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Integration Of Paleotempestology With Coastal Risk And Vulnerability Assessment: Case Studies From The Dominican Republic And Nicaragua, Devyani Kar 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Integration Of Paleotempestology With Coastal Risk And Vulnerability Assessment: Case Studies From The Dominican Republic And Nicaragua, Devyani Kar

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Hurricanes account for a significant portion of damages, injuries, and fatalities in the Caribbean. The Dominican Republic has had 3 major hurricane strikes in this century resulting in loss of lives for thousands of people and billions of US $ in economic loss. Major hurricanes had been relatively infrequent in north-eastern Nicaragua’s modern history until Hurricane Felix, a Category 5 storm, made landfall in the north-east in 2007. It caused 130 confirmed deaths and brought devastation to many villages. These events highlight a need for re-evaluation of hurricane risk based on a more comprehensive and long-term hurricane history. Using paleotempestological ...


Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Upland Nesting Waterfowl Population Responses To Predator Reduction In North Dakota, Matthew R. Pieron

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Population growth for mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), and presumably other upland nesting ducks, in the Prairie Pothole Region is most sensitive to nest success, and nest success is most strongly influenced by predation. I evaluated the efficacy of reducing predator populations to improve nest success and increase local breeding populations of upland nesting ducks on township-sized (93.2 km2) management units in eastern North Dakota, USA, during 2005−2008. I also examined potential territorial limitations on local population growth for mallards. Trappers annually removed an average of 245 predators per trapped site. I monitored 7,489 nests on 7 trapped and ...


Regular Functions On The Space Of Cayley Numbers, Graziano Gentili, Daniele C. Struppa 2010 University of Florence

Regular Functions On The Space Of Cayley Numbers, Graziano Gentili, Daniele C. Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this paper we present a new definition of regularity on the space Ç of Cayley numbers (often referred to as octonions), based on a Gateaux-like notion of derivative. We study the main properties of regular functions, and we develop the basic elements of a function theory on Ç. Particular attention is given to the structure of the zero sets of such functions.


2010 File Geodatabase Containing Aerial Photos, Pete Reehling, Richard McKenzie, City of Tampa Department of Sanitary Sewers Bay Study Group 2010 University of South Florida

2010 File Geodatabase Containing Aerial Photos, Pete Reehling, Richard Mckenzie, City Of Tampa Department Of Sanitary Sewers Bay Study Group

Images

The Bay Study Group was created by the City of Tampa in 1976 to monitor the effects of pollution abatement that occurred in Hillsborough Bay when the city’s wastewater treatment plant was upgraded from primary to advanced treatment in 1979. The Bay Study Group documented a remarkable restoration of water quality parameters and biological indicators in Hillsborough Bay from the mid 1980s until 2009, when it was disbanded. This zip Geodatabase file contains the aerial photos for the year 2010.


Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov 2010 Afeka College of Engineering

Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The timing data of the binary pulsar PSR1913+16, are used to establish an upper limit on the rate of continuous neutrino emission from neutron stars. Neutrino emission from each of the neutron stars of the binary system, increases the star binding energy and thus translates to a decrease in their masses. This in turn implies an increase with time of the binary period. Using the pulsar data we obtain an upper limit on the allowed rate of mass reduction: vertical bar M vertical bar < 1.1 x 10(-12) yr(-1) M, where M is the total mass of the binary. This constrains exotic nuclear equations of state that predict continuous neutrino emissions. The limit applies also to other channels of energy loss, e. g. axion emission. Continued timing measurements of additional binary pulsars, should yield a stronger limit in the future.


A Time-Symmetric Formulation Of Quantum Mechanics, Yakir Aharonov, Sandu Popescu, Jeff Tollaksen 2010 Chapman University

A Time-Symmetric Formulation Of Quantum Mechanics, Yakir Aharonov, Sandu Popescu, Jeff Tollaksen

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Quantum mechanics allows one to independently select both the initial and final states of a single system. Such pre- and postselection reveals novel effects that challenge our ideas about what time is and how it flows.


Quantum Interference Experiments, Modular Variables And Weak Measurements, Jeff Tollaksen, Yakir Aharonov, Aharon Casher, Tirzah Kaufherr, Shmuel Nussinov 2010 Chapman University

Quantum Interference Experiments, Modular Variables And Weak Measurements, Jeff Tollaksen, Yakir Aharonov, Aharon Casher, Tirzah Kaufherr, Shmuel Nussinov

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We address the problem of interference using the Heisenberg picture and highlight some new aspects through the use of pre-selection, post-selection, weak measurements and modular variables. We present a physical explanation for the different behaviors of a single particle when the distant slit is open or closed; instead of having a quantum wave that passes through all slits, we have a localized particle with non-local interactions with the other slit(s). We introduce a Gedanken experiment to measure this non-local exchange. While the Heisenberg and Schrodinger pictures are equivalent formulations of quantum mechanics, nevertheless, the results discussed here support a ...


Upper Limits On A Possible Gluon Mass, Shmuel Nussinov, Robert Shrock 2010 Chapman University

Upper Limits On A Possible Gluon Mass, Shmuel Nussinov, Robert Shrock

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We analyze upper limits on a possible gluon mass, mg. We first discuss various ways to modify quantum chromodynamics to include m(g) not equal 0, including a bare mass, a Higgs mechanism, and dynamical breaking of color SU(3)(c). From an examination of experimental data, we infer an upper limit m(g) < O(1) MeV. As part of our analysis, we show that a claim, hitherto unrefuted in the literature, of a much stronger upper limit on m(g), is invalid. We discuss subtleties in interpreting gluon mass limits in view of the fact that at scales below Lambda(QCD), quantum chromodynamics is strongly coupled, perturbation theory is not reliable, and the physics is not accurately described in terms of the Lagrangian degrees of freedom, including gluons. We also point out a fundamental difference in the behavior of quantum chromodynamics with a nonzero gluon mass and a weakly coupled gauge theory with a gauge boson mass.


Linear Stochastic State Space Theory In The White Noise Space Setting, Daniel Alpay, David Levanony, Ariel Pinhas 2010 Chapman University

Linear Stochastic State Space Theory In The White Noise Space Setting, Daniel Alpay, David Levanony, Ariel Pinhas

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We study state space equations within the white noise space setting. A commutative ring of power series in a countable number of variables plays an important role. Transfer functions are rational functions with coefficients in this commutative ring, and are characterized in a number of ways. A major feature in our approach is the observation that key characteristics of a linear, time invariant, stochastic system are determined by the corresponding characteristics associated with the deterministic part of the system, namely its average behavior.


Provenance Of The Stone Pavers In Christ Church, Lancaster Co., Virginia, Marcus M. Key, Jr., Robert J. Teagle, Treleven Haysom 2010 Dickinson College

Provenance Of The Stone Pavers In Christ Church, Lancaster Co., Virginia, Marcus M. Key, Jr., Robert J. Teagle, Treleven Haysom

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

The goal of this paper is to determine the provenance of the stone pavers in the floor of Christ Church in Lancaster County. The church, finished in 1735, has cross-shaped aisles paved with fossiliferous limestone blocks. The geology of Virginia eliminates any potential local source for the stones. Historical documents suggest an English source. The distinctive clam and oyster fossils exposed in the stone pavers of the church allowed identification of the source rock: the Intermarine Member of the Durlston Formation of the Purbeck Limestone Group. These limestones are of Early Cretaceous age and outcrop along the Dorset coast of ...


On The Characteristics Of A Class Of Gaussian Processes Within The White Noise Space Setting, Daniel Alpay, Haim Attia, David Levanony 2010 Chapman University

On The Characteristics Of A Class Of Gaussian Processes Within The White Noise Space Setting, Daniel Alpay, Haim Attia, David Levanony

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Using the white noise space framework, we define a class of stochastic processes which include as a particular case the fractional Brownian motion and its derivative. The covariance functions of these processes are of a special form, studied by Schoenberg, von Neumann and Krein.


Linear Stochastic Systems: A White Noise Approach, Daniel Alpay, David Levanony 2010 Chapman University

Linear Stochastic Systems: A White Noise Approach, Daniel Alpay, David Levanony

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Using the white noise setting, in particular the Wick product, the Hermite transform, and the Kondratiev space, we present a new approach to study linear stochastic systems, where randomness is also included in the transfer function. We prove BIBO type stability theorems for these systems, both in the discrete and continuous time cases. We also consider the case of dissipative systems for both discrete and continuous time systems. We further study ℓ1-ℓ2 stability in the discrete time case, and L2-L∞ stability in the continuous time case.


Krein Systems And Canonical Systems On A Finite Interval: Accelerants With A Jump Discontinuity At The Origin And Continuous Potentials, Daniel Alpay, I. Gohberg, M. A. Kaashoek, L. Lerer, A. Sakhnovich 2010 Chapman University

Krein Systems And Canonical Systems On A Finite Interval: Accelerants With A Jump Discontinuity At The Origin And Continuous Potentials, Daniel Alpay, I. Gohberg, M. A. Kaashoek, L. Lerer, A. Sakhnovich

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

This paper is devoted to connections between accelerants and potentials of Krein systems and of canonical systems of Dirac type, both on a finite interval. It is shown that a continuous potential is always generated by an accelerant, provided the latter is continuous with a possible jump discontinuity at the origin. Moreover, the generating accelerant is uniquely determined by the potential. The results are illustrated on pseudo-exponential potentials. The paper is a continuation of the earlier paper of the authors [1] dealing with the direct problem for Krein systems.


Discrete-Time Multi-Scale Systems, Daniel Alpay, Mamadou Mboup 2010 Chapman University

Discrete-Time Multi-Scale Systems, Daniel Alpay, Mamadou Mboup

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We introduce multi-scale filtering by the way of certain double convolution systems. We prove stability theorems for these systems and make connections with function theory in the poly-disc. Finally, we compare the framework developed here with the white noise space framework, within which a similar class of double convolution systems has been defined earlier.


Evaluation Of A Rapid Assessment Protocol To Assess Road-Stream Crossings For Aquatic Organism Passage, Scott Jackson, Denis Luken 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Evaluation Of A Rapid Assessment Protocol To Assess Road-Stream Crossings For Aquatic Organism Passage, Scott Jackson, Denis Luken

Scott D. Jackson

The River and Stream Continuity Partnership has developed assessment protocols for evaluating the barrier effects of road-stream crossings. In addition to these protocols, the University of Massachusetts Amherst created an online database and an algorithm for scoring crossing structures according to the degree of obstruction they pose to aquatic organisms. In 2008, The Nature Conservancy and University of Massachusetts collected data to test the robustness and repeatability of the protocol and compare results with those of other fish passage models. A stratified random sample of 317 road stream crossings in Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts that had previously been ...


The Distribution, Composition, And Formation Of Sahara Desert Microbialites From The Base Of The Meski Plateau, Outside Erfoud, Morocco, Sean Faulkner 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Distribution, Composition, And Formation Of Sahara Desert Microbialites From The Base Of The Meski Plateau, Outside Erfoud, Morocco, Sean Faulkner

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Seven distinctly different museum-quality concretionary morphotypes of elongate, spheroidal, banded, botryoidal, columnar, rosette, and speleothem in regolith at two small sites at the base of the Meski Plateau near Erfoud, Morocco are described. Although most are isolated hand samples, the largest concretions are meter-sized blocks. Not one sample resembles any surrounding outcrop or bedrock. The barite rosettes formed first via periodic mixing of Ba2+/SO42- saturated solutions. They provided nuclei for cyclical precipitation-based concentric concretion development. The speleothem formed via precipitation from a carbonate-saturated solution in a large void within porous sandstone. The sand concretions formed when calcite precipitated around ...


Exploring Isotopic Signatures Of Lake El'gygytgyn Sediments For Evidence Of Anoxia And Methane Cycling Over The Past 50,000 Years, Addie R. Holland 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Exploring Isotopic Signatures Of Lake El'gygytgyn Sediments For Evidence Of Anoxia And Methane Cycling Over The Past 50,000 Years, Addie R. Holland

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Compound specific isotope analysis of lake sediments is a powerful tool in deciphering evidence of changing climatic and paleoenvironmental conditions through time. Isotopic analysis of Lake El’gygytgyn pilot sediment cores, PG1351 and LZ1029, have contributed increased insight into paleoenvironmental interpretations regarding conditions of permanent ice cover and water column anoxia at the lake over the past 250 kyr. Bulk sediment δ15N was measured as a proxy for denitrification and a possible indicator for water column anoxia intensity. However, it appears that insufficient quantities of water column nitrate to fuel denitrification make its correlation with anoxia intensity ineffective. In pilot ...


A Speleothem-Based High Resolution Reconstruction Of Climate In Southeastern Brazil Over The Past 4,100 Years, Brandon L. Taylor 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Speleothem-Based High Resolution Reconstruction Of Climate In Southeastern Brazil Over The Past 4,100 Years, Brandon L. Taylor

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Isotopic investigations of speleothem CR1 from Cristal Cave in southeastern Brazil have established a high-resolution record of climate change extending 4,100 years prior to sample collection in 2007. A total of 14 subsamples were collected from CR1 for U/Th age determination. ICP-MS analysis yielded very precise ages with analytical errors (2σ) averaging ± 13 years. An initial growth rate of .062 mm y-1 for the first 2860 years is followed by a rate of .08 mm y-1 for the remaining growth period allowing for sampling of δ18O at sub-decadal resolution. Stable isotope analyses show a large range of δ18O ...


Ip25: A Molecular Proxy Of Sea-Ice Duration In The Bering And Chukchi Seas, Cecily J. Sharko 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Ip25: A Molecular Proxy Of Sea-Ice Duration In The Bering And Chukchi Seas, Cecily J. Sharko

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Seasonal sea ice is an important component of the global climate system. Sea ice influences exchange rates of heat, moisture, and gas between the ocean and atmosphere. Sea ice also plays critical roles in high latitude ecosystems and marine carbon cycling. Records of sea-ice extent and duration in the Arctic Ocean and its marginal seas through geologic time are valuable resources for better understanding the intricate relationships between sea ice and climate.

IP25, a compound biosynthesized exclusively by diatoms associated with sea ice, has been used to construct qualitative records of sea ice from sediment cores in some areas of ...


Wildfire Promotes Dominance Of Invasive Giant Reed (Arundo Donax) In Riparian Ecosystems, Gretchen Coffman, R F. Ambrose, P W. Rundel 2010 University of San Francisco

Wildfire Promotes Dominance Of Invasive Giant Reed (Arundo Donax) In Riparian Ecosystems, Gretchen Coffman, R F. Ambrose, P W. Rundel

Environmental Science

Widespread invasion of riparian ecosystems by the large bamboo-like grass Arundo donax L. has altered community structure and ecological function of streams in California. This study evaluated the influence of wildfire on A. donax invasion by investigating its relative rate of reestablishment versus native riparian species after wildfire burned 300 ha of riparian woodlands along the Santa Clara River in southern California in October 2003. Post-fire A. donax growth rates and productivity were compared to those of native woody riparian species in plots established before and after the fire. Arundo donax resprouted within days after the fire and exhibited higher ...


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