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Urban Development Under Extreme Hydrologic And Weather Conditions For El Paso-Juárez: Recommendations Resulting From Hydrologic Modeling, Gis, And Remote Sensing Analyses, Alberto Barud-Zubillaga 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Urban Development Under Extreme Hydrologic And Weather Conditions For El Paso-Juárez: Recommendations Resulting From Hydrologic Modeling, Gis, And Remote Sensing Analyses, Alberto Barud-Zubillaga

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

During the 2006 El Paso-Juárez flood there were many concerns regarding the capability of the existing stormwater system to handle 50- and 100-year flood events in El Paso, Texas and Juárez, Mexico area. Moreover in 2008, a considerable wet year from the normal 223 mm of annual precipitation for El Paso demonstrated that the area could very well received large amounts of precipitation at localized areas in short periods of time, representing a great flood threat to residents living in areas prone to flood. Some climate change projections for the area are exactly what had occurred over the last two ...


Application Of Copper And Zinc Isotopes To Fingerprint Metal Sources And Identify Attenuation Mechanisms In The Abandoned Waldorf Mine Area, Clear Creek County, Colorado, Suzan Aranda Luna 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Application Of Copper And Zinc Isotopes To Fingerprint Metal Sources And Identify Attenuation Mechanisms In The Abandoned Waldorf Mine Area, Clear Creek County, Colorado, Suzan Aranda Luna

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Acid rock drainage (ARD) is caused by the oxidative weathering of sulfide minerals. Sulfur is oxidized by dissolved oxygen or Fe(III) and sulfate ions, metals, and protons are released into the environment. Hence, the pH of nearby water and soils often decreases in response to ARD while metal concentrations increase. Because a large part of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are highly mineralized (i.e., the Colorado Mineral Belt), ARD is a serious problem in this region. Moreover, the many abandoned mining areas in the Rocky Mountains that include waste rock piles, tailings impoundments, and surface disturbances add to ...


Use Of The Cmaq And Wrf-Chem Models To Investigate Tropospheric Ozone And Particulate Matter In The El Paso-Juarez Airshed, Juan Gustavo Arias Ugarte 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Use Of The Cmaq And Wrf-Chem Models To Investigate Tropospheric Ozone And Particulate Matter In The El Paso-Juarez Airshed, Juan Gustavo Arias Ugarte

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Ground level ozone pollution is a continuing environmental concern in several U.S cities. A necessary step towards understanding and quantifying the problem is the implementation of numerical models that can predict pollutant concentrations. Simulations were performed using the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) and the (Weather Research Forecast/Chemical (WRF-Chem) models to study the tropospheric ozone and particulate matter concentrations in the El Paso-Juarez Airshed and to analyze the influence of U.S and Mexican cities as possible contributors to ground level ozone pollution in this region. This study involves the implementation and validation of both the CMAQ and ...


Ontology-Driven Discovery Of Scientific Computational Entities, Pearl W. Brazier 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Ontology-Driven Discovery Of Scientific Computational Entities, Pearl W. Brazier

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Many geoscientists use modern computational resources, such as software applications, Web services, scientific workflows and datasets that are readily available on the Internet, to support their research and many common tasks. These resources are often shared via human contact and sometimes stored in data portals; however, they are not necessarily available for metadata annotations that can assist in collaborative research or machine processing. Scientists' knowledge of their resources and processes are at risk of being lost. A scientist-driven discovery environment, which assumes a level of technical expertise generally possessed by a geoscientist, is needed to enable discovery and comparisons of ...


Rare's Implementation Strategies Of Environmental Conservation In Indonesia, Alvaro Arvizo 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Rare's Implementation Strategies Of Environmental Conservation In Indonesia, Alvaro Arvizo

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Like most developing nations, Indonesia is at a crucial stage in its modern political and economic history. Opposing forces are constantly at work, a government struggling to make Indonesia a modern nation and the economic demands of a growing population. This presents the country with a multitude of problems. One of several is that nature's resources are exploited for personal economic gain with no regard for the long-term effects. This is a major concern for environmental conservation and non-profit government organizations (NGOs) worldwide. The American NGO Rare is at the forefront of this issue. Its aim is to meet ...


Characterization Of Mantle/Crust Interactions Using Pb Isotope Analyses Of Lavas In The Southern Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico, Lynnette Crocker 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Characterization Of Mantle/Crust Interactions Using Pb Isotope Analyses Of Lavas In The Southern Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico, Lynnette Crocker

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The Pb isotope composition of volcanic rocks in the Rio Grande Rift (RGR) can be used to investigate the interaction of mantle melts with continental lithosphere, and has important implications for the composition of the lithosphere. We suggest some compositional signatures may pre-date current tectonic processes. Existing data from several volcanic fields in New Mexico show a converging pattern on a very limited Pb isotope range, corresponding to lower crustal xenolith compositions from Kilbourne Hole. The different volcanic fields show Pb isotope trends diverging from this lower crustal composition, likely depicting mixing with different upper crustal reservoirs. These very common ...


Enthalpies Of Mixing Of Water And Alkoxyethanols, John Enriquez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Enthalpies Of Mixing Of Water And Alkoxyethanols, John Enriquez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Alkoxyethanols [CmH2m+1·(OC2H4)·OH] (conveniently abbreviated to CmE1) are a subgroup of the alkyl poly(ethylene glycol) mono-ethers. They are small relatives of a large number of non-ionic detergents. The thermodynamic properties of their mixing in water have been shown to be good sources of information about the interactions of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups with water. Theses alkoxyethanols, or glycol ethers, are the ether derivatives of ethylene glycol where one hydroxyl functional group is substituted for an alkoxy functional group. Our group has already published results for aqueous excess ...


The Composition Of Precipitation In El Paso, Texas, Sonny P. Emmert 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

The Composition Of Precipitation In El Paso, Texas, Sonny P. Emmert

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The composition of precipitation reflects the transport of particles from varying air mass source regions as well as input from local environmental and anthropogenic activities. Air research in El Paso, TX, U.S.A/Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico has been traditionally limited to studies of local inputs of air pollution; no transition has been made to studying the scavenging, washout, and transport of pollutants by precipitation. The goal of this research project was to identify transported pollutants in precipitation, and determine if there were any health and ecological implications. The research investigated biological, chemical, and geological constituents in precipitation samples ...


Simulation And Optimization Of Ultra Thin Photovoltaics, Jose Luis Cruz-Campa 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Simulation And Optimization Of Ultra Thin Photovoltaics, Jose Luis Cruz-Campa

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducts pioneering research and development in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and solar cell research. This dissertation project combines these two areas to create ultra-thin small-form-factor crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. These miniature solar cells create a new class of photovoltaics with potentially novel applications and benefits such as dramatic reductions in cost, weight and material usage.

At the beginning of the project, unusually low efficiencies were obtained in the research group. The intention of this research was thus to investigate the main causes of the low efficiencies through simulation, design, fabrication, and characterization.

Commercial simulation tools were ...


Pwisegen: A Genetic Algorithms-Based Framework For Pairwise Test Set Generation, Pedro Flores 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Pwisegen: A Genetic Algorithms-Based Framework For Pairwise Test Set Generation, Pedro Flores

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Pairwise testing is a combinatorial testing approach that can be used to reduce the number of test cases dramatically for a software system. It specializes in the type of testing where the outcome of a system depends on the combination of several input parameters. This technique is widely used when there is not enough time to try out all possible combinations of the input parameters involved, because that would be very time consuming. The purpose of pairwise testing technique is to avoid testing all possible value combinations that a system can receive, and to preferably take a representative sample of ...


Iron And Manganese Based Nanomaterials For The Removal Of Selenite And Selenate From Aqueous Solution, Christina Marie Gonzalez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Iron And Manganese Based Nanomaterials For The Removal Of Selenite And Selenate From Aqueous Solution, Christina Marie Gonzalez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Selenium, a naturally occurring element in the environment, is an essential nutrient for humans and animals. However, there is a narrow range between selenium deficiency and toxicity. Selenium in natural waters generally has a concentration of < 10 ppb (parts per billion); however, in the San Joaquin Valley of California concentrations of selenium ranging from 140 to 1400 ppb have been observed. Anthropogenic practices such as agricultural irrigation drainage, coal burning power plants, combustion of fossil fuels, and mining operations are increasing selenium concentrations in aqueous environments. Once in aqueous environments, selenium exists primarily as the two inorganic oxoanions selenite (SeO32-) and selenate (SeO42-). Both of these selenium oxoanions are known to bioaccumulate and can cause embryotoxic and teratogenic effects to waterfowl. There has been a variety of treatment technologies developed for remediation of both selenium oxoanions in water including bacterial reduction, membrane filtration, chemical reduction, reverse osmosis, and solar ponds. However, these treatment technologies are not cost efficient. In this study an alternative treatment technique known as adsorption was used with three synthetic nanomaterials consisting of an iron oxide, manganese oxide, and an iron/manganese oxide. The pH profiles, time dependencies, competitive anion effects, and adsorption isotherms were performed with each of the nanomaterials for both selenite and selenate. In addition, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) studies were performed to determine both the oxidation state and binding coordination of the selenium oxoanion binding to the nanomaterials.

The investigation revealed the non microwave-assisted and microwave-assisted synthetic Fe3O4 and Mn3O4 nanomaterials, as well as the non microwave-assisted synthetic MnFe2O4 nanomaterial had the phases of magnetite, hausmannite, and Jacobsite, while the grain sizes were 27, 25, 25, 34, and 27 nm, respectively. The optimal binding of selenium oxoanions for all nanomaterials examined was reached at pH 4. Both non microwave-assisted and microwave-assisted Fe3O4 ...


Bagc.M: Three Dimensional Gravity Modeling Software With An Application In Death Valley, Ca, Brian Eugene Eslick 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Bagc.M: Three Dimensional Gravity Modeling Software With An Application In Death Valley, Ca, Brian Eugene Eslick

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Basin Anomaly Gravity Calculator (BAGC.m) is a 3D interactive gravity modeling package designed to create, edit, and calculate the gravitational attraction of basin models entirely within the MATLABTM environment. Gravity anomalies are calculated using the Rectangular Prism Method (Bott, 1960; Kane, 1962; and Plouff, 1966) which subdivides earth models into regularly spaced rectangular prisms. This approach requires large 3D matrices to store most realistic earth models. The process of model editing is simplified by storing basins as 2D gridded files which define the depth to the boundary between basement rock and sedimentary fill for each model cell. In order ...


Chromium(Iii/Vi) Binding To Magnetite (Fe3o4), Hausmannite (Mn3o4), And Jacobsite (Mnfe2o4) Nanomaterials, Jeffrey Edward Hernandez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Chromium(Iii/Vi) Binding To Magnetite (Fe3o4), Hausmannite (Mn3o4), And Jacobsite (Mnfe2o4) Nanomaterials, Jeffrey Edward Hernandez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Chromium is a very versatile metal that is used for many applications in the world. Two of the most common ions of chromium that occur naturally are Cr(III) and Cr(VI). These two oxidation states have very different heath effects in living organisms. Cr(III) is relatively non-toxic to living organisms; however, Cr(VI) is very toxic to most living organisms This study was conducted to find a simple and cost effective method to sequester these two common ionic species of chromium from sources of water that are adjacent to or that are affected by other water sources contaminated ...


Gaze, Turn-Taking And Proxemics In Multiparty Versus Dyadic Conversation Across Cultures, David Alberto Herrera 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Gaze, Turn-Taking And Proxemics In Multiparty Versus Dyadic Conversation Across Cultures, David Alberto Herrera

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

When people converse with others, they participate in joint interaction behaviors, like proxemics or interpersonal distance, mutual gaze, and turn-taking or pause and overlap, which they may not consciously negotiate. How these behaviors manifest depends on many factors, such as gender, age, personality, culture, and number of participating conversants. Understanding these differences is important for situations where intercultural joint interaction behaviors are necessary for mission success, such as for military personnel in foreign countries. They may also be useful for modeling embodied conversational agents where culture and group vary. Joint interaction behaviors have been extensively studied for American dyads, and ...


Studies Of Earthquakes Stress Drops, Seismic Scattering, And Dynamic Triggering In North America, Christian Rene Escudero Ayala 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Studies Of Earthquakes Stress Drops, Seismic Scattering, And Dynamic Triggering In North America, Christian Rene Escudero Ayala

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

I use the Relative Source Time Function (RSTF) method to determine the source properties of earthquakes within southeastern Alaska-northwestern Canada in a first part of the project, and earthquakes within the Denali fault in a second part. I deconvolve a small event P-arrival signal from a larger event by the following method: select arrivals with a tapered cosine window, fast fourier transform to obtain the spectrum, apply water level deconvolution technique, and bandpass filter before inverse transforming the result to obtain the RSTF. I compare the source processes of earthquakes within the area to determine stress drop differences to determine ...


Hydrological Characteristics Of A Large-Scale Flooding And Draining Experiment, Barrow, Alaska, Edith Jaurrieta De Velasco 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Hydrological Characteristics Of A Large-Scale Flooding And Draining Experiment, Barrow, Alaska, Edith Jaurrieta De Velasco

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The Arctic appears to be affected by climate change more so than any other region on Earth. Some of the most significant climate change impacts reported for the Arctic are associated with dramatic shifts in the hydrologic regime of terrestrial ecosystems. Understanding the hydrologic processes that are associated with different components of arctic terrestrial ecosystems is important because water in the form of snow or rain influences a range of properties and processes such as land-atmosphere energy and trace gas fluxes, nutrient cycling, ecosystem dynamics, biodiversity, periglacial processes and surface albedo. Furthermore, plants, animals, and native people of the Arctic ...


Modeling Geographic Awareness Of Road Networks For Consistency Verification, Ari Kassin 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Modeling Geographic Awareness Of Road Networks For Consistency Verification, Ari Kassin

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Problems related to transportation and inspection of valuable or sensitive assets such as commercial products and materials, cultural items and works of art, and hazardous materials share similarities and can be modeled by a core set of abstract entities including a payload, a vehicle, a driver, and an inspector. To make the load handling capabilities of security monitoring and inspection systems more scalable, security can be increased by reducing the variability of transportation routes to a finite set of authorized routes between trip origin and destination locations. Then trip anomalies, which are unexpected trip variations, can be used in inspection ...


Renewable Energy Integration: An Approach For Micro-Grid Optimization., Nicolas Lopez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Renewable Energy Integration: An Approach For Micro-Grid Optimization., Nicolas Lopez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

This thesis explores the Renewable Energy Integration Problem beginning with a literature review on the different sources of electrical energy classified as Non-Renewable and Renewable, stating that the integration of renewable sources within the pre-existing Power-Grids is a current worldwide problem that is being addressed with different approaches.

The impossibility to exactly model the different equations relating the electric output of the renewable energy sources as they relate with meteorological factors, makes the renewable sector a stochastic component of the overall mathematical model, where it can be concluded that most of the problem is in the area of the forecast ...


Investigations Of Grade Control, Macarthur Mine, Yerington, Nevada: An Oxidized Porphyry Copper System, Joseph Daniel Louis Lori 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Investigations Of Grade Control, Macarthur Mine, Yerington, Nevada: An Oxidized Porphyry Copper System, Joseph Daniel Louis Lori

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Supergene enriched, low-grade oxidized porphyry copper deposits are of great economic value. Oxidized porphyry sections are economic targets because even low-grade prospects have the potential to produce low-cost copper in an environmentally friendly fashion due to easy leachability and high recovery rates of the oxide mineralization. The MacArthur Mine, in the historic Yerington mining district of Nevada, is the focus of this study. The MacArthur is a tilted oxidized porphyry deposit, partially mined by open pit methods, hosted in the Jurassic Bear Quartz Monzonite of the Yerington batholith. The objective of the study is to define controls of copper oxide ...


Microstructure And Property Evaluation Of Lifepo4 Thin Films For Application In Microbatteries, Jose Marcos Mares 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Microstructure And Property Evaluation Of Lifepo4 Thin Films For Application In Microbatteries, Jose Marcos Mares

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The shortage of fossil fuels and the requirements to produce clean, environmental friendly, efficient, and economical energy are the principal problems in the context of energy technology for current and future generations. Therefore, advanced energy storage and conversion capabilities with higher capacity and efficiency are desired. Currently, there is an enormous interest in the development of high energy density rechargeable batteries for use in domestic applications, automotive industries and portable electronic applications. The present research focuses on the development of LiFePO4 thin films for solid-state thin-film microbatteries. The present effort was performed with a specific purpose of understanding the effect ...


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