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857 full-text articles. Page 5 of 27.

Collisional Transfer Of Population And Orientation In Nak, Seth T. Ashman, C. M. Wolfe, J. BaI, B. Beser, E. H. Ahmed, A. M. Lyyra, J. Huennekens 2017 Providence College

Collisional Transfer Of Population And Orientation In Nak, Seth T. Ashman, C. M. Wolfe, J. Bai, B. Beser, E. H. Ahmed, A. M. Lyyra, J. Huennekens

Seth Ashman

Collisional satellite lines with |ΔJ| ≤ 58 have been identified in recent polarization spectroscopy V-type optical–optical double resonance (OODR) excitation spectra of the Rb2 molecule [H. Salami et al., Phys. Rev.A80, 022515 (2009)]. Observation of these satellite lines clearly requires a transfer of population from the rotational level directly excited by the pump laser to a neighboring level in a collision of the molecule with an atomic perturber. However to be observed in polarization spectroscopy, the collision must also partially preserve the angular momentum orientation, which is at least somewhat surprising given the extremely large values of ΔJ that ...


Experimental Studies Of The Nacs 53Π0 And A3Σ+ States, Seth T. Ashman, B. McGeehan, C. M. Wolfe, C. Faust, K. Richter 2017 Providence College

Experimental Studies Of The Nacs 53Π0 And A3Σ+ States, Seth T. Ashman, B. Mcgeehan, C. M. Wolfe, C. Faust, K. Richter

Seth Ashman

We report high resolution measurements of 372 NaCs 53Π0(v, J) ro-vibrational level energies in the range 0 ≤ v ≤ 22. The data have been used to construct NaCs 53Π0 potential energy curves using the Rydberg–Klein-Rees and inverted perturbation approximation methods. Bound-free 53Π0(v, J) → 1(a)3Σ+ emission has also been measured, and is used to determine the repulsive wall of the 1(a)3Σ+ state and the 53Π0 → 1(a)3Σ+ relative transition dipole moment function. Hyperfine structure in the 53Π0 state has not been observed in this experiment. This null result is explained using a simple vector ...


Polar Intermetallics Pr5co2ge3 And Pr7co2ge4 With Planar Hydrocarbon‐Like Metal Clusters, Qisheng Lin, Kaiser Aguirre, Scott M. Saunders, Timothy A. Hackett, Yong Liu, Valentin Taufour, Durga Paudyal, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller 2017 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Polar Intermetallics Pr5co2ge3 And Pr7co2ge4 With Planar Hydrocarbon‐Like Metal Clusters, Qisheng Lin, Kaiser Aguirre, Scott M. Saunders, Timothy A. Hackett, Yong Liu, Valentin Taufour, Durga Paudyal, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller

Chemistry Publications

Planar hydrocarbon‐like metal clusters may foster new insights linking organic molecules with conjugated π–π bonding interactions and inorganic structures in terms of their bonding characteristics. However, such clusters are uncommon in polar intermetallics. Herein, we report two polar intermetallic phases, Pr5Co2Ge3 and Pr7Co2Ge4, both of which feature such planar metal clusters, namely, ethylene‐like [Co2Ge4] clusters plus the concatenated forms and polyacene‐like [Co2Ge2]n ribbons in Pr5Co2Ge3, and 1,2,4,5‐tetramethylbenzene‐like [Co4Ge6] cluster in Pr7Co2Ge4. Just as in the related planar organic structures, these metal–metalloid species are dominated by covalent bonding interactions. Both ...


Volumetric, Magnetic Resonance-Visible, And Radiation-Sensitive Detectors For Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Radiation Therapy, Hannah J. Lee 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Volumetric, Magnetic Resonance-Visible, And Radiation-Sensitive Detectors For Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Radiation Therapy, Hannah J. Lee

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

VOLUMETRIC, MAGNETIC RESONANCE-VISIBLE, AND RADIATION-SENSITIVE DETECTORS FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE-GUIDED RADIATION THERAPY

Hannah Jungeun Lee

Advisory Professor: Geoffrey S. Ibbott, Ph.D.

Due to the superior soft-tissue contrast of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to conventional computed tomography (CT) and other on-board imaging techniques, several groups have integrated MRI and radiation treatment machine systems. The advent of MR image-guided radiation therapy (MR-IGRT) using systems, such as the 1.5 MRI – 7 MV linear accelerator (MR-Linac), now allow for improved soft-tissue on-board imaging for patient position and tumor target localization verification and the ability to assess functional biological tissue characteristics with ...


Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey 2017 Old Dominion University

Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey

Physics Faculty Publications

On the basis of a quantum microscopic approach we study the dynamics of the afterglow of a dilute Gaussian atomic ensemble excited by pulsed radiation. Taking into account the vector nature of the electromagnetic field we analyze in detail the angular and polarization distribution of single-photon superradiance of such an ensemble. The dependence of the angular distribution of superradiance on the length of the pulse and its carrier frequency as well as on the size and the shape of the atomic clouds is studied. We show that there is substantial dependence of the superradiant emission on the polarization and the ...


Crystal Structure, Homogeneity Range And Electronic Structure Of Rhombohedral Γ-Mn5al8, Srinivasa Thimmaiah, Zachary Tener, Tej N. Lamichhane, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller 2017 Ames Laboratory

Crystal Structure, Homogeneity Range And Electronic Structure Of Rhombohedral Γ-Mn5al8, Srinivasa Thimmaiah, Zachary Tener, Tej N. Lamichhane, Paul C. Canfield, Gordon J. Miller

Chemistry Publications

The γ-region of the Mn–Al phase diagram between 45 and 70 at.% Al was re-investigated by a combination of powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction as well as EDS analysis to establish the distribution of Mn and Al atoms. Single crystals of γ-Mn5–x Al8+x were grown using Sn-flux at 650 °C. The crystal structure, atomic coordinates and site occupancy parameters of γ-Mn5−x Al8+x phases were refined from single crystal X-ray data. The γ-Mn5-x Al8+x phase adopts the rhombohedral Cr5Al8-type structure rather than a cubic γ-brass structure. The refined compositions from two crystals extracted ...


Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu 2017 Marquette University

Functional And Structural Studies Of Cytochromes P450 By Resonance Raman Spectroscopy, Yilin Liu

Dissertations (2009 -)

Cytochrome P450 is a broad class of heme monooxygenase enzymes which catalyze various oxidative transformations. There are two main kinds of mammalian P450s: steroidogenic and drug metabolizing P450s. The first project involves a steroidogenic P450, CYP17A1, occupying a central role in the biosynthesis of steroid hormones. It catalyzes hydroxylation reaction on pregnenolone and progesterone, generating 17OH-pregnenolone and 17OH-progesterone, presumably utilizing a “Compound I” species. However, these hydroxylated products can be further processed in a second oxidative cycle to cleave the C17–C20 bond to form dehydroepiandrosterone or androstenedione, respectively, a crucial step in androgen production. Interestingly, it is well known ...


Basic Vision Research With Clinical Applications And Science Education Assessments, Andrew Wilson 2017 The University of Maine

Basic Vision Research With Clinical Applications And Science Education Assessments, Andrew Wilson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Visual Acuity (VA) examinations are one of the most commonly conducted medical assessment throughout the world. Recent advances in computer technology allows for new forms of visual assessment to be conducted. In Part I of this thesis I demonstrate the capability of an automated computer program named VISION to assess human visual acuities. Different color combinations of an object against a background emitted from a computer screen are used to examine a variety of human color vision acuities. Results indicated a large difference in acuity scores between human subjects tested with these different color combinations. A single human subject exhibits ...


Thin Film Thermal Deposition At Various Pressures, James Kela Yee Keen Grace 2017 Linfield College

Thin Film Thermal Deposition At Various Pressures, James Kela Yee Keen Grace

Senior Theses

This research was to verify the hypothesis that resistivity of metal's thin film deposited in a low-pressure environment is the same as its solid material. Thermal Evaporation is a thin film deposition technique in which metal inside a vacuum is evaporated, then deposited onto a surface. Higher quality metal films are deposited when the vacuum pressure is lower. At higher pressures, more air molecules are trapped within the layers of metal, thus increasing scattering sites and increasing the resistance. However, reaching a lower pressure requires more time and effort. In this research, films were deposited at various pressures and ...


Statistical Biophysics Blog: What I Have Against (Most) Pmf Calculations, Daniel M. Zuckerman 2017 Oregon Health & Science University

Statistical Biophysics Blog: What I Have Against (Most) Pmf Calculations, Daniel M. Zuckerman

Scholar Archive

The potential of mean force (PMF) is one of the most widely used characterizations of a biomolecular system computed from simulation, but calculating and interpreting a PMF both present challenges.


Optimization Of Cardiac Pacing Stimulation By Current Configuration –A Theoretical, Numerical And Experimental Study., Flavio H. Fenton, Hila Dvir, Neil Hardy 2017 Georgia Institute of Technology

Optimization Of Cardiac Pacing Stimulation By Current Configuration –A Theoretical, Numerical And Experimental Study., Flavio H. Fenton, Hila Dvir, Neil Hardy

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Building And Validating A Model For Investigating The Dynamics Of Isolated Water Molecules, Grant Cates 2017 Linfield College

Building And Validating A Model For Investigating The Dynamics Of Isolated Water Molecules, Grant Cates

Senior Theses

Understanding how water molecules behave in isolation is vital to understand many fundamental processes in nature. To that end, scientists have begun studying crystals in which single water molecules become trapped in regularly occurring cavities in the crystal structure. As part of that investigation, numerical models used to investigate the dynamics of isolated water molecules are sought to help bolster our fundamental understanding of how these systems behave. To that end, the efficacy of three computational methods—the Euler Method, the Euler-Aspel Method and the Beeman Method—is compared using a newly defined parameter, called the predictive stability coefficient ρ ...


A Study In Cross-Beam Polarization Fluorescence Photoactivation Localization Microscopy On Dendra2-Hemagluttinin In Fixed Nih3t3 Cells, Matthew M. Valles 2017 University of Maine

A Study In Cross-Beam Polarization Fluorescence Photoactivation Localization Microscopy On Dendra2-Hemagluttinin In Fixed Nih3t3 Cells, Matthew M. Valles

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Fluorescence microscopy is popular for its noninvasive properties and its use in imaging multiple species, simultaneously. Furthermore, superresolution fluorescence microscopy (SRFLM) utilizes photoswitchable proteins to improve the lateral resolution of conventional fluorescence microscopy by an order of magnitude. There is little work conducted on the study of excitation laser polarizations and their effect on the number of localizations as well as the brightness of molecules. This thesis attempts to study the effect of excitation wavelength polarization on the number of localizations and the brightness of molecules by comparing two orientations of circularly-polarized, excitation lasers. The first type of orientation involves ...


Overview Of Weighted Ensemble Simulation: Path-Sampling, Steady States, Equilibrium, Daniel M. Zuckerman 2017 Oregon Health & Science University

Overview Of Weighted Ensemble Simulation: Path-Sampling, Steady States, Equilibrium, Daniel M. Zuckerman

Scholar Archive

A concise overview of the weighted ensemble path sampling method for rare events is given, aimed at beginners.


Physical Principles Governing Colloidal Particle Deposition At Low Reynold’S Number: Applications To Microbial Biofilms, Sophia Wiedmann 2017 Macalester College

Physical Principles Governing Colloidal Particle Deposition At Low Reynold’S Number: Applications To Microbial Biofilms, Sophia Wiedmann

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Biofilms formed from the adhesion of microbes to a surface hold great relevance to public health and wastewater management. However, the physical principles underlying the attachment stage of biofilm formation, when individual microbes first come into contact with a substrate, are not well understood. Here I report on a model of colloidal particle attachment to a surface that incorporates the effects of diffusion, advection, gravity, and the hydrodynamic lift and drag forces experienced by polystyrene beads at low Reynold’s number. The simulation predicts attachment rates of 1.04x10^(-8)m/s, 0.73x10^(-8)m/s, and 1.29x10 ...


Development Of Microfluidic Platforms For Studies Of Cellular Organization In Escherichia Coli, Anna Dawn Jennings 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Microfluidic Platforms For Studies Of Cellular Organization In Escherichia Coli, Anna Dawn Jennings

Masters Theses

Traditionally, bacteria cells have been imaged on agarose pads allowing them to grow in steady conditions for only a few doubling times. To understand the cellular organization in bacteria, tools are needed that allow the observation of log-phase cells for many generations. In recent years, several microfluidic platforms have been designed that allow microscopic imaging of bacteria for over one hundred generations. One of the most promising approaches has been the so-called mother machine design where bacteria grow in small dead-end channels all connected to a large main channel, which is used to flow fresh nutrients to the cells and ...


Optogenetic Investigations Of The Prebötzinger Complex: Support For The Dbx1 Core Hypothesis, Francis D. Pham 2017 College of William and Mary

Optogenetic Investigations Of The Prebötzinger Complex: Support For The Dbx1 Core Hypothesis, Francis D. Pham

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The preBötzinger complex (preBötC) is the central pattern generator for inspiratory behaviors. Previous studies on perinatal mice and in vitro suggest that Dbx1-derived neurons within the preBötC form the core oscillator. Here, we provide support for the Dbx1 core hypothesis and show that Dbx1-derived neurons are essential for respiratory rhythmogenesis in adult mice. Using optogenetic strategies, we transiently hyperpolarized Dbx1 neurons of the preBötC in vitro and in adult mice. In both cases, the inspiratory rhythm was disrupted. It is possible that axons from Dbx1 neurons projecting into the preBötC were also hyperpolarized, leading to disfacilitation. To determine if this ...


Statistical Biophysics Blog: Biology For Quants, Again. Required Reading, Part 2, Daniel M. Zuckerman 2017 Oregon Health & Science University

Statistical Biophysics Blog: Biology For Quants, Again. Required Reading, Part 2, Daniel M. Zuckerman

Scholar Archive

Terrell Hill's book, Free Energy Transduction and Biochemical Cycle Kinetics, is one of the most important introductory-level contributions to the biophysics of molecular-scale phenomena, such as transport.


Evolution, Ecology, And Disparities: Constructing Stature, Immune Functioning, And Reproduction In Brazilian Quilombo, And United States, Women, Anna C. Rivara 2017 University of South Florida

Evolution, Ecology, And Disparities: Constructing Stature, Immune Functioning, And Reproduction In Brazilian Quilombo, And United States, Women, Anna C. Rivara

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to test how growth, reproduction, and immune functioning interact in two populations of adult women residing in vastly different socio-economic and ecological environments, the Kalunga quilombo in Brazil, and the United States of America. The presence of life history trade-offs was tested to determine how the different envirnonments, and socio-ecological contexts of the populations were creating differential risks for health and reproductive outcomes, and life history trade-offs.

I hypothesized that the Kalunga people, living in very difficult and harsh conditions, would experience greater amounts of, and more severe, life history trade-offs than the U ...


Determination Of The Zinc Concentration In Human Fingernails By Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Steven J. Rehse, Vlora A. Riberdy, Christopher J. Frederickson 2017 University of Windsor

Determination Of The Zinc Concentration In Human Fingernails By Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Steven J. Rehse, Vlora A. Riberdy, Christopher J. Frederickson

Physics Publications

The absolute concentration of zinc in human fingernail clippings tested ex vivo was determined by 1064 nm laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and confirmed by speciated isotope dilution mass spectrometry. A nail testing protocol that sampled across the nail (perpendicular to the direction of growth) was developed and validated by scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Using this protocol, a partial least squares regression model predicted the zinc concentration in five subjects’ fingernails to within 7 ppm on average. The variation of the zinc concentration with depth into the nail as determined by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy was studied and found to ...


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