On (Semi)Topological Bcc-Algebras, 2017 University of Sistan and Baluchestan

#### On (Semi)Topological Bcc-Algebras, F. R. Setudeh, N. Kouhestani

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this paper, we introduce the notion of (semi)topological BCC-algebras and derive here conditions that imply a BCC-algebra to be a (semi)topological BCC-algebra. We prove that for each cardinal number α there is at least a (semi)topological BCC-algebra of order α: Also we study separation axioms on (semi)topological BCC-algebras and show that for any infinite cardinal number α there is a Hausdorff (semi)topological BCC-algebra of order α with nontrivial topology.

Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, 2017 Portland State University

#### Cox Processes For Visual Object Counting, Yongming Ma

*Student Research Symposium*

We present a model that utilizes Cox processes and CNN classifiers in order to count the number of instances of an object in an image. Poisson processes are well suited to events that occur randomly in space, like the location of objects in an image, as well as to the task of counting. Mixed Poisson processes also offer increased flexibility, however they do not easily scale with image size: they typically require O(n3) computation time and O(n2) storage, where n is the number of pixels. To mitigate this problem, we employ Kronecker algebra which takes advantage of the direct product …

Integrating Non-Euclidean Geometry Into High School, 2017 Loyola Marymount University

#### Integrating Non-Euclidean Geometry Into High School, John Buda

*Honors Thesis*

The purpose of this project is to provide the framework for integrating the study of non-Euclidean geometry into a high school math class in such a way that both aligns with the Common Core State Standards and makes use of research-based practices to enhance the learning of traditional geometry. Traditionally, Euclidean geometry has been the only strand of geometry taught in high schools, even though mathematicians have developed several other strands. The non-Euclidean geometry that I focus on in this project is what is known as taxicab geometry. With the Common Core Standards for Math Practice pushing students to “model …

Beurling-Lax Type Theorems In The Complex And Quaternionic Setting, 2017 Chapman University

#### Beurling-Lax Type Theorems In The Complex And Quaternionic Setting, Daniel Alpay, Irene Sabadini

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

We give a generalization of the Beurling–Lax theorem both in the complex and quaternionic settings. We consider in the first case functions meromorphic in the right complex half-plane, and functions slice hypermeromorphic in the right quaternionic half-space in the second case. In both settings we also discuss a unified framework, which includes both the disk and the half-plane for the complex case and the open unit ball and the half-space in the quaternionic setting.

Student-Created Test Sheets, 2017 Bowling Green State University

#### Student-Created Test Sheets, Samuel Laderach

*Honors Projects*

Assessment plays a necessary role in the high school mathematics classroom, and testing is a major part of assessment. Students often struggle with mathematics tests and examinations due to math and test anxiety, a lack of student learning, and insufficient and inefficient student preparation. Practice tests, teacher-created review sheets, and student-created test sheets are ways in which teachers can help increase student performance, while ridding these detrimental factors. Student-created test sheets appear to be the most efficient strategy, and this research study examines the effects of their use in a high school mathematics classroom.

On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, 2017 The University of Western Ontario

#### On Vector-Valued Automorphic Forms On Bounded Symmetric Domains, Nadia Alluhaibi

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

The objective of the study is to investigate the behaviour of the inner products of vector-valued Poincare series, for large weight, associated to submanifolds of a quotient of the complex unit ball and how vector-valued automorphic forms could be constructed via Poincare series. In addition, it provides a proof of that vector-valued Poincare series on an irreducible bounded symmetric domain span the space of vector-valued automorphic forms.

Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, 2017 University High School

#### Polygons, Pillars And Pavilions: Discovering Connections Between Geometry And Architecture, Sean Patrick Madden

*Journal of Catholic Education*

Crowning the second semester of geometry, taught within a Catholic middle school, the author's students explored connections between the geometry of regular polygons and architecture of local buildings. They went on to explore how these principles apply famous buildings around the world such as the monuments of Washington, D.C. and the elliptical piazza of Saint Peter's Basilica at Vatican City within Rome, Italy.

Classification Of Rectifying Space-Like Submanifolds In Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces, 2017 Michigan State University

#### Classification Of Rectifying Space-Like Submanifolds In Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces, Bang Yen Chan, Yun Myung Oh

*Faculty Publications*

The notions of rectifying subspaces and of rectifying submanifolds were introduced in [B.-Y. Chen, Int. Electron. J. Geom 9 (2016), no. 2, 1–8]. More precisely, a submanifold in a Euclidean m-space Em is called a rectifying submanifold if its position vector field always lies in its rectifying subspace. Several fundamental properties and classification of rectifying submanifolds in Euclidean space were obtained in [B.-Y. Chen, op. cit.]. In this present article, we extend the results in [B.-Y. Chen, op. cit.] to rectifying space- like submanifolds in a pseudo-Euclidean space with arbitrary codimension. In particular, we completely classify all rectifying space-like submanifolds …

Session A-3: Three-Act Math Tasks, 2017 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

#### Session A-3: Three-Act Math Tasks, Lindsey Herlehy

*Professional Learning Day*

Participants will engage in a Three-Act Math task highlighting the application of properties of geometrical figures. Developed by Dan Meyer, an innovative and highly regarded mathematics instructor, Three-Act Math tasks utilize pedagogical skills that elicit student curiosity, collaboration and questioning. By posing a mathematical problem through active storytelling, this instructional approach redefines real-world mathematics and clarifies the role that a student plays in the learning process. Participants will be given multiple resources where they can access Three-Act Math tasks appropriate for upper elementary grades through Algebra and Geometry courses.

Classification Of Book Representations Of K6, 2017 Merrimack College

#### Classification Of Book Representations Of K6, Dana Rowland

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

A book representation of a graph is a particular way of embedding a graph in three dimensional space so that the vertices lie on a circle and the edges are chords on disjoint topological disks. We describe a set of operations on book representations that preserves ambient isotopy, and apply these operations to K6, the complete graph with six vertices. We prove there are exactly 59 distinct book representations for K6, and we identify the number and type of knotted and linked cycles in each representation. We show that book representations of K6 contain between one and seven links, and …

Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, 2017 Loyola Marymount University

#### Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, Curtis D. Bennett, Blake Mellor, Patrick D. Shanahan

*Blake Mellor*

In looking at a common physical model of the hyperbolic plane, the authors encountered surprising difficulties in drawing a large triangle. Understanding these difficulties leads to an intriguing exploration of the geometry of the Thurston model of the hyperbolic plane. In this exploration we encounter topics ranging from combinatorics and Pick’s Theorem to differential geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem.

Linked Exact Triples Of Triangulated Categories And A Calculus Of T-Structures, 2017 Loyola Marymount University

#### Linked Exact Triples Of Triangulated Categories And A Calculus Of T-Structures, Michael Berg

*Michael Berg*

We introduce a new formalism of exact triples of triangulated categories arranged in certain types of diagrams. We prove that these arrangements are well-behaved relative to the process of gluing and ungluing t-structures defined on the indicated categories and we connect our con. structs to· a problem (from number theory) involving derived categories. We also briefly address a possible connection with a result of R. Thomason.

Tropical Derivation Of Cohomology Ring Of Heavy/Light Hassett Spaces, 2017 Harvey Mudd College

#### Tropical Derivation Of Cohomology Ring Of Heavy/Light Hassett Spaces, Shiyue Li

*HMC Senior Theses*

The cohomology of moduli spaces of curves has been extensively studied in classical algebraic geometry. The emergent field of tropical geometry gives new views and combinatorial tools for treating these classical problems. In particular, we study the cohomology of heavy/light Hassett spaces, moduli spaces of heavy/light weighted stable curves, denoted as $\calm_{g, w}$ for a particular genus $g$ and a weight vector $w \in (0, 1]^n$ using tropical geometry. We survey and build on the work of \citet{Cavalieri2014}, which proved that tropical compactification is a \textit{wonderful} compactification of the complement of hyperplane arrangement for these heavy/light Hassett spaces. For $g …

Curiozităţi Ale Funcţiilor Supermatematice, 2017 University of New Mexico

#### Curiozităţi Ale Funcţiilor Supermatematice, Florentin Smarandache, Mircea Eugen Selariu

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

No abstract provided.

Neutrosophic Triplet Groups And Their Applications To Mathematical Modelling, 2017 University of New Mexico

#### Neutrosophic Triplet Groups And Their Applications To Mathematical Modelling, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Ilanthenral K.

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

The innovative notion of neutrosophic triplet groups, introduced by Smarandache and Ali in 2014-2016, happens to yield the anti-element and neutral element once the element is given. It is established that the neutrosophic triplet group collection forms the classical group under product for Zn, for some specific n. However the collection is not even closed under sum. These neutrosophic triplet groups are built using only modulo integers or Cayley tables. Several interesting properties related with them are defined. It is pertinent to record that in Zn, when n is a prime number, we cannot get a neutral element which can …

Characterization Of Rectifying And Sphere Curves In R^3, 2017 Andrews University

#### Characterization Of Rectifying And Sphere Curves In R^3, Yun Myung Oh, Julie Logan

*Faculty Publications*

Studies of curves in 3D-space have been developed by many geometers and it is known that any regular curve in 3D space is completely determined by its curvature and torsion, up to position. Many results have been found to characterize various types of space curves in terms of conditions on the ratio of torsion to curvature. Under an extracondition on the constant curvature, Y.L. Seo and Y. M. Oh found the series solution when the ratio of torsion to curvature is a linear function. Furthermore, this solution is known to be a rectifying curve by B. Y. Chen’s work. This …

Random Tropical Curves, 2017 Harvey Mudd College

#### Random Tropical Curves, Magda L. Hlavacek

*HMC Senior Theses*

In the setting of tropical mathematics, geometric objects are rich with inherent combinatorial structure. For example, each polynomial $p(x,y)$ in the tropical setting corresponds to a tropical curve; these tropical curves correspond to unbounded graphs embedded in $\R^2$. Each of these graphs is dual to a particular subdivision of its Newton polytope; we classify tropical curves by combinatorial type based on these corresponding subdivisions. In this thesis, we aim to gain an understanding of the likeliness of the combinatorial type of a randomly chosen tropical curve by using methods from polytope geometry. We focus on tropical curves corresponding to quadratics, …

A Journey To Fuzzy Rings, 2017 Georgia Southern University

#### A Journey To Fuzzy Rings, Brett T. Ernst

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Enumerative geometry is a very old branch of algebraic geometry. In this thesis, we will describe several classical problems in enumerative geometry and their solutions in order to motivate the introduction of tropical geometry. Finally, fuzzy rings, a powerful algebraic framework for tropical and algebraic geometry is introduced.

Iterative Solution Of Fractional Diffusion Equation Modelling Anomalous Diffusion, 2016 Mansoura University

#### Iterative Solution Of Fractional Diffusion Equation Modelling Anomalous Diffusion, A. Elsaid, S. Shamseldeen, S. Madkour

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this article, we study the fractional diffusion equation with spatial Riesz fractional derivative. The continuation of the solution of this fractional equation to the solution of the corresponding integer order equation is proved. The series solution is obtained based on properties of Riesz fractional derivative operator and utilizing the optimal homotopy analysis method (OHAM). Numerical simulations are presented to validate the method and to show the effect of changing the fractional derivative parameter on the solution behavior.

Spherical Tropicalization, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Spherical Tropicalization, Anastasios Vogiannou

*Doctoral Dissertations*

In this thesis, I extend tropicalization of subvarieties of algebraic tori over a trivially valued algebraically closed field to subvarieties of spherical homogeneous spaces. I show the existence of tropical compactifications in a general setting. Given a tropical compactification of a closed subvariety of a spherical homogeneous space, I show that the support of the colored fan of the ambient spherical variety agrees with the tropicalization of the closed subvariety. I provide examples of tropicalization of subvarieties of GL(n), SL(n), and PGL(n).