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Private Fingerprint Matching, Siamak Shahandashti, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Private Fingerprint Matching, Siamak Shahandashti, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

We propose a fully private fingerprint matching protocol that compares two fingerprints based on the most widely-used minutia-based fingerprint matching algorithm. The protocol enables two parties, each holding a private fingerprint, to find out if their fingerprints belong to the same individual. Unlike previous works, we do not make any simplifying assumption on the matching algorithm or use generic multiparty computation protocols in our constructions. We employ a commonly-used algorithm that works by first comparing minutia pairs from the two fingerprints based on their types, locations, and orientations, and then checking if the number of matching minutia pairs is more …


Illumination Invariant Face Detection Using Classifier Fusion, Alister Cordiner, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li 2012 University of Wollongong

Illumination Invariant Face Detection Using Classifier Fusion, Alister Cordiner, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li

Professor Philip Ogunbona

An approach to the problem of illumination variations in face detection that uses classifier fusion is presented. Multiple face detectors are seperately trained for different illumination environments and their results are combined using a combination rule. To define the illumination environments, the training samples are clustered based on their illumination using unsupervised training. Different methods of clustering the samples and combining the outputs of the classifiers are examined. Experiments with the AR face database show that the proposed method achieves higher accuracy than the traditional monolithic face detection method.


Optimal Image Watermark Decoding, Wenming Lu, Wanqing Li, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 Unviersity of Wollongong

Optimal Image Watermark Decoding, Wenming Lu, Wanqing Li, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Not much has been done in utilizing the available information at the decoder to optimize the decoding performance of watermarking systems. This paper focuses on analyzing different decoding methods, namely, Minimum Distance, Maximum Likelihood and Maximum a-posteriori decoding given varying information at the decoder in the blind detection context. Specifically, we propose to employ Markov random fields to model the prior information given the embedded message is a structured logo. The application of these decoding methods in Quantization Index Modulation systems shows that the decoding performance can be improved by Maximum Likelihood decoding that exploits the property of the attack …


Age Estimation Based On Extended Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Age Estimation Based On Extended Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Previous studies suggested that local appearance-based methods are more efficient than geometric-based and holistic methods for age estimation. This is mainly due to the fact that age information are usually encoded by the local features such as wrinkles and skin texture on the forehead or at the eye corners. However, the variations of theses features caused by other factors such as identity, expression, pose and lighting may be larger than that caused by aging. Thus, one of the key challenges of age estimation lies in constructing a feature space that could successfully recovers age information while ignoring other sources of …


Evaluating The Optimal Probability Distribution For Steganography Under Zero-Error Conditions, Gareth Brisbane, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Evaluating The Optimal Probability Distribution For Steganography Under Zero-Error Conditions, Gareth Brisbane, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Information hiding can be performed under the guise of a digital image. We consider the following scenario: Alice and Bob share an image and would like to use it as a cover image to communicate a message m. We are interested in answering two questions: What is the maximum amount of information that can be sent for a given level of degradation to an image? and How can this level of efficiency be achieved in practice? We require the recovered message to be the same as the embedded one. Our model begins with Alice compressing a message to obtain a …


Object Detection Using Non-Redundant Local Binary Patterns, Duc Thanh Nguyen, zhimin Zong, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li 2012 University of Wollongong

Object Detection Using Non-Redundant Local Binary Patterns, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Zhimin Zong, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Local Binary Pattern (LBP) as a descriptor, has been successfully used in various object recognition tasks because of its discriminative property and computational simplicity. In this paper a variant of the LBP referred to as Non-Redundant Local Binary Pattern (NRLBP) is introduced and its application for object detection is demonstrated. Compared with the original LBP descriptor, the NRLBP has advantage of providing a more compact description of object’s appearance. Furthermore, the NRLBP is more discriminative since it reflects the relative contrast between the background and foreground. The proposed descriptor is employed to encode human’s appearance in a human detection task. …


Signal Analysis Using A Multiresolution Form Of The Singular Value Decomposition, Ramakrishna Kakarala, Philip Ogunbona 2012 Motorola Australian Research Centre

Signal Analysis Using A Multiresolution Form Of The Singular Value Decomposition, Ramakrishna Kakarala, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

This paper proposes a multiresolution form of the singular value decomposition (SVD) and shows how it may be used for signal analysis and approximation. It is well-known that the SVD has optimal decorrelation and subrank approximation properties. The multiresolution form of SVD proposed here retains those properties, and moreover, has linear computational complexity. By using the multiresolution SVD, the following important characteristics of a signal may be measured, at each of several levels of resolution: isotropy, sphericity of principal components, self-similarity under scaling, and resolution of mean-squared error into meaningful components. Theoretical calculations are provided for simple statistical models to …


Stereoscopic Panoramic Video Generation Using Centro-Circular Projection Technique, Chaminda Weerasinghe, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona 2012 Motorola Australian Research Center

Stereoscopic Panoramic Video Generation Using Centro-Circular Projection Technique, Chaminda Weerasinghe, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

This paper presents a method of stereoscopic panoramic video generation including techniques for panorama projection, stitching and calibration for various depth planes. The methods described can be used on video sequences captured by an arrangement of multiple pairs of cameras or multiple stereoscopic cameras mounted on a regular polygonal shaped camera rig. Algorithms can also be used in combination or separately, for generating both stereoscopic and monoscopic video and still panoramas.


Digital Watermarks For Copyright Protection, Nicholas Paul Sheppard, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Digital Watermarks For Copyright Protection, Nicholas Paul Sheppard, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

It is feared that the ease with which digital media can be copied will lead to a proliferation of copyright infringement. One proposed technical solution is digital watermarking, which embeds a hidden signal into host data that can be used in a variety of protocols that attempt to either prevent or deter copyright infringement. In this paper, we give a brief overview of digital watermarking and discuss some of the issues involved in providing effective digital watermarking systems for deterring copyright infringement.


New Wavelet Based Art Network For Texture Classification, Jiazhao Wang, Golshah Naghdy, Philip O. Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

New Wavelet Based Art Network For Texture Classification, Jiazhao Wang, Golshah Naghdy, Philip O. Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

A new method for texture classification is proposed. It is composed of two processing stages, namely, a low level evolutionary feature extraction based on Gabor wavelets and a high level neural network based pattern recognition. This resembles the process involved in the human visual system. Gabor wavelets are exploited as the feature extractor. A neural network, Fuzzy Adaptive Resonance Theory (Fuzzy ART), acts as the high level decision making and recognition system. Some modifications to the Fuzzy ART make it capable of simulating the post-natal and evolutionary development of the human visual system. The proposed system has been evaluated using …


On The Combination Of Local Texture And Global Structure For Food Classification, Zhimin Zong, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li 2012 University of Wollongong

On The Combination Of Local Texture And Global Structure For Food Classification, Zhimin Zong, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li

Professor Philip Ogunbona

This paper proposes a food image classification method using local textural patterns and their global structure to describe the food image. In this paper, a visual codebook of local textural patterns is created by employing Scale Invariant Feature Transformation (SIFT) interest point detector with the Local Binary Pattern (LBP) feature. In addition to describing the food image using local texture, the global structure of the food object is represented as the spatial distribution of the local textural structures and encoded using shape context. We evaluated the proposed method on the Pittsburgh Fast-Food Image (PFI) dataset. Experimental results showed that the …


Secure Compression Using Adaptive Huffman Coding, C. Kailasananathan, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Secure Compression Using Adaptive Huffman Coding, C. Kailasananathan, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Recent developments in the Internet and Web based technologies require faster communication of multimedia data in a secure form. Standard compression algorithms such arithmetic coding schemes, and propose methods of protecting against these attacks. In the next section we review DHC, and in Section 3 describe DHC encryption scheme and examine possible attacks. In Section 4, we propose an encryption scheme that protects against the attacks and in Section 5 give the results of our experiments. Section 6, concludes the paper. as JPEG and MPEG use an entropy coding stage. By incorporating security in this stage it it possible to …


Shape Vq-Based Adaptive Predictive Lossless Image Coder, Jiazhao Wang, Philip Ogunbona, Golshah Naghdy 2012 University of Wollongong

Shape Vq-Based Adaptive Predictive Lossless Image Coder, Jiazhao Wang, Philip Ogunbona, Golshah Naghdy

Professor Philip Ogunbona

A new shape adaptive predictive lossless image coder is proposed. Three classes of block shapes are delineated with associated “optimum” predctors. Each image is partitioned into sub-blocks that are classified into one of the three classes using vector quantisation. The encoder then employs the predictor corresponding to the class of the block under consideration. Performance evaluation of the proposed coder in comparison with four other lossless coders includmg lossless JPEG indicates its superiority.


A Novel Multi-Image Query Techniques For Automatic Query Concept Capture, Fenghui Ren, Philip Ogunbona, Lei Ye 2012 University of Wollongong

A Novel Multi-Image Query Techniques For Automatic Query Concept Capture, Fenghui Ren, Philip Ogunbona, Lei Ye

Professor Philip Ogunbona

No abstract provided.


Description Of Evolutional Changes In Image Time Sequences Using Mpeg-7 Visual Descriptors, Lei Ye, Lingzhi Cao, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li 2012 University of Wollongong

Description Of Evolutional Changes In Image Time Sequences Using Mpeg-7 Visual Descriptors, Lei Ye, Lingzhi Cao, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Colour and texture visual descriptors have been developed to represent structural features of images, mainly under the Query-by- Example (QBE) image retrieval paradigm. This paper explores applicability of MPEG-7 visual descriptors to describe and measure evolutional changes in image time sequences, using a fruit rotting process as an example. The research found that MPEG-7 visual descriptors can be applied to describe evolutional changes in image time sequences. The experimental results are provided using bananas captured in image time sequences. The results show the desirable monotonicity of description metrics of MPEG-7 similarity matching for image time sequences and their sensitivity to …


Face Recognition From Single Sample Based On Human Face Perception, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Face Recognition From Single Sample Based On Human Face Perception, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

Although research show that human recognition performance for unfamiliar faces is relatively poor, when the sample is always available for analysis and becomes ”familiar”, people are able to recognize a previous unknown face from single sample. In this paper, a method is proposed to deal with the one sample per person face recognition problem based on the process how unfamiliar faces become familiar to people. Particularly, quantized local features which learnt from generic face dataset are used in the proposed method to mimic the prototype effect of human face recognition. Furthermore, a landmark-based scheme is introduced to quantify the distinctiveness …


Hybrid Predictive/Vq Lossless Image Coding, P O. Ogunbona, Jianli Wang, Golshah Naghdy 2012 University of Wollongong

Hybrid Predictive/Vq Lossless Image Coding, P O. Ogunbona, Jianli Wang, Golshah Naghdy

Professor Philip Ogunbona

A multiplicative autoregressive model is used in a lossless predictive image coding scheme. The use of vector quantisation (VQ) for compression of the model coefficients leads to an improved compression ratio. Both image adaptive and universal codebooks are considered. A comparative analysis of the new coder is presented through simulation results.


2d To Pseudo-3d Conversion Of "Head And Shoulder" Images Using Feature Based Parametric Disparity Maps, Chaminda Weerasinghe, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li 2012 Motorola Australian Research Centre

2d To Pseudo-3d Conversion Of "Head And Shoulder" Images Using Feature Based Parametric Disparity Maps, Chaminda Weerasinghe, Philip Ogunbona, Wanqing Li

Professor Philip Ogunbona

This paper presents a method of converting a 2D still photo containing the head & shoulders of a human (e.g. a passport photo) to pseudo-3D, so that the depth can be perceived via stereopsis. This technology has the potential to be included in self-serve photo booths and, also as an added accessory (i.e. software package) for digital still cameras and scanners. The basis of the algorithm is to exploit the ability of the human visual system in combining monoscopic and stereoscopic cues for depth perception. Common facial features are extracted from the 2D photograph, in order to create a parametric …


A 96 X 64 Intelligent Digital Pixel Array With Extended Binary Stochastic Arithmetic, Tarik Hammadou, Magnus Nilson, Amine Bermak, Philip Ogunbona 2012 Motorola Labs

A 96 X 64 Intelligent Digital Pixel Array With Extended Binary Stochastic Arithmetic, Tarik Hammadou, Magnus Nilson, Amine Bermak, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

A chip architecture that integrates an optical sensor and a pixel level processing element based on binary stochastic arithmetic is proposed. The optical sensor is formed by an array of fully connected pixels, and each pixel contains a sensing element and a Pulse Frequency Modulator (PFM) converting the incident light to bit streams of identical pulses. The processing element is based on binary stochastic arithmetic to perform signal processing operations on the focal plane VLSI circuit. A 96 x 64 CMOS image sensor is fabricated using 0.5pm CMOS technology and achieves 29 x 29pm pixel size at 15% fill factor.


Region-Based Watermarking By Distribution Adjustment, Gareth Brisbane, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona 2012 University of Wollongong

Region-Based Watermarking By Distribution Adjustment, Gareth Brisbane, Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, Philip Ogunbona

Professor Philip Ogunbona

No abstract provided.


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