Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), 2010 University of New Mexico

#### Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

This edition, the third, has undergone a subtle name change, going from "A.D. 2070" in the title to A.D. 2079 as the timeline is fine-tuned. Because of the almost universal failure to recognize the distinction between physical (reality-based, dynamical) and visual (appearance-based, kinematical) variables, a tremendous volume of mythology arose over the past 100 years centered around Einstein's reality view of the distortions of special relativity. To get a sense of it, we point the reader to Paul J. Nahin's heroic book, Time Machines, 2nd ed.,- to these Tech Notes in particular: TN#6. "A High-Speed ...

Neutrosophic Diagram And Classes Of Neutrosophic Paradoxes Or To The Outer-Limits Of Science, 2010 University of New Mexico

#### Neutrosophic Diagram And Classes Of Neutrosophic Paradoxes Or To The Outer-Limits Of Science, Florentin Smarandache

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

These paradoxes are called “neutrosophic” since they are based on indeterminacy (or neutrality, i.e. neither true nor false), which is the third component in neutrosophic logic. We generalize the Venn diagram to a Neutrosophic Diagram, which deals with vague, inexact, ambiguous, illdefined ideas, statements, notions, entities with unclear borders. We define the neutrosophic truth table and introduce two neutrosophic operators (neuterization and antonymization operators) give many classes of neutrosophic paradoxes.

New Classes Of Neutrosophic Linear Algebras, 2010 University of New Mexico

#### New Classes Of Neutrosophic Linear Algebras, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book we introduce mainly three new classes of linear algebras; neutrosophic group linear algebras, neutrosophic semigroup linear algebras and neutrosophic set linear algebras. The authors also define the fuzzy analogue of these three structures. This book is organized into seven chapters. Chapter one is introductory in content. The notion of neutrosophic set linear algebras and neutrosophic neutrosophic set linear algebras are introduced and their properties analysed in chapter two. Chapter three introduces the notion of neutrosophic semigroup linear algebras and neutrosophic group linear algebras. A study of their substructures are systematically carried out in this chapter. The fuzzy ...

Multispace & Multistructure. Neutrosophic Transdisciplinarity (100 Collected Papers Of Sciences), Vol. Iv, 2010 University of New Mexico

#### Multispace & Multistructure. Neutrosophic Transdisciplinarity (100 Collected Papers Of Sciences), Vol. Iv, Florentin Smarandache

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

The fourth volume, in my book series of “Collected Papers”, includes 100 published and unpublished articles, notes, (preliminary) drafts containing just ideas to be further investigated, scientific souvenirs, scientific blogs, project proposals, small experiments, solved and unsolved problems and conjectures, updated or alternative versions of previous papers, short or long humanistic essays, letters to the editors - all collected in the previous three decades (1980-2010) – but most of them are from the last decade (2000-2010), some of them being lost and found, yet others are extended, diversified, improved versions. This is an eclectic tome of 800 pages with papers in various ...

Improving Accuracy Of Large-Scale Prediction Of Forest Disease Incidence Through Bayesian Data Reconciliation, 2010 Utah State University

#### Improving Accuracy Of Large-Scale Prediction Of Forest Disease Incidence Through Bayesian Data Reconciliation, Ephraim M. Hanks

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Increasing the accuracy of predictions made from ecological data typically involves replacing or replicating the data, but the cost of updating large-scale data sets can be prohibitive. Focusing resources on a small sample of locations from a large, less accurate data set can result in more reliable observations, though on a smaller scale. We present an approach for increasing the accuracy of predictions made from a large-scale eco logical data set through reconciliation with a small, highly accurate data set within a Bayesian hierarchical modeling framework. This approach is illustrated through a study of incidence of eastern spruce dwarf mistletoe ...

Assessing The Precision And Accuracy In A Small Sample Of Actical Devices, 2010 Utah State University

#### Assessing The Precision And Accuracy In A Small Sample Of Actical Devices, Peter Sherick

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Actigraphy is an increasingly popular approach in medicine to assess patient activity levels in a variety of scenarios. The devices are essentially accelerometers encased in a write-watch type assembly. This project sought to determine the device precision and accuracy for the Actical model. In a sample of four Acticals, it was found that intra-device variability was minimal. However, one device was found to be statistically biased in comparison to the other three. This bias could have adverse effects on aggregated or magnitude dependent data analysis. Also, inter-device comparisons may be problematic.

Numerical Solution Of The Five-Moment Ideal Two-Fluid Equations In One Dimension, 2010 Utah State University

#### Numerical Solution Of The Five-Moment Ideal Two-Fluid Equations In One Dimension, Marcus Scott

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Plasmas are frequently treated as a single conducting fluid and modeled using the equations of magnetohydrodynamics. However, this regime works better for low-frequency plasmas. High-frequency plasmas may be modeled using the principles of kinetic theory. For plasmas with frequencies between these two extremes, a two-fluid approach can yield better results. In 2006, Ammar Hakim mathematically modeled a plasma with a set of equations called the five-moment ideal two-fluid equations. An attempt is made reproduce those results. A derivation of this set of equations by taking moments of the Boltzmann equation is presented. Electric and magnetic fields contribute to the source ...

Assessment Of Utah Bankruptcies By Census Tracts: A Spatial Statistical Approach, 2010 Utah State University

#### Assessment Of Utah Bankruptcies By Census Tracts: A Spatial Statistical Approach, Kenneth Pena

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

There are two questions raised when looking at the spatial pattern of the rate of bankruptcies in Utah: (i) are there similarities between the bankruptcy data in adjacent census tracts and (ii) can local cluster and outliers be identified within the data? Specifically, are there similar rates of bankruptcies in bordering census tracts and are there any localized areas of interest where we find extremely high or extremely low rates of bankruptcies? This study uses spatial statistics to perform tests for spatial autocorrelation to address these two questions. It also looks at commonalities in the clusters and differences in the ...

Simulating Power For One-Way Anova By Using Non-Normal Error Distributions, 2010 Utah State University

#### Simulating Power For One-Way Anova By Using Non-Normal Error Distributions, Caixia Xu

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Usually we assume that the distribution of the additive errors in a one-way ANOVA linear model is normal. However, exceptions to this assumption about the error distribution may exist. In such cases, we might consider non-normal error distributions, but proceed with the "usual" ANOVA F-test analyses. This study focuses on simulating power for one-way ANOVA when using non-normal error distributions.

Neutrosophic Bilinear Algebras And Their Generalizations, 2010 University of New Mexico

#### Neutrosophic Bilinear Algebras And Their Generalizations, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

This book introduces the concept of neutrosophic bilinear algebras and their generalizations to n-linear algebras, n>2. This book has five chapters. The reader should be well-versed with the notions of linear algebras as well as the concepts of bilinear algebras and n- linear algebras. Further the reader is expected to know about neutrosophic algebraic structures as we have not given any detailed literature about it. The first chapter is introductory in nature and gives a few essential definitions and references for the reader to make use of the literature in case the reader is not thorough with the basics ...

Advances And Applications Of Dsmt For Information Fusion (In Chinese), 2010 University of New Mexico

#### Advances And Applications Of Dsmt For Information Fusion (In Chinese), Florentin Smarandache, Jean Dezert

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

No abstract provided.

Counting The Number Of Locally Convex Topologies On A Totally Ordered Finiate Set, 2010 Western Kentucky University

#### Counting The Number Of Locally Convex Topologies On A Totally Ordered Finiate Set, Thomas Tyler Clark

*Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects*

We look at locally convex topologies on a totally ordered finite set. We determine a method of finding an upper bound on the number of such topologies on an n element. We show how this problem is related to Pascal’s Triangle and the Fibonacci Numbers. We explain an algorithm for determining the number of locally convex topologies consisting of nested intervals.

Multiscale Modeling Of Cellular Systems In Biology, 2010 Brigham Young University

#### Multiscale Modeling Of Cellular Systems In Biology, J. C. Dallon

*Faculty Publications*

Here we review eight different multiscale modeling efforts dealing with cellular systems in biology. The first two models focus on collagen based tissue, one dealing with the biomechanical properties of the tissue and the other focusing on how the dermis is remodeled in scar tissue formation. The next two models deal with first avascular tumor growth and then the role of the vasculature in tumor growth. We then consider two models which use the Immersed Boundary method to model tissue properties and cell-cell adhesion. Finally we conclude with two models with treatments of the Cellular Potts Model. The first models ...

Enumeration Schemes For Permutations Avoiding Barred Patterns, 2009 Valparaiso University

#### Enumeration Schemes For Permutations Avoiding Barred Patterns, Lara Pudwell

*Lara K. Pudwell*

No abstract provided.

Exit Frequency Matrices For Finite Markov Chains, 2009 Macalester College

#### Exit Frequency Matrices For Finite Markov Chains, Andrew Beveridge, László Lovász

*Andrew Beveridge*

No abstract provided.

Exponential Growth Rate Of Paths And Its Connection With Dynamics, 2009 Northwestern University

#### Exponential Growth Rate Of Paths And Its Connection With Dynamics, Pengfei Zhang

*Pengfei Zhang*

No abstract provided.

Q-Partition Algebra Combinatorics, 2009 Macalester College

#### Q-Partition Algebra Combinatorics, Thomas Halverson, N. Theim

*Thomas M. Halverson*

No abstract provided.

Enumeration Schemes For Words Avoiding Permutations, 2009 Valparaiso University

#### Enumeration Schemes For Words Avoiding Permutations, Lara Pudwell

*Lara K. Pudwell*

No abstract provided.

When Does A Category Built On A Lattice With A Monoidal Structure Have A Monoidal Structure?, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### When Does A Category Built On A Lattice With A Monoidal Structure Have A Monoidal Structure?, Lawrence Stout

*Lawrence N. Stout*

In a word, sometimes. And it gets harder if the structure on L is not commutative. In this paper we consider the question of what properties are needed on the lattice L equipped with an operation * for several different kinds of categories built using Sets and L to have monoidal and monoidal closed structures. This works best for the Goguen category Set(L) in which membership, but not equality, is made fuzzy and maps respect membership. Commutativity becomes critical if we make the equality fuzzy as well. This can be done several ways, so a progression of categories is considered ...

Recursion, Infinity, And Modeling, 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Recursion, Infinity, And Modeling, Lawrence Stout, Hans-Jorg Tiede

*Lawrence N. Stout*

Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch (2002) claim that a core property of the human language faculty is recursion and that this property "yields discrete infinity" (2002: 1571) of natural languages. On the other hand, recursion is often motivated by the observation that there are infinitely many sentences that should be generated by a finite number of rules. It should be obvious that one cannot pursue both arguments simultaneously, on pain of circularity. The main aim of this paper is to clarify both conceptually and methodologically the relationship between recursion and infinity in language. We want to argue that discrete infinity is ...