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2010 Interior Least Tern And Piping Plover Monitoring, Research, Management, And Outreach Report For The Lower Platte River, Nebraska, Mary Bomberger Brown, Joel G. Jorgensen 2010 School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska–Lincoln

2010 Interior Least Tern And Piping Plover Monitoring, Research, Management, And Outreach Report For The Lower Platte River, Nebraska, Mary Bomberger Brown, Joel G. Jorgensen

Papers in Natural Resources

This document reports on our monitoring, research, management, and outreach activities during the past 12 months (2010). We prepared it to inform our partners, cooperating agencies, funding sources, and other interested parties of our activities and to provide a preliminary summary of our results.

The Tern and Plover Conservation Partnership (TPCP), based at the University of Nebraska–School of Natural Resources, and the Nongame Bird Program (NBP), based at the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission (NGPC) work cooperatively on Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover monitoring, research, management, and outreach activities. While the focus of our work is the Lower ...


Coupling Of Carbon Dioxide And Water Vapor Exchanges Of Irrigated And Rainfed Maize–Soybean Cropping Systems And Water Productivity, Andrew E. Suyker, Shashi B. Verma 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Coupling Of Carbon Dioxide And Water Vapor Exchanges Of Irrigated And Rainfed Maize–Soybean Cropping Systems And Water Productivity, Andrew E. Suyker, Shashi B. Verma

Papers in Natural Resources

Continuous measurements of CO2 and water vapor exchanges made in three cropping systems (irrigated continuous maize, irrigated maize–soybean rotation, and rainfed maize–soybean rotation) in eastern Nebraska, USA during 6 years are discussed. Close coupling between seasonal distributions of gross primary production (GPP) and evapotranspiration (ET) were observed in each growing season. Mean growing season totals of GPP in irrigated maize and soybean were 1738 ± 114 and 996 ± 69 g C m−2, respectively (±standard deviation). Corresponding mean values of growing season ET totals were 545 ± 27 and 454 ± 23 mm, respectively. Irrigation affected GPP and ET similarly ...


Toward Regional Climate Services: The Role Of Noaa’S Regional Climate Centers, Arthur T. DeGaetano, Timothy J. Brown, Steven D. Hilberg, Kelly Redmond, Kevin Robbins, Peter Robinson, Martha Shulski, Marjorie McGuirk 2010 Cornell University

Toward Regional Climate Services: The Role Of Noaa’S Regional Climate Centers, Arthur T. Degaetano, Timothy J. Brown, Steven D. Hilberg, Kelly Redmond, Kevin Robbins, Peter Robinson, Martha Shulski, Marjorie Mcguirk

Papers in Natural Resources

Over the 25-yr history of the Regional Climate Center (RCC) program, the central goals of the 1978 Climate Program Act that initiated the program have remained at the core of the centers’ mission. However, the methods, infrastructure, tools, and collaborations that define the program have evolved and the demand for and sophistication of climate service requests has increased. Unlike the program’s partners whose focus is on the collection and archival of climate data, integrated research, and addressing state-specific climate inquiries, the RCCs fill the following three operational niches in national climate services:

• provision and development of sector-specific and value-added ...


Diagnosis Of Extended Cold-Season Temperature Anomalies In Alaska, Martha Shulski, John Walsh, Eric Stevens, Richard Thoman 2010 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Diagnosis Of Extended Cold-Season Temperature Anomalies In Alaska, Martha Shulski, John Walsh, Eric Stevens, Richard Thoman

Papers in Natural Resources

During the early winter of 2002 and late winter of 2007, the Alaskan sector of the North Pacific Ocean region experienced record-breaking temperature anomalies. The duration of these episodes was unusually long, with each lasting more than 1 month: 55 days for the warm anomaly of October–December 2002 and 37 days for the cold anomaly of February–March 2007. Temperature departures over each respective period were the largest for the continental climate of interior Alaska (.108C) and the smallest for the maritime regions of Alaska (,48C). Mean temperatures over the event periods in 2002 and 2007 easily ranked as ...


Translocation To A Fragmented Landscape: Survival, Movement, And Site Fidelity Of Northern Bobwhites, Theron M. Terhune, D. Clay Sisson, William E. Palmer, Brant C. Faircloth, H. Lee Stribling, John P. Carroll 2010 Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy

Translocation To A Fragmented Landscape: Survival, Movement, And Site Fidelity Of Northern Bobwhites, Theron M. Terhune, D. Clay Sisson, William E. Palmer, Brant C. Faircloth, H. Lee Stribling, John P. Carroll

Papers in Natural Resources

Habitat fragmentation, degradation, and loss have taxed early-successional species including the Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and numerous grassland obligate birds. Translocation is often applied to counteract the consequences of habitat fragmentation through the creation, reestablishment, or augmentation of wild populations for the purposes of conservation, biodiversity maintenance. However, the implementation of these techniques is often conducted without valid experimental designs and therefore lacks robust, empirical data needed to evaluate and advance the knowledge and application of translocation. Despite the increasing amount of habitat management applied to patches among fragmented landscapes, a paucity of source populations often limits natural (re)colonization ...


Finding The Smoothest Path To Success: Model Complexity And The Consideration Of Nonlinear Patterns In Nest-Survival Data, Max Post van der Burg, Larkin A. Powell, Andrew J. Tyre 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Finding The Smoothest Path To Success: Model Complexity And The Consideration Of Nonlinear Patterns In Nest-Survival Data, Max Post Van Der Burg, Larkin A. Powell, Andrew J. Tyre

Papers in Natural Resources

Quantifying patterns of nest survival is a first step toward understanding why birds decide when and where to breed. Most studies of nest survival have relied on generalized linear models (GLM) to explore these patterns. However, GLMs require assumptions about the models’ structure that might preclude finding nonlinear patterns in survival data. Generalized additive models (GAM) provide a flexible alternative to GLMs for estimating linear and nonlinear patterns in data. Here we present a comparison of GLMs and GAMs for explaining variation in nest-survival data. We used two different model-selection criteria, the Bayes (BIC) and Akaike (AIC) information criteria, to ...


Assessment Of Hatchery-Reared Pallid Sturgeon Survival In The Lower Missouri River, Kirk D. Steffensen, Larkin A. Powell, Jeff D. Koch 2010 Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

Assessment Of Hatchery-Reared Pallid Sturgeon Survival In The Lower Missouri River, Kirk D. Steffensen, Larkin A. Powell, Jeff D. Koch

Papers in Natural Resources

The population of pallid sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus in the lower Missouri River between Gavins Point Dam (river kilometer [rkm] 1,305.2) and the confluence with the Mississippi River (rkm 0.0) remains imperiled, little to no natural recruitment occurring. Artificial propagation and subsequent population augmentation (i.e., stocking) may be the only viable option for maintaining pallid sturgeon populations in the lower Missouri River in the near term. Because relatively little is known about the ability of hatchery-reared pallid sturgeon to survive, the objective of this study was to quantify survival estimates for hatchery-reared pallid sturgeon stocked into the ...


Impacts Of Land Use/Land Cover Change On Climate And Future Research Priorities, Rezaul Mahmood, Roger A. Pielke Sr., Kenneth G. Hubbard, Dev Niyogi, Gordon Bonan, Peter Lawrence, Richard McNider, Clive McAlpine, Andres Etter, Samuel Gameda, Budong Qian, Andrew Carleton, Adriana Beltran-Przekurat, Thomas Chase, Arturo I. Quintanar, Jimmy O. Adegoke, Sajith Vezhapparambu, Glen Connor, Salvi Asefi, Elif Sertel, David R. Legates, Yuling Wu, Robert Hale, Oliver W. Frauenfeld, Anthony Watts, Marshall Shepherd, Chandana Mitra, Valentine G. Anantharaj, Souleymane Fall, Robert Lund, Anna Treviño, Peter D. Blanken, Jinyang Du, Hsin-I Chang, Ronnie Leeper, Udaysankar S. Nair, Scott Dobler, Ravinesh Deo, Jozef Syktus 2010 Western Kentucky University

Impacts Of Land Use/Land Cover Change On Climate And Future Research Priorities, Rezaul Mahmood, Roger A. Pielke Sr., Kenneth G. Hubbard, Dev Niyogi, Gordon Bonan, Peter Lawrence, Richard Mcnider, Clive Mcalpine, Andres Etter, Samuel Gameda, Budong Qian, Andrew Carleton, Adriana Beltran-Przekurat, Thomas Chase, Arturo I. Quintanar, Jimmy O. Adegoke, Sajith Vezhapparambu, Glen Connor, Salvi Asefi, Elif Sertel, David R. Legates, Yuling Wu, Robert Hale, Oliver W. Frauenfeld, Anthony Watts, Marshall Shepherd, Chandana Mitra, Valentine G. Anantharaj, Souleymane Fall, Robert Lund, Anna Treviño, Peter D. Blanken, Jinyang Du, Hsin-I Chang, Ronnie Leeper, Udaysankar S. Nair, Scott Dobler, Ravinesh Deo, Jozef Syktus

Papers in Natural Resources

Human activities have modified the environment for thousands of years. Significant population increase, migration, and accelerated socioeconomic activities have intensified these environmental changes over the last several centuries. The climate impacts of these changes have been found in local, regional, and global trends in modern atmospheric temperature records and other relevant climatic indicators.

An important human influence on atmospheric temperature trends is extensive land use/land cover change (LULCC) and its climate forcing. Studies using both modeled and observed data have documented these impacts (e.g., Chase et al. 2000; Kalnay and Cai 2003; Cai and Kalnay 2004; Trenberth 2004 ...


Improving Farmers’ Perception And Use Of Climate Predictions In Farming Decisions: A Transition Model, Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Qi Hu, Kenneth G. Hubbard, Gary D. Lynne, Roger H. Bruning 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Improving Farmers’ Perception And Use Of Climate Predictions In Farming Decisions: A Transition Model, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Qi Hu, Kenneth G. Hubbard, Gary D. Lynne, Roger H. Bruning

Papers in Natural Resources

Despite tremendous efforts to improve weather and climate predictions and to inform farmers about the use of such weather products, farmers’ attitudes toward forecast use remain poor and farmer use of forecasts has not increased. This paper describes features of a new conceptual model for facilitating farmers’ use of weather products and offers preliminary evidence for its effectiveness based on a test-of-concept prototype. The prototype system provides farmers with contextualized information, the opportunity to use that information in relevant farming contexts, and collaborative interaction with other users. In addition, scaffolding and feedback are incorporated in the model to enhance learning ...


Finding The Smoothest Path To Success: Model Complexity And The Consideration Of Nonlinear Patterns In Nest-Survival Data Encontrando El Camino Mas Facil Hacia El Exito: Complejidad De Los Modelos Y Consideraci6n De Patrones No Lineales En Datos De Supervivencia De Nidos, Max Post van der Burg, Larkin A. Powell, Andrew J. Tyre 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Finding The Smoothest Path To Success: Model Complexity And The Consideration Of Nonlinear Patterns In Nest-Survival Data Encontrando El Camino Mas Facil Hacia El Exito: Complejidad De Los Modelos Y Consideraci6n De Patrones No Lineales En Datos De Supervivencia De Nidos, Max Post Van Der Burg, Larkin A. Powell, Andrew J. Tyre

Papers in Natural Resources

Quantifying patterns of nest survival is a first step toward understanding why birds decide when and where to breed. Most studies of nest survival have relied on generalized linear models (GLM) to explore these patterns. However, GLMs require assumptions about the models' structure that might preclude finding nonlinear patterns in survival data. Generalized additive models (GAM) provide a flexible alternative to GLMs for estimating linear and nonlinear patterns in data. Here we present a comparison of GLMs and GAMs for explaining variation in nest-survival data. We used two different model-selection criteria, the Bayes (BIC) and Akaike (AIC) information criteria, to ...


Algorithms For Remote Estimation Of Chlorophyll-Α In Coastal And Inland Waters Using Red And Near Infrared Bands, Alexander A. Gilerson, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Jing Zhou, Daniela Gurlin, Wesley Moses, Ioannis Ioannou, Samir A. Ahmed 2010 City College of the City University of New York

Algorithms For Remote Estimation Of Chlorophyll-Α In Coastal And Inland Waters Using Red And Near Infrared Bands, Alexander A. Gilerson, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Jing Zhou, Daniela Gurlin, Wesley Moses, Ioannis Ioannou, Samir A. Ahmed

Papers in Natural Resources

Remote sensing algorithms that use red and NIR bands for the estimation of chlorophyll-α concentration [Chl] can be more effective in inland and coastal waters than algorithms that use blue and green bands. We tested such two-band and three-band red-NIR algorithms using comprehensive synthetic data sets of reflectance spectra and inherent optical properties related to various water parameters and a very consistent in situ data set from several lakes in Nebraska, USA. The two-band algorithms tested with MERIS bands were Rrs(708)/Rrs(665) and Rrs(753)/Rrs(665). The three-band algorithm with MERIS bands was in ...


Non-Destructive Estimation Pigment Content Ripening Quality And Damage In Apple Fruit With Spectral Reflectance In The Visible Range, Alexei E. Solovchenko, Olga B. Chivkunova, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Mark N. Merzlyak 2010 Moscow State University

Non-Destructive Estimation Pigment Content Ripening Quality And Damage In Apple Fruit With Spectral Reflectance In The Visible Range, Alexei E. Solovchenko, Olga B. Chivkunova, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Mark N. Merzlyak

Papers in Natural Resources

Modern non-destructive optical-reflectance-based techniques for estimation of pigment (chlorophyll, carotenoid, anthocyanin, and flavonol) contents, the rate of on- and off-tree ripening as well as for detection of common physiological disorders, such as sunscald, superficial scald, and water core, and other damages to apple fruit are an emphasis on the methods developed by the authors. The basic spectral features of fruit reflectance in the visible and near infra-red are briefly considered together with their implications for the development of algorithms for non-destructive pigment content assessment. The use of reflectance spectroscopy for estimating chlorophyll and carotenoid content as well as carotenoid/chlorophyll ...


Algorithms For Remote Estimation Of Chlorophyll-A In Coastal And Inland Waters Using Red And Near Infrared Bands, Alexander A. Gilerson, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Jing Zhou, Daniela Gurlin, Wesley Moses, Ioannis Ioannou, Samir A. Ahmed 2010 The City College of the City University of New York

Algorithms For Remote Estimation Of Chlorophyll-A In Coastal And Inland Waters Using Red And Near Infrared Bands, Alexander A. Gilerson, Anatoly A. Gitelson, Jing Zhou, Daniela Gurlin, Wesley Moses, Ioannis Ioannou, Samir A. Ahmed

Papers in Natural Resources

Remote sensing algorithms that use red and NIR bands for the estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration [Chl] can be more effective in inland and coastal waters than algorithms that use blue and green bands. We tested such two-band and three-band red-NIR algorithms using comprehensive synthetic data sets of reflectance spectra and inherent optical properties related to various water parameters and a very consistent in situ data set from several lakes in Nebraska, USA. The two-band algorithms tested with MERIS bands were Rrs(708)/Rrs(665) and Rrs(753)/Rrs(665). The three-band algorithm with MERIS bands was ...


Long-Term Response Of Groundwater Nitrate Concentrations To Management Regulations In Nebraska’S Central Platte Valley, Mary Exner Spalding, Hugo Perea-Estrada, Roy F. Spalding 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Long-Term Response Of Groundwater Nitrate Concentrations To Management Regulations In Nebraska’S Central Platte Valley, Mary Exner Spalding, Hugo Perea-Estrada, Roy F. Spalding

Papers in Natural Resources

The impact of 16 years (1988–2003) of management practices on high groundwater nitrate concentrations in Nebraska’s central Platte River valley was assessed in a 58,812-ha (145,215-ac) groundwater quality management area intensively cropped to irrigated corn (Zea mays L.). Crop production and groundwater nitrate data were obtained from ~23,800 producer reports. The terrace, comprising ~56% of the study area, is much more intensively cropped to irrigated corn than the bottomland. From 1987 to 2003, average groundwater nitrate concentrations in the primary aquifer beneath the bottomland remained static at ~8 mg N/l. During the same period ...


Modeling Whole-Tree Carbon Assimilation Rate Using Observed Transpiration Rates And Needle Sugar Carbon Isotope Ratios, Jia Hu, David J. P. Moore, Diego Andrés Riveros-Iregui, Sean P. Burns, Russell K. Monson 2010 University of Colorado

Modeling Whole-Tree Carbon Assimilation Rate Using Observed Transpiration Rates And Needle Sugar Carbon Isotope Ratios, Jia Hu, David J. P. Moore, Diego Andrés Riveros-Iregui, Sean P. Burns, Russell K. Monson

Papers in Natural Resources

• Understanding controls over plant–atmosphere CO2 exchange is important for quantifying carbon budgets across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In this study, we used a simple approach to estimate whole-tree CO2 assimilation rate (ATree) in a subalpine forest ecosystem.
• We analysed the carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) of extracted needle sugars and combined it with the daytime leaf-to-air vapor pressure deficit to estimate tree water-use efficiency (WUE). The estimated WUE was then combined with observations of tree transpiration rate (E) using sap flow techniques to estimate ATree. Estimates of ATree for the ...


A Black Hills-Madison Aquifer Origin For Dakota Aquifer Groundwater In Northeastern Nebraska, Randy Stotler, F. Edwin Harvey, David C. Gosselin 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Black Hills-Madison Aquifer Origin For Dakota Aquifer Groundwater In Northeastern Nebraska, Randy Stotler, F. Edwin Harvey, David C. Gosselin

Papers in Natural Resources

Previous studies of the Dakota Aquifer in South Dakota attributed elevated groundwater sulfate concentrations to Madison Aquifer recharge in the Black Hills with subsequent chemical evolution prior to upward migra¬tion into the Dakota Aquifer. This study examines the plausibility of a Madison Aquifer origin for groundwater in northeastern Nebraska. Dakota Aquifer water samples were collected for major ion chemistry and isotopic analysis (18O, 2H, 3H, 14C, 13C, 34S, 18O-SO4, 87Sr, 37Cl). Results show that groundwater beneath the eastern, un¬confined portion of the study area is distinctly different from ...


Measuring Economic Impacts Of Drought: A Review And Discussion, Ya Ding, Michael J. Hayes, Melissa Widhalm 2010 University of Nebraska, Lincoln

Measuring Economic Impacts Of Drought: A Review And Discussion, Ya Ding, Michael J. Hayes, Melissa Widhalm

Papers in Natural Resources

A comprehensive assessment of drought economic impacts provides critical information to rational decisions supporting drought mitigation policies and programs. The objective of this paper is to increase the understanding of the full scope of drought economic impacts and the associated quantitative assessment methodologies. To accomplish this, the paper reviews the literature of drought economic impact studies in both agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, summarizes the methods and data employed, compares the various results, and investigates the problems and limitations of previous studies. The paper concludes with a discussion of the challenges and directions of future improvement on drought economic impact assessment.


40Ar–39Ar Dating Of Volcanogenic Products From The And-2a Core (Andrill Southern Mcmurdo Sound Project, Antarctica): Correlations With The Erebus Volcanic Province And Implications For The Age Model Of The Core, Gianfranco Di Vincenzo, Laura Bracciali, Paola Del Carlo, Kurt Panter, Sergio Rocchi 2010 Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, CNR, Pisa, Italy

40Ar–39Ar Dating Of Volcanogenic Products From The And-2a Core (Andrill Southern Mcmurdo Sound Project, Antarctica): Correlations With The Erebus Volcanic Province And Implications For The Age Model Of The Core, Gianfranco Di Vincenzo, Laura Bracciali, Paola Del Carlo, Kurt Panter, Sergio Rocchi

ANDRILL Research and Publications

The AND-2A drillcore (Antarctic Drilling Program—ANDRILL) was successfully completed in late 2007 on the Antarctic continental margin (Southern McMurdo Sound, Ross Sea) with the aim of tracking ice proximal to shallow marine environmental fluctuations and to document the 20-Ma evolution of the Erebus Volcanic Province. Lava clasts and tephra layers from the AND-2A drillcore were investigated from a petrographic and stratigraphic point of view and analyzed by the 40Ar–39Ar laser technique in order to constrain the age model of the core and to gain information on the style and nature of sediment deposition in the Victoria ...


Classroomwiki: A Collaborative Wiki For Instructional Use With Multiagent Group Formation, Nobel Khandaker, Leen-Kiat Soh 2010 University of Nebraska- Lincoln

Classroomwiki: A Collaborative Wiki For Instructional Use With Multiagent Group Formation, Nobel Khandaker, Leen-Kiat Soh

CSE Journal Articles

Abstract—Wikis today are being used as a tool to conduct collaborative writing assignments in classrooms. However, typical Wikis do not adequately address the assessment of individual student contributions toward their groups or provide any automated group formation mechanism. To improve these aspects, we have designed and implemented ClassroomWiki – a Web-based collaborative Wiki writing tool. For the students, ClassroomWiki provides a Web interface for writing and revising their group’s Wiki and a topic-based forum for discussing their ideas during collaboration. When the students collaborate, ClassroomWiki tracks all student activities and builds detailed student models that represent their contributions toward ...


Selection Of Andrill Papers, 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Selection Of Andrill Papers

ANDRILL Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


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