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Direct Measurements Of Island Growth And Step-Edge Barriers In Colloidal Epitaxy, Rajesh Ganapathy, Mark R. Buckley, Sharon J. Gerbode, Itai Cohen 2010 Cornell University

Direct Measurements Of Island Growth And Step-Edge Barriers In Colloidal Epitaxy, Rajesh Ganapathy, Mark R. Buckley, Sharon J. Gerbode, Itai Cohen

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Epitaxial growth, a bottom-up self-assembly process for creating surface nano- and microstructures, has been extensively studied in the context of atoms. This process, however, is also a promising route to self-assembly of nanometer- and micrometer-scale particles into microstructures that have numerous technological applications. To determine whether atomic epitaxial growth laws are applicable to the epitaxy of larger particles with attractive interactions, we investigated the nucleation and growth dynamics of colloidal crystal films with single-particle resolution. We show quantitatively that colloidal epitaxy obeys the same two-dimensional island nucleation and growth laws that govern atomic epitaxy. However, we found that in colloidal ...


Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, Robert A. McNees IV 2010 Loyola University Chicago

Conventions, Definitions, Identities, And Other Useful Formulae, Robert A. Mcnees Iv

Physics: Faculty Publications and Other Works

As the name suggests, these notes contain a summary of important conventions, definitions, identities, and various formulas that I often refer to. They may prove useful for researchers working in General Relativity, Supergravity, String Theory, Cosmology, and related areas.


Transport Studies Of Nh4no3 Doped Methyl Cellulose Electrolyte, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Teo L. P., Arof A. K. 2009 University of Malaya

Transport Studies Of Nh4no3 Doped Methyl Cellulose Electrolyte, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Teo L. P., Arof A. K.

Siti Rohana Majid

This work reports on the transport properties of NH4NO3 doped methyl cellulose (MC) polymer electrolyte. The polymer electrolyte films were prepared by the technique of solvent casting. The highest room temperature conductivity of MC doped with 25 wt.% NH4NO3 is 2.10 +/- 0.37 x 10(-6) S cm(-1). Conductivity-temperature relationship obeys the Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher (VTF) rule from which the glass transition temperature, T-g was evaluated. The mobility, p and number density of charge carrier, n were calculated using the Rice and Roth model. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K. 2009 University of Malaya

Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K.

Siti Rohana Majid

We report the viability of methyl cellulose (MC) as a membrane in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Methyl cellulose serves as the polymer host, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as the doping salt and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as plasticizer. Conductivity measurement was carried out using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The room temperature conductivity of pure MC film is is (3.08 +/- 0.63) x 10(-11)S cm(-1). The conductivity increased to (2.10 +/- 0.37) x 10(-6)S cm(-1) on addition of 25 wt.% NH4NO3. By adding 15 wt.% of PEG 200 to the highest conducting ...


Towards High Efficiency Solution Processable Inverted Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells Using Modified Indium-Tin-Oxide Cathode, XH Chen, JX Yang, LY Xuan, C Laley, J Lu, F.R. Zhu, KP Loh 2009 Hong Kong Baptist University

Towards High Efficiency Solution Processable Inverted Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells Using Modified Indium-Tin-Oxide Cathode, Xh Chen, Jx Yang, Ly Xuan, C Laley, J Lu, F.R. Zhu, Kp Loh

Professor ZHU, Fu Rong

No abstract provided.


Results From A Beam Test Of A Prototype Plt Diamond Pixel Telescope, R. Hall-Wilton, R. Loos, V. Ryjov, M. Pernicka, S. Schmied, H. Steninger, V. Halyo, B. Harrop, A. Hunt, D. Marlow, B. Sands, D. Strickland, O. Atramentov, E. Bartz, J. Doroshenko, Y. Gershtein, D. Hits, S. Schnetzer, R. Stone, P. Bulter, S. Lansley, N. Rodrigues, W. Bugg, M Hollingsworth, Stefan Spanier, W. Johns 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Results From A Beam Test Of A Prototype Plt Diamond Pixel Telescope, R. Hall-Wilton, R. Loos, V. Ryjov, M. Pernicka, S. Schmied, H. Steninger, V. Halyo, B. Harrop, A. Hunt, D. Marlow, B. Sands, D. Strickland, O. Atramentov, E. Bartz, J. Doroshenko, Y. Gershtein, D. Hits, S. Schnetzer, R. Stone, P. Bulter, S. Lansley, N. Rodrigues, W. Bugg, M Hollingsworth, Stefan Spanier, W. Johns

stefan spanier

We describe results from a beam test of a telescope consisting of three planes of single-crystal, diamond pixel detectors. This telescope is a prototype for a small-angle luminosity monitor, the Pixel Luminosity Telescope (PLT), for CMS. We recorded the pixel addresses and pulse heights of all pixels over threshold as well as the fast-or signals from all three telescope planes. We present results on the telescope performance including occupancies, pulse heights, fast-or efficiencies and particle tracking. These results show that the PLT design meets all required specifications.


Evolution Of Solitary Waves For A Perturbed Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, Tim Marchant 2009 University of Wollongong

Evolution Of Solitary Waves For A Perturbed Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, Tim Marchant

Tim Marchant

Soliton perturbation theory is used to determine the evolution of a solitary wave described by a perturbed nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Perturbation terms, which model wide classes of physically relevant perturbations, are considered. An analytical solution is found for the first-order correction of the evolving solitary wave. This solution for the solitary wave tail is in integral form and an explicit expression is found, for large time. Singularity theory, usually used for combustion problems, is applied to the large time expression for the solitary wave tail. Analytical results are obtained, such as the parameter regions in which qualitatively different types of ...


Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The one body reduction of the two body problem is outlined along with several important relations. It is verified that both masses in a binary system orbit around the common center of mass.


Solitons In Two-Dimensional Anti-De Sitter Space, Tonnis ter Veldhuis 2009 Macalester College

Solitons In Two-Dimensional Anti-De Sitter Space, Tonnis Ter Veldhuis

Tonnis ter Veldhuis

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K. 2009 University of Malaya

Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K.

Siti Rohana Majid

We report the viability of methyl cellulose (MC) as a membrane in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Methyl cellulose serves as the polymer host, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as the doping salt and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as plasticizer. Conductivity measurement was carried out using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The room temperature conductivity of pure MC film is is (3.08 +/- 0.63) x 10(-11)S cm(-1). The conductivity increased to (2.10 +/- 0.37) x 10(-6)S cm(-1) on addition of 25 wt.% NH4NO3. By adding 15 wt.% of PEG 200 to the highest conducting ...


The Stellar And Gaseous Contents Of The Orion Dwarf Galaxy, John Cannon, Korey Haynes, Hans Most, John Salzer, Kaitlin Haugland, Jillian Scudder, Arthur Sugden, Jacob Weindling 2009 Macalester College

The Stellar And Gaseous Contents Of The Orion Dwarf Galaxy, John Cannon, Korey Haynes, Hans Most, John Salzer, Kaitlin Haugland, Jillian Scudder, Arthur Sugden, Jacob Weindling

John Cannon

No abstract provided.


Understanding Space Weather Customers In Gps-Reliant Industries, Jennifer Meehan, G. Fisher, W. Murtagh 2009 Utah State University

Understanding Space Weather Customers In Gps-Reliant Industries, Jennifer Meehan, G. Fisher, W. Murtagh

Jennifer (Jinni) Meehan

No abstract provided.


Physics And Chemistry Of Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition From Silane: Measuring And Modeling The Silicon Epitaxy Deposition Rate, Ina Martin, Charles Teplin, James Doyle, Howard Branz, Paul Stradins 2009 Macalester College

Physics And Chemistry Of Hot-Wire Chemical Vapor Deposition From Silane: Measuring And Modeling The Silicon Epitaxy Deposition Rate, Ina Martin, Charles Teplin, James Doyle, Howard Branz, Paul Stradins

James R. Doyle

No abstract provided.


Spatially Resolved Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emission Features In Nearby, Low Metallicity, Star-Forming Galaxies, Korey Haynes, John Cannon, Evan Skillman, Dale Jackson, Robert Gehrz 2009 Macalester College

Spatially Resolved Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emission Features In Nearby, Low Metallicity, Star-Forming Galaxies, Korey Haynes, John Cannon, Evan Skillman, Dale Jackson, Robert Gehrz

John Cannon

No abstract provided.


Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

This short note will derive expressions for the instantaneous velocity of the components in a two-body elliptical Keplerian orbit.


Observation Of Long-Range Near-Side Angular Correlations In Proton-Proton Collisions At The Lhc, stefan spanier 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Observation Of Long-Range Near-Side Angular Correlations In Proton-Proton Collisions At The Lhc, Stefan Spanier

stefan spanier

Results on two-particle angular correlations for charged particles emitted in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 0.9, 2.36, and 7 TeV are presented, using data collected with the CMS detector over a broad range of pseudorapidity (eta) and azimuthal angle (phi). Short-range correlations in Delta(eta), which are studied in minimum bias events, are characterized using a simple "independent cluster" parametrization in order to quantify their strength (cluster size) and their extent in eta (cluster decay width). Long-range azimuthal correlations are studied differentially as a function of charged particle multiplicity and particle transverse momentum using a 980 inverse ...


Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The readily available information for two body orbits generally refers to the one dimensional, reduced mass case. Information about initial conditions in the barycenter frame is not easily found. In order to derive the initial velocities required for a two-body orbit in the barycenter frame, the momentum of the reduced mass can be used.


Universal Two-Step Crystallization Of Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticles, Wei Dai, Sanat K. Kumar, Francis W. Starr 2009 Wesleyan University

Universal Two-Step Crystallization Of Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticles, Wei Dai, Sanat K. Kumar, Francis W. Starr

Francis Starr

No abstract provided.


Self-Assembly, Condensation, And Order In Aqueous Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals Crowded With Additives, Luana Tortora, Heung-Shik Park, Shin-Woong Kang, Victoria Savaryn, Seung-Ho Hong, Konstantine Kaznatcheev, Daniele Finotello, Samuel Sprunt, Satyendra Kumar, Oleg Lavrentovich 2009 Brookhaven National Laboratory

Self-Assembly, Condensation, And Order In Aqueous Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals Crowded With Additives, Luana Tortora, Heung-Shik Park, Shin-Woong Kang, Victoria Savaryn, Seung-Ho Hong, Konstantine Kaznatcheev, Daniele Finotello, Samuel Sprunt, Satyendra Kumar, Oleg Lavrentovich

Oleg Lavrentovich

Dense multicomponent systems with macromolecules and small solutes attract a broad research interest as they mimic the molecularly crowded cellular interiors. The additives can condense and align the macromolecules, but they do not change the degree of covalentpolymerization. We chose a lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal with reversibly and non-covalently assembled aggregates as a much softer system, reminiscent of “living polymers”, to demonstrate that small neutral and charged additives cause condensation of aggregates with ensuing orientational and positional ordering and nontrivial morphologies of phase separation, such as tactoids and toroids of the nematic and hexagonal columnar phase coexisting with the isotropic ...


Bent-Core Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Rafael Verduzco, Paul Luchette, Seung Ho Hong, John Harden, Elaine DiMasi, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, S. Michael Kilbey II, Jim T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli 2009 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Bent-Core Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Rafael Verduzco, Paul Luchette, Seung Ho Hong, John Harden, Elaine Dimasi, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, S. Michael Kilbey Ii, Jim T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli

Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Liquid crystal (LC) elastomers with bent-core side-groups incorporate the properties of bent-core liquid crystals in a flexible and self-supporting polymer network. Bent-core liquid crystal elastomers (BCEs) with uniform alignment were prepared by attaching a reactive bent-core LC to poly(hydrogenmethylsiloxane) and crosslinking with a divinyl crosslinker. Phase behavior studies indicate a nematic phase over a wide temperature range that approaches room temperature, and thermoelastic measurements show that these BCEs can reversibly change their length by more than a factor of two upon heating and cooling. Small-angle X-ray scattering studies reveal multiple, broad low-angle peaks consistent with short-range smectic C order ...


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