# Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons™

## All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

204,807 full-text articles. Page 5613 of 5616.

Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Adaptation In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans, 2009 Harvard University

#### Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Adaptation In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher Fang-Yen, M Wyart, J Xie, R Kawai, S Chen, T Kodger, Q Wen, A D T Samuel

##### Christopher Fang-Yen

No abstract provided.

A Mild And Chemoselective Method For The Deprotection Of Tert-Butyldimethylsilyl (Tbdms) Ethers Using Iron(Iii) Tosylate As A Catalyst, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### A Mild And Chemoselective Method For The Deprotection Of Tert-Butyldimethylsilyl (Tbdms) Ethers Using Iron(Iii) Tosylate As A Catalyst, Ram S. Mohan, Jason M. Bothwell, Veronica V. Angeles, James P. Carolan, Margaret E. Olson

##### Ram S. Mohan

The most common method for the deprotection ofTBDMS ethers utilizes stoichiometric amounts of tetrabutylammonium fluoride, n-Bu4N+F(TBAF), which is highly corrosive and toxic. We have developed a mild and chemoselective method for the deprotection ofTBDMS, TES, and TIPS ethers using iron(III) tosylate as a catalyst. Phenolic TBDMS ethers, TBDPS ethers and the BOC group are not affected under these conditions. Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive, commercially available, and non-corrosive reagent.

Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, Ram S. Mohan, Margaret E. Olson, James P. Carolan, Michael V. Chiodo, Phillip R. Lazzara

##### Ram S. Mohan

The deprotection of aromatic as well as conjugated acetals and ketals in water is catalyzed by iron(III) tosylate (1.0–5.0 mol %). Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive and readily available catalyst. The use of water, the most environmentally benign solvent, makes this procedure especially attractive for acetal deprotection.

In Your Element: Green Bismuth, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan

##### Ram S. Mohan

No abstract provided.

Modeling Relations And Their Mentions Without Labeled Text, 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

#### Modeling Relations And Their Mentions Without Labeled Text, Sebastian Riedel, Limin Yao, Andrew Mccallum

##### Andrew McCallum

Several recent works on relation extraction have been applying the distant supervision paradigm: instead of relying on annotated text to learn how to predict relations, they employ existing knowledge bases (KBs) as source of supervision. Crucially, these approaches are trained based on the assumption that each sentence which mentions the two related entities is an expression of the given relation. Here we argue that this leads to noisy patterns that hurt precision, in particular if the knowledge base is not directly related to the text we are working with. We present a novel approach to distant supervision that can alleviate ...

The Manual Of Aquatic Virus Ecology, 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### The Manual Of Aquatic Virus Ecology, Steven Wilhelm

##### Steven Wilhelm

No abstract provided.

Invariant Weighted Wiener Measures And Almost Sure Global Well-Posedness For The Periodic Derivative Nls, 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

#### Invariant Weighted Wiener Measures And Almost Sure Global Well-Posedness For The Periodic Derivative Nls, Andrea Nahmod, Tadahiro Oh, Luc Rey-Bellet, Gigliola Staffilani

##### Andrea Nahmod

In this paper we construct an invariant weighted Wiener measure associated to the periodic derivative nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in one dimension and establish global well-posedness for data living in its support. In particular almost surely for data in a Fourier-Lebesgue space ${\mathcal F}L^{s,r}(\T)$ with $s \ge \frac{1}{2}$, $2 < r < 4$, $(s-1)r <-1$ and scaling like $H^{\frac{1}{2}-\epsilon}(\T),$ for small $\epsilon >0$. We also show the invariance of this measure.

Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, 2009 AGH University o Science and Technology

#### Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz

##### Robert Oleniacz

In the paper, an assessment of the compliance with air emission limit values and the impact on air quality of one of the largest medical waste incinerators in Poland, with a total capacity of about 300 kg/h (two incineration lines) is presented. The assessment took the results of continuous and periodic measurements of emissions in the plant’s installation over a period of 12 months’ operation into account. For this period, a calculation was performed for the spread of air pollutants emitted by the two operating incineration lines. According to the analysis and calculations, the analysed medical waste incineration ...

2009 Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy

#### Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic

##### Zeljko D Cupic

No abstract provided.

Fabric Development In Cm-Scale Shear Zones In Ultramafic Rocks, Red Hills, New Zealand, 2009 Texas A&M University

#### Fabric Development In Cm-Scale Shear Zones In Ultramafic Rocks, Red Hills, New Zealand, Caroline Webber, Julie Newman, Caleb Holyoke, Timothy Little, Basil Tikoff

##### Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.

2009 University of Akron

#### Accurate Differential Stress Measurement Using The Molten Salt Cell And Solid Salt Assemblies In The Griggs Apparatus With Applications To Strength, Piezometers And Rheology, Caleb Holyoke, Andreas Kronenberg

##### Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.

Deformation Of Single Crystal Sample Using D-Dia Apparatus Coupled With Synchrotron X-Rays: In-Situ Stress And Strain Measurements At High Pressure And Temperature, 2009 University of Akron

#### Deformation Of Single Crystal Sample Using D-Dia Apparatus Coupled With Synchrotron X-Rays: In-Situ Stress And Strain Measurements At High Pressure And Temperature, Jennifer Girard, Jiuhua Chen, Paul Raterron, Caleb Holyoke

##### Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.

Heteroclinic Solutions To An Asymptotically Autonomous Second-Order Equation, 2009 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

#### Heteroclinic Solutions To An Asymptotically Autonomous Second-Order Equation, Gregory S. Spradlin

We study the diﬀerential equation ¨x(t) = a(t)V' (x(t)), where V is a double-well potential with minima at x = ±1 and a(t) → l > 0 as |t| → ∞. It is proven that under certain additional assumptions on a, there exists a heteroclinic solution x to the diﬀerential equation with x(t) → −1 as t → −∞ and x(t) → 1 as t → ∞. The assumptions allow l − a(t) to change sign for arbitrarily large values of |t|, and do not restrict the decay rate of |l −a(t)| as |t| → ∞.

2009 University of Malaya

#### A Novel Peer-To-Peer Sms Security Solution Using A Hybrid Technique Of Ntru And Aes-Rijndael, Miss Laiha Mat Kiah

##### Miss Laiha Mat Kiah

Short message service (SMS) is a very popular and easy to use communications technology for mobile phone devices. Originally, this service was not designed to transmit secured data, so the security was not an important issue during its design. Yet today, it is sometimes used to exchange sensitive information between communicating parties. This paper proposes an alternative solution that provides a peer-to-peer SMS security that guarantees provision of confidentiality, authentication, integrity and non-repudiation security services. A hybrid cryptographic scheme has been used which combines the NTRU and AES-Rijndael algorithms to achieve more robust functionality. For implementation, a mobile information device ...

2009 SUNY Cortland

#### The Many Symmetries Of Calabi–Yau Compactifications, Moataz Emam

##### Moataz Emam

No abstract provided.

Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, Ram S. Mohan, Scott W. Krabbe, Veronica V. Angeles

##### Ram S. Mohan

A bismuth bromide-catalyzed (10.0 mol %) multicomponent reaction involving the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers, followed by in situ derivatization with acetic anhydride to generate highly functionalized esters has been developed under solvent-free conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a catalytic procedure for the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers to yield ring-opened products.

Estimation Of The Area Of Sealed Soil Using Gis Technology And Remote Sensing, 2009 Warsaw University of Technology

#### Estimation Of The Area Of Sealed Soil Using Gis Technology And Remote Sensing, Stanisław Białousz, Przemysław Kupidura

##### Przemysław Kupidura

Soil sealing can be defined as the destruction or covering of soil by buildings, constructions and artificial layers completely or partly impermeable (asphalt, concrete, etc.) It is the most intense form of land consumption and is essentially an irreversible process. Soil is sealed when agricultural or other biologically land is taken into the built environment. It is also a continuing process within existing urban areas, especially where urban population and the density of built structures is increasing and residual inner-city green zones are reduced. The paper concerns the methodology for an estimation of the area of sealed soil using GIS ...

High Performance Computing Instrumentation And Research Productivity In U.S. Universities, 2009 Clemson University

#### High Performance Computing Instrumentation And Research Productivity In U.S. Universities, Linh B. Ngo, Amy W. Apon, Stanley Ahalt, Vijay Dantuluri, Constantin Gurdgiev, Moez Limayem, Michael Stealey

##### Linh B Ngo

This paper studies the relationship between investments in High-Performance Computing (HPC) instrumentation and research competitiveness. Measures of institutional HPC investment are computed from data that is readily available from the Top 500 list, a list that has been published twice a year since 1993 that lists the fastest 500 computers in the world at that time. Institutions that are studied include US doctoral-granting institutions that fall into the very high or high research rankings according to the Carnegie Foundation classifications and additional institutions that have had entries in the Top 500 list. Research competitiveness is derived from federal funding data ...

2009 Wesleyan University

#### Forward Modeling Synsedimentary Deformation Associated With A Prograding Steep-Sloped Carbonate Margin, Phillip G. Resor

##### Phillip G Resor

Differential compaction associated with prograding and aggrading steep-rimmed carbonate margins leads to penecontemporaneous and post- depositional modifications of stratal geometries and tensile and shear stress concentrations that result in brittle deformation. In an effort to investigate controls on these deformation processes, we employ a step-wise gravity loaded elastic model that captures pre-failure displacement and stress field patterns for a depositional geometry based on the Permian Capitan depositional system, Guadalupe Mountains, West Texas and New Mexico, USA. We consider four model geometries with varying progradation to aggradation (P/A) ratio, from strongly prograding (P/A=10) to strongly aggrading (P/A ...