Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

210,989 Full-Text Articles 264,486 Authors 47,230,550 Downloads 411 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Faceted Search

210,989 full-text articles. Page 5871 of 5887.

Investigating The Source Of Thermal Anomalies In The Northern United Arab Emirates (Uae) Desert Using Geophysical Methods, Khalid Ahmad 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Investigating The Source Of Thermal Anomalies In The Northern United Arab Emirates (Uae) Desert Using Geophysical Methods, Khalid Ahmad

Doctoral Dissertations

"We conducted geophysical surveys to investigate the source of thermal anomalies and to delineate any potential water transport pathways from the recharge zones in the Oman Mountains to the location of the temporal thermal anomalies within the desert plain of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In the visible region of the spectrum of both ASTER and MODIS satellite images, the desert plain of the UAE appears as a bare sandy surface. However, detailed examination of these images in the thermal bands reveal cooler thermal anomalies within the desert plain following major rainfall events. This anomaly has a cooler surface of ...


Protein Secondary Structure Prediction Using Blast And Relaxed Threshold Rule Induction From Coverings, Leong Lee 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Protein Secondary Structure Prediction Using Blast And Relaxed Threshold Rule Induction From Coverings, Leong Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

"Protein structure prediction has always been an important research area in bioinformatics and biochemistry. Despite the recent breakthrough of combining multiple sequence alignment information and artificial intelligence algorithms to predict protein secondary structure, the Q₃ accuracy of various computational prediction methods rarely has exceeded 75%; this status has changed little since 2003 when Rost stated that "the currently best methods reach a level around 77% three-state per-residue accuracy." The application of artificial neural network methods to this problem is revolutionary in the sense that those techniques employ the homologues of proteins for training and prediction. In this dissertation, a different ...


Haart Drugs Induce Oxidative Stress And Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Blood-Brain Barrier, Kalyan Reddy Manda 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Haart Drugs Induce Oxidative Stress And Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Blood-Brain Barrier, Kalyan Reddy Manda

Doctoral Dissertations

"The era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has controlled AIDS and its related disorders considerably; however, the prevalence of HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) has been on the rise in the post-HAART era. In view of these developments, we investigated whether a HAART drug combination of 3'-Azido-2', 3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) and Indinavir (IDV) can alter the functionality of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelial cells, thereby exacerbating the condition. Viability of hCMEC/D3 cells (in vitro model of BBB) that were exposed to the drugs was significantly reduced after a 72 hr treatment, in a dose-dependent manner. Reactive oxygen species ...


Analysis And Occurrence Of Disinfection By-Products In Fresh And Salt Water, Honglan Shi 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Analysis And Occurrence Of Disinfection By-Products In Fresh And Salt Water, Honglan Shi

Doctoral Dissertations

"Haloacetic acids, trihalomethanes, and bromate are important toxic water disinfection by-products (DBPs) that the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) regulates in drinking water. Iodoacetic acids and halonitromethanes (HNMs) are the unregulated emerging DBPs that have been recently found in the disinfected drinking waters, and which have much higher toxicity than the regulated DBPs. The purpose of this study was to develop new analytical methods for analysis of these emerging DBPs, to study their occurrence in Missouri drinking water systems, and to investigate the occurrence and formation of these DBPs in saltwater and seawater based marine park aquaria. A new rapid ...


Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton 2010 University of New Mexico

Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

This edition, the third, has undergone a subtle name change, going from "A.D. 2070" in the title to A.D. 2079 as the timeline is fine-tuned. Because of the almost universal failure to recognize the distinction between physical (reality-based, dynamical) and visual (appearance-based, kinematical) variables, a tremendous volume of mythology arose over the past 100 years centered around Einstein's reality view of the distortions of special relativity. To get a sense of it, we point the reader to Paul J. Nahin's heroic book, Time Machines, 2nd ed.,- to these Tech Notes in particular: TN#6. "A High-Speed ...


Proposed Problems Of Mathematics (Vol. Ii), Florentin Smarandache 2010 University of New Mexico

Proposed Problems Of Mathematics (Vol. Ii), Florentin Smarandache

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

The first book of “Problèmes avec et sans … problèmes!” was published in Morocco in 1983. I collected these problems that I published in various Romanian or foreign magazines (amongst which: “Gazeta Matematică”, magazine which formed me as problem solver, “American Mathematical Monthly”, “Crux Mathematicorum” (Canada), “Elemente der Mathematik” (Switzerland), “Gaceta Matematica” (Spain), “Nieuw voor Archief” (Holland), etc. while others are new proposed problems in this second volume.

These have been created in various periods: when I was working as mathematics professor in Romania (1984-1988), or co-operant professor in Morocco (1982-1984), or emigrant in the USA (1990-1997). I thank to the ...


Interannual Differences In Nutrient Dynamics During A Brown Tide Bloom (Aureococcus Anophagefferens) And The Interaction Of A. Anophagefferens With Heterotrophic Bacteria, George Eric Boneillo 2010 Old Dominion University

Interannual Differences In Nutrient Dynamics During A Brown Tide Bloom (Aureococcus Anophagefferens) And The Interaction Of A. Anophagefferens With Heterotrophic Bacteria, George Eric Boneillo

OEAS Theses and Dissertations

Blooms of Aureococcus anophagefferens (Brown Tides) in Chincoteague Bay were observed over a six-year period (2002–2007) during which interannual differences in nitrogen and carbon uptake and concentrations of dissolved constituents were compared at two sites, one in Maryland and the other in Virginia. Overall, I observed an increase in bloom intensity and duration over time. No single nitrogen compound was responsible for fueling blooms. Instead, A. anophagefferens demonstrated the ability to use a wide range of nitrogen compounds to meet its nutritional demands. Results show that NO3-, NH4+, urea, and DFAA were taken up simultaneously during blooms ...


Modeling Decision Making Related To Incident Delays During Hurricane Evacuations, Robert Michael Robinson 2010 Old Dominion University

Modeling Decision Making Related To Incident Delays During Hurricane Evacuations, Robert Michael Robinson

Computational Modeling and Simulation Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Successful evacuations from metropolitan areas require optimizing the transportation network, monitoring conditions, and adapting to changes. Evacuation plans seek to maximize the city's ability to evacuate traffic to flee the endangered region, but once an evacuation begins, real time events degrade even the best plans.

To better understand behavioral responses made during a hurricane evacuation, a survey of potential evacuees obtained data on demographics, driving characteristics, and the traffic information considered prior to and during an evacuation. Analysis showed significant levels of correlation between demographic factors (e.g., gender, age, social class, etc.) and self-assessed driver characteristics, but limited ...


Impacts Of The Spotted Spiny Lobster (Panulirus Guttatus) On The Long-Spined Sea Urchin (Diadema Antillarum) And Patch Reef Communities In The Florida Keys, Meredith D. Kintzing 2010 Old Dominion University

Impacts Of The Spotted Spiny Lobster (Panulirus Guttatus) On The Long-Spined Sea Urchin (Diadema Antillarum) And Patch Reef Communities In The Florida Keys, Meredith D. Kintzing

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Caribbean coral reefs have undergone a phase shift from a system dominated by corals to one where algae are pervasive. This shift was precipitated by the loss of herbivores, including the mass mortality of the long spined sea urchin (Diadema antillarum), coupled with disease and the recruitment failure of hermatypic corals. Diadema populations have recovered in some areas of the Caribbean, but are still below historical levels in the Florida Keys, likely due to low larval supply coupled with predation on juveniles. Lobsters are sea urchin predators in other systems and the spotted spiny lobster (Panulirus guttatus ) is abundant on ...


Transmitter Optimization In Multiuser Wireless Systems With Quality Of Service Constraints, Danda B. Rawat 2010 Old Dominion University

Transmitter Optimization In Multiuser Wireless Systems With Quality Of Service Constraints, Danda B. Rawat

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Disssertations

In this dissertation, transmitter adaptation for optimal resource allocation in wireless communication systems are investigated. First, a multiple access channel model is considered where many transmitters communicate with a single receiver. This scenario is a basic component of a. wireless network in which multiple users simultaneously access the resources of a wireless service provider. Adaptive algorithms for transmitter optimization to meet Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements in a distributed manner are studied. Second, an interference channel model is considered where multiple interfering transmitter-receiver pairs co-exist such that a given transmitter communicates with its intended receiver in the presence of interference from other ...


Canonical Correlation Analysis For Longitudinal Data, Raymond McCollum 2010 Old Dominion University

Canonical Correlation Analysis For Longitudinal Data, Raymond Mccollum

Mathematics & Statistics Theses & Dissertations

Data (multivariate data) on two sets of vectors commonly occur in applications. Statistical analysis of these data is usually done using a canonical correlation analysis (CCA). Occurrence of these data at multiple occasions or conditions leads to longitudinal multivariate data for a CCA. We address the problem of canonical correlation analysis on longitudinal data when the data have a Kronecker product covariance structure. Using structured correlation matrices we model the dependency of repeatedly observed data. Recent work of Srivastava, Nahtman, and von Rosen (2008) developed an iterative algorithm to determine the maximum likelihood estimate of the Kronecker product covariance structure ...


Concentrations, Distributions And Chemical Speciation Of Zinc And Cadmium In The Equatorial And South Atlantic Ocean, Gonzalo G. Carrasco 2010 Old Dominion University

Concentrations, Distributions And Chemical Speciation Of Zinc And Cadmium In The Equatorial And South Atlantic Ocean, Gonzalo G. Carrasco

OEAS Theses and Dissertations

Certain trace metals are important cofactors in enzymatic systems and are thus, essential for life in the world's oceans. Two of these metals, Zn and Cd, are required by phytoplankton for enzymes that facilitate carbon uptake (Morel and Price, 2003). In seawater the total dissolved concentration of a metal (MTD) is distributed among different chemical species and this chemical speciation dictates a metal's bioavailability. Strong organic metal-binding ligands greatly affect the metal's chemical speciation in the ocean, potentially limiting phytoplankton growth by reducing the concentrations of Zn2+ and Cd2+, the bioavailable forms of these two ...


Mathematical Models And Stability Analysis Of Cholera Dynamics, Shu Liao 2010 Old Dominion University

Mathematical Models And Stability Analysis Of Cholera Dynamics, Shu Liao

Mathematics & Statistics Theses & Dissertations

In this dissertation, we present a careful mathematical study of several epidemic cholera models, including the model of Codeco [11] in 2001, that of Hartley, Morris and Smith [22] in 2006, and that of Mukandavire, Liao, Wang and Gaff et al. [60] in 2010. We formally derive the basic reproduction number R0 for each model by computing the spectral radius of the next generation matrix. We focus our attention on the stability analysis at the disease-free equilibrium which determines the short-term epidemic behavior, and the endemic equilibrium which determines the long-term disease dynamics. Particularly, we incorporate the Volterra-Lyapunov matrix ...


Intelligent Computational Argumentation For Evaluating Performance Scores In Multi-Criteria Decision Making, Rubal Wanchoo 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Intelligent Computational Argumentation For Evaluating Performance Scores In Multi-Criteria Decision Making, Rubal Wanchoo

Masters Theses

"Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is a discipline aimed at assisting multiple stakeholders in contemplating a decision paradigm in an uncertain environment. The decision analysis to be performed involves numerous alternative positions assessed under varied criterion. A performance score is assigned for each alternative in terms of every criterion and it represents satisfaction of the criteria by that alternative. In a collaborative decision making environment, performance scores are either obtained when a consensus can be reached among stakeholders on a particular score or in some cases or controversial when stakeholders do not agree with each other about them. In the ...


Etherannotate: A Transparent Malware Analysis Tool For Integrating Dynamic And Static Examination, Joshua Michael Eads 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Etherannotate: A Transparent Malware Analysis Tool For Integrating Dynamic And Static Examination, Joshua Michael Eads

Masters Theses

"Software security researchers commonly reverse engineer and analyze current malicious software (malware) to determine what the latest techniques malicious attackers are utilizing and how to protect computer systems from attack. The most common analysis methods involve examining how the program behaves during execution and interpreting its machine-level instructions. However, modern malicious applications use advanced anti-debugger, anti-virtualization, and code packing techniques to obfuscate the malware's true activities and divert security analysts. Malware analysts currently do not have a simple method for tracing malicious code activity at the instruction-level in a highly undetectable environment. There also lacks a simple method for ...


2-D Path Planning For Direct Laser Deposition Process, Swathi Routhu 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

2-D Path Planning For Direct Laser Deposition Process, Swathi Routhu

Masters Theses

"The zigzag and offset path have been the two most popular path patterns for tool movement in machining process. Different from the traditional machining processes, the quality of parts produced by the metal deposition process is much more dependent upon the choice of deposition paths. Due to the nature of the metal deposition processes, various tool path patterns not only change the efficiency but also affect the deposition height, a critical quality for metal deposition process. This thesis presents the research conducted on calculating zigzag pattern to improve efficiency by minimizing the idle path. The deposition height is highly dependent ...


Closed-Form Solutions To Discrete-Time Portfolio Optimization Problems, Mathias Christian Goeggel 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Closed-Form Solutions To Discrete-Time Portfolio Optimization Problems, Mathias Christian Goeggel

Masters Theses

"In this work, we study some discrete time portfolio optimization problems. After a brief introduction of the corresponding continuous time models, we introduce the discrete time financial market model. The change in asset prices is modeled in contrast to the continuous time market by stochastic difference equations. We provide solutions for these stochastic difference equations. Then we introduce the discrete time risk-measure and the portfolio optimization problems. We provide closed form solutions to the discrete time problems. The main contribution of this thesis are the closed form solutions to the discrete time portfolio models. For simulation purposes the discrete time ...


Cretaceous/Paleogene Boundary Biostratigraphy And Palynofacies Of The Alo-1 Well, Southeastern Nigeria, Janet Diane Raymer 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Cretaceous/Paleogene Boundary Biostratigraphy And Palynofacies Of The Alo-1 Well, Southeastern Nigeria, Janet Diane Raymer

Masters Theses

"The Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary (K/Pg) has been studied in great detail because of the fascination most people have with the extinction of the dinosaurs. The response of the vegetation to this extinction event has been studied in detail in mid to high latitudes, but little is known about what happened in the tropics. Sixty-seven samples from the Nsukka and Imo formations in the Alo-1 well in the Anambra Basin, southeastern Nigeria have been studied for their palynological contents. The aims of the study was to use spores, pollen and dispersed organic matter components to interpret biostratigraphy, and evaluate depositional ...


Adsorption And Segmental Dynamics Of Acrylate And Methacrylate Polymers Adsorbed On A Silica Surface, Piyawan Krisanangkura 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Adsorption And Segmental Dynamics Of Acrylate And Methacrylate Polymers Adsorbed On A Silica Surface, Piyawan Krisanangkura

Doctoral Dissertations

"Poly(isopropyl acrylate)-d₇ (PIPA- d₇) was studied using ²H solid-state NMR and modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). The polymer was deuterated on the methyl groups and side-chain methine. The PIPA- d₇ was adsorbed onto Cab-O-Sil silica. These two types of deuterons each showed their own characteristic deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra for bulk PIPA- d₇. The ²H NMR spectra of adsorbed PIPA- d₇ samples showed the presence of heterogeneity of the segmental dynamics. A residual powder pattern was found in the spectra of the surface samples at higher temperatures, indicating that the segments were tightly attached to the ...


Inverse Limits With Upper Semi-Continuous Set Valued Bonding Functions: An Example, Christopher David Jacobsen 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Inverse Limits With Upper Semi-Continuous Set Valued Bonding Functions: An Example, Christopher David Jacobsen

Masters Theses

"While there is a wealth of information pertaining to inverse limits with single valued bonding maps, comparatively little is known about inverse limits with upper semi-continuous set valued bonding functions. In order to add somewhat to the communal knowledge on the subject, this paper provides an example of an inverse limit with a single upper semi-continuous set valued bonding function. It is then shown that the space is a continuum, and its structure is examined via its arc components and through various of its properties, such as dimension and decomposability"--Abstract, page iii.


Digital Commons powered by bepress