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Developing New Probes For 2dir Spectroscopy, Michael Walt Nydegger 2010 University of Iowa

Developing New Probes For 2dir Spectroscopy, Michael Walt Nydegger

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents preliminary work done to characterize new probes for infrared spectroscopy. The probes studied were the C-D stretch transition and the antisymmetric stretch transition of the azide anion. The techniques employed were transient grating spectroscopy and two dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2DIR). These studies provide information on the lifetime of the chromophores and Fermi Resonances of the chosen oscillators C-D stretch and azide antisymmetric stretch that were observed in the spectra. The first system chosen was a series of deuterated haloforms that include CDCl3, CDBr3 and CDI3. The vibrational lifetime of all three haloforms was measured in a polar ...


Nonlinear Optics In Bragg-Spaced Quantum Wells, Wesley James Johnston 2010 University of Iowa

Nonlinear Optics In Bragg-Spaced Quantum Wells, Wesley James Johnston

Theses and Dissertations

Bragg spaced quantum wells represent a unique class of resonant photonic materials, wherein a photonic bandgap is created by the periodic spacing of quantum wells and the associated variation in the complex susceptibility (index and absorption) of the material. Interest in BSQWs has grown in the past decade due to their large ultrafast nonlinearities and the corresponding large ultrafast reflectivity changes and transmissivity. These nonlinearities are of particular interest in areas of communication technology, where ultrafast all-optical logic components have become increasingly in demand. This research will further investigate BSQWs and the for the first time effects of spin-dependent nonlinear ...


Test Case Automation For Specification Patterns System And Composite Propositions, Cuauhtemoc Munoz 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Test Case Automation For Specification Patterns System And Composite Propositions, Cuauhtemoc Munoz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Specifying software properties is a common activity in the software development process. Software properties are often written in a natural language such as English. However, the ambiguity in natural languages makes validation and verification time-consuming and error-prone. Specifying software properties in formal languages such as Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) or Computation Tree Logic (CTL) enables the use of formal verification tools such as model checkers. Nevertheless, formal languages require software developers to have a strong background in mathematics and logic.

The specification Patterns System (SPS) and Composite Propositions (CPs) use a higher-level abstraction to specify software properties formally. The SPS ...


Comprehensive Study Of Parameters For Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (Vmat) Treatment Planning, Catharine Elizabeth Talbert 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Comprehensive Study Of Parameters For Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (Vmat) Treatment Planning, Catharine Elizabeth Talbert

LSU Master's Theses

Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a rotational IMRT technique that uses a radiotherapy linear accelerator gantry with a dynamic MLC, variable dose rate, and variable gantry speed. These new degrees of freedom of VMAT delivery introduced complexities for treatment planning, and Pinnacle3 SmartArc treatment module was recently developed as a solution. However, it was unclear how varying each SmartArc parameter affected the resulting plan quality. The purpose of this study was to systematically examine all planning parameters and quantify the effect of varying each on the quality of a reference plan. Parameters were separated into two categories: commissioning parameters ...


Analysis And Modeling Of Hurricane Impacts On A Coastal Louisiana Lake Bottom, Angelina Freeman 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Analysis And Modeling Of Hurricane Impacts On A Coastal Louisiana Lake Bottom, Angelina Freeman

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Tropical cyclone impacts on wetland, terrestrial, and shelf systems have been previously studied and reasonably delineated, but little is known about the response of coastal lakes to storm events. For the first time, tropical cyclone impacts on a shallow coastal lake in the Louisiana coastal plain have been studied using direct lines of evidence and numerical modeling. Using side-scan sonar, CHIRP subbottom and echo sounder bathymetric profiles, the lake bottom and shallow subsurface of Sister Lake was imaged pre- and post-Hurricanes Katrina and Rita to provide a geologic framework for assessing the effects of these storms. Box cores were collected ...


Effective Use Of Web-Based Homework In High School Physics, Elizabeth Pullig Hitt 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Effective Use Of Web-Based Homework In High School Physics, Elizabeth Pullig Hitt

LSU Master's Theses

High school physics tests and web-based homework grades were analyzed to determine if web-based homework improves test grades; if the number of web assignments before a test affects the test grade; and if the length of the web assignment affects the number of students that complete the homework assignment. The test grades of students who did their homework were compared to test grades of students who did not do their homework; the assumption was that doing web-based homework improved test grades at this school during the four years studied. The homework group scored seven points higher on average than the ...


Geothermal Resource Assessment Of The Gueydan Salt Dome And The Adjacent Southeast Gueydan Field, Vermilion Parish, Louisiana, Taylor Austin Gray 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Geothermal Resource Assessment Of The Gueydan Salt Dome And The Adjacent Southeast Gueydan Field, Vermilion Parish, Louisiana, Taylor Austin Gray

LSU Master's Theses

The fluids heated by the high thermal conductivity and vertical geometry of salt domes in South Louisiana have the potential to be an economic source of geothermal energy. The Gueydan dome is a piercement salt diapir in Southwest Louisiana lying along the Vermilion and Acadia Parish border. Isotherms indicate a thermal anomaly at the crest of the dome with formation temperatures of 62 ˚C recorded at 1346 m, which is too cold for a geothermal prospect. The shallowest salt encountered is at a depth of 1475 m, and the surrounding strata are Cenozoic sand and clay deposits. Previous geothermal assessments ...


Hepatotoxic Cyanobacterial Blooms In Louisiana's Estuaries: Analysis Of Risk To Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) Following Exposure To Microcystins, Ana Cristina Garcia 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Hepatotoxic Cyanobacterial Blooms In Louisiana's Estuaries: Analysis Of Risk To Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) Following Exposure To Microcystins, Ana Cristina Garcia

LSU Master's Theses

The most common toxins detected following freshwater harmful algal blooms are microcystins, a group of hepatotoxins produced by cyanobacteria (e.g., Microcystis and Anabaena spp.). Preference for filter-feeding prey, including bivalves, makes the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, vulnerable to microcystin contamination and makes the commercially important crab a potential vector of microcystins. I used a combination of field and laboratory studies to determine blue crab vulnerability to microcystin contamination and consequent impacts on crab physiology. Samples collected from a hyper-eutrophic freshwater lake, Lac des Allemands, Louisiana, were analyzed for cyanobacterial abundances and microcystins in surface water and blue crabs using ...


Quantifying The Impact Of Data Quality On Searches For Gravitational Waves From Binary Coalescing Systems With Ligo, Jacob Peter Slutsky 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Quantifying The Impact Of Data Quality On Searches For Gravitational Waves From Binary Coalescing Systems With Ligo, Jacob Peter Slutsky

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Gravitational waves are ripples in space-time itself, predicted by Einstein's General theory of relativity, which propagate at the speed of light and are not scattered or extinguished by passing through matter almost at all. In particular, the gravitational waves from the coalescences of binary systems of compact objects, such as neutron stars and black holes, are exciting prospects for observation. The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory experiment intends to make the _x000C_first direct measurement of gravitational waves, and use the results to uncover new astrophysics. These observations will not be limited by extinction from dust and gas, and will probe ...


Chemistry Of Rhenium(I) Tricarbonyl Complexes Of Biomedical Relevance, Theshini Perera 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Chemistry Of Rhenium(I) Tricarbonyl Complexes Of Biomedical Relevance, Theshini Perera

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

fac-[ReI(CO)3L]n complexes serve as models for short-lived fac-[99mTcI(CO)3L] imaging tracers. Dangling groups on L, needed to achieve desirable biodistribution, complicate the NMR spectra, which are not readily understood. In fac-[ReI(CO)3L]+ with less complicated L, NH groups (exo-NH) projecting toward the L face sometimes showed an upfield shift attributable to steric shielding of the exo-NH group from the solvent by the chelate rings. To investigate whether exo-NH groups in six-membered rings exhibit the same effect and whether the presence of dangling ...


Improving Software Quality Using An Ontology-Based Approach, Yixin Luo 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Improving Software Quality Using An Ontology-Based Approach, Yixin Luo

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Ensuring quality in software development is a challenging process. The concepts of anti-pattern and bad code smells utilize the knowledge of reoccurring problems to improve the quality of current and future software development. Anti-patterns describe recurring bad design solutions while bad code smells describe source code that is error-free but difficult to understand and maintain. Code refactoring aims to remove bad code smells without changing a program’s functionality while improving program quality. There are metrics-based tools to detect a few bad code smells from source code; however, the knowledge and understanding of these indicators of low quality software are ...


Paleotsunami Inundation Of A Beach Ridge Plain: Cobble Ridge Overtopping And Interridge Valley Flooding In Seaside, Oregon, Usa, Curt D. Peterson, Harry M. Jol, Thomas Horning, Kenneth M. Cruikshank 2010 Portland State University

Paleotsunami Inundation Of A Beach Ridge Plain: Cobble Ridge Overtopping And Interridge Valley Flooding In Seaside, Oregon, Usa, Curt D. Peterson, Harry M. Jol, Thomas Horning, Kenneth M. Cruikshank

Geology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Seaside beach ridge plain was inundated by six paleotsunamis during the last ∼2500 years. Large runups (adjusted >10m in height) overtopped seawardmost cobble beach ridges (7m elevation) at ∼1.3 and ∼2.6 ka before present. Smaller paleotsunami (6−8m in height) likely entered the beach plain interior (4-5m elevation) through the paleo-Necanicum bay mouth. The AD 1700 Cascadia paleotsunami had a modest runup (6-7mheight), yet it locally inundated to 1.5 km landward distance. Bed shear stresses (100−3,300 dyne cm−2) are estimated for paleotsunami surges (0.5−2m depths) that flowed down slopes (0.002 ...


Synthetic Study Of Para-Substituted 5,6-Fused Ring Pyridazines, Justin Mobley 2010 Western Kentucky University

Synthetic Study Of Para-Substituted 5,6-Fused Ring Pyridazines, Justin Mobley

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Much of the focus in organic chemistry today is in area of green chemistry. With such large amounts of attention being paid to how do we create a more sustainable world, the focus has been to come up with new ways to not only create energy but to conserve energy and use recyclable products. One possible solution is through the use of organic and organometallic semiconductors. Due to their structural nature, organic semiconductors show similar conducting potential to that of metals such as copper with the potential to be more durable and more efficient. This project focuses strictly on the ...


Itineraries Of Rigid Rotations And Diffeomorphisms Of The Circle, David S. Richeson, Paul Winkler, Jim Wiseman 2010 Dickinson College

Itineraries Of Rigid Rotations And Diffeomorphisms Of The Circle, David S. Richeson, Paul Winkler, Jim Wiseman

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

We examine the itinerary of 0 ∈ S1 = R/Z under the rotation by α ∈ R \ Q. The motivating question is: if we are given only the itinerary of 0 relative to IS1 , a finite union of closed intervals, can we recover α and I? We prove that the itineraries do determine α and I up to certain equivalences. Then we present elementary methods for finding α and I. Moreover, if g : S1S1 is a C2 , orientation preserving diffeomorphism with an irrational rotation number, then we can use the orbit itinerary to recover the ...


Deriving An X-Ray Luminosity Function Of Dwarf Novae Based On Parallax Measurements, K. Byckling, K. Mukai, J. R. Thorstensen, J. P. Osborne 2010 University of Leicester

Deriving An X-Ray Luminosity Function Of Dwarf Novae Based On Parallax Measurements, K. Byckling, K. Mukai, J. R. Thorstensen, J. P. Osborne

Open Dartmouth: Peer-reviewed articles by Dartmouth faculty

We have derived an X-ray luminosity function using parallax-based distance measurements of a set of 12 dwarf novae, consisting of Suzaku, XMM-Newton and ASCA observations. The shape of the X-ray luminosity function obtained is the most accurate to date, and the luminosities of our sample are concentrated between ~10^{30}-10^{31} erg s^{-1}, lower than previous measurements of X-ray luminosity functions of dwarf novae. Based on the integrated X-ray luminosity function, the sample becomes more incomplete below ~3 x 10^{30} erg s^{-1} than it is above this luminosity limit, and the sample is dominated by X-ray ...


Data Transfer Scheduling With Advance Reservation And Provisioning, Mehmet Balman 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Data Transfer Scheduling With Advance Reservation And Provisioning, Mehmet Balman

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Over the years, scientific applications have become more complex and more data intensive. Although through the use of distributed resources the institutions and organizations gain access to the resources needed for their large-scale applications, complex middleware is required to orchestrate the use of these storage and network resources between collaborating parties, and to manage the end-to-end processing of data. We present a new data scheduling paradigm with advance reservation and provisioning. Our methodology provides a basis for provisioning end-to-end high performance data transfers which require integration between system, storage and network resources, and coordination between reservation managers and data transfer ...


Augmented Breast Tumor Classification By Perfusion Analysis, Bruce Yu-Sun Lin 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Augmented Breast Tumor Classification By Perfusion Analysis, Bruce Yu-Sun Lin

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging aid in the diagnosis and analysis of pathologic conditions. Blood flow, or perfusion, through a region of tissue can be computed from a time series of contrast-enhanced images. Perfusion is an important set of physiological parameters that reflect angiogenesis. In cancer, heightened angiogenesis is a key process in the growth and spread of tumorous masses. An automatic classification technique using recovered perfusion may prove to be a highly accurate diagnostic tool. Such a classification system would supplement existing histopathological tests, and help physicians to choose the most optimal treatment protocol. Perfusion is obtained through ...


Bioaerosols And The Risk Of Upper Respiratory Infection In Dental Hygienists, Christen Rebecca Gautreau 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Bioaerosols And The Risk Of Upper Respiratory Infection In Dental Hygienists, Christen Rebecca Gautreau

LSU Master's Theses

Multitudes of pathogenic and infectious microbes are known to spread via contaminated aerosols. Dental personnel have an increased incidence of respiratory infections. Ultrasonic scaling procedures are reported to produce the largest amounts of contaminated aerosols of any dental procedure. The goal of the current study was to see if dental hygienists are at an increased risk of respiratory infections during the performance of their job and to see if certain dental procedures had a significant effect on this risk. This study was conducted at the Dental Hygiene Clinic of the Louisiana State University School of Dentistry in New Orleans, LA ...


Edaphic And Vegetative Controls On Mercury Cycling In Oligohaline Wetlands, Jonathan M. Willis 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Edaphic And Vegetative Controls On Mercury Cycling In Oligohaline Wetlands, Jonathan M. Willis

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

With the expansion of the human population and associated industries there is a concomitant increase in both resource utilization and the production of waste and deleterious by-products. Mercury is a naturally-occurring toxic metal with a complicated and unique biogeochemical cycle, and is often a contaminant of ecotoxicological concern in unindustrialized aquatic habitats. The research described herein was designed to elucidate multiple aspects regarding the behavior of mercury in oligohaline wetland habitats, particularly with respect to edaphic and vegetative effects, through a monitoring and characterization study as well as a series of manipulative experiments. The observational study, conducted in the wetlands ...


Voluntary Exercise In Phosphorylase Kinase Deficient Mice, Ashley M. Mefford 2010 Western Kentucky University

Voluntary Exercise In Phosphorylase Kinase Deficient Mice, Ashley M. Mefford

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Phosphorylase kinase (PhK), a key regulator of glycogenolysis, is critical for maintaining blood glucose levels thus providing energy to sustain muscle contraction. A deficiency of PhK in skeletal muscle is the cause of one type of glycogen storage disease (GSD) in humans. This study investigates the physiological and genetic adaptations that occur in a mouse model of GSD, I/LnJ mice, in response to voluntary exercise. Juvenile (6-8 weeks old) and adult (12-14 weeks old) I/LnJ and wild-type C57/Bl6 mice exercised voluntarily for 1, 2 or 5 weeks. Exercise data was calculated as mean daily running time, daily ...


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