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A Study Of The Interactions Of Lipid Bilayers And Dendrimers Using Small Angle X-Ray Scattering And Freeze Fracture Transmission Electron Microscopy, Derek R. Dorman 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Study Of The Interactions Of Lipid Bilayers And Dendrimers Using Small Angle X-Ray Scattering And Freeze Fracture Transmission Electron Microscopy, Derek R. Dorman

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Lipids are fundamental to all life forms, a key component of cell walls, and essential to proper respiratory function. They are amphiphilic molecules and readily form bilayers. Dendrimers are designer molecules that can be tailored to provide a variety of endgroup moieties, sizes, and charges. The interaction of liposomes and dendrimers can provide information on how medicine interacts with cells and an array of unique structures can be imagined from their assembly into superstructures. Polypropylenimine tetraamine (DAB-Am) and 1-directional arborol dendrimers have been studied in different molar concentrations with 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayers. One-directional arborols are amphiphilic dendrimers with a ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Rare Earth-Nickel-Gallium Ternary Intermetallics, Kandace R. Thomas 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Synthesis And Characterization Of Rare Earth-Nickel-Gallium Ternary Intermetallics, Kandace R. Thomas

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The structural and physical characterization of several early and latter rare earth Ln-Ni-Ga systems, which include Ln2NiGa12 (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm), alpha-LnNiGa4 (Ln = Y, Gd – Yb) and beta-LnNiGa4 (Ln = Tb – Ho) will be presented in this work. These systems are thermodynamically located within a copious, robust phase space and provide a rich understanding of how slight modifications to synthetic preparations can yield the adoption of different structure types in a Ga-rich regime. Each of these phases is made up of well-studied substructures which lend an additional angle of apperception as to how their structure and properties are related. Ln2MGa12 (Ln ...


Non-Axisymmetric Instabilities In Self-Gravitating Tori Around Black Holes, And Solving Einstein Constraints With Superconvergent Finite Element Methods, Oleg Korobkin 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Non-Axisymmetric Instabilities In Self-Gravitating Tori Around Black Holes, And Solving Einstein Constraints With Superconvergent Finite Element Methods, Oleg Korobkin

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This thesis contains results on two related projects. In the first project, we explore non-axisymmetric instabilities in general relativistic accretion disks around black holes. Such disks are created as transient structures in several astrophysical scenarios, including mergers of compact objects and core collapse of massive stars. These disks are suggested for the role of cenral engines of gamma-ray bursts. We address the stability of these objects against the runaway and non-axisymmetric instabilities in the three-dimensional hydrodynamical fully general relativistic treatment. We explore three slender and moderately slender disk models with varying disk-to-black hole mass ratio. None of the models that ...


Modeling Thermal Phenomena And Searching For New Thermally Induced Monitor Signals In Large Sale Gravitational Wave Detectors, Rupal Shashikant Amin 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Modeling Thermal Phenomena And Searching For New Thermally Induced Monitor Signals In Large Sale Gravitational Wave Detectors, Rupal Shashikant Amin

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) array’s 4 km detectors have transitioned from an initial configuration (iLIGO) to an enhanced configuration (eLIGO) [1]. Both configurations relied on high circulating laser powers to achieve sensitivity goals between 150 Hz and 8 kHz. These power levels were sufficient to induce thermally driven focal affects in the primary optics. Since the detectors were designed to achieve maximum sensitivity when laser light was optimally coupled (mode matched) into the antenna, small deviations in focal parameters influenced performance. A laser based thermal compensation system (TCS) was installed for use in both configurations to counteract ...


Optimal Control And Nonlinear Programming, Qingxia Li 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Optimal Control And Nonlinear Programming, Qingxia Li

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis, we have two distinct but related subjects: optimal control and nonlinear programming. In the first part of this thesis, we prove that the value function, propagated from initial or terminal costs, and constraints, in the form of a differential equation, satisfy a subgradient form of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation in which the Hamiltonian is measurable with respect to time. In the second part of this thesis, we first construct a concrete example to demonstrate conjugate duality theory in vector optimization as developed by Tanino. We also define the normal cones corresponding to Tanino's concept of the subgradient ...


Orthogonal Grassmannians And Hermitian K-Theory In A¹-Homotopy Theory Of Schemes, Girja Shanker Tripathi 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Orthogonal Grassmannians And Hermitian K-Theory In A¹-Homotopy Theory Of Schemes, Girja Shanker Tripathi

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this work we prove that the hermitian K-theory is geometrically representable in the A^1 -homotopy category of smooth schemes over a field. We also study in detail a realization functor from the A^1 -homotopy category of smooth schemes over the field R of real numbers to the category of topological spaces. This functor is determined by taking the real points of a smooth R-scheme. There is another realization functor induced by taking the complex points with a similar description although we have not discussed this other functor in this dissertation. Using these realization functors we have concluded ...


Spatial Analyses Of Pedosphere Carbon Stock And Sequestration Potential In Louisiana's Watersheds, Biao Zhong 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Spatial Analyses Of Pedosphere Carbon Stock And Sequestration Potential In Louisiana's Watersheds, Biao Zhong

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation research aimed to quantify current soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks across Louisiana’s landscape, examine the spatial relationships between SOC and terrain factors at the watershed and river basin scales, and predict SOC changes in surface soils during future climate change. Using Louisiana as an example, a spatially-explicit modeling framework was developed that is conducive to watershed-scale prediction of soil carbon stock and change. SOC densities at the watershed scale were estimated using the USDA NRCS Soil Geographic Database (STATSGO). Louisiana watersheds and National Land Cover Database (NLCD) were used to aggregate total soil carbon and estimate average ...


Mass Transfer And Mergers In Double White Dwarf Binaries, Wesley Paul Even 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Mass Transfer And Mergers In Double White Dwarf Binaries, Wesley Paul Even

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

We have developed a self consistent field (SCF) technique similar to the one described by Hachisu, Eriguchi, & Nomoto (1986b) that can be used to construct detailed force-balanced models of synchronously rotating, double white dwarf (DWD) binaries. This SCF technique can be used to construct model sequences that mimic the last portion of the detached inspiral phase of DWD binary evolutions, and semi-detached model sequences that mimic a phase of conservative mass transfer. In addition, the SCF models can be used to provide quiet initial starts for dynamical studies of the onset of mass transfer in DWD systems. We present multiple ...


Microfluidic Devices Interfaced To Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry For Proteomics, Jeonghoon Lee 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Microfluidic Devices Interfaced To Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry For Proteomics, Jeonghoon Lee

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Microfluidic interfaces were developed for off-line matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI). Microfluidic interfaces allow samples to be manipulated on-chip and deposited onto a MALDI target plate for analysis. For this research, microfluidic culturing devices and automated digestion and deposition microfluidic chip platforms were developed for the identification of proteins. The microfluidic chip components were fabricated on a poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, wafer using the hot embossing method and a molding tool with structures prepared via micromilling. One of the most important components of the chip system was a trypsin microreactor. An open channel microreactor was constructed in a ...


Gamma Ray Burst Redshift Catalog And Applications, Limin Xiao 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Gamma Ray Burst Redshift Catalog And Applications, Limin Xiao

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The measurement of redshifts for gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is an important issue for the study of the high redshift universe and cosmology. We developed a program to estimate the redshifts for GRBs from the original light curves and spectra, aiming to get redshifts for bursts without spectroscopic or photometric redshifts. We derive the luminosity indicators from the light curves and spectra of each burst, including the lag time between low and high photon energy light curves, the variability of the light curve, the peak energy of the spectrum, the number of peaks in the light curve, and the minimum rise ...


Design And Development Of Chiral And Achiral Molecularly Imprinted Stationary Phases, Jason Paul LeJeune 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Design And Development Of Chiral And Achiral Molecularly Imprinted Stationary Phases, Jason Paul Lejeune

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Although the cross-linker can comprise over 80% of the polymer composition, improving the nature of the cross-linker in molecularly imprinted polymers has not been studied extensively. The goal of this research is to develop novel cross-linking monomers to either use in the One MoNomer Molecularly Imprinted Polymer system (OMNiMIP) or use in conjunction with other commercially available cross-linkers and functional monomers. Chapter 2 contains research into the understanding of the performance of a new cross-linking monomer (N, O - bismethacryloyl ethanolamine, NOBE) discovered in the Spivak Research Group. The ability of this monomer to outperform traditional two monomer systems in a ...


Perverse Poisson Sheaves On The Nilpotent Cone, Jared Lee Culbertson 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Perverse Poisson Sheaves On The Nilpotent Cone, Jared Lee Culbertson

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

For a reductive complex algebraic group, the associated nilpotent cone is the variety of nilpotent elements in the corresponding Lie algebra. Understanding the nilpotent cone is of central importance in representation theory. For example, the nilpotent cone plays a prominent role in classifying the representations of finite groups of Lie type. More recently, the nilpotent cone has been shown to have a close connection with the affine flag variety and this has been exploited in the Geometric Langlands Program. We make use of the following important fact. The nilpotent cone is invariant under the coadjoint action of G on the ...


Method Of Riemann Surfaces In Modelling Of Cavitating Flow, Anna Zemlyanova 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Method Of Riemann Surfaces In Modelling Of Cavitating Flow, Anna Zemlyanova

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the applications of the Riemann-Hilbert problem on a hyperelliptic Riemann surface to problems on supercavitating flows of a liquid around objects. For a two-dimensional steady irrotational flow of liquid it is possible to introduce a complex potential w(z) which allows to apply the powerful methods of complex analysis to the solution of fluid mechanics problems. In this work problems on supercavitating flows of a liquid around one or two wedges have been stated. The Tulin single-spiral-vortex model is employed as a cavity closure condition. The flow domain is transformed into an auxiliary domain with ...


Oxidation Of Reduced Sulfur Compounds: A Triple-Oxygen-Isotope Perspective, Issaku E. Kohl 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Oxidation Of Reduced Sulfur Compounds: A Triple-Oxygen-Isotope Perspective, Issaku E. Kohl

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The Earth’s geochemical evolution is recorded in the rocks that compose its lithosphere. Specifically, sulfate minerals have been identified as being repositories of information concerning the past hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. This is due to the non-labile nature of SO42- and its ability to store a record of the oxidative reactions and oxygen sources involved in its formation. Microbial dissimilatory sulfate reduction (MDSR) and sulfide oxidation cause oxygen from H2O and O2 to be trapped to varying degrees in ambient, dissolved SO42-. In order to better interpret the H2O and O2 signals in SO42-, we must deepen our understanding ...


Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali 2010 Old Dominion University

Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali

Physics Faculty Publications

The effect of nanosecond pulsed laser excitation on the self-assembly of Ge quantum dots grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (100)-(2×1) was studied. In situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex situ atomic force microscopy were used to probe the quantum dot structure and morphology. At room temperature, applying the excitation laser decreased the surface roughness of the grown Ge film. With surface electronic excitation, crystalline Ge quantum dots were formed at 250 °C, a temperature too low for their formation without excitation. At a substrate temperature of 390 °C, electronic excitation during growth was found to ...


Plasma Treatment Of Bulk Niobium Surface For Superconducting Rf Cavities: Optimization Of The Experimental Conditions On Flat Samples, M. Rašković, J. Upadhyay, L. Vuskovic, S. Popovic, A.-M. Valente-Feliciano, L. Phillips 2010 Old Dominion University

Plasma Treatment Of Bulk Niobium Surface For Superconducting Rf Cavities: Optimization Of The Experimental Conditions On Flat Samples, M. Rašković, J. Upadhyay, L. Vuskovic, S. Popovic, A.-M. Valente-Feliciano, L. Phillips

Physics Faculty Publications

Accelerator performance, in particular the average accelerating field and the cavity quality factor, depends on the physical and chemical characteristics of the superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavity surface. Plasma based surface modification provides an excellent opportunity to eliminate nonsuperconductive pollutants in the penetration depth region and to remove the mechanically damaged surface layer, which improves the surface roughness. Here we show that the plasma treatment of bulk niobium (Nb) presents an alternative surface preparation method to the commonly used buffered chemical polishing and electropolishing methods. We have optimized the experimental conditions in the microwave glow discharge system and their influence on ...


Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku 2010 Old Dominion University

Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku

Physics Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the charge balance function, from the charged particles, for diverse pseudorapidity and transverse momentum ranges in Au + Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. We observe that the balance function is boost-invariant within the pseudorapidity coverage [ − 1.3 , 1.3 ] . The balance function properly scaled by the width of the observed pseudorapidity window does not depend on the position or size of the pseudorapidity window. This scaling property also holds for particles in different transverse momentum ranges. In addition, we find that the width of the balance function decreases monotonically ...


Parton Energy Loss In Heavy-Ion Collisions Via Direct-Photon And Charged-Particle Azimuthal Correlations, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, S. Bueltmann, I. Koralt, STAR Collaboration 2010 Old Dominion University

Parton Energy Loss In Heavy-Ion Collisions Via Direct-Photon And Charged-Particle Azimuthal Correlations, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, S. Bueltmann, I. Koralt, Star Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

Charged-particle spectra associated with direct photon Ydir) and π0 are measured in p+p and Au+Au collisions at center-of-mass energy √sNN=200 GeV with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. A shower-shape analysis is used to partially discriminate between Ydirand π0. Assuming no associated charged particles in the γdir direction (near side) and small contribution from fragmentation photons (Yfrag), the associated charged-particle yields opposite to Ydir(away side) are extracted. In central Au+Au collisions, the charged-particle yields at midrapidity (|η|<1) and high transverse momentum (3 < PTassoc < 16 GeV/c) associated with γdir and π0 (|η|<0.9, 8 < PTtrig <16 GeV/c) are suppressed by a factor of 3–5 compared with p+p collisions. The observed suppression of the associated charged particles is similar for Ydir and ...


Choosing Between Remote I/O Versus Staging In Distributed Environments, Ibrahim Hakki Suslu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Choosing Between Remote I/O Versus Staging In Distributed Environments, Ibrahim Hakki Suslu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Today, scientifi_x000C_c applications and experiments have become increasingly complex and more demanding in terms of their computational and data requirements. The amount of data generated and used has grown at a very rapid rate. As tens or hundreds of terabytes of data for a single application is very common today; petabytes and even exabytes of data will be very common in a few years. One of the major challenges in distributed computing environments is how to access these large datasets remotely over the network. Data staging and remote I/O are the most widely used data access methods for distributed ...


Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Population growth for mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), and presumably other upland nesting ducks, in the Prairie Pothole Region is most sensitive to nest success, and nest success is most strongly influenced by predation. I evaluated the efficacy of reducing predator populations to improve nest success and increase local breeding populations of upland nesting ducks on township-sized (93.2 km2) management units in eastern North Dakota, USA, during 2005−2008. I also examined potential territorial limitations on local population growth for mallards. Trappers annually removed an average of 245 predators per trapped site. I monitored 7,489 nests on 7 trapped and ...


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