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Fabrication Of Suspended Microbolometers On Soi Wafers, Isaac Maxfield 2020 Utah State University

Fabrication Of Suspended Microbolometers On Soi Wafers, Isaac Maxfield

Physics Capstone Projects

A bolometer is a device to measure radiation energy by converting photon energy into heat on an isolated absorber. We plan to use carbon-nanotube (CNT) based absorber to enhance the photon absorption. The absorber is a few microns in size and is suspended with micron-sized bridges which also support metal lines for electrical measurements.


Synthesis Of Graphene By Liquid Precursors At Lower Temperatures, Clayton Hansen 2020 Utah State University

Synthesis Of Graphene By Liquid Precursors At Lower Temperatures, Clayton Hansen

Physics Capstone Projects

Benzene, toluene, and xylene can be liquid precursors for graphene and carbon nanotube synthesis. However, the growth mechanisms can have greater variances for different carbon allotropes. In the case of graphene, Cu can be the catalyst for dehydrogenation and provides a weakly-coupled substrate for 2-dimensional graphene nucleation and growth. In the case of carbon nanotubes, Fe nanoparticles are essential to catalyze the C-C bonds breaking and dissolve carbon before the precipitation of a graphene cap over the catalyst particle where a tube forms. Controlling the precursor feed rate is crucial for a successful synthesis. In this research, we developed a ...


Waves Over Mcmurdo Station, Robert Johnson 2020 Utah State University

Waves Over Mcmurdo Station, Robert Johnson

Physics Capstone Projects

Atmospheric gravity waves (GWs) are generated by gravity acting on weather systems effectively causing them to oscillate. These waves can then propagate upwards into the upper atmosphere, where they are observed as they pass through glowing layers of gas, called airglow, in the upper atmosphere at approximately 87 kilometers altitude. Using Physics and a little bit of chemistry we can observe the properties of these waves with special infrared cameras. Combining the data between images taken at the same time but with different filters, we can determine the temperature amplitudes of the waves, important for improving our understanding of their ...


Material Outgassing Kinetics: The Development Of A Testing Capability, Alex Kirkman 2020 Utah State University

Material Outgassing Kinetics: The Development Of A Testing Capability, Alex Kirkman

Physics Capstone Projects

Contamination due to outgassing of materials can cause the degradation of critical hardware of a spacecraft. Using outgassing rates, kinetic expressions can be developed and used in models to predict the evolution of molecules and migration of contaminants for specific materials. These models could be used in the selection process of materials to help mitigate the amount of contamination of mission critical hardware for the expected life of the spacecraft. By using the ASTM E1559 test standard this can be achieved. This standard uses the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) collection approach. A temperature-controlled effusion cell, containing the sample material, impinges ...


Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn E. Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry LaRue 2020 Chapman University

Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn E. Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions through the lowering of energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Localized surface plasmon resonances are oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle that generate energetically intense electric fields and rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize strongly bound oxygen atoms through occupation of accessible anti-bonding orbitals. Tuning the anti-bonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy will be achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another transition metal, such ...


Determining The Phase Of The Diurnal, Solar Thermal Tidal Wave In The Upper Atmosphere Using Nighttime Na Lidar Measurements, Trevor Harshman 2020 Utah State University

Determining The Phase Of The Diurnal, Solar Thermal Tidal Wave In The Upper Atmosphere Using Nighttime Na Lidar Measurements, Trevor Harshman

Physics Capstone Projects

Solar thermal tidal waves play a critical role in the dynamics of the mesosphere and thermosphere. Obtaining measurements of the diurnal tidal wave above 100 km is difficult. This could be solved using a physics-based empirical model. To derive this model requires knowing the phase at different points along the tidal wave. In this study, I determine the phase at multiple points along the thermal diurnal tidal wave using measurements taken by a fluorescence lidar in the range of 80 to 100 km. A simple calculation of the phase based on the zeroes and extrema of the wave is demonstrated.


Impact Of Nematicity On The Relationship Between Antiferromagnetic Fluctuations And Superconductivity In Fese0.91s0.09 Under Pressure, Khusboo Rana, Li Xiang, Paul W. Wiecki, Raquel A. Ribeiro, Guilherme Gorgen Lesseux, Anna E. Böhmer, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Impact Of Nematicity On The Relationship Between Antiferromagnetic Fluctuations And Superconductivity In Fese0.91s0.09 Under Pressure, Khusboo Rana, Li Xiang, Paul W. Wiecki, Raquel A. Ribeiro, Guilherme Gorgen Lesseux, Anna E. Böhmer, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The sulfur-substituted FeSe system, FeSe1−xSx, provides a versatile platform for studying the relationship among nematicity, antiferromagnetism, and superconductivity. Here, by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and resistivity measurements up to 4.73 GPa on FeSe0.91S0.09, we established the pressure- (p-) temperature (T) phase diagram in which the nematic state is suppressed with pressure showing a nematic quantum phase transition (QPT) around p=0.5GPa, two superconductivity (SC) regions separated by the QPT appear, and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase emerges above ∼3.3GPa. From the NMR results up to 2.1 GPa, AFM fluctuations are revealed to be characterized by ...


A Study Of Optical Nonlinearities At The Single-Photon Level For Quantum Logic, Balakrishnan Viswanathan 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Study Of Optical Nonlinearities At The Single-Photon Level For Quantum Logic, Balakrishnan Viswanathan

Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we shall focus on theoretically studying quantum nonlinear optical schemes to construct a conditional phase gate at the single-photon level. With an aim to develop analytical models, we shall carry out a rigorous quantized multimode field analysis of some of these schemes involving only the interacting field operators. More specifically, we shall first study the three-wave mixing process involving two single-photons in a second-order nonlinear medium (x(2)) under two different cases viz. when the photons are traveling with equal velocities and when they are traveling with different velocities, and explore the possibility of using them for ...


Computational Analysis Of A New Planar Mixing Layer Flame Configuration To Study Soot Inception, Carmen Ciardiello 2020 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Computational Analysis Of A New Planar Mixing Layer Flame Configuration To Study Soot Inception, Carmen Ciardiello

Honors Scholar Theses

The production of soot is omnipresent in society today. Soot is the product of many of the combustion processes that provide the bulk of the usable energy throughout the world. Furthermore, soot particulate poses a great danger to both the environment and all forms of life on Earth. It has proven to pollute ecosystems, foster health problems for human beings, and degrade air quality [1].

These dangers make studying and understanding soot particulate paramount for improving the quality of life. Thus, this study introduces a new flame configuration for studying soot inception. Presently, various common flame configurations have been found ...


Analyzing Flash X-Ray Machine Diagnostics, Sebastian Bustillo, Asaph Camillo, Jake Morris 2020 Ouachita Baptist University

Analyzing Flash X-Ray Machine Diagnostics, Sebastian Bustillo, Asaph Camillo, Jake Morris

Scholars Day Conference

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two flash x-ray machines, Cygnus 1 and 2. The seamless performance of these machines is critical to the maintenance of the United States stockpile of nuclear weapons. Since these SubCritical experiments cost about $104 million when something malfunctions millions of dollars are lost. As a result, it is imperative to assess the performance of the machine from diagnostics collected by the different sensors. Its performance is measured by the level of radiation dose a shot obtains. Utilizing exploratory data analysis, interesting trends were found and a 74.1% level of correctness was ...


Data Supporting The Paper "The Role Of Turbulent Fluctuations In Aerosol Activation And Cloud Formation", Prasanth Prabhakaran, Abu Sayeed Md Shawon, Greg Kinney, Subin Thomas, Will Cantrell, Raymond Shaw 2020 Michigan Technological University

Data Supporting The Paper "The Role Of Turbulent Fluctuations In Aerosol Activation And Cloud Formation", Prasanth Prabhakaran, Abu Sayeed Md Shawon, Greg Kinney, Subin Thomas, Will Cantrell, Raymond Shaw

Data Files

This data supports the following paper:

Prasanth Prabhakaran, Abu Sayeed Md Shawon, Gregory Kinney, Subin Thomas, Will Cantrell and Raymond A. Shaw, “The role of turbulent fluctuations in aerosol activation and cloud formation”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2020), in review.


Integrated Photonic Device, Brittney Kuhn 2020 Chapman University

Integrated Photonic Device, Brittney Kuhn

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

In computer mediated communication networks, information is typically encoded optically to transmit signals over long distances. At a network node, the optical signal is transformed into the electrical domain, processed electronically, and transformed back to an optical state to reach its destination. Transitioning between optical and electrical encoding of the signal is a potential security weak point, especially for quantum communication links. If information can remain in one state as it travels through the network, then security breaches can be detected and dealt with more easily. Furthermore, keeping the information in one state can reduce power consumption in the network ...


On Quantum Effects Of Vector Potentials And Generalizations Of Functional Analysis, Ismael L. Paiva 2020 Chapman University

On Quantum Effects Of Vector Potentials And Generalizations Of Functional Analysis, Ismael L. Paiva

Computational and Data Sciences (PhD) Dissertations

This is a dissertation in two parts. In the first one, the Aharonov-Bohm effect is investigated. It is shown that solenoids (or flux lines) can be seen as barriers for quantum charges. In particular, a charge can be trapped in a sector of a long cavity by two flux lines. Also, grids of flux lines can approximate the force associated with continuous two-dimensional distributions of magnetic fields. More, if it is assumed that the lines can be as close to each other as desirable, it is explained how the classical magnetic force can emerge from the Aharonov-Bohm effect. Continuing, the ...


Temporary Membrane Permeabilization Via The Pore-Forming Toxin Lysenin, Nisha Shrestha, Christopher A. Thomas, Devon Richtsmeier, Andrew Bogard, Rebecca Hermann, Malyk Walker, Gamid Abatchev, Raquel J. Brown, Daniel Fologea 2020 Boise State University

Temporary Membrane Permeabilization Via The Pore-Forming Toxin Lysenin, Nisha Shrestha, Christopher A. Thomas, Devon Richtsmeier, Andrew Bogard, Rebecca Hermann, Malyk Walker, Gamid Abatchev, Raquel J. Brown, Daniel Fologea

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Pore-forming toxins are alluring tools for delivering biologically-active, impermeable cargoes to intracellular environments by introducing large conductance pathways into cell membranes. However, the lack of regulation often leads to the dissipation of electrical and chemical gradients, which might significantly affect the viability of cells under scrutiny. To mitigate these problems, we explored the use of lysenin channels to reversibly control the barrier function of natural and artificial lipid membrane systems by controlling the lysenin’s transport properties. We employed artificial membranes and electrophysiology measurements in order to identify the influence of labels and media on the lysenin channel’s conductance ...


Perturbation Of Lagrange Points In Effective Potential Simulations, Swapnil Bhatta 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Perturbation Of Lagrange Points In Effective Potential Simulations, Swapnil Bhatta

Honors Theses

Lagrange points are analytically proven to exist at certain positions in a two-body gravitational system, simply as a function of the gravitational force governing the motion of the bodies and the centrifugal potential due to rotation, providing regions of varying effective potentials. In a system involving interactions between the gravitational forces of multiple bodies however, the position of the Lagrange points ought to change. The purpose of this research project is to verify that the change does indeed occur when a new body is introduced, and compute the perturbation in the position of these points given various parameters.


Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura 2020 Old Dominion University

Consistency Checks For Two-Body Finite-Volume Matrix Elements. Ii. Perturbative Systems, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Andrew W. Jackura

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the general formalism presented in [Phys. Rev. D 94, 013008 (2016); Phys. Rev. D 100, 034511 (2019)], we study the finite-volume effects for the 2 þ J → 2 matrix element of an external current coupled to a two-particle state of identical scalars with perturbative interactions. Working in a finite cubic volume with periodicity L, we derive a 1=L expansion of the matrix element through O(1=L5) and find that it is governed by two universal current-dependent parameters, the scalar charge and the threshold two particle form factor. We confirm the result through a numerical study of ...


Four-Wave Mixing With Orbital Angular Momentum Transfer, Hana Warner 2020 William & Mary

Four-Wave Mixing With Orbital Angular Momentum Transfer, Hana Warner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

We explore the conservation of orbital angular momentum (OAM) in the four-wave mixing (FWM) process in hot rubidium vapor. Since most modern communication systems send data in pulses corresponding to bits, we can use OAM to encode more information in each pulse by assigning structure to each signal. Furthermore, because FWM can be used to generate entangled photon pairs, we can use this process to bring enhanced signal security. We experimentally studied FWM with a wide range of Laguerre-Gaussian modes and their superpositions and observed OAM transfer from the probe field to a generated Stokes field. By studying the output ...


Development Of Wearable Sensors For Gait Analysis, Jorden Smyth 2020 William & Mary

Development Of Wearable Sensors For Gait Analysis, Jorden Smyth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In an ongoing experiment being conducted at The Williamsburg Landing by The Center for Balance and Aging Studies (CBAS), gait analysis is being performed on senior citizens in order to identify gait characteristics that are predictive of an increased likelihood to fall. This thesis describes the design and analysis of wearable sensors meant to assist the Williamsburg Landing study by increasing the efficiency and breadth of data collection. These sensors collect distance data from the foot to the ground over the course of multiple steps and return an approximation of the average step cycle for the subject. From my analysis ...


Development And Upgrade Of A Laser Cooling And Trapping System Of Ultracold Potassium Atoms, Bennett Atwater 2020 William & Mary

Development And Upgrade Of A Laser Cooling And Trapping System Of Ultracold Potassium Atoms, Bennett Atwater

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes work to improve the apparatus that cools and loads potassium atoms onto the atom chip. This work consists of two main thrusts: a laser trap translator to help cool and load atoms onto the atom chip and a temperature stabilization system for the lasers that are used to laser cool potassium atoms. The current iteration of the beam translator has the ability to vertically translate a beam ±4.5 mm relative to its incident height. The translator has been shown to not alter the spatial profile of the beam through interference or obstruction. The translator’s rotation ...


Studying And Correcting For Helicity-Correlated False Asymmetries In The Prex Ii And Crex Experiments, Carrington Metts 2020 William & Mary

Studying And Correcting For Helicity-Correlated False Asymmetries In The Prex Ii And Crex Experiments, Carrington Metts

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the PREx II and CREx experiments are to determine the size of the neutron distribution in 208Pb and 48Ca, respectively. Because these isotopes have a large discrepancy in between the number of neutrons and protons, theoretical models predict that some of the neutrons will arrange themselves in a “skin” on the nucleus’s surface. Prior results from the PREx I experiment confirmed the existence of the neutron skin in 208Pb. All of the mentioned experiments employ the technique of parity-violating electron scattering. Electron-nucleus weak interactions are dominated by electron-neutron scattering, which is an order ...


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