Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

206,266 Full-Text Articles 252,679 Authors 47,230,550 Downloads 403 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Faceted Search

206,266 full-text articles. Page 5668 of 5686.

Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy Based On Continuous Wave Laser Stimulated Emission Depletion, C. Kuang, Wei Zhao, Guiren Wang

Faculty Publications

Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is one of the breakthrough technologies that belong to far-field optical microscopy and can achieve nanoscale spatial resolution. We demonstrate a far-field optical nanoscopy based on continuous wave lasers with different wavelengths, i.e., violet and green lasers for excitation and STED, respectively. Fluorescent dyes Coumarin 102 and Atto 390 are used for validating the depletion efficiency. Fluorescent nanoparticles are selected for characterizing the spatial resolution of the STED system. Linear scanning of the laser beams of the STED system along one line of a microscope slide, which is coated with the nanoparticles, indicates that ...


The Impact Of Conservation On The Status Of The World's Vertebrates, Michael Hoffmann, Craig Hilton-Taylor, Ariadne Angulo, Monika Böhm, Thomas M. Brooks, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Kent E. Carpenter, Janice Chanson, Beth A. Polidoro, Jonnell C. Sanciangco 2010 Old Dominion University

The Impact Of Conservation On The Status Of The World's Vertebrates, Michael Hoffmann, Craig Hilton-Taylor, Ariadne Angulo, Monika Böhm, Thomas M. Brooks, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Kent E. Carpenter, Janice Chanson, Beth A. Polidoro, Jonnell C. Sanciangco

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Using data for 25,780 species categorized on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List, we present an assessment of the status of the world's vertebrates. One-fifth of species are classified as Threatened, and we show that this figure is increasing: On average, 52 species of mammals, birds, and amphibians move one category closer to extinction each year. However, this overall pattern conceals the impact of conservation successes, and we show that the rate of deterioration would have been at least one-fifth again as much in the absence of these. Nonetheless, current conservation efforts remain insufficient to ...


Synchrotron Radiation By Fast Fermions In Heavy-Ion Collisions, Kirill Tuchin 2010 Iowa State University

Synchrotron Radiation By Fast Fermions In Heavy-Ion Collisions, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We study the synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks in strong magnetic field produced by colliding relativistic heavy ions. We argue that due to high electric conductivity of plasma, the magnetic field is almost constant during the entire plasma lifetime. We calculate the energy loss due to synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks. We find that the typical energy loss per unit length for a light quark at the Large Hadron Collider is a few GeV per fm. This effect alone predicts quenching of jets with p⊥ up to about 20 GeV.We also show that the spin-flip ...


Laurel Community Farmstand, Terje Johansen 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Laurel Community Farmstand, Terje Johansen

Horticulture and Crop Science

The project was for us to come up with a temporary farmstand that would be set up to sell fruits and vegetables but mainly to draw people to the area to bring awareness that there were plans to build a development at that location. Our group, Dana Curtice, Robert Vasilieff and Terje Johansen met with the developers three times. New ideas and information were presented in the first two meetings. The third meeting was to present our final design.


Land Use Planning On A Grand Scale: A Decision Maker’S Perspective, E. Bart Harvey III 2010 The University of Maine

Land Use Planning On A Grand Scale: A Decision Maker’S Perspective, E. Bart Harvey Iii

Maine Policy Review

The author of this commentary, who served as a commissioner on the Maine Land Use Planning Commission (LURC) discusses the ground-breaking 400,000-acre concept plan by Plum Creek Corporation for development of the Moosehead Lake region in Maine. The highly-contested plan approved by LURC involves rezoning for hundreds of acres to allow for single family homes and resorts, and sets aside significant acreage in conservation.


Obtaining The C-27 California Landscape Contractors License, Nick Logan 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Obtaining The C-27 California Landscape Contractors License, Nick Logan

Horticulture and Crop Science

The purpose of this project was to obtain the C-27 contractors license in California while still continuing education at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, prior to graduation. Experience and verification of experience is extremely important in the process of obtaining the C-27. Without sufficient experience in landscape contracting, attempting to obtain the license is futile. Some people have the experience needed and this project is aimed at helping those people realize they can take advantage of their knowledge and become licensed. Even if those eligible are not prepared to own and operate a landscaping business, having the license can be ...


Multi–Component Nls Models On Symmetric Spaces: Spectral Properties Versus Representations Theory, Vladimir Gerdjikov, Georgi Grahovski 2010 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Multi–Component Nls Models On Symmetric Spaces: Spectral Properties Versus Representations Theory, Vladimir Gerdjikov, Georgi Grahovski

Articles

The algebraic structure and the spectral properties of a special class of multicomponent NLS equations, related to the symmetric spaces of BD.I-type are analyzed. The focus of the study is on the spectral theory of the associated Lax operator to these nonlinear evolutionary equations for different fundamental representations of the underlying simple Lie algebra g. Special attention is paid to the spinor representation of the orthogonal Lie algebras of B type.


The Maximal Pure Spectrum Of An Abelian Group, Brendan Goldsmith, Ruediger Goebel 2010 Technological University Dublin

The Maximal Pure Spectrum Of An Abelian Group, Brendan Goldsmith, Ruediger Goebel

Articles

This paper introduces the notion of the maximal pure spectrum of an Abelian group - this is the set of isomorphism classes of maximal proper pure subgroups - and focuses on the situation in which this spectrum is small. The converse situation is also examined i.e. given a collection of isomorphism classes of groups, can one find an Abelian group having precisely this collection as its maximal pure spectrum. Finally, it is shown that in some familiar situations, the answers to these questions may be undecidable.


On The Socles Of Characteristic Subgroups Of Abelian P-Groups, Brendan Goldsmith, Peter Danchev 2010 Technological University Dublin

On The Socles Of Characteristic Subgroups Of Abelian P-Groups, Brendan Goldsmith, Peter Danchev

Articles

Fully invariant subgroups of an Abelian p-group have been the object of a good deal of study, while characteristic subgroups have received somewhat less attention. Recently the socles of fully invariant subgroups have been studied and this led to the notion of a socle-regular group. The present work replaces the fully invariant subgroups with characteristic ones and leads in a natural way to the notion of a strongly socle-regular group. A surprising relationship, mirroring that between transitive and fully transitive groups, is obtained.


Schrödinger Operators With Δ'Interactions And The Krein–Stieltjes String, Aleksey Kostenko, M. M. Malamud 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Schrödinger Operators With Δ'Interactions And The Krein–Stieltjes String, Aleksey Kostenko, M. M. Malamud

Articles

We investigate one dimensional symmetric Schrödinger operator HX, β with δ'interactions of strength β = ⊂ on a discrete set X = ⊂ [0, b), b ≤ +∞ (xn ↑ b). We consider HX, β as an extension of the minimal operator Hmin := –d2/dx2 (\X) and study its spectral properties in the frame work of the extension theory by using the technique of boundary triplets and the corresponding Weyl functions. The construction of a boundary triplet for is given in the case d∗ := infn ∈ |xn – xn – 1| = 0. We show that spectral properties like self adjointness, lower semiboundedness, nonnegativity, and discreteness of the spectrum of ...


From Permutahedron To Associahedron, Colum Watt, Thomas Brady 2010 Technological University Dublin

From Permutahedron To Associahedron, Colum Watt, Thomas Brady

Articles

For each finite real reflection group $W$, we identify a copy of the type-$W$ simplicial generalised associahedron inside the corresponding simplicial permutahedron. This defines a bijection between the facets of the generalised associahedron and the elements of the type-$W$ non-crossing partition lattice which is more tractable than previous such bijections. We show that the simplicial fan determined by this associahedron coincides with the Cambrian fan for $W$.


From Permutahedron To Aassociahedron, Colum Watt, Thomas Brady 2010 Technological University Dublin

From Permutahedron To Aassociahedron, Colum Watt, Thomas Brady

Articles

For each finite real reflection group $W$, we identify a copy of the type-$W$ simplicial generalised associahedron inside the corresponding simplicial permutahedron. This defines a bijection between the facets of the generalised associahedron and the elements of the type $W$ non-crossing partition lattice which is more tractable than previous such bijections. We show that the simplicial fan determined by this associahedron coincides with the Cambrian fan for $W$.


A Model For Predicting Extragalactic Jet Lifetimes, Daniel S. Spicer, Robert Bingham, Stephen O'Sullivan 2010 Drexel University

A Model For Predicting Extragalactic Jet Lifetimes, Daniel S. Spicer, Robert Bingham, Stephen O'Sullivan

Articles

Abstract. In this letter, we propose a model to explain the disintegration of ex- tragalactic jets and to predict the associated timescale. The model assumes that a jet is current and charge neutral as well as collimated at its source; however, the forward electron current gradually decays producing a magnetic field transverse to the direction of jet propagation. This growing transverse magnetic field eventually causes the jet to disintegrate.


Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali 2010 Old Dominion University

Excitation-Induced Germanium Quantum Dot Formation On Si (100)-(2×1), Ali Oguz Er, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali

Physics Faculty Publications

The effect of nanosecond pulsed laser excitation on the self-assembly of Ge quantum dots grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (100)-(2×1) was studied. In situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex situ atomic force microscopy were used to probe the quantum dot structure and morphology. At room temperature, applying the excitation laser decreased the surface roughness of the grown Ge film. With surface electronic excitation, crystalline Ge quantum dots were formed at 250 °C, a temperature too low for their formation without excitation. At a substrate temperature of 390 °C, electronic excitation during growth was found to ...


Plasma Treatment Of Bulk Niobium Surface For Superconducting Rf Cavities: Optimization Of The Experimental Conditions On Flat Samples, M. Rašković, J. Upadhyay, L. Vuskovic, S. Popovic, A.-M. Valente-Feliciano, L. Phillips 2010 Old Dominion University

Plasma Treatment Of Bulk Niobium Surface For Superconducting Rf Cavities: Optimization Of The Experimental Conditions On Flat Samples, M. Rašković, J. Upadhyay, L. Vuskovic, S. Popovic, A.-M. Valente-Feliciano, L. Phillips

Physics Faculty Publications

Accelerator performance, in particular the average accelerating field and the cavity quality factor, depends on the physical and chemical characteristics of the superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavity surface. Plasma based surface modification provides an excellent opportunity to eliminate nonsuperconductive pollutants in the penetration depth region and to remove the mechanically damaged surface layer, which improves the surface roughness. Here we show that the plasma treatment of bulk niobium (Nb) presents an alternative surface preparation method to the commonly used buffered chemical polishing and electropolishing methods. We have optimized the experimental conditions in the microwave glow discharge system and their influence on ...


Measurement Of Single- And Double-Spin Asymmetries In Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction With A Longitudinally Polarized Target, H. Avakian, P. Bosted, V. D. Burkert, L. Elouadrhiri, K. P. Adhikari, M. Aghasyan, M. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfi, H. Baghdasaryan, J. Ball, G. Dodge, G. Gavalian, N. Guler, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, D. Martinez, M. R. Niroula, F. Sabatié, H. Seraydaryan, S. Tkachenko, L. B. Weinstein 2010 Old Dominion University

Measurement Of Single- And Double-Spin Asymmetries In Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction With A Longitudinally Polarized Target, H. Avakian, P. Bosted, V. D. Burkert, L. Elouadrhiri, K. P. Adhikari, M. Aghasyan, M. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfi, H. Baghdasaryan, J. Ball, G. Dodge, G. Gavalian, N. Guler, A. Klein, S E. Kuhn, D. Martinez, M. R. Niroula, F. Sabatié, H. Seraydaryan, S. Tkachenko, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of double-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of pions in deep-inelastic scattering off the longitudinally polarized proton. Data have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 5.7 GeV with the CLAS detector at the Jefferson Lab (JLab). Modulations of single spin asymmetries over the azimuthal angle between lepton scattering and hadron production planes ϕ have been measured over a wide kinematic range in Bjorken x and virtual photon squared four-momentum Q2. A significant nonzero sin2ϕ single spin asymmetry was observed for the first time indicating strong spin-orbit correlations ...


Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku 2010 Old Dominion University

Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku

Physics Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the charge balance function, from the charged particles, for diverse pseudorapidity and transverse momentum ranges in Au + Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. We observe that the balance function is boost-invariant within the pseudorapidity coverage [ − 1.3 , 1.3 ] . The balance function properly scaled by the width of the observed pseudorapidity window does not depend on the position or size of the pseudorapidity window. This scaling property also holds for particles in different transverse momentum ranges. In addition, we find that the width of the balance function decreases monotonically ...


Exploiting Query Logs For Cross-Lingual Query Suggestions., Wei GAO, Cheng NIU, Jian-Yun NIE, Ming ZHOU, Kam-Fai WONG, Hsiao-Wuen HON 2010 Singapore Management University

Exploiting Query Logs For Cross-Lingual Query Suggestions., Wei Gao, Cheng Niu, Jian-Yun Nie, Ming Zhou, Kam-Fai Wong, Hsiao-Wuen Hon

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Query suggestion aims to suggest relevant queries for a given query, which helps users better specify their information needs. Previous work on query suggestion has been limited to the same language. In this article, we extend it to cross-lingual query suggestion (CLQS): for a query in one language, we suggest similar or relevant queries in other languages. This is very important to the scenarios of cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) and other related cross-lingual applications. Instead of relying on existing query translation technologies for CLQS, we present an effective means to map the input query of one language to queries of ...


Development In The Gulf Of Maine: Avoiding Geohazards And Embracing Opportunities, Laura L. Brothers, Joseph T. Kelley, Melissa Landon Maynard, Daniel F. Belknap, Stephen M. Dickson 2010 University of Maine

Development In The Gulf Of Maine: Avoiding Geohazards And Embracing Opportunities, Laura L. Brothers, Joseph T. Kelley, Melissa Landon Maynard, Daniel F. Belknap, Stephen M. Dickson

Maine Policy Review

Mapping for marine-spatial planning is crucial if Maine is to safely develop its offshore resources, espe­cially wind and tidal energy. The authors focus on shallow natural gas (methane) deposits, an important and widespread geohazard in Maine’s seafloor. They describe the origin, occur­rence, and identification of natural gas in Maine’s seafloor; explain the hazards associated with these deposits and how to map them; and discuss what Maine can learn from European nations that have already developed their offshore wind resources. Because the U.S. gives states a central role in coastal management, Maine has the chance to ...


Recommender System For Audio Recordings, Jong Seo Lee 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Recommender System For Audio Recordings, Jong Seo Lee

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Nowadays the largest E-commerce or E-service websites offer millions of products for sale. A Recommender system is defined as software used by such websites for recommending commercial or noncommercial product items to users according to the users’ tastes. In this project, we develop a recommender system for a private multimedia web service company. In particular, we devise three recommendation engines using different data filtering methods – named weighted-average, K-nearest neighbors, and item-based – which are based on collaborative filtering techniques, which work by recording user preferences on items and by anticipating the future likes and dislikes of users by comparing the records ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress