Super-Resolution Using Adaptive Wiener Filters, 2010 University of Dayton

#### Super-Resolution Using Adaptive Wiener Filters, Russell C. Hardie

*Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications*

The spatial sampling rate of an imaging system is determined by the spacing of the detectors in the focal plane array (FPA). The spatial frequencies present in the image on the focal plane are band-limited by the optics. This is due to diffraction through a finite aperture. To guarantee that there will be no aliasing during image acquisiton, the Nyquist criterion dictates that the sampling rate must be greater than twice the cut-off frequency of the optics. However, optical designs involve a number of trade-offs and typical imaging systems are designed with some level of aliasing. We will refer to …

Innovative Acoustic Reflection Imaging Techniques And Application To Clinical Breast Tomography, 2010 Wayne State University

#### Innovative Acoustic Reflection Imaging Techniques And Application To Clinical Breast Tomography, Steve Phillip Schmidt

*Wayne State University Dissertations*

Conventional ultrasound techniques use beam-formed, constant sound speed ray models for fast image reconstruction. However, these techniques are inadequate for the emerging new field of ultrasound tomography (UST). We present a new technique for reconstruction of reflection images from UST data. We have extended the planar Kirchhoff migration method used in geophysics, and combined it with sound speed and attenuation data obtained from the transmission signals to create reflection ultrasound images that are corrected for refractive and attenuative effects.

The resulting techniques were applied to simulated numerical phantom data, physical phantom data and in-vivo breast data obtained with an experimental …

Harmonic Sputtering Theory, 2010 Wayne State University

#### Harmonic Sputtering Theory, Zhu Lin Zhang

*Wayne State University Dissertations*

ABSTRACT

HARMONIC SPUTTERING THEORY

By

ZHU LIN ZHANG

February 2010

Advisor: Dr. Karur R. Padmanabhan

Major: Physics

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Based on the standard Botzmann equation in Classical Statistics Mechanics, we have derived a variety of Linear Transport Equations appeared in Sputtering Theory for a random, infinite multi-components medium. The pertinent relations among these Linear Transport Equations have been studied in detail. We have introduced exact classical scattering cross-sections of power potential interaction collision into these Transport Equations and solved them asymptotically by using Laplace Transformation for both isotropic term and anisotropic term. A pool of analytical asymptotic solutions …

Dihadron Fragmentation Functions In Proton-Proton Collisions At The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (Rhic), 2010 Wayne State University

#### Dihadron Fragmentation Functions In Proton-Proton Collisions At The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (Rhic), Muhammad Elnimr

*Wayne State University Dissertations*

Measurements of azimuthal correlations at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have shown an away-side that is suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to proton+proton/Deuteron+proton collisions. Such suppression is taken as a signature of the predicted QCD dense medium. However, the near-side of the azimuthal correlations shows little modification. The near-side of such correlations is related to the ratio of the dihadron fragmentation function to the single one. As such, dihadron fragmentation functions shall provide a better basis for the interpretation of the near-side correlations. Dihadron fragmentation functions also also provide a baseline of such measurements in heavy ion collisions.

Measurement Of Thermoelectric Properties Of Amorphous Silicon Based Thin Films, 2010 University of Denver

#### Measurement Of Thermoelectric Properties Of Amorphous Silicon Based Thin Films, Rubina Sultan

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

It is important to understand thermal transport behavior in materials for technological and fundamental physics applications. Many efforts have been made in the past for explaining thermal conduction in solids. It has been observed that thermal transport properties may change with reducing size of the sample, especially as sample size approaches the nanoscale regime. The deviation in these properties, mainly in thermal conductivity, may change the choice of the material for different applications such as thermoelectricity. Thermoelectric materials are a possible source of sustainable energy and can play an important role in the fight against the present energy crisis. Recently, …

On The Accuracy Of Explicit Finite-Volume Schemes For Fluctuating Hydrodynamics, 2010 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

#### On The Accuracy Of Explicit Finite-Volume Schemes For Fluctuating Hydrodynamics, Aleksandar Donev, Eric Vanden-Eijnden, Alejandro Garcia, John B. Bell

*Faculty Publications*

This paper describes the development and analysis of finite-volume methods for the Landau–Lifshitz Navier–Stokes (LLNS) equations and related stochastic partial differential equations in fluid dynamics. The LLNS equations incorporate thermal fluctuations into macroscopic hydrodynamics by the addition of white noise fluxes whose magnitudes are set by a fluctuation-dissipation relation. Originally derived for equilibrium fluctuations, the LLNS equations have also been shown to be accurate for nonequilibrium systems. Previous studies of numerical methods for the LLNS equations focused primarily on measuring variances and correlations computed at equilibrium and for selected nonequilibrium flows. In this paper, we introduce a more systematic approach …

A Hybrid Particle-Continuum Method For Hydrodynamics Of Complex Fluids, 2010 San Jose State University

#### A Hybrid Particle-Continuum Method For Hydrodynamics Of Complex Fluids, Alejandro Garcia, A. Donev, J. B. Bell, B. Alder

*Faculty Publications*

A previously developed hybrid particle-continuum method [J. B. Bell, A. Garcia, and S. A. Williams, Multiscale Model. Simul., 6 (2008), pp. 1256–1280] is generalized to dense fluids and two- and three-dimensional flows. The scheme couples an explicit fluctuating compressible Navier–Stokes solver with the isotropic direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) particle method [A. Donev, A. L. Garcia, and B. J. Alder, J. Stat. Mech. Theory Exp., 2009 (2009), article P11008]. To achieve bidirectional dynamic coupling between the particle (microscale) and continuum (macroscale) regions, the continuum solver provides state-based boundary conditions to the particle subdomain, while the particle solver provides flux-based boundary …

Computational Fluctuating Fluid Dynamics, 2010 San Jose State University

#### Computational Fluctuating Fluid Dynamics, Alejandro Garcia, J. B. Bell, S. Williams

*Faculty Publications*

This paper describes the extension of a recently developed numerical solver for the Landau-Lifshitz Navier-Stokes (LLNS) equations to binary mixtures in three dimensions. The LLNS equations incorporate thermal fluctuations into macroscopic hydrodynamics by using white-noise fluxes. These stochastic PDEs are more complicated in three dimensions due to the tensorial form of the correlations for the stochastic fluxes and in mixtures due to couplings of energy and concentration fluxes (e.g., Soret effect). We present various numerical tests of systems in and out of equilibrium, including time-dependent systems, and demonstrate good agreement with theoretical results and molecular simulation

Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, 2010 Indiana University - Bloomington

#### Dynamical Theory Calculations Of Spin-Echo Resolved Grazing-Incidence Scattering From A Diffraction Grating, Rana Ashkar, P. Stonaha, A. L. Washington, V. R. Shah, M. R. Fitzsimmons, B. Maranville, C. F. Majkrzak, W. T. Lee, W. L. Schaich, Roger Pynn

*Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience*

Neutrons scattered or reflected from a diffraction grating are subject to a periodic potential analogous to the potential experienced by electrons within a crystal. Hence, the wavefunction of the neutrons can be expanded in terms of Bloch waves and a dynamical theory can be applied to interpret the scattering phenomenon. In this paper, a dynamical theory is used to calculate the results of neutron spin-echo resolved grazing-incidence scattering (SERGIS) from a silicon diffraction grating with a rectangular profile. The calculations are compared with SERGIS measurements made on the same grating at two neutron sources: a pulsed source and a continuous …

Transport Studies Of Nh4no3 Doped Methyl Cellulose Electrolyte, 2009 University of Malaya

#### Transport Studies Of Nh4no3 Doped Methyl Cellulose Electrolyte, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Teo L. P., Arof A. K.

*Siti Rohana Majid*

This work reports on the transport properties of NH4NO3 doped methyl cellulose (MC) polymer electrolyte. The polymer electrolyte films were prepared by the technique of solvent casting. The highest room temperature conductivity of MC doped with 25 wt.% NH4NO3 is 2.10 +/- 0.37 x 10(-6) S cm(-1). Conductivity-temperature relationship obeys the Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher (VTF) rule from which the glass transition temperature, T-g was evaluated. The mobility, p and number density of charge carrier, n were calculated using the Rice and Roth model. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, 2009 University of Malaya

#### Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K.

*Siti Rohana Majid*

We report the viability of methyl cellulose (MC) as a membrane in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Methyl cellulose serves as the polymer host, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as the doping salt and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as plasticizer. Conductivity measurement was carried out using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The room temperature conductivity of pure MC film is is (3.08 +/- 0.63) x 10(-11)S cm(-1). The conductivity increased to (2.10 +/- 0.37) x 10(-6)S cm(-1) on addition of 25 wt.% NH4NO3. By adding 15 wt.% of PEG 200 to the highest conducting sample in the MC-NH4NO3 system, the conductivity was further …

Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, 2009 University of Malaya

#### Characteristics Of Methyl Cellulose-Nh4no3-Peg Electrolyte And Application In Fuel Cells, Siti Rohana Majid, Shuhaimi N. E. A., Alias N. A., Kufian M. Z., Arof A. K.

*Siti Rohana Majid*

We report the viability of methyl cellulose (MC) as a membrane in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Methyl cellulose serves as the polymer host, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as the doping salt and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as plasticizer. Conductivity measurement was carried out using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The room temperature conductivity of pure MC film is is (3.08 +/- 0.63) x 10(-11)S cm(-1). The conductivity increased to (2.10 +/- 0.37) x 10(-6)S cm(-1) on addition of 25 wt.% NH4NO3. By adding 15 wt.% of PEG 200 to the highest conducting sample in the MC-NH4NO3 system, the conductivity was further …