiltonian: A Zero-Dimensional Model Of Hawking Radiation From A Quantized Source, 2010 Dartmouth College

#### The Trilinear Hamiltonian: A Zero-Dimensional Model Of Hawking Radiation From A Quantized Source, Paul D. Nation, Miles P. Blencowe

*Dartmouth Scholarship*

We investigate a quantum parametric amplifier with dynamical pump mode, viewed as a zero-dimensional model of Hawking radiation from an evaporating black hole. We derive the conditions under which the spectrum of particles generated from vacuum fluctuations deviates from the thermal spectrum predicted for the conventional parametric amplifier. We find that significant deviations arise when the pump mode (black hole) has emitted nearly half of its initial energy into the signal (Hawking radiation) and idler (in-falling particle) modes. As a model of black hole dynamics, this finding lends support to the view that late-time Hawking radiation contains information about the …

History Of Communication And Its Application In Multicultaral,Multilingual Social System In India Across Ages, 2010 India Today Group

#### History Of Communication And Its Application In Multicultaral,Multilingual Social System In India Across Ages, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

*Ratnesh Dwivedi*

The history of communication dates back to the earliest signs of cavemen.Communication can range from very subtle processes of exchange, to full conversations and mass communication. Human communication was revolutionized with speech perhaps 200,000 years ago, Symbols were developed about 30,000 years ago and writing about 7,000. On a much shorter scale, there have been major developments in the field of telecommunication in the past few centuries.

Magnetic Structure And Magnetoelectric Coupling In Bulk And Thin Film Fevo4, 2010 University of Pennsylvania

#### Magnetic Structure And Magnetoelectric Coupling In Bulk And Thin Film Fevo4, Ambesh V. Dixit, Gavin J. Lawes, A. Brooks Harris

*Department of Physics Papers*

We have investigated the magnetoelectric and magnetodielectric response in FeVO_{4}, which exhibits a change in magnetic structure coincident with ferroelectric ordering at *T*_{N2}≈15 K. Using symmetry considerations, we construct a model for the possible magnetoelectric coupling in this system and present a discussion of the allowed spin structures in FeVO_{4}. Based on this model, in which the spontaneous polarization is caused by a trilinear spin-phonon interaction, we experimentally explore the magnetoelectric coupling in FeVO_{4} thin films through measurements of the electric field-induced shift of the multiferroic phase transition temperature, which exhibits an increase …