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Abundance Of Ammonia-Oxidizing Archaea And Bacteria Along An Estuarine Salinity Gradient In Relationship To Potential Nitrification Rates, Anne E. Bernhard, Zachary C. Landry, Alison Blevins, José R. de la Torre, Anne E. Giblin, David A. Stahl 2010 Connecticut College

Abundance Of Ammonia-Oxidizing Archaea And Bacteria Along An Estuarine Salinity Gradient In Relationship To Potential Nitrification Rates, Anne E. Bernhard, Zachary C. Landry, Alison Blevins, José R. De La Torre, Anne E. Giblin, David A. Stahl

Biology Faculty Publications

Abundance of ammonia-oxidizing Archaea (AOA) was found to be always greater than that of ammonia-oxidizing Bacteria along an estuarine salinity gradient, and AOA abundance was highest at intermediate salinity. However, AOA abundance did not correlate with potential nitrification rates. This lack of correlation may be due to methodological limitations or alternative energy sources.


A Multiscale And Multidisciplinary Investigation Of Ecosystem- Atmosphere Co2 Exchange Over The Rocky Mountains Of Colorado, Jielun Sun, Steven Oncley, Sean Burns, Britton Stephens, Donald Lenschow, Teresa Campos, Russell Monson, David Schimel, William Sacks, Stephan DeWekker, Chun-Ta Lai, Brian Lamb, Dennis Ojima, Patrick Ellsworth, Leonel Sternberg, Sharon Zhong, Craig Clements, David Moore, Dean Anderson, Andrew Watt, Jia Hu, Mark Tschudi, Steven Aulenbach, Eugene Allwine, Teresa Coons 2010 National Center for Atmospheric Research

A Multiscale And Multidisciplinary Investigation Of Ecosystem- Atmosphere Co2 Exchange Over The Rocky Mountains Of Colorado, Jielun Sun, Steven Oncley, Sean Burns, Britton Stephens, Donald Lenschow, Teresa Campos, Russell Monson, David Schimel, William Sacks, Stephan Dewekker, Chun-Ta Lai, Brian Lamb, Dennis Ojima, Patrick Ellsworth, Leonel Sternberg, Sharon Zhong, Craig Clements, David Moore, Dean Anderson, Andrew Watt, Jia Hu, Mark Tschudi, Steven Aulenbach, Eugene Allwine, Teresa Coons

Faculty Publications, Meteorology and Climate Science

A significant fraction of Earth consists of mountainous terrain. However, the question of how to monitor the surface–atmosphere carbon exchange over complex terrain has not been fully explored. This article reports on studies by a team of investigators from U.S. universities and research institutes who carried out a multiscale and multidisciplinary field and modeling investigation of the CO2 exchange between ecosystems and the atmosphere and of CO2 transport over complex mountainous terrain in the Rocky Mountain region of Colorado. The goals of the field campaign, which included ground and airborne in situ and remote-sensing measurements, were to characterize unique features …


Applying A Molecular Genetics Approach To Shark Conservation And Management: Assessment Of Dna Barcoding In Hammerhead Sharks And Global Population Genetic Structuring In The Gray Reef Shark, Carcharhinus Amblyrhynchos., Rebekah L. Horn 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Applying A Molecular Genetics Approach To Shark Conservation And Management: Assessment Of Dna Barcoding In Hammerhead Sharks And Global Population Genetic Structuring In The Gray Reef Shark, Carcharhinus Amblyrhynchos., Rebekah L. Horn

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

Chapter 1

DNA barcoding based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequence is emerging as a useful tool for identifying unknown, whole or partial organisms to species level. However, the application of only a single mitochondrial marker for robust species identification has also come under some criticism due to the possibility of erroneous identifications resulting from species hybridizations and/or the potential presence of nuclear-mitochondrial psuedogenes. The addition of a complementary nuclear DNA barcode has therefore been widely recommended to overcome these potential COI gene limitations, especially in wildlife law enforcement applications where greater confidence in the …


Sudden Surface Warming/Drying Events Caused By Typhoon Passages Across Taiwan, T. C. Chen, Shih-Yu (Simon) Wang, M. C. Yen, A. J. Clark, J. D. Tsay 2010 Utah State University

Sudden Surface Warming/Drying Events Caused By Typhoon Passages Across Taiwan, T. C. Chen, Shih-Yu (Simon) Wang, M. C. Yen, A. J. Clark, J. D. Tsay

Plants, Soils, and Climate Faculty Publications

Typhoon passages across Taiwan can generate sudden surface warming in downslope regions. Special characteristics and mechanisms for 54 such warming events that were identified during the 1961–2007 period are examined. Preferred warming regions were identified in northwest Taiwan, where warming is generated by downslope flow from east or northeast winds in westward-moving typhoons, and in southeast Taiwan, where it is generated by downslope flow from west or northwest winds in northwestward-moving typhoons. In addition to the orographic effect, warmings occurred exclusively within nonprecipitation zones of typhoons. Most northwest (southeast) warmings occur during the day (night) with an average lifetime of …


Modelling The Impacts Of A Mixed Forestry Plantation On Groundwater Resources In The Beaufort River Area, Western Australia, Paul Raper, Richard J. George Dr 2010 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia

Modelling The Impacts Of A Mixed Forestry Plantation On Groundwater Resources In The Beaufort River Area, Western Australia, Paul Raper, Richard J. George Dr

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


Water Management Plan For The Town Of Pingelly, Mark Pridham 2010 Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, Western Australia

Water Management Plan For The Town Of Pingelly, Mark Pridham

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


A Lanthanide-Based Chemosensor For Bioavailable Fe3+ Using A Fluorescent Siderophore: An Assay Displacement Approach, Karen M. Orcutt, William Scott Jones, Andrea McDonald, David Schrock, Karl J. Wallace 2010 University of Southern Mississippi

A Lanthanide-Based Chemosensor For Bioavailable Fe3+ Using A Fluorescent Siderophore: An Assay Displacement Approach, Karen M. Orcutt, William Scott Jones, Andrea Mcdonald, David Schrock, Karl J. Wallace

Faculty Publications

The measurement of trace analytes in aqueous systems has become increasingly important for understanding ocean primary productivity. In oceanography, iron (Fe) is a key element in regulating ocean productivity, microplankton assemblages and has been identified as a causative element in the development of some harmful algal blooms. The chemosenor developed in this study is based on an indicator displacement approach that utilizes time-resolved fluorescence and fluorescence resonance energy transfer as the sensing mechanism to achieve detection of Fe3+ ions as low as 5 nM. This novel approach holds promise for the development of photoactive chemosensors for ocean deployment.


U.S.-Globec: Nwa Georges Bank: Effects Of Climate Variability On Calanus Dormancy Patterns And Population Dynamics In The Northwest Atlantic, Jeffrey A. Runge 2010 Principal Investigator; University of Maine, Orono

U.S.-Globec: Nwa Georges Bank: Effects Of Climate Variability On Calanus Dormancy Patterns And Population Dynamics In The Northwest Atlantic, Jeffrey A. Runge

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

Calanoid copepods are key organisms throughout the world's oceans, consuming primary and secondary production at high rates, and serving as prey for invertebrates, larval and small pelagic fish, seabirds, and marine mammals. Many of the most abundant copepods in temperate and high latitudes, including Calanus finmarchicus in the Northwest Atlantic, can spend part of their life cycle in dormancy, a state of suppressed development. During dormancy, copepods escape unproductive surface waters and reside in deep water for several months, after which they emerge and migrate to the surface, usually prior to the spring bloom. The timing and abundance of copepods …


Study Of Secondary Metabolite Gene Expression In Marine Microbial Co-Cultures Using Quantitative Real-Time Pcr, Crystal A. Conway 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Study Of Secondary Metabolite Gene Expression In Marine Microbial Co-Cultures Using Quantitative Real-Time Pcr, Crystal A. Conway

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

Interactions among microbial organisms often cannot be observed directly, but they can be inferred genetically using new molecular techniques. The analysis of secondary metabolite gene expression produced by co-cultured marine microbial species allows us to see how these organisms interact with one another when kept in the same environment. Co-cultures of three different strains of marine bacteria, P. aeruginosa PAO1, Roseobacter denitrificans OCH114, and Salinispora arenicola CNS-205 were grown in a laboratory setting, and using the Real-Time qPCR method gene expression levels of two different secondary metabolite producing genes from each organism was accessed across three time points. P. aeruginosa …


Analysis Of Causes Of Icing Conditions Which Contributed To The Crash Of Continental Flight 3407, Frederick R. Mosher, Debbie Schaum, Chris Herbster, Tom Guinn 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Analysis Of Causes Of Icing Conditions Which Contributed To The Crash Of Continental Flight 3407, Frederick R. Mosher, Debbie Schaum, Chris Herbster, Tom Guinn

Applied Aviation Sciences - Daytona Beach

On February 12, 2009, at 10:20 p.m. EST, Continental Connection Flight 3407 from Newark to Buffalo crashed 5 miles short of the runway at Buffalo, killing all 49 people on board and one person on the ground. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is still investigating the crash, but preliminary reports show the airplane was experiencing icing conditions before the crash. Preliminary reports indicate that the pilot did not respond properly to the icing conditions, which contributed to the crash. However, the presence of the icing conditions which were significant enough to cause aircraft problems needs further investigation to determine …


The New Aviation Meteorology Specialization In The Graduate Aeronautics Program At Embry-Riddle, John M. Lanicci, Erin A. Roberts 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The New Aviation Meteorology Specialization In The Graduate Aeronautics Program At Embry-Riddle, John M. Lanicci, Erin A. Roberts

School of Graduate Studies - Daytona Beach

The next 12 months will be an exciting time of growth in graduate aviation studies at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Daytona Beach, FL campus. Beginning in Fall Semester 2009, a new Area of Concentration (AOC) in Aviation Meteorology will be added to the Master of Science in Aeronautics (MSA) program, and the new Doctoral program in Aviation will be starting in January 2010. The Aviation Meteorology AOC adds a crucial specialty to the existing MSA options in Air Traffic Management, Aviation/Aerospace Education Technology, Aviation/Aerospace Management, Aviation/Aerospace Operations, and Aviation/Aerospace Safety Systems.

The Aviation Meteorology AOC is designed to be a cross-disciplinary …


Does Climate Change Justify Compulsory Licensing Of Green Technology?, Robert Fair 2010 Brigham Young University Law School

Does Climate Change Justify Compulsory Licensing Of Green Technology?, Robert Fair

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


Collaborative Proposal: Cascadia Slope Circulation Study, Mary Jane Perry 2010 Principal Investigator; University of Maine, Orono

Collaborative Proposal: Cascadia Slope Circulation Study, Mary Jane Perry

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

Intellectual Merits:
This project will continue to observe and understand the physics and biology of the highly productive northeast Pacific boundary current region over the continental slope off Washington and Oregon - the Cascadia slope - with an autonomous, sustained presence. For over a year, Seagliders, long-range autonomous underwater vehicles, have been deployed to survey the temperature, salinity, dissolved, oxygen, chlorophyll fluorescence, and optical backscatter structure of the slope off. Washington. Seagliders have collected data on sections from the continental shelf edge offshore 220 km at fortnightly intervals, reporting back data after each dive, on deployments typically lasting 4-5 months. …


Construction, Figures Of Merit And Testing Of A Single-Cell Fluorescence Excitation Spectroscopy System, Laura S. Hill, Tammi L. Richardson, Louisa T.M. Profeta, Timothy J. Shaw, Christopher J. Hintz, Benjamin S. Twining, Evelyn Lawrenz, Micheal L. Myrick 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Construction, Figures Of Merit And Testing Of A Single-Cell Fluorescence Excitation Spectroscopy System, Laura S. Hill, Tammi L. Richardson, Louisa T.M. Profeta, Timothy J. Shaw, Christopher J. Hintz, Benjamin S. Twining, Evelyn Lawrenz, Micheal L. Myrick

Faculty Publications

Characterization of phytoplankton community composition is critical to understanding the ecology and biogeochemistry of the oceans. One approach to taxonomic characterization takes advantage of differing pigmentation between algal taxa and thus differences in fluorescence excitation spectra. Analyses of bulk water samples, however, may be confounded by interference from chromophoric dissolved organic matter or suspended particulate matter. Here, we describe an instrument that uses a laser trap based on a Nikon TE2000-U microscope to position individual phytoplankton cells for confocal fluorescence excitation spectroscopy, thus avoiding interference from the surrounding medium. Quantitative measurements of optical power give data in the form of …


Diurnal Movements And Site Fidelity Of The Florida Manatee, Trichechus Manatus Latirostris, In Fort Lauderdale, Fl., Kym Walsh 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Diurnal Movements And Site Fidelity Of The Florida Manatee, Trichechus Manatus Latirostris, In Fort Lauderdale, Fl., Kym Walsh

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

The diurnal movements of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) in warmwater refugia are poorly understood and these may prove critical in accurately estimating populations of these animals. Previous studies indicate that manatee populations in such refuges in Tampa Bay, FL, peak mid-day and decline towards evening when the animals leave to forage. This trend suggests that variation in the timing of aerial manatee population surveys may hamper accurate estimation of the true population size. Aerial survey counts are known to underestimate population size, yet the extent of the underestimation may be greater than expected. In this study data …


Sfa Weather Station-January 2010, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University 2010 Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

Sfa Weather Station-January 2010, Arthur Temple College Of Forestry And Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

Weather Station Data

No abstract provided.


Droughtscape- Winter 2010, Kelly Smith 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Droughtscape- Winter 2010, Kelly Smith

Droughtscape, Quarterly Newsletter of NDMC, 2007-

USDM Forum Highlights

Drought Likely to Ease

Research Shows Birds Vulnerable to Drought

Drought Recedes in 2009

CA, TX Suffer Impacts from Ongoing Drought

NDMC Wishes Ryu Well

Conferees Pick SPI for Global Drought Index


Managing Drought Risk On The Ranch: A Planning Guide For Great Plains Ranchers, University of Nebraska - Lincoln National Drought Mitigation Center 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Managing Drought Risk On The Ranch: A Planning Guide For Great Plains Ranchers, University Of Nebraska - Lincoln National Drought Mitigation Center

Publications of the National Drought Mitigation Center

TABLE OF CONTENTS

WHY PLAN FOR DROUGHT?......... 3

UNDERSTANDING DROUGHT........... 6

THE RANCH DROUGHT PLAN........... 9

COMMUNICATION AND PLANNING PARTNERS............ 10

RANCH VISION AND OBJECTIVES............. 11

SWOT ANALYSIS............... 12

INVENTORY OF RANCH RESOURCES................ 13

CRITICAL DATES AND TARGET POINTS................. 15

MONITORING PLAN AND SCHEDULE.................... 19

EVALUATE DROUGHT MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES............ 20

IMPLEMENT AND MONITOR THE DROUGHT PLAN............ 29

WORKSHEETS........... 30


Environmental Virtue Ethics: Core Concepts And Values, Mark H. Dixon 2010 Ohio Northern University

Environmental Virtue Ethics: Core Concepts And Values, Mark H. Dixon

Philosophy and Religion Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Marine Resources Of The Falklands' Shallow Marine Environment, Karen L. Neely, Paul Brickle, Vladimir Laptikhovsky 2010 Shallow Marine Surveys Group

Marine Resources Of The Falklands' Shallow Marine Environment, Karen L. Neely, Paul Brickle, Vladimir Laptikhovsky

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Reports

No abstract provided.


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