A Boosting Framework For Visuality-Preserving Distance Metric Learning And Its Application To Medical Image Retrieval, 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

#### A Boosting Framework For Visuality-Preserving Distance Metric Learning And Its Application To Medical Image Retrieval, Yang Liu, Rong Jin, Lily Mummert, Rahul Sukthankar, Adam Goode, Bin Zheng, Steven C. H. Hoi, Mahadev Satyanarayanan

*Research Collection School Of Information Systems*

Similarity measurement is a critical component in content-based image retrieval systems, and learning a good distance metric can significantly improve retrieval performance. However, despite extensive study, there are several major shortcomings with the existing approaches for distance metric learning that can significantly affect their application to medical image retrieval. In particular, "similarity" can mean very different things in image retrieval: resemblance in visual appearance (e.g., two images that look like one another) or similarity in semantic annotation (e.g., two images of tumors that look quite different yet are both malignant). Current approaches for distance metric learning typically address ...

From Permutahedron To Aassociahedron, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### From Permutahedron To Aassociahedron, Colum Watt, Thomas Brady

*Articles*

For each finite real reflection group $W$, we identify a copy of the type-$W$ simplicial generalised associahedron inside the corresponding simplicial permutahedron. This defines a bijection between the facets of the generalised associahedron and the elements of the type $W$ non-crossing partition lattice which is more tractable than previous such bijections. We show that the simplicial fan determined by this associahedron coincides with the Cambrian fan for $W$.

Heat Transfer Through The Boundary Layer On A Moving Cylindrical Fibre, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Heat Transfer Through The Boundary Layer On A Moving Cylindrical Fibre, Brendan Redmond, David Mcdonnell

*Articles*

This paper applies boundary layer theory to the process of manufacturing polymer fibres known as the melt spinning process. The rate of heat loss of the fibre during this process, characterised by the local Nusselt number, is evaluated by means of a Pohlhausen integral method.

The Similarity Problem For Indefinite Sturm-Liouville Operators With Periodic Coefficients, 2010 Technological University Dublin, Ireland

#### The Similarity Problem For Indefinite Sturm-Liouville Operators With Periodic Coefficients, Aleksey Kostenko

*Articles*

We investigate the problem of similarity to a self-adjoint operator for $J$-positive Sturm-Liouville operators $L=\frac{1}{\omega}(-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+q)$ with $2\pi$-periodic coefficients $q$ and $\omega$. It is shown that if 0 is a critical point of the operator $L$, then it is a singular critical point. This gives us a new class of $J$-positive differential operators with the singular critical point 0. Also, we extend the Beals and Parfenov regularity conditions for the critical point $\infty$ to the case of operators with periodic coefficients.

Functional And Pathological Analysis Of Biological Systems Using Vibrational Spectroscopy With Chemometric And Heuristic Approaches, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Functional And Pathological Analysis Of Biological Systems Using Vibrational Spectroscopy With Chemometric And Heuristic Approaches, Aidan Meade, Colin Clarke, Franck Bonnier, Kelvin W. Poon, Amaya Garcia, Peter Knief, Kamila Ostrowska, Lorenzo Salford, Haq Nawaz, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne

*Articles*

Vibrational spectroscopy (Raman and FTIR microspectroscopy) is an attractive modality for the analysis of biological samples since it provides a complete non-invasive acquisition of the biochemical fingerprint of the sample. Studies in our laboratory have applied vibrational spectroscopy to the analysis of biological function in response to external agents (chemotherapeutic drugs, ionising radiation, nanoparticles), together with studies of the pathology of tissue (skin and cervix) in health and disease. Genetic algorithms have been used to optimize spectral treatments in tandem with the analysis of the data (using generalized regression neural networks (GRNN), artificial neural networks (ANN), partial least squares modelling ...

Motion In Augmented Reality Games: An Engine For Creating Plausible Physical Interactions In Augmented Reality Games, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Motion In Augmented Reality Games: An Engine For Creating Plausible Physical Interactions In Augmented Reality Games, Brian Mac Namee, David Beaney, Qingqing Dong

*Articles*

The next generation of Augmented Reality (AR) games will require real and virtual objects to coexist in motion in immersive game environments. This will require the illusion that real and virtual objects interact physically together in a plausible way. The Motion in Augmented Reality Games (MARG) engine described in this paper has been developed to allow these kinds of game environments. The paper describes the design and implementation of the MARG engine and presents two proof-of-concept AR games that have been developed using it. Evaluations of these games have been performed and are presented to show that the MARG engine ...

Automatic Grading Of Programming Assignments, 2010 San Jose State University

#### Automatic Grading Of Programming Assignments, Ashlesha Patil

*Master's Projects*

Solving practical problems is one of the important aspects of learning programming languages. But the assessment of programming problems is not straightforward. It involves time consuming and tedious steps required to compile and test the solution. In this project, I have developed a online tool, Javabrat that allows the students and language learners to practice Java and Scala problems. Javabrat automatically assesses the user's program and provides the instant feedback to the user. The users can also contribute their own programming problems to the existing problem set. I have also developed a plugin for a learning management system, Moodle ...

Encryption Using Deterministic Chaos, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Encryption Using Deterministic Chaos, Jonathan Blackledge, Nikolai Ptitsyn

*Articles*

The concepts of randomness, unpredictability, complexity and entropy form the basis of modern cryptography and a cryptosystem can be interpreted as the design of a key-dependent bijective transformation that is unpredictable to an observer for a given computational resource. For any cryptosystem, including a Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG), encryption algorithm or a key exchange scheme, for example, a cryptanalyst has access to the time series of a dynamic system and knows the PRNG function (the algorithm that is assumed to be based on some iterative process) which is taken to be in the public domain by virtue of the Kerchhoff-Shannon ...

Single Step Morphology-Controlled Synthesis Of Silver Nanoparticles, 2010 Technological University Dublin

#### Single Step Morphology-Controlled Synthesis Of Silver Nanoparticles, Vinodkumar Etacheri, Reenamole Georgekutty, Michael Seery, Suresh Pillai

*Articles*

Silver nanoparticles having different size and plasmon resonances were synthesized through a single step aqueous based method. The current procedure was based on the reduction of silver ions by ascorbic acid in the presence of sodiumborohydride and trisodium citrate. Triangular colloidal nanoparticles having different plasmon resonances (and hence different size and colours) were synthesized by varying only the concentration of ascorbic acid. These nanoparticles were found to be stable without using any surfactants or polymers. This study revealed a strong correlation between particle growth and concentration of constituent chemicals. Crystallinity and phase purity of the silver samples were investigated through ...

Social Network Gaming Trends, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Social Network Gaming Trends, Michael Gathwright

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

The purpose of this project was to determine how long the social network game Scratch-Offs, created by game development company Spice Rack Media, will remain financially viable. The game Scratch-Offs is a freeware game (users pay nothing for the actual software) and is funded through micro transactions (users must pay small amounts of money to play actual games). This implies a relationship between total games played and revenue earned. Using data provided by Spice Rack, we were able to develop an exponential equation that accurately depicts usage trends over time. This equation was used to determine the date Scratch-Offs will ...

Optimization Of A Chemical Reaction Train, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Optimization Of A Chemical Reaction Train, Bahar Sansar

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

This project consists of the optimization of a chemical reactor train. The reactor considered here is the continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), one of the reactor models used in engineering. Given the design equation for the CSTR and the cost function for a reactor, the following values are determined; the optimum number of reactors in the reaction train, the volume of each reactor and the total cost.

Locomotion Of A Running Quadruped Robotic System, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Locomotion Of A Running Quadruped Robotic System, Bradley Savon

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

Very little is known about the locomotion of quadruped robotic systems. In Latin, the term quadruped means 'having four feet'. The robotic system analyzed in this project was a software simulation program modeled after a horse. Simulation data was recorded to resolve the relationship between foot position and impulses required to accelerate or to decelerate the system while trotting. These sets of data were then analyzed in MATLAB to produce graphical representations which allowed for a better understanding of the robot's motion in the simulation environment. A function was fit to the graph of discrete data values measured in ...

Pasteurization Of Milk, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Pasteurization Of Milk, Alejandro Barbosa Alzate

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

We determined the time it takes milk, which is heated from 60°F to 150°F, to achieve pasteurization and compared this result with the standard pasteurization process of heating milk at a constant temperature of 150°F for 30 minutes. Instead of directly quantifying the bacterium population, we considered the bacteria to milk concentration ratio. To solve for the unknown time, we equated the final bacterium concentration ratio achieved through both varied temperature and constant temperature. After equating the final pasteurization concentrations we were unable to find an analytical solution, so we used numerical techniques to find the unknown ...

Embedded Systems - Missile Detection/Interception, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Embedded Systems - Missile Detection/Interception, Luis Cintron

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

Missile defense systems are often related to major military resources aimed at shielding a specific region from incoming attacks. They are intended to detect, track, intercept, and destruct incoming enemy missiles. These systems vary in cost, efficiency, dependability, and technology. In present times, the possession of these types of systems is associated with large capacity military countries. Demonstrated here are the mathematical techniques behind missile systems which calculate trajectories of incoming missiles and potential intercept positions after initial missile detection. This procedure involved the use of vector-valued functions, systems of equations, and knowledge of projectile motion concepts.

Calculating The Time Constant Of An Rc Circuit, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Calculating The Time Constant Of An Rc Circuit, Sean Dunford

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

In this experiment, a capacitor was charged to its full capacitance then discharged through a resistor. By timing how long it took the capacitor to fully discharge through the resistor, we can determine the RC time constant using calculus.

The Sir Epidemiology Model In Predicting Herd Immunity, 2010 University of South Florida

#### The Sir Epidemiology Model In Predicting Herd Immunity, Joanna Nicho

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

The Simple Epidemic Model uses three states to describe the spread of an infection: the susceptible (S), the infected (I), and the recovered (R). This model follows the trend of an infection over time and can predict whether an infection will spread. Using this model, epidemiologists may calculate the percentage of the population that needs to be vaccinated in order to provide a population immunity from a disease. This study will compare the vaccination percentage required for herd immunity to measles, mumps, and rubella against the current percentage of vaccinated individuals.

Power Consumption Of A Mosfet, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Power Consumption Of A Mosfet, Frederick Selkey

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

A MOSFET is defined as metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor. These electrical components are combined or integrated to form control and logic functions for laptop and desktop computers, power controls in printing devices, motor controls and are used in many other electrical circuits. All electrical devices consume electrical power based on current and voltage. For this paper we calculated the power consumption of a Toshiba 2SK3563 MOSFET during its triode mode by finding the area under the current-voltage characteristic curve.

Finding The Area Of An Irregularly Shaped Room, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Finding The Area Of An Irregularly Shaped Room, Justin Walls

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

This experiment utilized integration in a practical sense by determining the floor area of an irregularly shaped room. By taking the integral summation of three sections formed from semi-circles, the desired areas as well as positive results were found. The final data determined that the floor area of the irregularly shaped room was around 580 square feet.

Effect Of Tire Pressure On Efficiency, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Effect Of Tire Pressure On Efficiency, Miles Mullins

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

Many people ignore tire pressure in their day-to-day lives. In a country striving for maximum efficiency, neglecting to maintain correct tire pressure can noticeably affect the amount of horsepower required to overcome the drag forces due to tire/roadway friction. In order to quantify these horsepower changes, 21 test trials were conducted by allowing a test vehicle to coast from 50 mph down to 20 mph at pressures ranging from 50 psi to 20 psi. After compiling the results, it was shown that lower tire pressures increased the horsepower necessary to propel the automobile.

Predator-Prey Modeling, 2010 University of South Florida

#### Predator-Prey Modeling, Shaza Hussein

*Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two*

Predator-prey models are useful and often used in the environmental science field because they allow researchers to both observe the dynamics of animal populations and make predictions as to how they will develop over time. The objective of this project was to create five projections of animal populations based on a simple predator-prey model and explore the trends visible. Each case began with a set of initial conditions that produced different outcomes for the function of the population of rabbits and foxes over an 80 year time span. Using Euler's method, an Excel spreadsheet was developed to produce the ...