Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

161079 Full-Text Articles 191586 Authors 34774122 Downloads 345 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Faceted Search

161079 full-text articles. Page 4005 of 4049.

Physiologic Effects Of Nasopharyngeal Administration Of Supplemental Oxygen At Various Flow Rates In Healthy Neonatal Foals, David M. Wong, Cody J. Alcott, Chong Wang, Bonnie L. Hay-Kraus, Benjamin R. Buchanan, Charles W. Brockus 2010 Iowa State University

Physiologic Effects Of Nasopharyngeal Administration Of Supplemental Oxygen At Various Flow Rates In Healthy Neonatal Foals, David M. Wong, Cody J. Alcott, Chong Wang, Bonnie L. Hay-Kraus, Benjamin R. Buchanan, Charles W. Brockus

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Objective—To evaluate the effects of various flow rates of oxygen administered via 1 or 2 nasal cannulae on the fraction of inspired oxygen concentration (Fio2) and other arterial blood gas variables in healthy neonatal foals.

Animals—9 healthy neonatal (3- to 4-day-old) foals.

Procedures—In each foal, a nasal cannula was introduced into each naris and passed into the nasopharynx to the level of the medial canthus of each eye; oxygen was administered at 4 flow rates through either 1 or both cannulae (8 treatments/foal). Intratracheal Fio2, intratracheal end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide, and arterial ...


Data Transfer Scheduling With Advance Reservation And Provisioning, Mehmet Balman 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Data Transfer Scheduling With Advance Reservation And Provisioning, Mehmet Balman

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Over the years, scientific applications have become more complex and more data intensive. Although through the use of distributed resources the institutions and organizations gain access to the resources needed for their large-scale applications, complex middleware is required to orchestrate the use of these storage and network resources between collaborating parties, and to manage the end-to-end processing of data. We present a new data scheduling paradigm with advance reservation and provisioning. Our methodology provides a basis for provisioning end-to-end high performance data transfers which require integration between system, storage and network resources, and coordination between reservation managers and data transfer ...


Augmented Breast Tumor Classification By Perfusion Analysis, Bruce Yu-Sun Lin 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Augmented Breast Tumor Classification By Perfusion Analysis, Bruce Yu-Sun Lin

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging aid in the diagnosis and analysis of pathologic conditions. Blood flow, or perfusion, through a region of tissue can be computed from a time series of contrast-enhanced images. Perfusion is an important set of physiological parameters that reflect angiogenesis. In cancer, heightened angiogenesis is a key process in the growth and spread of tumorous masses. An automatic classification technique using recovered perfusion may prove to be a highly accurate diagnostic tool. Such a classification system would supplement existing histopathological tests, and help physicians to choose the most optimal treatment protocol. Perfusion is obtained through ...


Part I: Syntheses, Characterizations, And Investigations Of Molecular Micelles And Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids For Protein Separations In Electrophoresis Part Ii: Investigating The Mentoring Canon Through Exploration Of Thirty Years Of Mentoring By An Exemplar, Monica R. Sylvain 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Part I: Syntheses, Characterizations, And Investigations Of Molecular Micelles And Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids For Protein Separations In Electrophoresis Part Ii: Investigating The Mentoring Canon Through Exploration Of Thirty Years Of Mentoring By An Exemplar, Monica R. Sylvain

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The research reported in this dissertation is presented in two parts. The first part is the Syntheses, Characterizations, and Investigations of Molecular Micelles and Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids for Protein Separations in Electrophoresis, and the second part is a case study entitled Investigating the Mentoring Canon through Exploration of Thirty Years of Mentoring by an Exemplar. Protein separations in the gel electrophoretic format are ubiquitous analyses used on a daily basis throughout biochemistry, analytical chemistry, and biotechnology. The goal of the research reported in the first part of this dissertation is to synthesize and characterize molecular micelles and ether-functionalized imidazolium-based ionic ...


The Planet, 2010, Winter, Kaylin Bettinger, Huxley College of the Environment, Western Washington University 2010 Western Washington University

The Planet, 2010, Winter, Kaylin Bettinger, Huxley College Of The Environment, Western Washington University

The Planet

Managing Editor: Anne Maertens; Editors: Oliver Lazenby, Olivia Scalet; Science Editor: Stephanie Eckard; Designers: Kim Gladow, Brianna Nieman; Photographers: Mitch Olsen, Jordan Stead, Marybeth Coghill, Colin Diltz, Talithia Taitano; Writers: Mitch Olsen, James Andrews, Chris Collinson, Courtney Leake, Brooke Loisel, Andrea Farrell, Amanda Halle, Zoie Caidos


Analysis Of Giant Canada Goose Band Recovery Data In Iowa And The Mississippi Flyway, Bradley James Heller 2010 Iowa State University

Analysis Of Giant Canada Goose Band Recovery Data In Iowa And The Mississippi Flyway, Bradley James Heller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Populations of giant Canada geese (Branta canadensis maxima) have rebounded substantially since the early 1900's, when this species was thought to be extinct in the Mississippi Flyway. The success of reintroductions, along with the species' high survival and reproductive rates and affinity for relatively safe urban environments, has allowed them to become abundant to point that they have in many cases become a nuisance. The primary method used to manage these increasing populations has been the use of harvest regulations. Geese are also banded annually, allowing for estimation of survival and recovery rates. The analysis of band recovery data ...


Increased Abundance And First Breeding Record Of The Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Brasilianus) On The Alluvial Plain Of Mississippi, Katie C. Hanson, Travis L. DeVault, Stephen J. Dinsmore 2010 United States Department of Agriculture

Increased Abundance And First Breeding Record Of The Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax Brasilianus) On The Alluvial Plain Of Mississippi, Katie C. Hanson, Travis L. Devault, Stephen J. Dinsmore

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant) has been observed with increasing frequency in the alluvial plain (Delta region) of Mississippi. In the past 6 years, 22 individuals have been observed in 20 separate sightings during spring and summer. These sightings have occurred at breeding colonies of other colonial waterbirds and commercial aquaculture facilities of Ictalurus punctatus (Channel Catfi sh). Two sexually mature Neotropic Cormorants have been collected at a colonial waterbird breeding colony near the Mississippi River in the western Delta region among fl ocks of Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorants). Twice during the summer of 2008, confi rmed nesting of Neotropic Cormorants ...


The State Of The System And Steps Toward Resilience Of Disturbancedependent Oak Forests, Tricia G. Knoot, Lisa A. Schulte, John C. Tyndall, Brian J. Palik 2010 Iowa State University

The State Of The System And Steps Toward Resilience Of Disturbancedependent Oak Forests, Tricia G. Knoot, Lisa A. Schulte, John C. Tyndall, Brian J. Palik

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Current ecological, economic, and social conditions present unique challenges to natural resource managers seeking to maintain the resilience of disturbance-dependent ecosystems, such as oak (Quercus spp.) forests. Oak-dominated ecosystems throughout the U.S. have historically been perpetuated through periodic disturbance, such as fire, but more recently show decline given shifting disturbance regimes associated with human land management decisions. We characterized the state of the social-ecological oak forest ecosystem in the midwestern U.S. through the perspectives of 32 natural resource professionals. Data from interviews with these change agents provided an integrative understanding of key system components, cross-scale interactions, dependencies, and ...


Survival Of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus Savannarum) During Two Important Life Stages In Grassland Managed With Fire And Grazing, Torre James Hovick 2010 Iowa State University

Survival Of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus Savannarum) During Two Important Life Stages In Grassland Managed With Fire And Grazing, Torre James Hovick

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Patch-burn grazing (PBG) is a management practice intended to benefit grassland-dependent wildlife. This practice relies on a fire-grazing interaction to create a habitat mosaic that is heterogeneous in terms of structure and composition, mimicking historic conditions. To assess effects of this, we studied nesting and postfledging survival of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum), in pastures under two treatments: PBG (grazed, 1/3 burned annually) or graze-and-burned (grazed, entire pasture burned every third year).The study was conducted in Ringgold County, Iowa, on public and private lands. We found 332 Grasshopper Sparrow nests in 2008 and 2009. In 2009 we attached 50 ...


Meeting The Common Needs Of A More Effective And Efficient Testing And Assessment Paradigm For Chemical Risk Management, Steven P. Bradbury, Vicki Dellarco, Tala Henry, Phil Sayre, Jennifer Seed 2010 Iowa State University

Meeting The Common Needs Of A More Effective And Efficient Testing And Assessment Paradigm For Chemical Risk Management, Steven P. Bradbury, Vicki Dellarco, Tala Henry, Phil Sayre, Jennifer Seed

Steven P. Bradbury

Significant advances have been made in human health and ecological risk assessment over the last decade. Substantial challenges, however, remain in providing credible scientific information in a timely and efficient manner to support chemical risk assessment and management decisions. A major challenge confronting risk managers is the need for critical information to address risk uncertainties in large chemical inventories such as high- and medium-production-volume industrial chemicals or pesticide inert ingredients. From a strategic and tactical viewpoint, an integrated approach that relies on all existing knowledge and uses a range of methods, including those from emerging and novel technologies, is needed ...


Application Of The Tissue Residue Approach In Ecological Risk Assessment, Steven P. Bradbury, Keith G. Sappington, Todd S. Bridges, Russell J. Erickson, A. Jan Hendriks, Roman P. Lanno, James P. Meador, David R. Mount, Mike H. Salazar, Doug J. Spry 2010 Radboud University

Application Of The Tissue Residue Approach In Ecological Risk Assessment, Steven P. Bradbury, Keith G. Sappington, Todd S. Bridges, Russell J. Erickson, A. Jan Hendriks, Roman P. Lanno, James P. Meador, David R. Mount, Mike H. Salazar, Doug J. Spry

Steven P. Bradbury

The objective of this work is to present a critical review of the application of the tissue residue approach (TRA) in ecological risk and/or impact assessment (ERA) of chemical stressors and environmental criteria development. A secondary goal is to develop a framework for integrating the TRA into ecological assessments along with traditional, exposure concentration-based assessment approaches. Although widely recognized for its toxicological appeal, the utility of the TRA in specific applications will depend on numerous factors, such as chemical properties, exposure characteristics, assessment type, availability of tissue residue-response data, and ability to quantify chemical exposure. Therefore, the decision to ...


Subgroups Of The Torelli Group, Leah R. Childers 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Subgroups Of The Torelli Group, Leah R. Childers

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Let Mod(Sg) be the mapping class group of an orientable surface of genus g, Sg. The action of Mod(Sg) on the homology of Sg induces the well-known symplectic representation:

Mod(Sg) ---> Sp(2g, Z).
The kernel of this representation is called the Torelli group, I(Sg).

We will study two subgroups of I(Sg). First we will look at the subgroup generated by all SIP-maps, SIP(Sg). We will show SIP(Sg) is not I(Sg) and is in fact an infinite index subgroup of I(Sg). We will also classify which SIP-maps are in the kernel of ...


Cross-Talk-Free Dual-Color Fluorescence Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy For High-Throughtput Screening, Wonbae Lee 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Cross-Talk-Free Dual-Color Fluorescence Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy For High-Throughtput Screening, Wonbae Lee

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

High throughput processing of chemical/biochemical information is critical in many areas, such as genome sequencing, drug discovery and clinical diagnostics. Integral to collecting information at high rates with the necessary throughput is the development of systems that can not only monitor the results with high precision and accuracy, but also prepare and process samples prior to the analytical measurement. To achieve the required throughput, we have conducted work directed toward developing a system that provides detection sensitivity at the single-molecule detection (SMD) level. The research was first focused on the development of a sensitive strategy for the detection of ...


Analysis And Modeling Of Hurricane Impacts On A Coastal Louisiana Lake Bottom, Angelina Freeman 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Analysis And Modeling Of Hurricane Impacts On A Coastal Louisiana Lake Bottom, Angelina Freeman

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Tropical cyclone impacts on wetland, terrestrial, and shelf systems have been previously studied and reasonably delineated, but little is known about the response of coastal lakes to storm events. For the first time, tropical cyclone impacts on a shallow coastal lake in the Louisiana coastal plain have been studied using direct lines of evidence and numerical modeling. Using side-scan sonar, CHIRP subbottom and echo sounder bathymetric profiles, the lake bottom and shallow subsurface of Sister Lake was imaged pre- and post-Hurricanes Katrina and Rita to provide a geologic framework for assessing the effects of these storms. Box cores were collected ...


Determining Rates Of Virus Production In Aquatic Systems By The Virus Reduction Approach,, M.G. Weinbauer, J.M. Rowe, Steven Wilhelm 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Determining Rates Of Virus Production In Aquatic Systems By The Virus Reduction Approach,, M.G. Weinbauer, J.M. Rowe, Steven Wilhelm

Microbiology Publications and Other Works

The reduction approach to assess virus production and the prokaryotic mortality by viral lysis stops new infection by reducing total virus abundance (and thus virus–host contacts). This allows for easy enumeration of viruses that originate from lysis of already infected cells due to the decreased abundance of free virus particles. This reoccurrence can be quantified and used to assess production and cell lysis rates. Several modifications of the method are presented and compared. The approaches have great potential for elucidating trends in virus production rates as well as for making generalized estimates of the quantitative effects of viruses on ...


Digraphs With Isomorphic Underlying And Domination Graphs: Pairs Of Paths, Kim A. S. Factor, Larry J. Langley 2010 Marquette University

Digraphs With Isomorphic Underlying And Domination Graphs: Pairs Of Paths, Kim A. S. Factor, Larry J. Langley

MSCS Faculty Research and Publications

A domination graph of a digraph D, dom (D), is created using thc vertex set of D and edge uv ϵ E (dom (D)) whenever (u, z) ϵ A (D) or (v, z) ϵ A (D) for any other vertex z ϵ A (D). Here, we consider directed graphs whose underlying graphs are isomorphic to their domination graphs. Specifically, digraphs are completely characterized where UGc (D) is the union of two disjoint paths.


Developing Preservice Teachers’ Mathematical And Pedagogical Knowledge Using An Integrated Approach, Leigh A. Van den Kieboom, Marta Magiera 2010 Marquette University

Developing Preservice Teachers’ Mathematical And Pedagogical Knowledge Using An Integrated Approach, Leigh A. Van Den Kieboom, Marta Magiera

MSCS Faculty Research and Publications

This paper describes how an integrated mathematics content and early field-experience course provides opportunities for preservice elementary teachers to develop understanding of mathematics and mathematics teaching. Engaging preservice teachers in solving and discussing mathematical tasks and providing opportunities to implement these tasks with elementary students creates an authentic context for the future teachers to reflect on their own understanding of mathematics, mathematics teaching, and students’ mathematical thinking. Essential elements of the cycle of events in the integrated model of instruction are discussed: preservice students’ acquisition of mathematical concepts in the context of selected tasks in the content course; subsequent posing ...


Samuel J. Danishetsky And The Synthesis Of Globo-H Antigen, Chelsey Jones 2010 Parkland College

Samuel J. Danishetsky And The Synthesis Of Globo-H Antigen, Chelsey Jones

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

Samuel J. Danishefsky is a research scientist at the Sloan-Kettering Institute. He uses his knowledge in organic chemistry to make biological advances in cancer research. Danishefsky has been conducting research and experiments on synthesizing anti-cancer vaccines with the use of carbohydrate antigens. Danishefsky has also been conducting research and experiments on homogeneous erythropoietin which could provide insight into how glycoproteins function. Knowledge of glycoprotein would allow scientists to better understand erythropoietin which can treat anemia in chemotherapy patients. All is valuable information in advances in cancer research and cancer research is important because it is a major disease affecting the ...


Synthesis And Uses Of Polycarbonate, Hai Bui 2010 Parkland College

Synthesis And Uses Of Polycarbonate, Hai Bui

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

Polycarbonate is one of the most important polymers being used today. Polycarbonate has many important characteristics that prove to be useful in its applications. Some characteristics of polycarbonate are that it is clear, light weight, and durable. The optical properties and the specific weight index of polycarbonate make it ideal for lens material in eyeglasses. There are two main ways of commercially synthesizing polycarbonate from bisphenol A. It can be synthesized through the process of solvent interfacial polymerization or through melt transeterification. Both processes are different and each has its own benefits.


Automation Process For Morphometric Analysis Of Volumetric Ct Data From Pulmonary Vasculature In Rats, Rahul Shingrani, Gary S. Krenz, Robert Molthen 2010 Marquette University

Automation Process For Morphometric Analysis Of Volumetric Ct Data From Pulmonary Vasculature In Rats, Rahul Shingrani, Gary S. Krenz, Robert Molthen

MSCS Faculty Research and Publications

With advances in medical imaging scanners, it has become commonplace to generate large multidimensional datasets. These datasets require tools for a rapid, thorough analysis. To address this need, we have developed an automated algorithm for morphometric analysis incorporating A Visualization Workshop computational and image processing libraries for three-dimensional segmentation, vascular tree generation and structural hierarchical ordering with a two-stage numeric optimization procedure for estimating vessel diameters. We combine this new technique with our mathematical models of pulmonary vascular morphology to quantify structural and functional attributes of lung arterial trees. Our physiological studies require repeated measurements of vascular structure to determine ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress