A Brief History Of Neuroscience, 2017 Illinois State University

#### A Brief History Of Neuroscience, Zachary Mobille, Epaminondas Rosa

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Asymptotic Counting Formulas For Markoff-Hurwitz Tuples, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Asymptotic Counting Formulas For Markoff-Hurwitz Tuples, Ryan Ronan

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

The Markoff equation is a Diophantine equation in 3 variables first studied in Markoff's celebrated work on indefinite binary quadratic forms. We study the growth of solutions to an n variable generalization of the Markoff equation, which we refer to as the Markoff-Hurwitz equation. We prove explicit asymptotic formulas counting solutions to this generalized equation with and without a congruence restriction. After normalizing and linearizing the equation, we show that all but finitely many solutions appear in the orbit of a certain semigroup of maps acting on finitely many root solutions. We then pass to an accelerated subsemigroup of ...

Time Varying Parameter Estimation Scheme For A Linear Stochastic Differential Equation, 2017 Marshall University

#### Time Varying Parameter Estimation Scheme For A Linear Stochastic Differential Equation, Olusegun Michael Otunuga

*Mathematics Faculty Research*

In this work, an attempt is made to estimate time varying parameters in a linear stochastic differential equation. By defining *mk *as the local admissible sample/data observation size at time *tk*, parameters and state at time *tk *are estimated using past data on interval [*tk*−*mk*+1, *tk*]. We show that the parameter estimates at each time *tk *converge in probability to the true value of the parameters being estimated. A numerical simulation is presented by applying the local lagged adapted generalized method of moments (LLGMM) method to the stochastic differential models governing prices of energy commodities and stock ...

Morphogenesis And Growth Driven By Selection Of Dynamical Properties, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Morphogenesis And Growth Driven By Selection Of Dynamical Properties, Yuri Cantor

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Organisms are understood to be complex adaptive systems that evolved to thrive in hostile environments. Though widely studied, the phenomena of organism development and growth, and their relationship to organism dynamics is not well understood. Indeed, the large number of components, their interconnectivity, and complex system interactions all obscure our ability to see, describe, and understand the functioning of biological organisms.

Here we take a synthetic and computational approach to the problem, abstracting the organism as a cellular automaton. Such systems are discrete digital models of real-world environments, making them more accessible and easier to study then their physical world ...

Modeling Economic Systems As Locally-Constructive Sequential Games, 2017 Iowa State University

#### Modeling Economic Systems As Locally-Constructive Sequential Games, Leigh Tesfatsion

*Economics Working Papers*

Real-world economies are open-ended dynamic systems consisting of heterogeneous interacting participants. Human participants are decision-makers who strategically take into account the past actions and potential future actions of other participants. All participants are forced to be locally constructive, meaning their actions at any given time must be based on their local states; and participant actions at any given time affect future local states. Taken together, these properties imply real-world economies are locally-constructive sequential games. This study discusses a modeling approach, agent-based computational economics (ACE), that permits researchers to study economic systems from this point of view. ACE modeling principles and ...

On The Analysis Of The Sir Epidemic Model For Small Networks: An Application In Hospital Settings, 2017 University of Leeds

#### On The Analysis Of The Sir Epidemic Model For Small Networks: An Application In Hospital Settings, Martin Lopez-Garcia

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Balanced Excitation And Inhibition Shapes The Dynamics Of A Neuronal Network For Movement And Reward, 2017 State University of New York at New Paltz

#### Balanced Excitation And Inhibition Shapes The Dynamics Of A Neuronal Network For Movement And Reward, Anca R. Radulescu

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Models Of Nation-Building Via Systems Of Differential Equations, 2017 Cedarville University

#### Models Of Nation-Building Via Systems Of Differential Equations, Carissa F. Slone, Darryl K. Ahner, Mark E. Oxley, William P. Baker

*The Research and Scholarship Symposium*

Nation-building modeling is an important field of research given the increasing number of candidate nations and the limited resources available. A modeling methodology and a system of differential equations model are presented to investigate the dynamics of nation-building. The methodology is based upon parameter identification techniques applied to a system of differential equations, to evaluate nation-building operations. Data from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Afghanistan are used to demonstrate the validity of different models as well as the comparison of models.

Generalized Thomas-Fermi Equations As The Lampariello Class Of Emden-Fowler Equations, 2017 IPICYT, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica

#### Generalized Thomas-Fermi Equations As The Lampariello Class Of Emden-Fowler Equations, Haret C. Rosu, Stefan C. Mancas

*Publications*

A one-parameter family of Emden-Fowler equations defined by Lampariello’s parameter p which, upon using Thomas-Fermi boundary conditions, turns into a set of generalized Thomas-Fermi equations comprising the standard Thomas-Fermi equation for p = 1 is studied in this paper. The entire family is shown to be non integrable by reduction to the corresponding Abel equations whose invariants do not satisfy a known integrability condition. We also discuss the equivalent dynamical system of equations for the standard Thomas-Fermi equation and perform its phase-plane analysis. The results of the latter analysis are similar for the whole class.

The Battle Against Malaria: A Teachable Moment, 2017 Schoolcraft College

#### The Battle Against Malaria: A Teachable Moment, Randy K. Schwartz

*Journal of Humanistic Mathematics*

Malaria has been humanity’s worst public health problem throughout recorded history. Mathematical methods are needed to understand which factors are relevant to the disease and to develop counter-measures against it. This article and the accompanying exercises provide examples of those methods for use in lower- or upper-level courses dealing with probability, statistics, or population modeling. These can be used to illustrate such concepts as correlation, causation, conditional probability, and independence. The article explains how the apparent link between sickle cell trait and resistance to malaria was first verified in Uganda using the chi-squared probability distribution. It goes on to ...

Data Predictive Control For Building Energy Management, 2017 University of Pennsylvania

#### Data Predictive Control For Building Energy Management, Achin Jain, Madhur Behl, Rahul Mangharam

*Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)*

Decisions on how to best optimize energy systems operations are becoming ever so complex and conflicting, that model-based predictive control (MPC) algorithms must play an important role. However, a key factor prohibiting the widespread adoption of MPC in buildings, is the cost, time, and effort associated with learning first-principles based dynamical models of the underlying physical system. This paper introduces an alternative approach for implementing finite-time receding horizon control using control-oriented data-driven models. We call this approach Data Predictive Control (DPC). Specifically, by utilizing separation of variables, two novel algorithms for implementing DPC using a single regression tree and with ...

Global Stability Of Nonlinear Stochastic Sei Epidemic Model With Fluctuations In Transmission Rate Of Disease, 2017 Marshall University

#### Global Stability Of Nonlinear Stochastic Sei Epidemic Model With Fluctuations In Transmission Rate Of Disease, Olusegun Michael Otunuga

*Mathematics Faculty Research*

We derive and analyze the dynamic of a stochastic SEI epidemic model for disease spread. Fluctuations in the transmission rate of the disease bring about stochasticity in model. We discuss the asymptotic stability of the infection-free equilibrium by first deriving the closed form deterministic (R_{0}) and stochastic (*R*_{0}) basic reproductive number. Contrary to some author’s remark that different diffusion rates have no effect on the stability of the disease-free equilibrium, we showed that even if no epidemic invasion occurs with respect to the deterministic version of the SEI model (i.e., R_{0 }< 1), epidemic can still grow initially (if *R*_{0 }> 1) because ...

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, 2017 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Orbital Stability Results For Soliton Solutions To Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations With External Potentials, 2017 University of Kentucky

#### Orbital Stability Results For Soliton Solutions To Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations With External Potentials, Joseph B. Lindgren

*Theses and Dissertations--Mathematics*

For certain nonlinear Schroedinger equations there exist solutions which are called solitary waves. Addition of a potential $V$ changes the dynamics, but for small enough $||V||_{L^\infty}$ we can still obtain stability (and approximately Newtonian motion of the solitary wave's center of mass) for soliton-like solutions up to a finite time that depends on the size and scale of the potential $V$. Our method is an adaptation of the well-known Lyapunov method.

For the sake of completeness, we also prove long-time stability of traveling solitons in the case $V=0$.

Local Sensitivity Analysis Of Acute Inflammation, 2017 Marshall University

#### Local Sensitivity Analysis Of Acute Inflammation, James Martin

*Theses, Dissertations and Capstones*

The inflammatory response is the body's response to some pathogen or foreign invader. When infected by a pathogen, a healthy individual will mount a response with immunological factors to eliminate it. An inflammatory response that is either too strong or too weak can be detrimental to the individual's health. We will look at a qualitative mathematical model of the inflammatory response, in scenarios that represent varying disorders of the immune system. Using sensitivity analysis we determine which parameters of this model are most influential in the different scenarios. By determining which parameters are most influential we can suggest ...

Local Lagged Adapted Generalized Method Of Moments And Applications, 2016 Marshall University

#### Local Lagged Adapted Generalized Method Of Moments And Applications, Olusegun Michael Otunuga, Gangaram S. Ladde, Nathan G. Ladde

*Mathematics Faculty Research*

In this work, an attempt is made for developing the local lagged adapted generalized method of moments (LLGMM). This proposed method is composed of: (1) development of the stochastic model for continuous-time dynamic process, (2) development of the discrete-time interconnected dynamic model for statistic process, (3) utilization of Euler-type discretized scheme for nonlinear and non-stationary system of stochastic differential equations, (4) development of generalized method of moment/observation equations by employing lagged adaptive expectation process, (5) introduction of the conceptual and computational parameter estimation problem, (6) formulation of the conceptual and computational state estimation scheme and (7) definition of the ...

Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, 2016 Universidad del Valle - Colombia - Georgia Institute of Technology

#### Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, Christian G. Arias, Pedro Antonio Moreno Phd, Carlos Tellez

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Predator-Prey Dynamics With Intraspecific Competition And An Allee Effect In The Predator Population, 2016 The New School

#### Predator-Prey Dynamics With Intraspecific Competition And An Allee Effect In The Predator Population, Anne E. Yust, Erin N. Bodine

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

On The Perfect Reconstruction Of The Structure Of Dynamic Networks, 2016 University of Dayton

#### On The Perfect Reconstruction Of The Structure Of Dynamic Networks, Alan Veliz-Cuba

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.