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A Study Of Synchronization Of Nonlinear Oscillators: Application To Epileptic Seizures, Daisuke Takeshita 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Study Of Synchronization Of Nonlinear Oscillators: Application To Epileptic Seizures, Daisuke Takeshita

Doctoral Dissertations

"This dissertation focuses on several problems in neuroscience from the perspective of nonlinear dynamics and stochastic processes. The first part concerns a method to visualize the idea of the power spectrum of spike trains, which has an educational value to introductory students in biophysics. The next part consists of experimental and computational work on drug-induced epileptic seizures in the rat neocortex. In the experimental part, spatiotemporal patterns of electrical activities in the rat neocortex are measured using voltage-sensitive dye imaging. Epileptic regions show well-synchronized, in-phase activity during epileptic seizures. In the computational part, a network of a Hodgkin-Huxley type neocortical ...


Theoretical Study Of Electron Impact-Ionization Of Molecules, Ola Al-Hagan 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Theoretical Study Of Electron Impact-Ionization Of Molecules, Ola Al-Hagan

Doctoral Dissertations

"There has been impressive progress in the area of theoretical treatments of electron impact ionization (e,2e) of atoms and molecules in the last decade. Most recently, low to intermediate incident electron energies have been reported for molecular systems. In this dissertation, different theoretical models will be used to calculate the fully differential cross section (FDCS) for (e,2e) processes for low to intermediate incident electron energies for a variety of final state electron angles and energies for the diatomic molecules H₂ and N₂, the triatomic molecule H₂O, and the biomolecule HCOOH.

In addition, there has been a large amount ...


A Study Of The Growth And Structure Of Chromium And Iron Oxide Films On Pd(001) Using X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction And Low Energy Electron Diffraction, Tina Dhekial-Phukan 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Study Of The Growth And Structure Of Chromium And Iron Oxide Films On Pd(001) Using X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction And Low Energy Electron Diffraction, Tina Dhekial-Phukan

Doctoral Dissertations

"In this study, attempts were made to grow well-ordered chromium- and iron-oxide films on a Pd(001) surface, and two sample preparation techniques, the multilayer and the sequential growth techniques, were used to grow these transition metal oxide films. The study is a part of a larger project that aims to look into the interaction between metal substrates and the overlayers grown on them. Previous studies of oxide films on Ag(001) resulted in the growth of 4-fold and 3-fold symmetry oxide structures from the multilayer and sequential growth techniques respectively. The present investigation's goal was to study how ...


Two-Way Diffusion Model For Short Exposure Holographic Grating Formation In Acrylamide-Based Photopolymer, Tzvetanka Babeva, Izabela Naydenova, Dana Mackey, Suzanne Martin, Vincent Toal 2010 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Two-Way Diffusion Model For Short Exposure Holographic Grating Formation In Acrylamide-Based Photopolymer, Tzvetanka Babeva, Izabela Naydenova, Dana Mackey, Suzanne Martin, Vincent Toal

Articles

A theoretical model for formation of a short exposure holographic grating is presented. The model accounts for both monomer and polymer diffusion and distinguishes between short polymer chains capable of diffusing and long polymer chains that are immobile. It is shown that the experimentally observed decrease of diffraction efficiency at higher spatial frequency can be predicted by assuming diffusion of short-chain polymers away from the bright fringes. The time evolution of the refractive index modulation after short exposure is calculated and compared with experimental results. The effects of diffusion coefficients, polymerization rates, intensity and spatial frequency of recording on the ...


Photopolymerizable Nanocomposites For Holographic Recording And Sensor Application, Elsa Leite, Izabela Naydenova, Svetlana Mintova, Louis Leclercq, Vincent Toal 2010 Technological University Dublin

Photopolymerizable Nanocomposites For Holographic Recording And Sensor Application, Elsa Leite, Izabela Naydenova, Svetlana Mintova, Louis Leclercq, Vincent Toal

Articles

Novel nanocomposites consisting of a water soluble acrylamide–based photopolymer and colloidal zeolite nanoparticles of zeolite Beta and zeolite A were prepared. The interactions between the photopolymer components and zeolite nanoparticles in the photopolymerizable nanocomposites were characterized for the first time by 13C NMR and Visible spectroscopy. It was found that the zeolite Beta nanoparticles (up to 5% wt.) behave as a non-inert additive, resulting in an effective increase in layer thickness that causes doubling of the diffraction efficiency of the nanocomposite in comparison to that of the undoped photopolymer. On the other hand, the nanocomposite containing zeolite A nanoparticles ...


Vibration Phase Measurements Using Holographic Optical Elements, Viswanath Bavigadda, Raghavendra Jallapuram, Vincent Toal, Emilia Mihaylova 2010 Technological University Dublin

Vibration Phase Measurements Using Holographic Optical Elements, Viswanath Bavigadda, Raghavendra Jallapuram, Vincent Toal, Emilia Mihaylova

Articles

The application of an out-of-plane sensitive electronic speckle pattern interferometer (ESPI) using holographic optical element (HOE) to vibration amplitude and phase mapping is reported. The novelty of the proposed system is the use of a speckle reference wave stored in a reflection holographic optical element (HOE). The incorporation of a HOE minimizes the alignment difficulties. The HOE based ESPI system is compact containing only a diode laser, HOE and a digital CMOS camera. The measurement technique is a combination of time averaged ESPI and reference beam phase modulation in an unbalanced interferometer. The reference beam phase modulation is implemented by ...


Photopolymerizable Nanocomposites For Holographic Applications, Elsa Leite 2010 Technological University Dublin

Photopolymerizable Nanocomposites For Holographic Applications, Elsa Leite

Doctoral

Photopolymerizable nanocomposites with good optical properties consisting of an acrylamide based photopolymer and zeolite nanoparticles (Beta, zeolite A, AlPO-18, silicalite-1 and zeolite L) were fabricated and characterized for holographic applications. The colloidal zeolite solutions used in this project were characterized by several techniques including X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy to ensure their successful synthesis. The dependence of grating performances in these nanocomposites on recording intensity, spatial frequency and zeolite concentration were studied. It was found that the incorporation of silicalite-1 nanoparticles or a small amount of zeolite A nanoparticles (up to ...


A Phenomenographic Study Of Introductory Physics Students: Approaches To Their Learning And Perceptions Of Their Learning Environment In A Physics Problem-Based Learning Environment, Paul Irving 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Phenomenographic Study Of Introductory Physics Students: Approaches To Their Learning And Perceptions Of Their Learning Environment In A Physics Problem-Based Learning Environment, Paul Irving

Doctoral

This phenomenographic study describes students’ approaches to learning and their perceptions of the learning environment in an introductory physics course which is taught using a problem-based learning approach. This research builds on previous studies which showed that these students develop a greater conceptual knowledge than their counterparts in a more traditional learning environment while others showed very little development even though they engaged fully with the pedagogy. This study aimed to examine and describe the students’ approaches to learning. The definitions of surface, strategic and deep approaches to learning are not appropriate in this context and could not be applied ...


Evaluation Of The Potential Of Raman Microspectroscopy For Prediction Of Chemotherapeutic Response To Cisplatin In Lung Adenocarcinoma, Haq Nawaz, Franck Bonnier, Peter Knief, Orla Howe, Fiona Lyng, Aidan Meade, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

Evaluation Of The Potential Of Raman Microspectroscopy For Prediction Of Chemotherapeutic Response To Cisplatin In Lung Adenocarcinoma, Haq Nawaz, Franck Bonnier, Peter Knief, Orla Howe, Fiona Lyng, Aidan Meade, Hugh Byrne

Articles

The study of the interaction of anticancer drugs with mammalian cells in vitro is important to elucidate the mechanisms of action of the drug on its biological targets. In this context, Raman spectroscopy is a potential candidate for high throughput, noninvasive analysis. To explore this potential, the interaction of cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (Cisplatin) with a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) was investigated using Raman microspectroscopy. The results were correlated with parallel measurements from the MTT cytotoxicity assay, which yielded an IC50 value of 1.2±0.2 μM. To further confirm the spectral results, Raman spectra were also acquired from ...


Investigation Of The Influence Of High Risk Human Papillomavirus On The Biochemical Composition Of Cervical Cancer Cells Using Vibrational Spectroscopy, Kamila Ostrowska, Alison Malkin, Aidan Meade, John O'Leary, Cara Martin, Cathy Spillane, Hugh Byrne, Fiona Lyng 2010 Technological University Dublin

Investigation Of The Influence Of High Risk Human Papillomavirus On The Biochemical Composition Of Cervical Cancer Cells Using Vibrational Spectroscopy, Kamila Ostrowska, Alison Malkin, Aidan Meade, John O'Leary, Cara Martin, Cathy Spillane, Hugh Byrne, Fiona Lyng

Articles

The main aetiology of cervical cancer is infection with high risk human papillomavirus (HPV). Cervical cancer is almost 100% curable if detected in the early stages. Thus, information about the presence and levels of HPV in patient samples has high clinical value. As current screening methods, such as the Pap smear test, are highly subjective and in many cases show low sensitivity and specificity, new supportive techniques are desirable to improve the quality of cervical cancer screening. In this study, vibrational spectroscopic techniques (Raman and Fourier Transform Infra Red absorption) have been applied to the investigation of four cervical cancer ...


Characterization Of Memory And Measurement History In Photoconductivity Of Nanocyrstal Arrays, Jessamyn A. Fairfield, Tali Dadosh, Marija Drndic 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Characterization Of Memory And Measurement History In Photoconductivity Of Nanocyrstal Arrays, Jessamyn A. Fairfield, Tali Dadosh, Marija Drndic

Department of Physics Papers

Photoconductivity in nanocrystal films has been previously characterized, but memory effects have received little attention despite their importance for device applications. We show that the magnitude and temperature dependence of the photocurrent in CdSe/ZnS core-shell nanocrystal arrays depends on the illumination and electric field history. Changes in photoconductivity occur on a few-hour timescale, and subband gap illumination of nanocrystals prior to measurements modifies the photocurrent more than band gap illumination. The observed effects can be explained by charge traps within the band gap that are filled or emptied, which may alter nonradiative recombination processes and affect photocurrent.


Energy And Width Of The Excited 0+ Stat In 12O, H Terry Fortune, Rubby Sherr 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Energy And Width Of The Excited 0+ Stat In 12O, H Terry Fortune, Rubby Sherr

Department of Physics Papers

We review predictions for the energy of the excited 0+state of 12O and present new calculations of its width. Results are compared with those of a recent experiment.


Functional And Pathological Analysis Of Biological Systems Using Vibrational Spectroscopy With Chemometric And Heuristic Approaches, Aidan Meade, Colin Clarke, Franck Bonnier, Kelvin W. Poon, Amaya Garcia, Peter Knief, Kamila Ostrowska, Lorenzo Salford, Haq Nawaz, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

Functional And Pathological Analysis Of Biological Systems Using Vibrational Spectroscopy With Chemometric And Heuristic Approaches, Aidan Meade, Colin Clarke, Franck Bonnier, Kelvin W. Poon, Amaya Garcia, Peter Knief, Kamila Ostrowska, Lorenzo Salford, Haq Nawaz, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Vibrational spectroscopy (Raman and FTIR microspectroscopy) is an attractive modality for the analysis of biological samples since it provides a complete non-invasive acquisition of the biochemical fingerprint of the sample. Studies in our laboratory have applied vibrational spectroscopy to the analysis of biological function in response to external agents (chemotherapeutic drugs, ionising radiation, nanoparticles), together with studies of the pathology of tissue (skin and cervix) in health and disease. Genetic algorithms have been used to optimize spectral treatments in tandem with the analysis of the data (using generalized regression neural networks (GRNN), artificial neural networks (ANN), partial least squares modelling ...


Spectroscopic And Chemometric Approaches To Radiobiological Analyses, Aidan Meade, Hugh Byrne, Fiona Lyng 2010 Technological University Dublin

Spectroscopic And Chemometric Approaches To Radiobiological Analyses, Aidan Meade, Hugh Byrne, Fiona Lyng

Articles

No abstract provided.


Studies Of Chemical Fixation Effects In Human Cell Lines Using Raman Microspectroscopy, Aidan Meade, Colin Clarke, Florence Draux, Ganesh Sockalingum, Michel Manfait, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

Studies Of Chemical Fixation Effects In Human Cell Lines Using Raman Microspectroscopy, Aidan Meade, Colin Clarke, Florence Draux, Ganesh Sockalingum, Michel Manfait, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne

Articles

The in vitro study of cellular species using Raman spectroscopy has proven a powerful non-invasive modality for the analysis of cell constituents and processes. This work uses micro-Raman spectroscopy to study the chemical fixation mechanism in three human cell lines (normal skin, normal bronchial epithelium, and lung adenocarcinoma) employing fixatives that preferentially preserve proteins (formalin), and nucleic acids (Carnoy’s fixative and methanol–acetic acid). Spectral differences between the mean live cell spectra and fixed cell spectra together with principal components analysis (PCA), and clustering techniques were used to analyse and interpret the spectral changes. The results indicate that fixation ...


Preparing A Vacuum Chamber To Trap Atoms, And The Principles Of A Magneto-Optical Trap, Grant Rayner 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Preparing A Vacuum Chamber To Trap Atoms, And The Principles Of A Magneto-Optical Trap, Grant Rayner

Physics

No abstract provided.


Reflectivity Of A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, Justin Lawson 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Reflectivity Of A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, Justin Lawson

Physics

In this paper we investigate the light properties of a chiral liquid crystal or a crystal for which the director angle relative to some fixed axis changes as a function of the crystal depth. Sometimes a dopant can introduce a chirality or "twist" in a nematic liquid crystal. For such cases of non-linear depth dependence (where chirality is determined by a diffusion equation) we may use this research to work backwards from a crystal's light properties to intensity and duration of dopant exposure.


Field-Induced Quantum Phase Transitions In The Spin-1/2 Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet Cs2cubr4, Nathanael Alexander Fortune, Scott T. Hannahs, Y. Takano, Y. Yoshida, T. Sherline, A. A. Wilson-Muenchow, T. Ono, H. Tanaka 2010 Smith College

Field-Induced Quantum Phase Transitions In The Spin-1/2 Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet Cs2cubr4, Nathanael Alexander Fortune, Scott T. Hannahs, Y. Takano, Y. Yoshida, T. Sherline, A. A. Wilson-Muenchow, T. Ono, H. Tanaka

Physics: Faculty Publications

In classical magnetic spin systems, geometric frustration leads to a large number of states of identical energy. We report here evidence from magnetocaloric and related measurements that in Cs2CuBr4 — a geometrically frustrated Heisenberg S= 1/2 triangular antiferromagnet — quantum fluctuations stabilize a series of gapped collinear spin states bounded by first-order transitions at simple increasing fractions of the saturation magnetization for fields directed along the c axis. Only the first of these quantum phase transitions has been theoretically predicted, suggesting that quantum effects continue to dominate at fields much higher than previously considered.


A Systematic Study Of The Dispersion Of Swnts In Organic Solvents, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Luke O'Neill, Theresa Hedderman, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Systematic Study Of The Dispersion Of Swnts In Organic Solvents, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Luke O'Neill, Theresa Hedderman, Elizabeth Gregan, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Dispersions of as-produced HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in a series of organic solvents were prepared by dilution with the aid of tip sonication. Mild centrifugation (~ 945 g) was carried out to remove large bundles. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies revealed that the bundle size decreased as the dispersion was diluted. By measuring the UV-vis-NIR absorption before and after centrifugation as a function of the concentration, the dispersion limit of SWNTs in each solvent can be determined. Correlations between the dispersion limit and solvent solubility parameters, including the Hildebrand solubility parameter and three dimensional Hansen solubility parameters, are explored, demonstrating ...


A Systematic Study Of The Dispersion Of Swnts In Organic Solvents, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Luke O'Neill, Theresa Hedderman, Elizabeth Gregan 2010 Technological University Dublin

A Systematic Study Of The Dispersion Of Swnts In Organic Solvents, Qiaohuan Cheng, Sourabhi Debnath, Luke O'Neill, Theresa Hedderman, Elizabeth Gregan

Articles

Dispersions of as-produced HiPco single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in a series of organic solvents were prepared by dilution with the aid of tip sonication. Mild centrifugation (945 g) was carried out to remove large bundles. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies revealed that the bundle size decreased as the dispersion was diluted. By measuring the UV−vis−NIR absorption before and after centrifugation as a function of the concentration, the dispersion limit of SWNTs in each solvent can be determined. Correlations between the dispersion limit and solvent solubility parameters, including the Hildebrand solubility parameter and three-dimensional Hansen solubility parameters, are explored ...


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