# Mathematics Commons™

## All Articles in Mathematics

24,343 full-text articles. Page 8 of 831.

The Malliavin-Stein Method For Normal Random Walks With Dependent Increments, 2023 University Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3010, Australia

#### The Malliavin-Stein Method For Normal Random Walks With Dependent Increments, Ian Flint, Nicolas Privault, Giovanni Luca Torrisi

##### Journal of Stochastic Analysis

No abstract provided.

Rediscovering The Artistic Side Of Mathematics, 2023 Montclair State University

#### Rediscovering The Artistic Side Of Mathematics, Bogdan G. Nita, Ashwin Vaidya

##### LASER Journal

Welcome to the inaugural issue of the LASER, a journal devoted to the problems at the interface of math and art. The terms ’math’ and ’art’ are to be broadly construed to encompass all quantitative sciences and forms of art. The journal’s name, acronym for Linking Art and Science through Education and Research, suggests our interest in the theory, practice and pedagogy of this interdisciplinary subject.

Outer Independent Double Italian Domination Of Some Graph Products, 2023 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

#### Outer Independent Double Italian Domination Of Some Graph Products, Rouhollah Jalaei, Doost Ali Mojdeh

##### Theory and Applications of Graphs

An outer independent double Italian dominating function on a graph $G$ is a function $f:V(G)\rightarrow\{0,1,2,3\}$ for which each vertex $x\in V(G)$ with $\color{red}{f(x)\in \{0,1\}}$ then $\sum_{y\in N[x]}f(y)\geqslant 3$ and vertices assigned $0$ under $f$ are independent. The outer independent double Italian domination number $\gamma_{oidI}(G)$ is the minimum weight of an outer independent double Italian dominating function of graph $G$. In this work, we present some contributions to the study of outer independent double Italian domination of three graph products. We characterize the Cartesian product, lexicographic product and direct product of custom graphs in terms of this parameter. We also provide …

P-Adic Statistical Field Theory And Deep Belief Networks, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### P-Adic Statistical Field Theory And Deep Belief Networks, Wilson A. Zuniga-Galindo

##### School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this work we initiate the study of the correspondence between p-adic statistical field theories (SFTs) and neural networks (NNs). In general quantum field theories over a p-adic spacetime can be formulated in a rigorous way. Nowadays these theories are considered just mathematical toy models for understanding the problems of the true theories. In this work we show these theories are deeply connected with the deep belief networks (DBNs). Hinton et al. constructed DBNs by stacking several restricted Boltzmann machines (RBMs). The purpose of this construction is to obtain a network with a hierarchical structure (a deep learning architecture). An …

P-Adic Statistical Field Theory And Convolutional Deep Boltzmann Machines, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### P-Adic Statistical Field Theory And Convolutional Deep Boltzmann Machines, Wilson A. Zuniga-Galindo, Cuiyu He, B. A. Zambrano-Luna

##### School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Understanding how deep learning architectures work is a central scientific problem. Recently, a correspondence between neural networks (NNs) and Euclidean quantum field theories (QFTs) has been proposed. This work investigates this correspondence in the framework of p-adic statistical field theories (SFTs) and neural networks (NNs). In this case, the fields are real-valued functions defined on an infinite regular rooted tree with valence p, a fixed prime number. This infinite tree provides the topology for a continuous deep Boltzmann machine (DBM), which is identified with a statistical field theory (SFT) on this infinite tree. In the p-adic framework, there is a …

Robust Explicit Estimation Of The Log-Logistic Distribution With Applications, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### Robust Explicit Estimation Of The Log-Logistic Distribution With Applications, Zhuanzhuan Ma, Min Wang, Chanseok Park

##### School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The parameters of the log-logistic distribution are generally estimated based on classical methods such as maximum likelihood estimation, whereas these methods usually result in severe biased estimates when the data contain outliers. In this paper, we consider several alternative estimators, which not only have closed-form expressions, but also are quite robust to a certain level of data contamination. We investigate the robustness property of each estimator in terms of the breakdown point. The finite sample performance and effectiveness of these estimators are evaluated through Monte Carlo simulations and a real-data application. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed estimators perform favorably …

Log-Optimal (D + 2)-Configurations In D–Dimensions, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### Log-Optimal (D + 2)-Configurations In D–Dimensions, Peter D. Dragnev, Oleg R. Musin

##### School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

We enumerate and classify all stationary logarithmic configurations of d + 2 points on the unit sphere in d–dimensions. In particular, we show that the logarithmic energy attains its local minima at configurations that consist of two orthogonal to each other regular simplexes of cardinality m and n. The global minimum occurs when m = n if d is even and m = n + 1 otherwise. This characterizes a new class of configurations that minimize the logarithmic energy on Sd−1 for all d. The other two classes known in the literature, the regular simplex (d + 1 points on …

Current Scenario Of Solar Energy Applications In Bangladesh: Techno-Economic Perspective, Policy Implementation, And Possibility Of The Integration Of Artificial Intelligence, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

#### Current Scenario Of Solar Energy Applications In Bangladesh: Techno-Economic Perspective, Policy Implementation, And Possibility Of The Integration Of Artificial Intelligence, Monirul Islam Miskat, Protap Sarker, Hemal Chowdhury, Tamal Chowdhury, Md Salman Rahman, Nazia Hossain, Piyal Chowdhury, Sadiq M. Sait

##### School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Bangladesh is blessed with abundant solar resources. Solar power is considered the most desirable energy source to mitigate the high energy demand of this densely populated country. Although various articles deal with solar energy applications in Bangladesh, no detailed review can be found in the literature. Therefore, in this study, we report on the current scenario of renewable energy in Bangladesh and the most significant potential of solar energy’s contribution among multiple renewable energy resources in mitigating energy demand. One main objective of this analysis was to outline the overall view of solar energy applications in Bangladesh to date, as …

Decomposition Rate As An Emergent Property Of Optimal Microbial Foraging, 2023 Stockholm University

#### Decomposition Rate As An Emergent Property Of Optimal Microbial Foraging, Stefano Manzoni, Arjun Chakrawal, Glenn Ledder

##### Faculty Publications, Department of Mathematics

Decomposition kinetics are fundamental for quantifying carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Several theories have been proposed to construct process-based kinetics laws, but most of these theories do not consider that microbial decomposers can adapt to environmental conditions, thereby modulating decomposition. Starting from the assumption that a homogeneous microbial community maximizes its growth rate over the period of decomposition, we formalize decomposition as an optimal control problem where the decomposition rate is a control variable. When maintenance respiration is negligible, we find that the optimal decomposition kinetics scale as the square root of the substrate concentration, resulting …

Between Heaven And Earth! A Poem-Collage Pair About Hypatia Of Alexandria, 2023 Department of Mathematics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

#### Between Heaven And Earth! A Poem-Collage Pair About Hypatia Of Alexandria, Sarah Glaz, Mark Sanders

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

The poem-collage pair presented here is a work of collaboration between the mathematician and poet, Sarah Glaz, and the collage and ceramic artist, Mark Sanders. The piece is part of their larger joint poem-collage project involving the history of mathematics. Included as background is a brief discussion on the history and mathematics involved, and a reflection on several landmark locations and some of the relevant imagery appearing in the poem and the collage.

The Babelogic Of Mathematics, 2023 Aravali Asset Management, Singapore

#### The Babelogic Of Mathematics, Vijay Fafat

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

How would the Bible written about a Mathematical God start, describing the Creation of Mathematics and Logic? How would Rigveda's "Nasadiya sukta" read if it were describing the Void before mathematics was "born"? Here is an attempt at a partial answer, one which takes the original Genesis chapter and the Nasadiya sukta and makes suitable changes to create a fairly consistent, if somewhat anachronistic narrative (with the slight mixing up of Bertrand Russell and Lobachevsky / Bolyai attributable to "Babelogic"), along with a new ending to the Beginning...

Astor Place Barber, 2023 The Fashion Institute of Technology

#### Astor Place Barber, Audrey Nasar

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

"Astor Place Barber" is a short story about a math professor and a barber. It plays with the logical concept of a paradox via the Barber's Paradox, which, made famous by Bertrand Russell, tells the story of a barber who both shaves himself and does not shave himself.

Locked In Functions: A Short Poem For Robert Langlands, 2023 Polytechnic University of the Philippine and University of Santo Tomas

#### Locked In Functions: A Short Poem For Robert Langlands, Virgilio A. Rivas

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

This short poem is inspired by Robert Langlands, recipient of the 2018 Abel Prize. The poem tries to sum up in poetic language, as brief but substantial as it can be, the philosophical and rhetorical connotation of his contributions to mathematics, from automorphic forms to number theory, and the famous Langlands programme, among others. Also partly inspired by Edward Frenkel's tribute to Langlands, the book Love and Mathematics, the poem seeks to capture the philosophical beauty of mathematics that privileges the importance of 'functions' over 'passions', consistent with Langlands' purely mathematical side.

Unsolved Haiku, 2023 University of Buffalo, SUNY

#### Unsolved Haiku, Scott W. Williams

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

This poem describes the still unsolved 1937 conjecture of Lloyd Collatz: Do repeated applications of the algorithm described yield the number 1?

Mathematics, 2023 Northwestern College - Orange City

#### Mathematics, Kim Regnier Jongerius

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Inspired by the song "Memories" from the musical Cats, this work describes some of the frustrations and joys inherent in mathematical work.

Self-Reference And Diagonalisation, 2023 Technische Universität Darmstadt

#### Self-Reference And Diagonalisation, Joël A. Doat

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

This poem is an exercise on self-reference and diagonalisation in mathematics featuring Turing’s proof of the undecidability of the halting problem, Cantor’s cardinality argument, the Burali-Forti paradox, and Epimenides' liar paradox.

#### Wartime Logic, Tony Bedenikovic

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

No abstract provided.

2023 Pitzer College

#### Book Review: Algebra The Beautiful: An Ode To Math’S Least-Loved Subject By G. Arnell Williams, Judith V. Grabiner

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

In his book Algebra the Beautiful, G. Darnell Williams has undertaken a challenging job – to show the importance, deep structure, intellectual connections, and sheer beauty of classroom algebra. This review describes some of the questions the book raises, the historical and cultural context it provides, and the intellectual apparatus it deploys.

2023 Claremont Colleges

#### Poetry Folder: Mathematical Constants Beyond The Half-Circle

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

In our July 2022 issue, we announced an open call for poetry about mathematical constants other than pi. And you delivered. This folder contains five eclectic poems celebrating those constants beyond the half-circle, written by Robin Chapman, John Donoghue, Kevin Farey, Lawrence M. Lesser, and E. R. Lutken.

Enjoy!

Anneli Lax: They Think, Therefore We Are, 2023 California State University Northridge

#### Anneli Lax: They Think, Therefore We Are, Elena Anne Corie Marchisotto

##### Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

No abstract provided.