Klein Bottle Queries, 2016 Georgia State University

#### Klein Bottle Queries, Austin Lowe

*Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference*

No abstract provided.

Aspects Of Non-Commutative Function Theory, 2016 Washington University in St Louis

#### Aspects Of Non-Commutative Function Theory, Jim Agler, John E. Mccarthy

*Mathematics Faculty Publications*

We discuss non commutative functions, which naturally arise when dealing with functions of more than one matrix variable.

Topology Of The Affine Springer Fiber In Type A, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Topology Of The Affine Springer Fiber In Type A, Tobias Wilson

*Doctoral Dissertations*

We develop algorithms for describing elements of the affine Springer fiber in type

A for certain 2 g(C[[t]]). For these , which are equivalued, integral, and regular,

it is known that the affine Springer fiber, X, has a paving by affines resulting from

the intersection of Schubert cells with X. Our description of the elements of Xallow

us to understand these affine spaces and write down explicit dimension formulae. We

also explore some closure relations between the affine spaces and begin to describe the

moment map for the both the regular and extended torus action.

Minimizing Differences Of Convex Functions With Applications To Facility Location And Clustering, 2016 Portland State University

#### Minimizing Differences Of Convex Functions With Applications To Facility Location And Clustering, Mau Nam Nguyen, R. Blake Rector, Daniel J. Giles

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

In this paper we develop algorithms to solve generalized Fermat-Torricelli problems with both positive and negative weights and multifacility location problems involving distances generated by Minkowski gauges. We also introduce a new model of clustering based on squared distances to convex sets. Using the Nesterov smoothing technique and an algorithm for minimizing differences of convex functions called the DCA introduced by Tao and An, we develop effective algorithms for solving these problems. We demonstrate the algorithms with a variety of numerical examples.

The Log-Exponential Smoothing Technique And Nesterov’S Accelerated Gradient Method For Generalized Sylvester Problems, 2016 Thua Thien Hue College of Education

#### The Log-Exponential Smoothing Technique And Nesterov’S Accelerated Gradient Method For Generalized Sylvester Problems, N. T. An, Daniel J. Giles, Nguyen Mau Nam, R. Blake Rector

*Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations*

The Sylvester or smallest enclosing circle problem involves finding the smallest circle enclosing a finite number of points in the plane. We consider generalized versions of the Sylvester problem in which the points are replaced by sets. Based on the log-exponential smoothing technique and Nesterov’s accelerated gradient method, we present an effective numerical algorithm for solving these problems.

Nidus Idearum. Scilogs, I: De Neutrosophia, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Nidus Idearum. Scilogs, I: De Neutrosophia, Florentin Smarandache

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Welcome into my scientific lab! My lab[oratory] is a virtual facility with noncontrolled conditions in which I mostly perform scientific meditation and chats: a nest of ideas (nidus idearum, in Latin). I called the jottings herein scilogs (truncations of the words scientific, and gr. Λόγος – appealing rather to its original meanings "ground", "opinion", "expectation"), combining the welly of both science and informal (via internet) talks (in English, French, and Romanian). In this first books of scilogs collected from my nest of ideas, one may find new and old questions and solutions, some of them already put at work, others …

Special Type Of Fixed Points Of Mod Matrix Operators, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Special Type Of Fixed Points Of Mod Matrix Operators, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book authors for the first time introduce a special type of fixed points using MOD square matrix operators. These special type of fixed points are different from the usual classical fixed points. A study of this is carried out in this book. Several interesting properties are developed in this regard. The notion of these fixed points find many applications in the mathematical models which are dealt systematically by the authors in the forth coming books. These special type of fixed points or special realized limit cycles are always guaranteed as we use only MOD matrices as operators with …

Problems On Mod Structures, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Problems On Mod Structures, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book authors for the first time give several types of problems on MOD structures happens to be an interesting field of study as it makes the whole 4 quadrant plane into a single quadrant plane and the infinite line into a half closed open interval. So study in this direction will certainly yield several interesting results. The law of distributivity is not true. Further the MOD function in general do not obey all the laws of integration or differentiation. Likewise MOD polynomials in general do not satisfy the basic properties of polynomials like its roots etc. Thus over …

Complements To Classic Topics Of Circles Geometry, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Complements To Classic Topics Of Circles Geometry, Florentin Smarandache, Ion Patrascu

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

We approach several themes of classical geometry of the circle and complete them with some original results, showing that not everything in traditional math is revealed, and that it still has an open character. The topics were chosen according to authors’ aspiration and attraction, as a poet writes lyrics about spring according to his emotions.

Mathematics. Possible Subjects For The High School Entrance Examination And The Capacity Examination In Romania, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mathematics. Possible Subjects For The High School Entrance Examination And The Capacity Examination In Romania, Florentin Smarandache, Constantin Coanda, Ionuț Ivanescu

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

The present book tries to offer students and teachers knowledge evaluation tools for all the chapters from the current Romanian mathematics syllabus. In the evolution of teenagers, the phase of admission in high schools mobilizes particular efforts and emotions. The present workbook aims to be a permanent advisor in the agitated period starting with the capacity examination and leading to the admittance to high school. The tests included in this workbook have a complementary character as opposed to the many materials written with the purpose to support all those who prepare for such examinations and they refer to the entire …

Sisteme Vibrante Trilobice, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Sisteme Vibrante Trilobice, Florentin Smarandache, Mircea Eugen Selariu

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

No abstract provided.

Mod Relational Maps Models And Mod Natural Neutrosophic Relational Maps Models, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mod Relational Maps Models And Mod Natural Neutrosophic Relational Maps Models, Florentin Smarandache, K. Ilanthenral, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Zadeh introduced the degree of membership/truth (t) in 1965 and defined the fuzzy set. Atanassov introduced the degree of non membership/falsehood (f) in 1986 and defined the intuitionistic fuzzy set. Smarandache introduced the degree of indeterminacy/neutrality (i) as independent component in 1995 (published in 1998) and defined the neutrosophic set on three components (t,i,f) = (truth, indeterminacy, falsehood). The words “neutrosophy” and “neutrosophic” were coined/invented by F. Smarandache in his 1998 book. Etymologically, “neutro-sophy” (noun) [French neutre 1), or complete information (sum of components = 1).

Semigroups On Mod Natural Neutrosophic Elements, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Semigroups On Mod Natural Neutrosophic Elements, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book the notion of semigroups under + is constructed using the Mod natural neutrosophic integers or MOD natural neutrosophic-neutrosophic numbers or mod natural neutrosophic finite complex modulo integer or MOD natural neutrosophic dual number integers or MOD natural neutrosophic special dual like number or MOD natural neutrosophic special quasi dual numbers are analysed in a systematic way. All these semigroups under + have an idempotent subsemigroup under +. This is the first time we are able to give a class of idempotent subsemigroups under + by taking only those MOD natural neutrosophic elements

Special Type Of Fixed Point Pairs Using Mod Rectangular Matrix Operators, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Special Type Of Fixed Point Pairs Using Mod Rectangular Matrix Operators, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book authors for the first time define a special type of fixed points using MOD rectangular matrices as operators. In this case the special fixed points or limit cycles are pairs which is arrived after a finite number of iterations. Such study is both new and innovative for it can find lots of applications in mathematical modeling. Since all these Zn or I nZ or 〈Zn ∪ g〉 or 〈Zn ∪ g〉I or C(Zn) or CI(Zn) are all of finite order we are sure to arrive at a MOD fixed point pair or a MOD limit cycle pair …

Mod Natural Neutrosophic Subset Topological Spaces And Kakutani’S Theorem, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mod Natural Neutrosophic Subset Topological Spaces And Kakutani’S Theorem, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book authors for the first time develop the notion of MOD natural neutrosophic subset special type of topological spaces using MOD natural neutrosophic dual numbers or MOD natural neutrosophic finite complex number or MOD natural neutrosophic-neutrosophic numbers and so on to build their respective MOD semigroups. Later they extend this concept to MOD interval subset semigroups and MOD interval neutrosophic subset semigroups. Using these MOD interval semigroups and MOD interval natural neutrosophic subset semigroups special type of subset topological spaces are built. Further using these MOD subsets we build MOD interval subset matrix semigroups and MOD interval subset …

Mod Graphs, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mod Graphs, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Zadeh introduced the degree of membership/truth (t) in 1965 and defined the fuzzy set. Atanassov introduced the degree of nonmembership/ falsehood (f) in 1986 and defined the intuitionistic fuzzy set. Smarandache introduced the degree of indeterminacy/ neutrality (i) as independent component in 1995 (published in 1998) and defined the neutrosophic set on three components (t, i, f) = (truth, indeterminacy, falsehood): http://fs.gallup.unm.edu/FlorentinSmarandache.htm Etymology. The words “neutrosophy” and “neutrosophic” were coined/ invented by F. Smarandache in his 1998 book. Neutrosophy: A branch of philosophy, introduced by F. Smarandache in 1980, which studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well …

Mod Cognitive Maps Models And Mod Natural Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps Models, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mod Cognitive Maps Models And Mod Natural Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps Models, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Zadeh introduced the degree of membership/truth (t) in 1965 and defined the fuzzy set. Atanassov introduced the degree of non membership/falsehood (f) in 1986 and defined the intuitionistic fuzzy set. Smarandache introduced the degree of indeterminacy/neutrality (i) as independent component in 1995 (published in 1998) and defined the neutrosophic set on three components (t,i,f) = (truth, indeterminacy, falsehood). The words “neutrosophy” and “neutrosophic” were coined/invented by F. Smarandache in his 1998 book. Etymologically, “neutro-sophy” (noun) [French neutre 1), or complete information (sum of components = 1).

Mod Natural Neutrosophic Subset Semigroups, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Mod Natural Neutrosophic Subset Semigroups, Florentin Smarandache, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

In this book authors for the first time introduce the notion of MOD subsets using Zn ... On these MOD subsets the operation ‘+’ is defined, S(Zn) denotes the MOD subset and {S(Zn), +} happens to be only a Smarandache semigroup.

These S-semigroups enjoy several interesting properties. The notion of MOD universal subset and MOD absorbing subsets are defined and developed. {S(Zn), x } is also a semigroup and several properties associated with them are derived. MOD natural neutrosophic subsets forms only a semigroup under ‘+’. In fact the main feature enjoyed by this structure is they have subset idempotents …

Nidus Idearum. Scilogs, Ii: De Rerum Consectatione, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Nidus Idearum. Scilogs, Ii: De Rerum Consectatione, Florentin Smarandache

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Welcome into my scientific lab! My lab[oratory] is a virtual facility with noncontrolled conditions in which I mostly perform scientific meditation and chats: a nest of ideas (nidus idearum, in Latin). I called the jottings herein scilogs (truncations of the words scientific, and gr. Λόγος – appealing rather to its original meanings "ground", "opinion", "expectation"), combining the welly of both science and informal (via internet) talks (in English, French, and Romanian). In this second book of scilogs collected from my nest of ideas, one may find new and old questions and solutions, some of them already put at work, others …

Neutrosophic Set Approach To Algebraic Structures, 2016 University of New Mexico

#### Neutrosophic Set Approach To Algebraic Structures, Florentin Smarandache, Madad Khan, Fazal Tahir

*Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications*

Real world is featured with complex phenomenons. As uncertainty is inevitably involved in problems arise in various elds of life and classical methods failed to handle these type of problems. Dealing with imprecise, uncertain or imperfect information was a big task for many years. Many modelswerepresentedinordertoproperlyincorporateuncertaintyintosystem description, LotA.Zadeh in 1965 introduced the idea of a fuzzy set. Zadeh replaced conventional characteristic function of classical crisp sets which takes on its values in f0;1g by membership function which takes on its values in closed interval [0;1]. Fuzzy set theory is conceptually a very powerful technique to deal with another aspect or …