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Core/Shell Nanoparticles As Hybrid Platforms For The Fabrication Of A Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor, Yu-Ho Won, Doreen Aboagye, Ho Seong Jang, Andrei Jitianu, Lia A. Stanciu 2010 CUNY Lehman College

Core/Shell Nanoparticles As Hybrid Platforms For The Fabrication Of A Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor, Yu-Ho Won, Doreen Aboagye, Ho Seong Jang, Andrei Jitianu, Lia A. Stanciu

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Computer Simulation Of Ion-Induced Nucleation In The Presence Of Single Ions And Ion Pairs, Samuel Keasler 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Computer Simulation Of Ion-Induced Nucleation In The Presence Of Single Ions And Ion Pairs, Samuel Keasler

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Atmospheric aerosol particles play an important role in climate and human health. Despite their importance, the mechanisms of their formation are still poorly understood. Ion-induced nucleation may play a role in the process, but details are lacking about how the nucleation rate depends on the size, charge, and number of ions in the cluster. In order to better understand the role that ions might play in new particle formation, we have performed a series of AVUS-HR simulations of the water nucleation in the presence of both single ions and ion pairs. These simulations have shown that the location of the ...


Multigrid Methods For Maxwell's Equations, Jintao Cui 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Multigrid Methods For Maxwell's Equations, Jintao Cui

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this work we study finite element methods for two-dimensional Maxwell's equations and their solutions by multigrid algorithms. We begin with a brief survey of finite element methods for Maxwell's equations. Then we review the related fundamentals, such as Sobolev spaces, elliptic regularity results, graded meshes, finite element methods for second order problems, and multigrid algorithms. In Chapter 3, we study two types of nonconforming finite element methods on graded meshes for a two-dimensional curl-curl and grad-div problem that appears in electromagnetics. The first method is based on a discretization using weakly continuous P1 vector fields. The second ...


Studies Of Nanoparticles From A Group Of Uniform Materials Based On Organic Salts (Gumbos), Aaron Tesfai 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Studies Of Nanoparticles From A Group Of Uniform Materials Based On Organic Salts (Gumbos), Aaron Tesfai

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Tesfai, Aaron, B.S., B.A., University of Missouri, Columbia, 2003 Doctor of Philosophy, Spring Commencement 2010 Major: Chemistry Studies of Nanoparticles from a Group of Uniform Materials Based on Organic Salts (GUMBOS) Dissertation directed by Professor Isiah M. Warner Pages in dissertation, 101. Words in abstract, 271. Ionic liquids (ILs) are defined as organic salts composed of ions with melting points at or below 100 °C. ILs have gained considerable attention because of their desirable properties such as low volatility, high thermal stability, and tunability. GUMBOS are an emergent class of organic salts, many of which are ionic liquids ...


Part I: Syntheses, Characterizations, And Investigations Of Molecular Micelles And Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids For Protein Separations In Electrophoresis Part Ii: Investigating The Mentoring Canon Through Exploration Of Thirty Years Of Mentoring By An Exemplar, Monica R. Sylvain 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Part I: Syntheses, Characterizations, And Investigations Of Molecular Micelles And Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids For Protein Separations In Electrophoresis Part Ii: Investigating The Mentoring Canon Through Exploration Of Thirty Years Of Mentoring By An Exemplar, Monica R. Sylvain

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The research reported in this dissertation is presented in two parts. The first part is the Syntheses, Characterizations, and Investigations of Molecular Micelles and Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids for Protein Separations in Electrophoresis, and the second part is a case study entitled Investigating the Mentoring Canon through Exploration of Thirty Years of Mentoring by an Exemplar. Protein separations in the gel electrophoretic format are ubiquitous analyses used on a daily basis throughout biochemistry, analytical chemistry, and biotechnology. The goal of the research reported in the first part of this dissertation is to synthesize and characterize molecular micelles and ether-functionalized imidazolium-based ionic ...


Dimer Models For Knot Polynomials, Moshe Cohen 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Dimer Models For Knot Polynomials, Moshe Cohen

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

A dimer model consists of all perfect matchings on a (bipartite) weighted signed graph, where the product of the signed weights of each perfect matching is summed to obtain an invariant. In this paper, the construction of such a graph from a knot diagram is given to obtain the Alexander polynomial. This is further extended to a more complicated graph to obtain the twisted Alexander polynomial, which involved "twisting" by a representation. The space of all representations of a given knot complement into the general linear group of a fixed size can be described by the same graph. This work ...


A Functional And Ontogenetic Skull Analysis Of The Extant Rhinoceroses And Teleoceras Major, An Extinct Miocene North American Rhinoceros, Mark Daniel Hagge 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Functional And Ontogenetic Skull Analysis Of The Extant Rhinoceroses And Teleoceras Major, An Extinct Miocene North American Rhinoceros, Mark Daniel Hagge

LSU Master's Theses

Functional and ontogenetic skull differences among extant rhinoceroses and the extinct North American rhinoceros Teleoceras major were investigated to assess the unknown feeding ecology of Teleoceras. Ontogenetic skull sequences of the extant Indian rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), white rhino (Ceratotherium simum), and black rhino (Diceros bicornis), and the extinct Miocene North American rhino T. major were gathered for both qualitative and quantitative assessments. Eleven functional characters related to specific feeding ecologies in extant perissodactyls were morphologically described, and each species’ skull development was described in detail. Nineteen linear skull measurements were taken across all specimens of all ...


Early Life History Dynamics Of The Fish Community In The Atchafalaya River Basin, B. Thorpe Halloran 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Early Life History Dynamics Of The Fish Community In The Atchafalaya River Basin, B. Thorpe Halloran

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Seasonal overbank flooding in systems like the Atchafalaya River Basin (ARB) provides the opportunity for fishes in the mainstem to access off-channel areas on the floodplain. Typically, newly inundated floodplain habitats allow adult fishes to add biomass, avoid predation, and potentially, to reproduce. However, in systems like the ARB, the timing, duration, and magnitude of flooding infrequently coincides with known reproductive periods of many fishes assumed to be floodplain-dependent. To quantify the level of floodplain-exploitative fish reproduction in the ARB, I collected larval and juvenile fish with a variety of sampling gear that allowed estimates in both ultra-shallow (< 2-m) and continuously-inundated habitats (headwater lakes, canals, and bayous). A suite of water quality parameters, river stage, flow, and hours of daylight were used to gauge the influence of environmental phenomena on age-0 abundance during both inundation and drawdown. The results of the 19-month study suggest that many taxa do not rely on the floodplain to ensure high survivorship. Interestingly, the reproductive ecologies of many ARB fishes appeared to be largely independent of widespread connectivity. Although an increasing hydrograph appeared to enhance reproductive output, the interannual timing and intensity of spawning showed limited variability. Larval densities were also contrasted with the microcrustacean zooplankton (copepods and cladocerans) population to assess if a potential food limitation existed in the weeks and months following hatching. During the study, increased zooplankter abundance was typically preceded by elevated river-floodplain connectivity. Conversely, as floodwaters receded during the summer, zooplankton abundance declined to lowest levels observed during the study. Overall, there was limited synchronous overlap between the hatchlings of most fish taxa and their zooplankter prey. This could have potentially resulted in starvation and reduced annual recruitment. Yet, my analysis of the factors that regulate larval fish abundance in the ARB suggest that the density of zooplankton was highly significant although high numbers of larvae and zooplankton rarely coincided. Finally, I compared the intraday (morning vs. afternoon) density and mean length of larval fish at fixed sample sites. The results suggest that once-daily ichthyoplankton collections may fail to provide accurate density and length measurements for young fish populations.


Effective Use Of Web-Based Homework In High School Physics, Elizabeth Pullig Hitt 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Effective Use Of Web-Based Homework In High School Physics, Elizabeth Pullig Hitt

LSU Master's Theses

High school physics tests and web-based homework grades were analyzed to determine if web-based homework improves test grades; if the number of web assignments before a test affects the test grade; and if the length of the web assignment affects the number of students that complete the homework assignment. The test grades of students who did their homework were compared to test grades of students who did not do their homework; the assumption was that doing web-based homework improved test grades at this school during the four years studied. The homework group scored seven points higher on average than the ...


Ferromagnetism And Transport In Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors, Abdolmadjid Nili 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Ferromagnetism And Transport In Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors, Abdolmadjid Nili

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the study of ferromagnetism in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors. To study these strongly correlated electronic systems, two non- perturbative techniques are used: the Dynamical Mean Field Approximation (DMFA) and the Dynamical Cluster Approximation (DCA). The model used for Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors (DMS) incorporates the strong spin-orbit couplings of the carrier holes as found in most III-V semiconductors doped with manganese such as Ga1-xMnxAs. Calculated within the DMFA, the spin-orbit coupling effects give rise to various interesting physics, primarily the anisotropic behavior of the impurity band that affect the charge transport properties in the ...


Predicting First Year Seedling Survival From Quality Distributions Of Bareroot Seedlings And Microsites, Puskar Nath Khanal 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Predicting First Year Seedling Survival From Quality Distributions Of Bareroot Seedlings And Microsites, Puskar Nath Khanal

LSU Master's Theses

Seeding survival has been a continuing problem since the start of the commercial pine plantation in 1950s. The first-year survival of bare-root loblolly pine seedlings at intensively prepared sites in Louisiana has reached a survival plateau of 75 to 85 % with an average of almost 80 %. The major hypothesis of this research was that the survival plateau is a function of the interaction between the frequency distribution of seedling quality and the frequency distribution of microsite quality. This study examined bare-root seedlings and microsite variation, and analyzed the possible options to increase the first-year seedling survival. The study was approached ...


Metamorphic Rocks In The Sawtooth Mountains, Idaho, Usa: A Window Into The Precambrian Basement Of Southwest Laurentia, Kyle Michael Metz 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Metamorphic Rocks In The Sawtooth Mountains, Idaho, Usa: A Window Into The Precambrian Basement Of Southwest Laurentia, Kyle Michael Metz

LSU Master's Theses

The western North American craton consists of a mosaic of Precambrian basement terranes that developed through episodes of microcontinent collision and magmatic arc accretion. Defining the extent and boundaries of these terranes is critical to deciphering the Precambrian development of Laurentia. The poorly exposed Selway terrane occurs between the Archean Wyoming province and the Neoproterozoic rifted margin of Laurentia. A rare exposure of Precambrian metamorphic rocks, the Sawtooth Metamorphic Complex (SMC), crops out over 33 km2 in the Sawtooth Mountains of Idaho, USA, and potentially provides a window into the deep crust of the region. Field mapping, petrographic analyses, and ...


The Effects Of Self-Assessment On Student Learning Of Mathematics, Daniel James Hotard 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effects Of Self-Assessment On Student Learning Of Mathematics, Daniel James Hotard

LSU Master's Theses

Self-assessment can be defined as students judging their own work, based on evidence and explicit criteria, for the purpose of improving future performance. Many researchers agree that implementation of student self-assessment in the classroom is an important tool for improving academic performance and self-efficacy. In this thesis, I investigated the effects of student self-assessment on learning gains of 81 alternative high school Algebra I students. This study took place over the course of two units of instruction. Classes were divided into two groups. One group of students utilized rubrics to self-assess their own work for the first unit, while the ...


A Characterization Of Near Outer-Planar Graphs, Tanya Allen Lueder 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Characterization Of Near Outer-Planar Graphs, Tanya Allen Lueder

LSU Master's Theses

This thesis focuses on graphs containing an edge whose removal results in an outer-planar graph. We present partial results towards the larger goal of describing the class of all such graphs in terms of a finite list of excluded graphs. Specifically, we give a complete description of those members of this list that are not 2-connected or do not contain a subdivision of a three-spoke wheel. We also show that no members of the list contain a five-spoke wheel.


Understanding The Use Of Barrier Islands As Nesting Habitat For Louisiana Birds Of Concern, Cecilia Marie Leumas 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Understanding The Use Of Barrier Islands As Nesting Habitat For Louisiana Birds Of Concern, Cecilia Marie Leumas

LSU Master's Theses

Colonial nesting seabirds are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, human disturbance, predation, and climate change. Several species of conservation concern concentrate high percentages of their total U.S. populations in Louisiana breeding colonies. We studied seabirds, including Royal Terns, Sandwich Terns, and Black Skimmers, nesting on Isles Dernieres barrier islands along the Gulf coast of Louisiana. Two of the four islands in this chain host extensive seabird colonies and two do not. We used an experimental approach to test the hypothesis that large terns and skimmers are prevented from nesting on Trinity Island, the largest of the Isles Dernieres ...


Project Explorations And Student Learning In Geometry, Verna Marie Richard 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Project Explorations And Student Learning In Geometry, Verna Marie Richard

LSU Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the structural framework of the EBRPSS 8th Grade Mathematics Comprehensive Curriculum and to compare its effectiveness to a set of project-based lessons that I created for “Unit 4: Measurement and Geometry”. Two classes participated in this study. Pretest and Posttest scores were analyzed to determine if there was a significant advantage to using my supplements. Results of the analysis revealed that there was an advantage to using the supplements, in spite of the time shortage. Hopefully, the supplements implemented in this study will serve as a model for teaching “Unit 4: Measurement ...


Hepatotoxic Cyanobacterial Blooms In Louisiana's Estuaries: Analysis Of Risk To Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) Following Exposure To Microcystins, Ana Cristina Garcia 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Hepatotoxic Cyanobacterial Blooms In Louisiana's Estuaries: Analysis Of Risk To Blue Crab (Callinectes Sapidus) Following Exposure To Microcystins, Ana Cristina Garcia

LSU Master's Theses

The most common toxins detected following freshwater harmful algal blooms are microcystins, a group of hepatotoxins produced by cyanobacteria (e.g., Microcystis and Anabaena spp.). Preference for filter-feeding prey, including bivalves, makes the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, vulnerable to microcystin contamination and makes the commercially important crab a potential vector of microcystins. I used a combination of field and laboratory studies to determine blue crab vulnerability to microcystin contamination and consequent impacts on crab physiology. Samples collected from a hyper-eutrophic freshwater lake, Lac des Allemands, Louisiana, were analyzed for cyanobacterial abundances and microcystins in surface water and blue crabs using ...


Choosing Between Remote I/O Versus Staging In Distributed Environments, Ibrahim Hakki Suslu 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Choosing Between Remote I/O Versus Staging In Distributed Environments, Ibrahim Hakki Suslu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Today, scientifi_x000C_c applications and experiments have become increasingly complex and more demanding in terms of their computational and data requirements. The amount of data generated and used has grown at a very rapid rate. As tens or hundreds of terabytes of data for a single application is very common today; petabytes and even exabytes of data will be very common in a few years. One of the major challenges in distributed computing environments is how to access these large datasets remotely over the network. Data staging and remote I/O are the most widely used data access methods for distributed ...


The Effects Of Salinity On Nitrogen Cycling In Wetland Soils And Sediments Of The Breton Sound Estuary, La, Brett Whitfield Marks 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effects Of Salinity On Nitrogen Cycling In Wetland Soils And Sediments Of The Breton Sound Estuary, La, Brett Whitfield Marks

LSU Master's Theses

Wetlands in the coastal zone are slowly becoming more saline under rising sea level over the long-term. However, there are a number of events in the coastal environment which lead to quick and temporary changes in the salinity of coastal marshes. Seawater driven inland from storm surge can significantly increase salinity in oligohaline wetlands over the short-term (weeks). Recent large-scale efforts to restore coastal wetlands in Louisiana have utilized Mississippi River surface water diversions to re-introduce freshwater into coastal marshes, decreasing the salinity of coastal marshes. We examined the effect of salinity changes on two important nitrogen cycling processes, potential ...


Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Population growth for mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), and presumably other upland nesting ducks, in the Prairie Pothole Region is most sensitive to nest success, and nest success is most strongly influenced by predation. I evaluated the efficacy of reducing predator populations to improve nest success and increase local breeding populations of upland nesting ducks on township-sized (93.2 km2) management units in eastern North Dakota, USA, during 2005−2008. I also examined potential territorial limitations on local population growth for mallards. Trappers annually removed an average of 245 predators per trapped site. I monitored 7,489 nests on 7 trapped and ...


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