Quantum Computing: Resolving Myths, From Physics To Metaphysics, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Quantum Computing: Resolving Myths, From Physics To Metaphysics, Jacob R. Mandel

*Physics*

As the field of quantum computing becomes popularized, *myths* or misconceptions will inevitably come along with it. From the sci-fi genre to the casual usage of the term *quantum, *idealism begins to take over our projections of the technological future. But *what are quantum computers?* And what does *quantum *mean? How are they any different than the computers we use on an everyday basis? Will there be quantum computing smartphones? Are quantum computers just a faster version of conventional computing or a wholly new way of computing altogether? The objective of this paper is to resolve common *myths* or misconceptions …

Extracting The Number Of Short Range Correlated Nucleon Pairs From Inclusive Electron Scattering Data, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### Extracting The Number Of Short Range Correlated Nucleon Pairs From Inclusive Electron Scattering Data, R. Weiss, A. W. Denniston, J. R. Pybus, O. Hen, E. Piasetzky, A. Schmidt, L. B. Weinstein, N. Barnea

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The extraction of the relative abundances of short-range correlated (SRC) nucleon pairs from inclusive electron scattering is studied using the generalized contact formalism (GCF) with several nuclear interaction models. GCF calculations can reproduce the observed scaling of the cross-section ratios for nuclei relative to deuterium at high x_{B} and large Q^{2}, a_{2} = (σ_{A}/A)/(σ_{d}/2). In the nonrelativistic instant-form formulation, the calculation is very sensitive to the model parameters and only reproduces the data using parameters that are inconsistent with *ab initio* many-body calculations. Using a light-cone GCF formulation significantly decreases this sensitivity …

Lorentz Violation In Neutrino Interactions, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Lorentz Violation In Neutrino Interactions, Pranav Jayaram Seetharaman

*Physics*

Both the Standard Model of particle physics and General Relativity require Lorentz symmetry as a fundamental building block. In this paper, we learn about a framework called the Standard Model Extension that allows us to determine how physical phenomenon would change if we deviated from Lorentz invariance in the Standard Model and General Relativity. We use the Standard Model Extension to analyze a specific high-energy, astrophysical neutrino interaction that is only possible if Lorentz symmetry can be broken. The interaction we look at is the decay of a neutrino into an electron-positron pair, which is not possible in conventional physics. …

Triplet 23S State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field: A 'Quantal Newtonian' First Law Study, 2021 Sacred Heart University

#### Triplet 23S State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field: A 'Quantal Newtonian' First Law Study, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni

*Publications and Research*

The triplet 2^{3}*S* state of a 2-electron 2-dimensional quantum dot in a magnetic field is studied via a complementary perspective of Schrödinger-Pauli theory. The perspective is that of the individual electron via its equation of motion or ‘Quantal Newtonian’ first law. According to the law, each electron experiences an external and internal field, the sum of which vanishes. The external field is the sum of the binding and Lorentz fields. The internal field is a sum of the electron-interaction, kinetic, differential density, and internal magnetic fields. The energy is expressed in integral virial form in terms of these …

Determination Of The Rydberg Constant From The Emission Spectra Of H And He+, 2021 Department of Chemistry, West Chester University of Pennsylvania

#### Determination Of The Rydberg Constant From The Emission Spectra Of H And He+, Kyle D. Shaffer

*Ramifications*

**Abstract**

In this experiment, the Rydberg constants for the hydrogen atom and He^{+} were determined by analysis of the emission spectra of Hand He, respectively, in comparison to the principal quantum numbers of each transition. Using both a hydrogen and then a helium atomic lamp attached to a 0.5 m grating spectrometer and a photomultiplier detector (PMT), a change in voltage detected by the PMT can be paired with a corresponding wavelength passing through the spectrometer from each emission peak in the visible to ultraviolet range. The peaks acquired from this change in voltage were analyzed to find their …

Plasmonic Waveguides To Enhance Quantum Electrodynamic Phenomena At The Nanoscale, 2021 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology

#### Plasmonic Waveguides To Enhance Quantum Electrodynamic Phenomena At The Nanoscale, Ying Li, Christos Argyropoulos

*Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering*

The emerging field of plasmonics can lead to enhanced light-matter interactions at extremely nanoscale regions. Plasmonic (metallic) devices promise to efficiently control both classical and quantum properties of light. Plasmonic waveguides are usually used to excite confined electromagnetic modes at the nanoscale that can strongly interact with matter. The analysis of these nanowaveguides exhibits similarities with their low frequency microwave counterparts. In this article, we review ways to study plasmonic nanostructures coupled to quantum optical emitters from a classical electromagnetic perspective. These quantum emitters are mainly used to generate single-photon quantum light that can be employed as a quantum bit …

Interactions Of Organic Fluorophores With Plasmonic Surface Lattice Resonances, 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Interactions Of Organic Fluorophores With Plasmonic Surface Lattice Resonances, Robert J. Collison

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

It is common knowledge that metals, alloys and pure elements alike, are lustrous and reflective, the more so when a metal surface is flat, polished, and free from oxidation and surface fouling. However, some metals reflect visible light, in the 380 nm to 740 nm range of wavelengths, much more strongly than others. In particular, some metals reflect wavelengths in certain portions of the ultraviolet (UV), visible, and near-infrared (NIR) regime, let us say 200 nm to 2000 nm, while absorbing light strongly in other segments of this range. There are several factors that account for this difference between various …

Mutual Interaction Induced Multi-Particle Physics In Qed Systems – Cooperative Spontaneous Emission And Photonic Dimer Enhanced Two-Photon Excitation, 2021 Washington University in St. Louis

#### Mutual Interaction Induced Multi-Particle Physics In Qed Systems – Cooperative Spontaneous Emission And Photonic Dimer Enhanced Two-Photon Excitation, Yao Zhou

*McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations*

In recent years, the study of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in light-matter interactions has discovered various interesting phenomenons that orient many applications. However, due to the ambient entanglement among photons and atoms, few-particle dynamics remains challenging to analyze precisely and limits the progress in several fields. In few-particle systems, different number of atoms interacting with the light field generates drastically different results, even when there is only a single photon involved in the system. The interference between individual atom’s spontaneous emission wavefunctions can cooperatively alter the effective atom-light coupling strength. Depending on the spatial distance between individual of atoms and the …

On Conservation Laws In Quantum Mechanics, 2021 Chapman University

#### On Conservation Laws In Quantum Mechanics, Yakir Aharonov, Sandu Popescu, Daniel Rohrlich

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Conservation laws are one of the most important aspects of nature. As such, they have been intensively studied and extensively applied, and are considered to be perfectly well established. We, however, raise fundamental question about the very meaning of conservation laws in quantum mechanics. We argue that, although the standard way in which conservation laws are defined in quantum mechanics is perfectly valid as far as it goes, it misses essential features of nature and has to be revisited and extended.

Spirals And Skyrmions In Antiferromagnetic Triangular Lattices, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Spirals And Skyrmions In Antiferromagnetic Triangular Lattices, Wuzhang Fang, Aldo Raeliarijaona, Po-Hao Chang, Alexey Kovalev, K. D. Belashchenko

*Alexey Kovalev Papers*

We study realizations of spirals and skyrmions in two-dimensional antiferromagnets with a triangular lattice on an inversion-symmetry-breaking substrate. As a possible material realization, we investigate the adsorption of transition-metal atoms (Cr, Mn, Fe, or Co) on a monolayer of MoS2, WS2, or WSe2 and obtain the exchange, anisotropy, and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction parameters using first-principles calculations. Using energy minimization and parallel-tempering Monte Carlo simulations, we determine the magnetic phase diagrams for a wide range of interaction parameters. We find that skyrmion lattices can appear even with weak Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, but their stability is hindered by magnetic anisotropy. However, a weak easy …

Spin Superfluidity In Noncollinear Antiferromagnets, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Spin Superfluidity In Noncollinear Antiferromagnets, Bo Li, Alexey Kovalev

*Alexey Kovalev Papers*

We explore the spin superfluid transport in exchange interaction-dominated three-sublattice antiferromagnets. The system in the long-wavelength regime is described by an SO(3) invariant field theory. Additional corrections from Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions or anisotropies can break the symmetry; however, the system still approximately holds a U(1)-rotation symmetry. Thus, the power-law spatial decay signature of spin superfluidity is identified in a nonlocal-measurement setup where the spin injection is described by the generalized spin-mixing conductance. We suggest iron jarosites as promising material candidates for realizing our proposal.

Quantum Computing For The Quantum Curious, 2021 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

#### Quantum Computing For The Quantum Curious, Ciaran Hughes, Joshua Isaacson, Anastasia Perry, Ranbel F. Sun, Jessica Turner

*Open Access Books and Manuals*

This open access book makes quantum computing more accessible than ever before. A fast-growing field at the intersection of physics and computer science, quantum computing promises to have revolutionary capabilities far surpassing “classical” computation. Getting a grip on the science behind the hype can be tough: at its heart lies quantum mechanics, whose enigmatic concepts can be imposing for the novice.

This classroom-tested textbook uses simple language, minimal math, and plenty of examples to explain the three key principles behind quantum computers: superposition, quantum measurement, and entanglement. It then goes on to explain how this quantum world opens up a …

Proton Spin Structure From Simultaneous Monte Carlo Global Qcd Analysis, 2021 William & Mary

#### Proton Spin Structure From Simultaneous Monte Carlo Global Qcd Analysis, Yiyu Zhou

*Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects*

Despite the great effort and achievements made towards understanding proton spin structure in the past few decades, a complete picture is still elusive. Parton distribution functions (PDFs), which in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) encode the momentum and helicity distributions of quarks and gluons inside a proton, provide the means by which to quantify the proton structure information. Being inherently nonperturbative, PDFs have to be extracted from unpolarized and polarized lepton-hadron and hadron-hadron scattering data. In particular, experiments that measure unpolarized and polarized jet observables can provide insight into the momentum and helicity distributions of gluons, which have generally been more difficult …

Equations Of State For Warm Dense Carbon From Quantum Espresso, 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Equations Of State For Warm Dense Carbon From Quantum Espresso, Derek J. Schauss

*Theses and Dissertations*

Warm dense plasma is the matter that exists, roughly, in the range of 10,000 to 10,000,000 Kelvin and has solid-like densities, typically between 0.1 and 10 grams per centimeter. Warm dense fluids like hydrogen, helium, and carbon are believed to make up the interiors of many planets, white dwarfs, and other stars in our universe. The existence of warm dense matter (WDM) on Earth, however, is very rare, as it can only be created with high-energy sources like a nuclear explosion. In such an event, theoretical and computational models that accurately predict the response of certain materials are thus very …

Ligand Effects On Electronic, Magnetic, And Catalytic Properties Of Clusters And Cluster Assemblies, 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Ligand Effects On Electronic, Magnetic, And Catalytic Properties Of Clusters And Cluster Assemblies, Dinesh Bista 9288522

*Theses and Dissertations*

Ligands commonly protect metallic clusters against reacting with outside reactants. However, ligands can also be used to control the redox properties enabling the formation of super donors/acceptors that can donate/accept multiple electrons. This thesis focuses on how the ligands can be used to control the electronic and magnetic features of clusters and ligand stabilized cluster-based assemblies, leading to nano pn junctions with directed transport, the possibility of light-harvesting, and catalysts for cross-coupling reactions. The thesis addresses three distinct classes of clusters and their applications. The first class of cluster “metal chalcogen clusters” is the central idea of the thesis focused …

Dynamics For Discretized Gravity In The Causal Set Approach, 2021 University of Mississippi

#### Dynamics For Discretized Gravity In The Causal Set Approach, Benjamin Pilgrim

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Causal set theory is an approach to quantum gravity which replaces the continuous spacetime manifold with a discrete set of points and a partial order. In this work, I will focus on causal sets embeddable in two-dimensional manifolds, and define an action based on chains which in the continuum limit replicates the Einstein-Hilbert action; furthermore, I will propose a variational principle based on this action and numerically show it can distinguish nonflat manifoldlike causal sets from the most common type of nonmanifoldlike causal sets. I will then supplement this action with a boundary term similar to the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term …

Neural-Network Analysis Of Parton Distribution Functions From Ioffe-Time Pseudodistributions, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### Neural-Network Analysis Of Parton Distribution Functions From Ioffe-Time Pseudodistributions, Luigi Del Debbio, Tommaso Giani, Joseph Karpie, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We extract two nonsinglet nucleon Parton Distribution Functions from lattice QCD data for reduced Ioffe-time pseudodistributions. We perform such analysis within the NNPDF framework, considering data coming from different lattice ensembles and discussing in detail the treatment of the different source of systematics involved in the fit. We introduce a recipe for taking care of systematics and use it to perform our extraction of light-cone PDFs.

Photoproduction Of The F₂(1270) Meson Using The Clas Detector, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### Photoproduction Of The F₂(1270) Meson Using The Clas Detector, Krishna P. Adhikari, Moskov J. Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, G. Gavalian, Charles E. Hyde, Yelena Prok, J. Zhang, Et Al., Clas Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The quark structure of the f_{2}(1270) meson has, for many years, been assumed to be a pure quark-antiquark (qq⁻) resonance with quantum numbers J^{PC} = 2^{++}. Recently, it was proposed that the f_{2}(1270) is a molecular state made from the attractive interaction of two 𝜌 mesons. Such a state would be expected to decay strongly to final states with charged pions due to the dominant decay 𝜌 → π^{+}π^{-}, whereas decay to two neutral pions would likely be suppressed. Here, we measure for the first time the reaction 𝛾p …

Measurements Of Dihadron Correlations Relative To The Event Plane In Au Plus Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### Measurements Of Dihadron Correlations Relative To The Event Plane In Au Plus Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, H. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, S. Bueltmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku, Et Al., Star Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Dihadron azimuthal correlations containing a high transverse momentum (p_{T}) trigger particle are sensitive to the properties of the nuclear medium created at RHIC through the strong interactions occurring between the traversing parton and the medium, i.e. jet-quenching. Previous measurements revealed a strong modification to dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions with respect to p+p and d+Au collisions. The modification increases with the collision centrality, suggesting a path-length or energy density dependence to the jet-quenching effect. This paper reports STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations in mid-central (20%-60%) Au+Au collisions at √s_{NN }= 200 GeV as a function …

B-Meson Ioffe-Time Distribution Amplitude At Short Distances, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### B-Meson Ioffe-Time Distribution Amplitude At Short Distances, Shuai Zhao, Anatoly V. Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We propose the approach for a lattice investigation of light cone distribution amplitudes (LCDA) of heavy-light mesons, such as the * B* meson, using the formalism of parton pseudodistributions. A basic ingredient of the approach is the study of short-distance behavior of the

*-meson Ioffe-time distribution amplitude (ITDA), which is a generalization of the*

**B***-meson LCDA in coordinate space. We construct a reduced ITDA for the*

**B***meson, and derive the matching relation between the reduced ITDA and the LCDA. The reduced ITDA is ultraviolet finite, which guarantees that the continuum limit exists on the lattice.*

**B**