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Cgils: Results From The First Phase Of An International Project To Understand The Physical Mechanisms Of Low Cloud Feedbacks In Single Column Models, Minghua Zhang, Christopher S. Bretherton, Peter N. Blossey, Phillip H. Austin, Julio T. Bacmeister, Sandrine Bony, Florent Brient, Suvarchal K. Cheedela, Anning Cheng, Anthony D. Del Genio, Stephan R. de Roode, Satoshi Endo, Charmaine N. Franklin, Jean Christophe Golaz, Cecile Hannay, Thijs Heus 2019 Stony Brook University

Cgils: Results From The First Phase Of An International Project To Understand The Physical Mechanisms Of Low Cloud Feedbacks In Single Column Models, Minghua Zhang, Christopher S. Bretherton, Peter N. Blossey, Phillip H. Austin, Julio T. Bacmeister, Sandrine Bony, Florent Brient, Suvarchal K. Cheedela, Anning Cheng, Anthony D. Del Genio, Stephan R. De Roode, Satoshi Endo, Charmaine N. Franklin, Jean Christophe Golaz, Cecile Hannay, Thijs Heus

Thijs Heus

CGILS—the CFMIP-GASS Intercomparison of Large Eddy Models (LESs) and single column models (SCMs)—investigates the mechanisms of cloud feedback in SCMs and LESs under idealized climate change perturbation. This paper describes the CGILS results from 15 SCMs and 8 LES models. Three cloud regimes over the subtropical oceans are studied: shallow cumulus, cumulus under stratocumulus, and well-mixed coastal stratus/stratocumulus. In the stratocumulus and coastal stratus regimes, SCMs without activated shallow convection generally simulated negative cloud feedbacks, while models with active shallow convection generally simulated positive cloud feedbacks. In the shallow cumulus alone regime, this relationship is less clear ...


Single-Crystal Permanent Magnets: Extraordinary Magnetic Behavior In The Ta-,Cu-, And Fe-Substituted Ceco 5 Systems, Tej N. Lamichhane, Michael T. Onyszczak, Olena Palasyuk, Saba Sharikadze, Tae-Hoon Kim, Qisheng Lin, Matthew J. Kramer, R. W. McCallum, Aleksander L. Wysocki, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Vladimir P. Antropov, Tribhuwan Pandey, David Parker, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Andriy Palasyuk 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Single-Crystal Permanent Magnets: Extraordinary Magnetic Behavior In The Ta-,Cu-, And Fe-Substituted Ceco 5 Systems, Tej N. Lamichhane, Michael T. Onyszczak, Olena Palasyuk, Saba Sharikadze, Tae-Hoon Kim, Qisheng Lin, Matthew J. Kramer, R. W. Mccallum, Aleksander L. Wysocki, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Vladimir P. Antropov, Tribhuwan Pandey, David Parker, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Andriy Palasyuk

Paul C. Canfield

To reduce material and processing costs of commercial permanent magnets and to attempt to fill the empty niche of energy products, 10–20 MGOe, between low-flux (ferrites, alnico) and high-flux (Nd2Fe14B- and SmCo5-type) magnets, we report the synthesis, structure, magnetic properties, and modeling of Ta-, Cu-, and Fe-substituted CeCo5. Using a self-flux technique, we grow single crystals of Ce15.1Ta1.0Co74.4Cu9.5, Ce16.3Ta0.6Co68.9Cu14.2, Ce15.7Ta0.6Co67.8Cu15.9, Ce16.3Ta0.3Co61.7Cu21.7, and Ce14.3Ta1.0Co62.0Fe12.3Cu10.4. X-ray-diffraction analysis shows that these materials retain a CaCu5 substructure and incorporate small amounts of ...


Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley 2019 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley

Duane D. Johnson

The equation of state (EOS) of materials at warm dense conditions poses significant challenges to both theory and experiment. We report a combined computational, modeling, and experimental investigation leveraging new theoretical and experimental capabilities to investigate warm-dense boron nitride (BN). The simulation methodologies include path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC), several density functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics methods [plane-wave pseudopotential, Fermi operator expansion (FOE), and spectral quadrature (SQ)], activity expansion (actex), and all-electron Green's function Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (mecca), and compute the pressure and internal energy of BN over a broad range of densities and temperatures. Our experiments were conducted at the ...


Anisotropy Induced Vortex Lattice Rearrangement In Cakfe4as4, Rustem Khasanov, William R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Hubertus Luetkens, Paul C. Canfield, Alex Amato 2019 Paul Scherrer Institut

Anisotropy Induced Vortex Lattice Rearrangement In Cakfe4as4, Rustem Khasanov, William R. Meier, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Hubertus Luetkens, Paul C. Canfield, Alex Amato

Paul C. Canfield

The magnetic penetration depth anisotropy gamma(lambda) = lambda(c)/lambda(ab) (lambda(ab) and lambda(c) are the in-plane and the out-of-plane components of the magnetic penetration depth) in a CaKFe4As4 single crystal sample (the critical temperature T-c similar or equal to 35 K) was studied by means of muon-spin rotation (mu SR). gamma(lambda) is almost temperature independent for T less than or similar to 20 K (gamma(lambda) similar or equal to 1.9) and it reaches similar or equal to 3.0 by approaching T-c. The change of gamma(lambda) induces the corresponding rearrangement of the flux ...


Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. McQueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Ames Laboratory

Single Pair Of Weyl Fermions In The Half-Metallic Semimetal Eucd2as2, Lin-Lin Wang, Na Hyun Jo, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Yun Wu, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Adam Kaminski, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Materials with the ideal case of a single pair of Weyl points (WPs) are highly desirable for elucidating the unique properties of Weyl fermions. EuC d 2 A s 2 is an antiferromagnetic topological insulator or Dirac semimetal depending on the different magnetic configurations. Using first-principles band-structure calculations, we show that inducing ferromagnetism in EuC d 2 A s 2 can generate a single pair of WPs from splitting the single pair of antiferromagnetic Dirac points due to its half-metallic nature. Analysis with a low-energy effective Hamiltonian shows that a single pair of WPs is obtained in EuC d 2 ...


Magnetic Structure And Magnetization Of Z -Axis Helical Heisenberg Antiferromagnets With Xy Anisotropy In High Magnetic Fields Transverse To The Helix Axis At Zero Temperature, David C. Johnston 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic Structure And Magnetization Of Z -Axis Helical Heisenberg Antiferromagnets With Xy Anisotropy In High Magnetic Fields Transverse To The Helix Axis At Zero Temperature, David C. Johnston

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

A helix has a wave vector along the z axis with the magnetic moments ferromagnetically aligned within xy planes with a turn angle kd between the moments in adjacent planes in transverse field H=Hxˆi=0. The magnetic structure and x-axis average magnetization per spin of this system in a classical XY anisotropy field HA is studied versus kd, HA, and large Hx at zero temperature. For values of HA below a kd-dependent maximum value, the xy helix phase transitions with increasing Hx into a spin-flop (SF) phase where the ordered moments have x, y, and z components. The moments ...


Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez

Alonso Gutierrez

No abstract provided.


Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez

Jaafar Bennouna

No abstract provided.


Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

Development And Long-Term Stability Of A Comprehensive Daily Qa Program For A Modern Pencil Beam Scanning (Pbs) Proton Therapy Delivery System, Suresh Rana, Jaafar Bennouna, Alonso Gutierrez

Suresh Rana

No abstract provided.


The Magnetic Activity Of Low-Mass Stars, Tholang Mota 2019 DePaul University

The Magnetic Activity Of Low-Mass Stars, Tholang Mota

DePaul Discoveries

The purpose of this research project is to study magnetically active low mass stars using data obtained with the Kepler space telescope. A sample of low mass stars was identified in the Kepler Objects of Interest (KOI) database by selecting stars with a temperature below 3,700 K. Data was obtained from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes and analyzed using the MATLAB software. Light curves showing the stellar flux vs time were generated for approximately 20 stars, and features showing stellar flares, star spots and planetary transits were identified. We found a weak relationship between magnetic activity and stellar ...


Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Pressure-Temperature Phase Diagram Of The Eurbfe4as4 Superconductor, Li Xiang, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Jin-Ke Bao, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

The pressure dependencies of the magnetic and superconducting transitions, as well as that of the superconducting upper critical field, are reported for single crystalline EuRbFe 4 As 4 . Resistance measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 6.21 GPa and in magnetic fields up to 9 T. Zero-field-cooled magnetization measurements were performed under hydrostatic pressures up to 1.24 GPa under 20 mT applied field. Superconducting transition temperature, T c , up to 6.21 GPa and magnetic transition temperature, T M , up to 1.24 GPa were obtained and a pressure-temperature phase diagram was constructed. Our results show that ...


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan 2019 Iowa State University

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Two-Dimensional Ordering And Collective Magnetic Excitations In The Dilute Ferromagnetic Topological Insulator (Bi0.95 Mn0.05)2 Te3, David Vaknin, Daniel M. Pajerowski, Deborah L. Schlagel, Kevin W. Dennis, Robert McQueeney 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Two-Dimensional Ordering And Collective Magnetic Excitations In The Dilute Ferromagnetic Topological Insulator (Bi0.95 Mn0.05)2 Te3, David Vaknin, Daniel M. Pajerowski, Deborah L. Schlagel, Kevin W. Dennis, Robert Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Employing elastic and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) techniques, we report on the microscopic properties of the ferromagnetism in the dilute magnetic topological insulator (Bi0.95Mn0.05)2 Te3. Neutron diffraction of polycrystalline samples shows the ferromagnetic (FM) ordering is long range within the basal plane, and mainly two dimensional (2D) in character with short-range correlations between layers below T C ≈ 13 K. Remarkably, we observe gapped and collective magnetic excitations in this dilute magnetic system. The excitations appear typical of quasi-2D FM systems despite the severe broadening of short-wavelength magnons which is expected from the random spatial distribution of Mn ...


New Tests Of General Relativity, Quentin Bailey 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

New Tests Of General Relativity, Quentin Bailey

Quentin Bailey

The last decade has seen a rapid increase in the number of precision tests of relativity. This research has been motivated by the intriguing possibility that tiny deviations from relativity might arise in the underlying theory that is widely believed to successfully mesh General Relativity (GR) with quantum physics. Many of these tests have been analyzed within an effective field theory framework which generically describes possible deviations from exact relativity and contains some traditional test frameworks as limiting cases. One part of the activity has been a resurgence of interest in tests of relativity in the Minkowski-spacetime context, where Lorentz ...


Tests Of Lorentz Symmetry In The Gravitational Sector, Aurélien Hees, Quentin G. Bailey, Adrien Bourgoin, Hélène Pihan-Le Bars, Christine Guerlin, Christophe Le Poncin-Lafitte 2019 University of California, Los Angeles

Tests Of Lorentz Symmetry In The Gravitational Sector, Aurélien Hees, Quentin G. Bailey, Adrien Bourgoin, Hélène Pihan-Le Bars, Christine Guerlin, Christophe Le Poncin-Lafitte

Quentin Bailey

Lorentz symmetry is one of the pillars of both General Relativity and the Standard Model of particle physics. Motivated by ideas about quantum gravity, unification theories and violations of CPT symmetry, a significant effort has been put the last decades into testing Lorentz symmetry. This review focuses on Lorentz symmetry tests performed in the gravitational sector. We briefly review the basics of the pure gravitational sector of the Standard-Model Extension (SME) framework, a formalism developed in order to systematically parametrize hypothetical violations of the Lorentz invariance. Furthermore, we discuss the latest constraints obtained within this formalism including analyses of the ...


Prospects For Sme Tests With Experiments At Syrte And Lkb, C. Guerlin, H. Pihan-Le Bars, Q. G. Bailey, P. Wolf 2019 ENS-PSL Research University

Prospects For Sme Tests With Experiments At Syrte And Lkb, C. Guerlin, H. Pihan-Le Bars, Q. G. Bailey, P. Wolf

Quentin Bailey

Preliminary work has been done in order to assess the perspectives of metrology and fundamental physics atomic experiments at SYRTE and LKB in the search for physics beyond the Standard Model and General Relativity. The first studies we identified are currently ongoing with the Microscope mission and with a Cs fountain clock. The latter brings significant improvement on the proton-sector coefficient cTT down to the 10−17 GeV level.


Improved Tests Of Lorentz Invariance In The Matter Sector Using Atomic Clocks, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, P. Wolf 2019 SYRTE

Improved Tests Of Lorentz Invariance In The Matter Sector Using Atomic Clocks, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, P. Wolf

Quentin Bailey

For the purpose of searching for Lorentz-invariance violation in the minimal Standard-Model Extension, we perfom a reanalysis of data obtained from the 133Cs fountain clock operating at SYRTE. The previous study led to new limits on eight components of the ˜cµν tensor, which quantifies the anisotropy of the proton’s kinetic energy. We recently derived an advanced model for the frequency shift of hyperfine Zeeman transition due to Lorentz violation and became able to constrain the ninth component, the isotropic coefficient c˜TT, which is the least well-constrained coefficient of ˜cµν. This model is based on a second-order boost Lorentz ...


Lorentz-Violating Electromagnetostatics, Quentin G. Bailey 2019 Indiana University - Bloomington

Lorentz-Violating Electromagnetostatics, Quentin G. Bailey

Quentin Bailey

In this talk, the stationary limit of Lorentz-violating electrodynamics is discussed. As illustrated by some simple examples, the general solution includes unconventional mixing of electrostatic and magnetostatic effects. I discuss a high-sensitivity null-type measurement, exploiting Lorentz-violating electromagnetostatic effects, that could improve existing limits on parity-odd coefficients for Lorentz violation in the photon sector.


Gravity Sector Of The Sme, Q. G. Bailey 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Gravity Sector Of The Sme, Q. G. Bailey

Quentin Bailey

In this talk, the gravity sector of the effective field theory description of local Lorentz violation is discussed, including minimal and nonminimal curvature couplings. Also, recent experimental and observational analyses including solar-system ephemeris and short-range gravity tests are reviewed.


Spatially Resolved Stellar Populations And Kinematics With Kcwi: Probing The Assembly History Of The Massive Early-Type Galaxy Ngc 1407, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Duncan A. Forbes, Richard M. McDermid, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean P. Brodie 2019 Universitat de Barcelona

Spatially Resolved Stellar Populations And Kinematics With Kcwi: Probing The Assembly History Of The Massive Early-Type Galaxy Ngc 1407, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Duncan A. Forbes, Richard M. Mcdermid, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jean P. Brodie

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Using the newly commissioned Keck Cosmic Web Imager (KCWI) instrument on the Keck II telescope, we analyze the stellar kinematics and stellar populations of the well-studied massive early-type galaxy (ETG) NGC 1407. We obtained high signal-to-noise integral field spectra for a central and an outer (around one effective radius toward the southeast direction) pointing with integration times of just 600 s and 2400 s, respectively. We confirm the presence of a kinematically distinct core also revealed by VLT/MUSE data of the central regions. While NGC 1407 was previously found to have stellar populations characteristic of massive ETGs (with radially ...


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