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Wind Energy Deployment: Global Lessons For West Michigan, Erik Edward Nordman 2009 Grand Valley State University

Wind Energy Deployment: Global Lessons For West Michigan, Erik Edward Nordman

Erik Edward Nordman

West Michigan Wind Assessment Issue Brief #1 This first of series of issue briefs summarizes the factors that have influenced wind energy deployment across the country and around the world. It also brings the lessons home to West Michigan's coastal zone.


Optimal Electron Doping Of A C60 Monolayer On Cu(111) Via Interface Reconstruction, Woei Wu Pai, H. T. Jeng, C.-M. Cheng, C.-H. Lin, Xudong Xiao, Aidi Zhao, Xieqiu Zhang, XU Geng, X. Q. Shi, M. A. Van Hove, C. -S. Hsue, K.-D. Tsuei 2009 Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

Optimal Electron Doping Of A C60 Monolayer On Cu(111) Via Interface Reconstruction, Woei Wu Pai, H. T. Jeng, C.-M. Cheng, C.-H. Lin, Xudong Xiao, Aidi Zhao, Xieqiu Zhang, Xu Geng, X. Q. Shi, M. A. Van Hove, C. -S. Hsue, K.-D. Tsuei

Professor Michel Andre Van Hove

We demonstrate the charge state of C60 on a Cu(111) surface can be made optimal, i.e., forming C60 3- as required for superconductivity in bulk alkali-doped C60, purely through interface reconstruction rather than with foreign dopants. We link the origin of the C60 3- charge state to a reconstructed interface with ordered (4 × 4) 7-atom vacancy 2 holes in the surface. In contrast, C60 adsorbed on unreconstructed Cu(111) receives a much smaller amount of electrons. Our results illustrate a definitive interface effect that affects the electronic properties of molecule-electrode contact.


Code For Fitting Bdsacgh, Veera Baladandayuthapani 2009 UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Code For Fitting Bdsacgh, Veera Baladandayuthapani

Veera Baladandayuthapani

No abstract provided.


Bent-Core Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Rafael Verduzco, Paul Luchette, Seung Ho Hong, John Harden, Elaine DiMasi, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, S. Michael Kilbey II, Jim T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli 2009 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Bent-Core Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Rafael Verduzco, Paul Luchette, Seung Ho Hong, John Harden, Elaine Dimasi, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, S. Michael Kilbey Ii, Jim T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli

Peter Palffy-Muhoray

Liquid crystal (LC) elastomers with bent-core side-groups incorporate the properties of bent-core liquid crystals in a flexible and self-supporting polymer network. Bent-core liquid crystal elastomers (BCEs) with uniform alignment were prepared by attaching a reactive bent-core LC to poly(hydrogenmethylsiloxane) and crosslinking with a divinyl crosslinker. Phase behavior studies indicate a nematic phase over a wide temperature range that approaches room temperature, and thermoelastic measurements show that these BCEs can reversibly change their length by more than a factor of two upon heating and cooling. Small-angle X-ray scattering studies reveal multiple, broad low-angle peaks consistent with short-range smectic C order ...


Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson 2009 United States Naval Academy

Interphase Energies Of Hcp Precipitates In Fcc Metals: A Density-Functional Theory Study In Al-Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of interphase boundary energies relevant to hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitate formation were performed within approximate unit cells that mirror the experimental conditions in face-centered-cubic (fcc) Al-Ag solid solutions. In Al-rich, fcc Al-Ag, γ precipitates are observed to form rapidly with large (300+) aspect ratios even though the Al stacking-fault energy is high (approximately 130 mJ/m2), which should suppress hcp ribbon formation according to standard arguments. Our DFT results show why high-aspect ratio plates occur and why previous estimates based on Wulff construction were orders of magnitude less than observed values. Using DFT, we obtain a Gibbs ...


Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic 2009 Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy

Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic

Zeljko D Cupic

No abstract provided.


Nearest Neighbor Based Collection Ocr, Pramod Sankar K., C. V. Jawahar, R. Manmatha 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Nearest Neighbor Based Collection Ocr, Pramod Sankar K., C. V. Jawahar, R. Manmatha

R. Manmatha

Conventional optical character recognition (OCR) systems operate on individual characters and words, and do not normally exploit document or collection context. We describe a Collection OCR which takes advantage of the fact that multiple examples of the same word (often in the same font) may occur in a document or collection. The idea here is that an OCR or a reCAPTCHA like process generates a partial set of recognized words. In the second stage, a nearest neighbor algorithm compares the remaining word-images to those already recognized and propagates labels from the nearest neighbors. It is shown that by using an ...


Local Fractional Fourier’S Transform Based On The Local Fractional Calculus, Yang Xiao-Jun 2009 Zongxin Kang, Changhe Liu

Local Fractional Fourier’S Transform Based On The Local Fractional Calculus, Yang Xiao-Jun

Xiao-Jun Yang

A new modeling for the local fractional Fourier’s transform containing the local fractional calculus is investigated in fractional space. The properties of the local fractional Fourier’s transform are obtained and two examples for the local fractional systems are investigated in detail.


In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan

Ram S. Mohan

No abstract provided.


Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi 2009 Laval University, Quebec City, Canada

Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Mining and Civilization has been conceived to compliment the author's two books History of Metallurgy and Readings in Historical Metallurgy and to fill a gap in the literature. It is difficult to study the history of metallurgy without studying the history of mining at the same time. Each time the author visits ancient ruins or examines an ancient stone statue he recalls the work of miners who brought the material from a quarry so that the sculptor can create a work of art. History of mining, quarrying, and stone carving is history of civilization.


Population Annealing With Weighted Averages: A Monte Carlo Method For Rough Free-Energy Landscapes, Jonathan Machta 2009 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Population Annealing With Weighted Averages: A Monte Carlo Method For Rough Free-Energy Landscapes, Jonathan Machta

Jonathan Machta

The population annealing algorithm introduced by Hukushima and Iba is described. Population annealing combines simulated annealing and Boltzmann weighted differential reproduction within a population of replicas to sample equilibrium states. Population annealing gives direct access to the free energy. It is shown that unbiased measurements of observables can be obtained by weighted averages over many runs with weight factors related to the free-energy estimate from the run. Population annealing is well suited to parallelization and may be a useful alternative to parallel tempering for systems with rough free-energy landscapes such as spin glasses. The method is demonstrated for spin glasses.


Phase-Linking And The Perceived Motion During Off-Vertical Axis Rotation, Jan E. Holly, Scott J. Wood, Gin McCollum 2009 Portland State University

Phase-Linking And The Perceived Motion During Off-Vertical Axis Rotation, Jan E. Holly, Scott J. Wood, Gin Mccollum

Gin McCollum

Human off-vertical axis rotation (OVAR) in the dark typically produces perceived motion about a cone, the amplitude of which changes as a function of frequency. This perception is commonly attributed to the fact that both the OVAR and the conical motion have a gravity vector that rotates about the subject. Little-known, however, is that this rotating-gravity explanation for perceived conical motion is inconsistent with basic observations about self-motion perception: (a) that the perceived vertical moves toward alignment with the gravito-inertial acceleration (GIA) and (b) that perceived translation arises from perceived linear acceleration, as derived from the portion of the GIA ...


Improving State-Of-The-Art Ocr Through High-Precision Document-Specific Modeling, Andrew Kae, Gary B. Huang, Carl Doersch, Erik G. Learned-Miller 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Improving State-Of-The-Art Ocr Through High-Precision Document-Specific Modeling, Andrew Kae, Gary B. Huang, Carl Doersch, Erik G. Learned-Miller

Andrew Kae

Optical character recognition (OCR) remains a difficult problem for noisy documents or documents not scanned at high resolution. Many current approaches rely on stored font models that are vulnerable to cases in which the docu- ment is noisy or is written in a font dissimilar to the stored fonts. We address these problems by learning character models directly from the document itself, rather than using pre-stored font models. This method has had some success in the past, but we are able to achieve substantial improve- ment in error reduction through a novel method for creating nearly error-free document-specifictraining data and ...


Growth And Convergence In A Multiregional Model With Space–Time Dynamics, Gianfranco Piras, Jean Paul Elhorst, Giuseppe Arbia 2009 Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University

Growth And Convergence In A Multiregional Model With Space–Time Dynamics, Gianfranco Piras, Jean Paul Elhorst, Giuseppe Arbia

Gianfranco Piras

No abstract provided.


How A Bayesian Might Estimate The Distribution Of Cronbach’S Alpha From Ordinal-Dynamic Scaled Data A Case Study Measuring Nursing Home Resident Quality Of Life, Byron J. Gajewski, Diane K. Boyle, Sarah Thompson 2009 University of Kansas Medical Center

How A Bayesian Might Estimate The Distribution Of Cronbach’S Alpha From Ordinal-Dynamic Scaled Data A Case Study Measuring Nursing Home Resident Quality Of Life, Byron J. Gajewski, Diane K. Boyle, Sarah Thompson

Byron J Gajewski

We demonstrate the utility of a Bayesian based approach for calculating intervals of Cronbach’s alpha from a psychological instrument having ordinal responses with a dynamic scale. A small number of response options on an instrument will cause traditional-based interval estimates to be biased. Ordinal-based solutions are problematic because there is no clear mechanism for handling the dynamic scale. One way to remedy the bias is to adjust with a Bayesian approach. The Bayesian approach adjusts the bias and allows theoretically simple calculations of Cronbach’s alpha and intervals. We demonstrate the calculations of the Bayesian approach while at the ...


Removal Of Perchlorate (Clo4-) From Water Using Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge (Paed), Sarah E. Dickson 2009 Selected Works

Removal Of Perchlorate (Clo4-) From Water Using Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge (Paed), Sarah E. Dickson

Sarah E Dickson

No abstract provided.


Emisja Zanieczyszczeń Pyłowo-Gazowych Z Procesu Wypalania Półproduktów Grafitowych W Piecu Tunelowym, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Przemysław Szczygłowski 2009 AGH University o Science and Technology

Emisja Zanieczyszczeń Pyłowo-Gazowych Z Procesu Wypalania Półproduktów Grafitowych W Piecu Tunelowym, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Przemysław Szczygłowski

Robert Oleniacz

The baking of semi-finished graphite products in a tunnel furnace is the source of many air pollutants present in both the gaseous and solid phases. The goal of this study was to assess emission rates into the air of the substances such as: CO, NOx, SO2, H2S, CH4, aliphatic hydrocarbons up to C6, benzene and its homologues (BTEX), total dust and tar substances, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contained in the dust. The research showed a small time-dependence of the emission rates for the majority of the substances analysed, which is, to a large extent, a result of the long ...


Spectroscopic Confirmation Of Z~7 Lbgs: Probing The Earliest Galaxies And The Epoch Of Reionization, L. Pentericci, A. Fontana, E. Vanzella, M. Castellano, A. Grazian, M. Dijkstra, K. Boustia, S. Cristiani, M. Dickinson, E. Giallongo, Mauro Giavalisco, R. Maiolino, A. Moorwood, P. Santini 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Spectroscopic Confirmation Of Z~7 Lbgs: Probing The Earliest Galaxies And The Epoch Of Reionization, L. Pentericci, A. Fontana, E. Vanzella, M. Castellano, A. Grazian, M. Dijkstra, K. Boustia, S. Cristiani, M. Dickinson, E. Giallongo, Mauro Giavalisco, R. Maiolino, A. Moorwood, P. Santini

Mauro Giavalisco

We present the final results from our ultra-deep spectroscopic campaign with FORS2 at the ESO/VLT for the confirmation of z~7 "z--band dropout" candidates selected from our VLT/Hawk-I imaging survey over three independent fields. In particular we report on two newly discovered galaxies at redshift ~6.7 in the NTT deep field: both galaxies show a Ly-alpha emission line with rest-frame EWs of the order 15-20 A and luminosities of 2-4 X 10^{42} erg/s. We also present the results of ultra-deep observations of a sample of i-dropout galaxies, from which we set a solid upper limit ...


Solving Fuzzy Differential Inclusions Using The Lu-Representation Of Fuzzy Numbers, Saeid Abbasbandy, A. Panahi, H. Rouhparvar 2009 Imam Khomeini International University

Solving Fuzzy Differential Inclusions Using The Lu-Representation Of Fuzzy Numbers, Saeid Abbasbandy, A. Panahi, H. Rouhparvar

Saeid Abbasbandy

In this paper, the solution of fuzzy differential inclusions with lower-upper representation is established.


Determining Rates Of Virus Production In Aquatic Systems By The Virus Reduction Approach,, M.G. Weinbauer, J.M. Rowe, Steven Wilhelm 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Determining Rates Of Virus Production In Aquatic Systems By The Virus Reduction Approach,, M.G. Weinbauer, J.M. Rowe, Steven Wilhelm

Steven Wilhelm

The reduction approach to assess virus production and the prokaryotic mortality by viral lysis stops new infection by reducing total virus abundance (and thus virus–host contacts). This allows for easy enumeration of viruses that originate from lysis of already infected cells due to the decreased abundance of free virus particles. This reoccurrence can be quantified and used to assess production and cell lysis rates. Several modifications of the method are presented and compared. The approaches have great potential for elucidating trends in virus production rates as well as for making generalized estimates of the quantitative effects of viruses on ...


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