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206,266 full-text articles. Page 5672 of 5686.

Mined-Over Matter, Judy McIlrath 2010 University of South Florida

Mined-Over Matter, Judy Mcilrath

School of Geosciences Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Getting To The Point: Exploring Tectonic Motion At Point Reyes National Seashore, Judy McIlrath 2010 University of South Florida

Getting To The Point: Exploring Tectonic Motion At Point Reyes National Seashore, Judy Mcilrath

School of Geosciences Faculty and Staff Publications

This Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum activity introduces Geology of National Parks students to the geology of the San Andreas Fault, which borders the east side of Point Reyes National Seashore. Photos in the module show the right-lateral displacement along the fault from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, differences in vegetation and types of rocks on opposite sides of the fault, and the geomorphic expression of the fault (e.g., Tomales Bay). Students get an opportunity to determine distances by measuring map lengths, using the map scales, and converting units. Students also calculate the rate of relative motion of the Pacific ...


Single Magnetic Molecule Between Conducting Leads: Effect Of Mechanical Rotations, Reem Jaafar, Eugene M. Chudnovsky, Dmitry A. Garanin 2010 CUNY Lehman College

Single Magnetic Molecule Between Conducting Leads: Effect Of Mechanical Rotations, Reem Jaafar, Eugene M. Chudnovsky, Dmitry A. Garanin

Publications and Research

We study spin-rotation effects in a magnetic molecule bridge d between two conducting leads. Dy- namics of the total angular momentum couples spin tunneling to the mechanical rotations. Landau- Zener spin transition produced by the time-dependent magne tic field generates a unique pattern of mechanical oscillations that can be detected by measuring t he electronic tunneling current through the molecule.


Dynamical Decompactification And Three Large Dimensions, Brian Greene, Daniel N. Kabat, Stefanos Marnerides 2010 Columbia University

Dynamical Decompactification And Three Large Dimensions, Brian Greene, Daniel N. Kabat, Stefanos Marnerides

Publications and Research

We study string gas dynamics in the early universe and seek to realize the Brandenberger - Vafa mechanism - a goal that has eluded earlier works - that singles out three or fewer spatial dimensions as the number which grow large cosmologically. Considering wound string interactions in an impact parameter picture, we show that a strong exponential suppression in the interaction rates for d > 3 spatial dimensions reflects the classical argument that string worldsheets generically intersect in at most four spacetime dimensions. This description is appropriate in the early universe if wound strings are heavy - wrapping long cycles - and diluted. We consider the ...


Core/Shell Nanoparticles As Hybrid Platforms For The Fabrication Of A Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor, Yu-Ho Won, Doreen Aboagye, Ho Seong Jang, Andrei Jitianu, Lia A. Stanciu 2010 CUNY Lehman College

Core/Shell Nanoparticles As Hybrid Platforms For The Fabrication Of A Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor, Yu-Ho Won, Doreen Aboagye, Ho Seong Jang, Andrei Jitianu, Lia A. Stanciu

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


A Multivalent Dna Aptamer Specific For The B-Cell Receptor On Human Lymphoma And Leukemia, Prabodhika R. Mallikaratchy, Alessandro Ruggiero, Jeffrey R. Gardner, Vitaly Kuryavyi, William F. Maguire, Mark L. Heaney, Michael R. McDevitt, Dinshaw J. Patel, David A. Scheinberg 2010 CUNY Lehman College

A Multivalent Dna Aptamer Specific For The B-Cell Receptor On Human Lymphoma And Leukemia, Prabodhika R. Mallikaratchy, Alessandro Ruggiero, Jeffrey R. Gardner, Vitaly Kuryavyi, William F. Maguire, Mark L. Heaney, Michael R. Mcdevitt, Dinshaw J. Patel, David A. Scheinberg

Publications and Research

Long-term survival still eludes most patients with leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. No approved therapies target the hallmark of the B cell, its mIgM, also known as the B-cell receptor (BCR). Aptamers are small oligonucleotides that can specifically bind to a wide range of target molecules and offer some advantages over antibodies as therapeutic agents. Here, we report the rational engineering of aptamer TD05 into multimeric forms reactive with the BCR that may be useful in biomedical applications. Systematic truncation of TD05 coupled with modification with locked nucleic acids (LNA) increased conformational stability and nuclease resistance. Trimeric and tetrameric versions ...


Deflagration With Quantum And Dipolar Effects In A Model Of A Molecular Magnet, Dmitry A. Garanin 2010 CUNY Lehman College

Deflagration With Quantum And Dipolar Effects In A Model Of A Molecular Magnet, Dmitry A. Garanin

Publications and Research

Combination of the thermal effet in magnetic deflagration with resonance spin tunneling controlled by the dipole-dipole interaction in molecular magnets leads to the increase of the deflagration speed in the dipolar window near tunneling resonances.


Utilizing The Technology Acceptance Model To Assess The Employee Adoption Of Information Systems Security Measures, Cynthia M. Jones, Richard V. McCarthy, Leila Halawi, Bahaudin Mujtaba 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Utilizing The Technology Acceptance Model To Assess The Employee Adoption Of Information Systems Security Measures, Cynthia M. Jones, Richard V. Mccarthy, Leila Halawi, Bahaudin Mujtaba

Publications

In this study, the factors that affect employee acceptance of information systems security measures were examined by extending the Technology Acceptance Model. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was applied to examine these factors. 174 valid responses from employees from companies in various industry segments in the United States and Canada were analyzed. The results of the statistical analysis indicate that subjective norm moderated by management support showed the strongest effect on intention to use information systems security measures.


Livestock Grazing And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffer Effects On Runoff Sediment, Nitrate, And Phosphorus Losses, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Richard C. Schultz, John Kovar 2010 Iowa State University

Livestock Grazing And Vegetative Filter Strip Buffer Effects On Runoff Sediment, Nitrate, And Phosphorus Losses, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Richard C. Schultz, John Kovar

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Livestock grazing in the Midwestern United States can result in significant levels of runoff sediment and nutrient losses to surface water resources. Some of these contaminants can increase stream eutrophication and are suspected of contributing to hypoxic conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. This research quantified effects of livestock grazing management practices and vegetative filter strip buffers on runoff depth and mass losses of total solids, nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), and ortho-phosphorus (PO4-P) under natural hydrologic conditions. Runoff data were collected from 12 rainfall events during 2001 to 2003 at an Iowa State University research farm in central ...


Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman 2010 Iowa State University

Laboratory Scale Evaluation Of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions As Indication Of Swine Carcass Degradation Inside Biosecure Composting Units, Neslihan Akdeniz, Jacek A. Koziel, Hee-Kwon Ahn, Thomas D. Glanville, Benjamin P. Crawford, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Biosecure livestock mortality composting systems have been used to dispose of diseased livestock mortalities. In those types of system, visual inspection of carcass degradation is not possible and monitoring VOCs (volatile organic compounds) released by carcasses is a new approach to assess progress of the composting process. In this study, field-scale livestock mortality composting systems were simulated and a laboratory scale composting system with aerobic and anaerobic test units was designed to collect VOC samples from the headspace of decaying plant materials (70 g dry weight) and swine tissues (70 g dry weight) at controlled operating temperatures. Headspace samples were ...


To The Ice: George Bird Grinnell's 1887 Ascent Of Grinnell Glacier, Richard Vaughan 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

To The Ice: George Bird Grinnell's 1887 Ascent Of Grinnell Glacier, Richard Vaughan

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This article discusses a climbing expedition undertaken by U.S. conservationist George Bird Grinnell to ascend what would come to be known as Grinnell Glacier in Montana. Grinnell’s efforts to establish Glacier National Park are detailed. Grinnell’s previously unpublished descriptions of the glacier and its surrounding area are analyzed by the author.


Parton Energy Loss In Heavy-Ion Collisions Via Direct-Photon And Charged-Particle Azimuthal Correlations, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, S. Bueltmann, I. Koralt, STAR Collaboration 2010 Old Dominion University

Parton Energy Loss In Heavy-Ion Collisions Via Direct-Photon And Charged-Particle Azimuthal Correlations, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, S. Bueltmann, I. Koralt, Star Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

Charged-particle spectra associated with direct photon Ydir) and π0 are measured in p+p and Au+Au collisions at center-of-mass energy √sNN=200 GeV with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. A shower-shape analysis is used to partially discriminate between Ydirand π0. Assuming no associated charged particles in the γdir direction (near side) and small contribution from fragmentation photons (Yfrag), the associated charged-particle yields opposite to Ydir(away side) are extracted. In central Au+Au collisions, the charged-particle yields at midrapidity (|η|<1) and high transverse momentum (3 < PTassoc < 16 GeV/c) associated with γdir and π0 (|η|<0.9, 8 < PTtrig <16 GeV/c) are suppressed by a factor of 3–5 compared with p+p collisions. The observed suppression of the associated charged particles is similar for Ydir and ...


Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani 2010 Old Dominion University

Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a study of high energy photodisintegration of proton-pairs through the γ + 3He → p + p + n channel. Photon energies, , from 0.8 to 4.7 GeV were used in kinematics corresponding to a proton pair with high relative momentum and a neutron nearly at rest. The s−11 scaling of the cross section, as predicted by the constituent counting rule for two nucleon photodisintegration, was observed for the first time. The onset of the scaling is at a higher energy and the cross section is significantly lower than for deuteron (pn pair) photodisintegration. For below the ...


What The 2007 Tac Market Design Game Tells Us About Effective Auction Mechanisms, Jinzhong Niu, Kai Cai, Simon Parsons, Peter McBurney, Enrico Gerding 2010 CUNY Guttman Community College

What The 2007 Tac Market Design Game Tells Us About Effective Auction Mechanisms, Jinzhong Niu, Kai Cai, Simon Parsons, Peter Mcburney, Enrico Gerding

Publications and Research

This paper analyzes the entrants to the 2007 TAC Market Design Game. We present a classification of the entries to the competition, and use this classification to compare these entries. The paper also attempts to relate market dynamics to the auction rules adopted by these entries and their adaptive strategies via a set of post-tournament experiments. Based on this analysis, the paper speculates about the design of effective auction mechanisms, both in the setting of this competition and in the more general case.


Hygroscopic Growth And Deliquescence Of Nacl Nanoparticles Mixed With Surfactant Sds, Christopher W. Harmon, Ronald L. Grimm, Theresa M. McIntire, Mark D. Peterson, Bosiljka Njegic, Vanessa M. Angel, Ahmad Alshawa, Joelle S. Underwood, Douglas J. Tobias, R. Benny Gerber, Mark S. Gordon, John C. Hemminger, Sergey A. Nizkorodov 2010 University of California - Irvine

Hygroscopic Growth And Deliquescence Of Nacl Nanoparticles Mixed With Surfactant Sds, Christopher W. Harmon, Ronald L. Grimm, Theresa M. Mcintire, Mark D. Peterson, Bosiljka Njegic, Vanessa M. Angel, Ahmad Alshawa, Joelle S. Underwood, Douglas J. Tobias, R. Benny Gerber, Mark S. Gordon, John C. Hemminger, Sergey A. Nizkorodov

Chemistry Publications

Several complementary experimental and theoretical methodologies were used to explore water uptake on sodium chloride (NaCl) particles containing varying amounts of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to elucidate the interaction of water with well-defined, environmentally relevant surfaces. Experiments probed the hygroscopic growth of mixed SDS/NaCl nanoparticles that were generated by electrospraying aqueous 2 g/L solutions containing SDS and NaCl with relative NaCl/SDS weight fractions of 0, 5, 11, 23, or 50 wt/wt %. Particles with mobility-equivalent diameters of 14.0(±0.2) nm were size selected and their hygroscopic growth was monitored by a tandem nano-differential mobility analyzer ...


Open-Shell Formulation Of The Fragment Molecular Orbital Method, Spencer Pruitt, Dmitri G. Fedorov, Kazuo Kitaura, Mark S. Gordon 2010 Iowa State University

Open-Shell Formulation Of The Fragment Molecular Orbital Method, Spencer Pruitt, Dmitri G. Fedorov, Kazuo Kitaura, Mark S. Gordon

Chemistry Publications

Performing accurate calculations on large molecular systems is desirable for closed- and open-shell systems. In this work, the fragment molecular orbital method is extended to open-shell systems and implemented in the GAMESS (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System) program package. The accuracy of the method is tested, and the ability to reproduce reaction enthalpies is demonstrated. These tests also demonstrate its utility in providing an efficient means to model large open-shell systems.


Aqueous Solvation Of Bihalide Anions, Daniel David Kemp, Mark S. Gordon 2010 Iowa State University

Aqueous Solvation Of Bihalide Anions, Daniel David Kemp, Mark S. Gordon

Chemistry Publications

Second-order Møller−Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) is used to perform geometry optimizations on XHX−·(H2O)n for X = Br, I, with n = 1 to 6 water molecules. Of particular interest is the manner in which the solvent molecules orient themselves around the solute and which configurations are lowest in energy. Although for most values of n, water molecules may donate all of their hydrogen atoms for hydrogen bonding to the solute, this type of structure is the lowest in energy only for n = 0 to 2 and is only a local minimum for n = 3, 4, and 6. For n ...


Book Review Of Quantum Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Thomas Holme 2010 Iowa State University

Book Review Of Quantum Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Thomas Holme

Chemistry Publications

This article presents a review of the second edition of Quantum Chemistry by D.A. McQuarrie.


Investigation Of The Sources And Sinks Of Atmospheric Methane, Christopher Lee Butenhoff 2010 Portland State University

Investigation Of The Sources And Sinks Of Atmospheric Methane, Christopher Lee Butenhoff

Dissertations and Theses

The work presented here represents a number of independent studies that investigated various components of the CH4 budget, namely the sources and sinks. We used a chemical-tracer model and created unique long-term time series of atmospheric CH4, carbon monoxide (CO), molecular hydrogen (H2), and methylchloroform (CH3CCl3) measurements at marine background air to derive histories of atmospheric hydroxyl radical (OH) - the main chemical oxidant of CH4, biomass burning - an important source of CH4 in the tropics, and emissions of CH4 from rice paddies - one of the largest anthropogenic sources of CH4 ...


Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel 2010 Iowa State University

Low-Temperature Adsorption Of H2s On Ag(111), Selena M. Russell, Da-Jiang Liu, Maki Kawai, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

H2S forms a rich variety of structures on Ag(111) at low temperature and submonolayer coverage. The molecules decorate step edges, exist as isolated entities on terraces, and aggregate into clusters and islands, under various conditions. One type of island exhibits a (×)R25.3° unit cell. Typically, molecules in the clusters and islands are separated by about 0.4 nm, the same as the S–S separation in crystalline H2S. Density functional theory indicates that hydrogen-bonded clusters contain two types of molecules. One is very similar to an isolated adsorbed H2S molecule, with both ...


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