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Stability And Dynamics Of Self-Similarity In Evolution Equations, Andrew J. Bernoff, Thomas P. Witelski 2010 Harvey Mudd College

Stability And Dynamics Of Self-Similarity In Evolution Equations, Andrew J. Bernoff, Thomas P. Witelski

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

A methodology for studying the linear stability of self-similar solutions is discussed. These fundamental ideas are illustrated on three prototype problems: a simple ODE with finite-time blow-up, a second-order semi-linear heat equation with infinite-time spreading solutions, and the fourth-order Sivashinsky equation with finite-time self-similar blow-up. These examples are used to show that self-similar dynamics can be studied using many of the ideas arising in the study of dynamical systems. In particular, the use of dimensional analysis to derive scaling invariant similarity variables is discussed, as well as the role of symmetries in the context of stability of self-similar dynamics. The ...


Annealing Of Amorphous Fexco100-X Nanoparticles Synthesized By A Modified Aqueous Reduction Using Nabh4, Kyler J. Carroll, Daniel M. Hudgins, L. W. Brown III, S. D. Yoon, D. Heiman, V. G. Harris, Everett E. Carpenter 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Annealing Of Amorphous Fexco100-X Nanoparticles Synthesized By A Modified Aqueous Reduction Using Nabh4, Kyler J. Carroll, Daniel M. Hudgins, L. W. Brown Iii, S. D. Yoon, D. Heiman, V. G. Harris, Everett E. Carpenter

Chemistry Publications

FexCo100−x nanoparticles were synthesized by aqueous reduction in iron (II) sulfate and cobalt (II) sulfate using sodium borohydride and sodium citrate. The initial concentrations of iron and cobalt were varied while maintaining an overall metal concentration of 4.60 mM. Increasing the cobalt content from 0 to 100 at. % decreased the magnetization saturation from 152 to 48 emu/g, as determined by room temperature vibrating sample magnetometry. Annealing the samples at 450 and 600 °C showed an increase in crystallite size. Powder x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy was performed to determine the phases and morphology of the materials.


Nonclassical Crystallization Of Amorphous Iron Nanoparticles By Radio Frequency Methods, Kyler J. Carroll, J. A. Pitts, Kai Zhang, A. K. Pradhan, E. E. Carpenter 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Nonclassical Crystallization Of Amorphous Iron Nanoparticles By Radio Frequency Methods, Kyler J. Carroll, J. A. Pitts, Kai Zhang, A. K. Pradhan, E. E. Carpenter

Chemistry Publications

Amorphousironnanoparticles were synthesized using an aqueous reduction in iron(II) sulfate with sodium borohydride and sodium citrate. Various radio frequency (rf) exposure times were investigated in order to determine trends in nonclassical crystallization. RF times from 15 to 300 s revealed an increase in crystallite size from 5 to 60 nm, as determined by powde rx-ray diffraction. Also, solvent optimization revealed that ethanol produced the largest trends for increasing crystallite size without total oxidation of the samples. Magnetic characterization by room temperature vibrating sample magnetometry and high resolution transmission microscopy was performed to verify magnetic properties and particle morphology.


Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Magneto-Optical Activity In Core-Shell Fe-Ag Nanoparticles, L. Wang, K. Yang, C. Clavero, A. J. Nelson, K. J. Carroll, E. E. Carpenter, R. A. Lukaszew 2010 College of William and Mary

Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Magneto-Optical Activity In Core-Shell Fe-Ag Nanoparticles, L. Wang, K. Yang, C. Clavero, A. J. Nelson, K. J. Carroll, E. E. Carpenter, R. A. Lukaszew

Chemistry Publications

Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are suitable platforms for miniaturized biosensing based on their optical and magneto-opticalproperties. It is possible to enhance the sensitivity of specific kinds of NPs by exploiting their optical and magneto-opticalproperties under suitable external magnetic field modulation. Here, the magneto-opticalproperties of Fe–Ag core-shell ferromagnet-noble metal NPs have been investigated as a function of the incident light frequency. For Fe–Ag NPs with a concentration ratio around 25:75, an optical absorption band centered at 3 eV due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) excitation is observed. A strong enhancement of the Faraday rotation is also observed, greatly ...


Dual Mode Nanoparticles: Cds Coated Iron Nanoparticles, F. N. Radwan, K. J. Carroll, E. E. Carpenter 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Dual Mode Nanoparticles: Cds Coated Iron Nanoparticles, F. N. Radwan, K. J. Carroll, E. E. Carpenter

Chemistry Publications

Reverse micelles can be used in a sequential fashion to make core-shell nanoparticles. Using this technique it is possible to make a magnetic quantum dot, by coating an iron core with a cadmium sulfide shell. Transmission electron microscopy indicated core-shell morphology and narrow size distribution of the obtained particles. Collectively, x-ray powder diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy verified the presence of cadmium sulfide on the surface of the nanoparticles. Optical properties of the coated particles were demonstrated using fluorescence spectroscopy. A vibrating sample magnetometer was used to determine magnetic properties. Dual mode cadmium sulfide coatediron core-shell nanoparticles make unique candidates ...


High Magnetization Aqueous Ferrofluid: A Simple One-Pot Synthesis, Kyler J. Carroll, Michael D. Schultz, Panos P. Fatouros, Everett E. Carpenter 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

High Magnetization Aqueous Ferrofluid: A Simple One-Pot Synthesis, Kyler J. Carroll, Michael D. Schultz, Panos P. Fatouros, Everett E. Carpenter

Chemistry Publications

A one-step polyol method was utilized to prepare a stable aqueous iron/iron oxide ferrofluid. The dried powders were characterized by x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry for the determination of phase, morphology, and magnetic properties. To show its potential for imaging applications, the ferrofluid was also investigated as a magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent.


A Geographic Information Systems Approach To The 19th Century Excavation Of Brixham Cavern, Devon, England, Donald A. McFarlane, Joyce Lundberg, Warren Roberts 2010 Claremont McKenna College; Pitzer College; Scripps College

A Geographic Information Systems Approach To The 19th Century Excavation Of Brixham Cavern, Devon, England, Donald A. Mcfarlane, Joyce Lundberg, Warren Roberts

WM Keck Science Faculty Papers

The oldest known spatially-explicit archaeological excavation, conducted in Brixham cave, Devon, in 1858, is reconstructed using geographic information systems technology. Two dimensional plots of individual fossil taxa and flint artefacts demonstrate the utility of the technique for elucidating taphonomy and palaeobiology. The cave served as a den for hibernating brown bears, as a den for hyena and cave lion, and as a reliquary for their prey.


The Effect Of Bioretention Areas On The Heavy Ion Concentration, Ph, And Water Quality Of The Furman University Lake, Adam Williams, Ashley Brown, Matthew Stutz 2010 Furman University

The Effect Of Bioretention Areas On The Heavy Ion Concentration, Ph, And Water Quality Of The Furman University Lake, Adam Williams, Ashley Brown, Matthew Stutz

Furman Lake Restoration Book Gallery

A one page summary by four Furman students describing their research on the effectiveness of the bioretention areas, or rain gardens, created as part of the Lake Restoration Project.


The Effect Of The Lake Restoration Project On Habitat Use By Waterfowl, Denae Buzzell, Clay Evans, Hannah Shirley, Lin Lin Zhao 2010 Furman University

The Effect Of The Lake Restoration Project On Habitat Use By Waterfowl, Denae Buzzell, Clay Evans, Hannah Shirley, Lin Lin Zhao

Furman Lake Restoration Book Gallery

A two page summary by four Furman students describing their research on waterfowl around the Furman Lake. The summary gives a brief history waterfowl populations and explains the adverse effects of large waterfowl populations on calm bodies of water. The summary concludes with test results showing the success of the lake restoration efforts dealing with waterfowl overpopulation.


Fecal Indicator Bacteria Concentrations In Furman Lake And Its Feeder Streams, Philip Hearn, T.J. Melton, Emily Tripp, Victoria Grimm-Oropesa 2010 Furman University

Fecal Indicator Bacteria Concentrations In Furman Lake And Its Feeder Streams, Philip Hearn, T.J. Melton, Emily Tripp, Victoria Grimm-Oropesa

Furman Lake Restoration Book Gallery

A three page summary by four Furman students describing their research on fecal indicator bacteria in the Furman Lake and streams. The summary contains a map and bar charts.


Development Of Metal-Based Luminescent Probes For Applications In Biomolecular Structure And Dynamics, Ayesha Sharmin 2010 University of Montana

Development Of Metal-Based Luminescent Probes For Applications In Biomolecular Structure And Dynamics, Ayesha Sharmin

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

New transition-metal complexes containing luminescent properties have been designed and synthesized for application as structural probes for biomolecules. Potential DNA intercalators, 2- amino-anthracene substituted triosmium clusters, were synthesized by the reactions of 2-aminoanthracene with [Os3(CO)10(CH3CN)2]. The products [Os3(CO)10(μ-η2-(N-C(1))-NH2C14H8)(μ- H)], [Os3(CO)10(μ-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC14H9)(μ-H)], [Os3(CO)9(μ-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC14H8)(μ-H)2] and [Os3(CO)9(μ3-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC10H9)(μ-H)] obtained from this reaction have been structurally characterized by spectroscopic, photophysical and electrochemical techniques. Solid state structures are also reported for the complexes [Os3 ...


How Does The University Of Northern Iowa's Recycling Program Compare To The Recycling Programs Of Its Peer Institutions?, Anna J. Schrad 2010 University of Northern Iowa

How Does The University Of Northern Iowa's Recycling Program Compare To The Recycling Programs Of Its Peer Institutions?, Anna J. Schrad

Honors Program Theses

In recent years, the concept of sustainability has become mainstream and has begun to be incorporated into the decisions that businesses, organizations, and institutions make. With over 12,000 students, the University of Northern Iowa (UNI) has great potential to generate large quantities of recyclables (Kaplan & von Kolnitz, 2004). By expanding its recycling program, UNI can increase its appeal to prospective students while gaining economic benefits in addition to protecting the environment. Waste managers at 8 of UNI’s peer institutions (Appendix B) were interviewed to determine how UNI’s recycling and waste diversion efforts compared to similar schools for ...


Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev 2010 Western Kentucky University

Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

We study long-wave Marangoni convection in a layer heated from below. Using the scaling k=OBi, where k is the wave number and Bi is the Biot number, we derive a set of amplitude equations. Analysis of this set shows presence of monotonic and oscillatory modes of instability. Oscillatory mode has not been previously found for such direction of heating. Studies of weakly nonlinear dynamics demonstrate that stable steady and oscillatory patterns can be found near the stability threshold.


Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev 2010 Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics

Oscillatory And Monotonic Modes Of Long-Wave Marangoni Convection In A Thin Film, Sergey Shklyaev, Mikhail Khenner, Alexei Alabuzhev

Mathematics Faculty Publications

We study long-wave Marangoni convection in a layer heated from below. Using the scaling k=OBi, where k is the wave number and Bi is the Biot number, we derive a set of amplitude equations. Analysis of this set shows presence of monotonic and oscillatory modes of instability. Oscillatory mode has not been previously found for such direction of heating. Studies of weakly nonlinear dynamics demonstrate that stable steady and oscillatory patterns can be found near the stability threshold.


Comment On "Superfluid Turbulence From Quantum Kelvin Wave To Classical Kolmogorov Cascades", Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe 2010 Old Dominion University

Comment On "Superfluid Turbulence From Quantum Kelvin Wave To Classical Kolmogorov Cascades", Jeffrey Yepez, George Vahala, Linda L. Vahala, Min Soe

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Connecticut Transit (Cttransit) Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Third Evaluation Report And Appendices, K. Chandler, L. Eudy 2010 Battelle

Connecticut Transit (Cttransit) Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Third Evaluation Report And Appendices, K. Chandler, L. Eudy

Publications (T)

This report describes operations at Connecticut Transit (CTTRANSIT) in Hartford for one prototype fuel cell bus and three newer diesel buses operating from the same location. The prototype fuel cell bus was manufactured by Van Hool and ISE Corp. and features an electric hybrid drive system with a UTC Power PureMotion 120 Fuel Cell Power System and ZEBRA batteries for energy storage. The fuel cell bus started operation in April 2007, and evaluation results through October 2009 are provided in this report.


Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated December 2009, R. Hendron, C. Engebrecht 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated December 2009, R. Hendron, C. Engebrecht

Publications (SD)

To track progress toward aggressive multi-year, whole-house energy savings goals of 40%–70% and on-site power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America (BA) Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space ...


Sustainability Booklet, Paul Andricopulos, Ned Thomas 2010 City of Henderson, Nevada

Sustainability Booklet, Paul Andricopulos, Ned Thomas

Publications (SD)

An online booklet highlighting the responsible efforts being made by the City of Henderson to foster a sustainable community.


Hrc Enews — 2010 Winter, Megan K. Svarz 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Hrc Enews — 2010 Winter, Megan K. Svarz

Publications (HRC)

This issue contains staff accomplishments and announcements, event listings, a "new faces" listing for new staff, affiliates, and researchers, and an "on the move" section listing new developments.


Population Dynamics Of Free-Roaming Cats In Florida's Lee County, Benjamin Taylor 2010 University of South Florida

Population Dynamics Of Free-Roaming Cats In Florida's Lee County, Benjamin Taylor

Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two

We investigate whether the Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) program can be effectively used to control the population of free-roaming cats in Florida's Lee County. We do this by estimating the number of cats that must be spayed/neutered in order to keep the population from increasing.


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