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Mathematical Modeling In Collaborative Courses: The Soup To Nuts Experience, Sarah Hews, Christina Cianfrani 2016 Hampshire College

Mathematical Modeling In Collaborative Courses: The Soup To Nuts Experience, Sarah Hews, Christina Cianfrani

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Temporal Variations Of Water Productivity In Irrigated Corn: An Analysis Of Factors Influencing Yield And Water Use Across Central Nebraska, Tony Carr, Haishun Yang, Chittaranjan Ray 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Temporal Variations Of Water Productivity In Irrigated Corn: An Analysis Of Factors Influencing Yield And Water Use Across Central Nebraska, Tony Carr, Haishun Yang, Chittaranjan Ray

Faculty Publications from The Water Center

Water Productivity (WP) of a crop defines the relationship between the economic or physical yield of the crop and its water use. With this concept it is possible to identify disproportionate water use or water-limited yield gaps and thereby support improvements in agricultural water management. However, too often important qualitative and quantitative environmental factors are not part of aWP analysis and therefore neglect the aspect of maintaining a sustainable agricultural system. In this study, we examine both the physical and economic WP in perspective with temporally changing environmental conditions. The physical WP analysis was performed by comparing simulated maximum attainable ...


Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel 2016 Kansas State University

Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A limited irrigation study involving six cropping systems was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, in 2012. The cropping systems were two annual systems (continuous corn [C-C] and continuous grain sorghum [GS-GS]) and four 2-year systems (corn-sorghum [C-GS]), corn-sunflower [C-SF], corn-winter wheat [C-W], and corn-wheat/double sunflower [C-W/SF]). In 2015, corn yields were lower following corn than other crops while wheat and grain sorghum yields were similar for all rotations. This tended to agree with the 3-year average yields except for average sorghum yields being higher following corn than sorghum. Sunflowers were destroyed by rodents and ...


Response Of Drought Tolerant And Conventional Corn To Limited Irrigation, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm 2016 Kansas State University

Response Of Drought Tolerant And Conventional Corn To Limited Irrigation, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response of two commercial hybrids (DKC 62-27 DGVT2PRO [drought tolerant trait (DT)] and DKC 62-98 VT2PRO [conventional]) to limited irrigation. Preliminary results from the 2014 and 2015 growing seasons at Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, Kansas, indicate the effect of irrigation capacity on corn yield was significant (P < 0.001) for both hybrids. The effect of the drought tolerance trait on yield was not significant (P > 0.05) in both years. The effect of the interaction between irrigation capacity and corn hybrid on yield was also not significant (P > 0.05). Hybrid ...


Mobile Drip Irrigation Evaluation In Corn, I. Kisekka, T. Oker, G. Nguyen, J. Aguilar, D. Rogers 2016 Kansas State University

Mobile Drip Irrigation Evaluation In Corn, I. Kisekka, T. Oker, G. Nguyen, J. Aguilar, D. Rogers

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Mobile Drip Irrigation (MDI) involves attaching driplines to center pivot drops. MDI has potential to eliminate water losses due to spray droplet evaporation, water evapo­ration from the canopy, and wind drift. MDI also may reduce soil water evaporation due to limited surface wetting. A study was conducted with the following objectives: 1) compare soil water evaporation under MDI and in-canopy spray nozzles; 2) evalu­ate soil water redistribution under MDI at 60 inch dripline lateral spacing; 3) compare corn grain yield, water productivity, and irrigation water use efficiency; and 4) compare end-of-season profile soil water under MDI and in-canopy ...


Sorghum Yield Response To Water Supply And Irrigation Management, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm, A. Schlegel 2016 Kansas State University

Sorghum Yield Response To Water Supply And Irrigation Management, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm, A. Schlegel

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Grain sorghum yield, under full and limited irrigation, was evaluated at three locations in western Kansas (Colby, Tribune, and Garden City). The top-end yield under full ir­rigation was 190 bu/a. However, there were no significant differences among irrigation treatments at all the three locations due to the above normal rainfall received during the 2015 growing season. These preliminary results indicate that there is potential to improve grain sorghum yields under limited irrigation. Additionally, best management practices to maximize kernels per head could have the greatest effect on grain yields.


Forage Sorghum And Corn Silage Response To Full And Deficit Irrigation, I. Kisekka, J. D. Holman, J. W. Waggoner, J. Aguilar, R. Currie 2016 Kansas State University

Forage Sorghum And Corn Silage Response To Full And Deficit Irrigation, I. Kisekka, J. D. Holman, J. W. Waggoner, J. Aguilar, R. Currie

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

There is limited information on forage sorghum and corn silage yield response to full and deficit irrigation in Kansas. The objective of this study was to generate information on forage sorghum (brown mid-rib hybrids (BMR and non-BMR)) and corn silage yield response to different levels of irrigation as influenced by irrigation capacity in southwest Kansas. Preliminary results indicate the effect of irrigation capacity on forage yield was significant (P = 0.0009) in 2014 but not 2015, probably due to high growing season rainfall received in 2015. Corn silage produced significantly (p < 0.05) higher biomass at all irrigation capacities compared to forage sorghum hybrids in 2015. BMR forage sorghum produced significantly lower biomass compared to non-BMR hybrid in both 2014 and 2015 (P < 0.05). The highest amounts of forage produced for corn silage, BMR, and non-BMR forage sorghum were 24.6, 17.4, and 21.1 tons/a adjusted to 65%, moisture respectively. Water productivity ranged from 1.0 to 1.4 dry matter tons/a/in. More research is needed under normal and dry years to quantify forage sorghum and corn silage yield and forage quality response to full and deficit irrigation.


Portland-Vancouver Ultra-Ex: Evaluating Relationships Between Governance And Environmental Quality In Urban Ecosystems, J. Alan Yeakley, Sally Duncan, Steve Bollens, Connie P. Ozawa, Vivek Shandas, Heejun Chang, Marion Dresner, Sean N. Gordon, John A. Harrison, Jeffrey D. Kline, Anita T. Morzillo, Noelwah R. Netusil, Gretchen Rollwagen-Bollens, Mark Stephan, Paul R. Thiers 2016 Portland State University

Portland-Vancouver Ultra-Ex: Evaluating Relationships Between Governance And Environmental Quality In Urban Ecosystems, J. Alan Yeakley, Sally Duncan, Steve Bollens, Connie P. Ozawa, Vivek Shandas, Heejun Chang, Marion Dresner, Sean N. Gordon, John A. Harrison, Jeffrey D. Kline, Anita T. Morzillo, Noelwah R. Netusil, Gretchen Rollwagen-Bollens, Mark Stephan, Paul R. Thiers

J. Alan Yeakley

The Portland-Vancouver Urban Long Term Research Area (ULTRA-Ex) is a multidisciplinary project aimed at understanding the feedbacks between human and natural systems in urban settings. The ULTRA-Ex project is seeking to answer the overarching question: How do human governance and biophysical systems respond interactively to both press and pulse disturbances in urban socio-ecological systems?

This presentation provides early observations and findings from the PV ULTRA-Ex project.


Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus 2016 Selected Works

Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

24 pages.


Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus 2016 Selected Works

Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

24 pages.


Ecosystem Structure And Function In Two Branches Of An Eastern Minnesota, Usa, Trout Stream, Daniel J. Hornbach, Mark Hove, Maya Agata, Ellen Albright, Emily Cavazos, Clara Friedman, Katja Jay, Emily Johnson, Kari Johnson, Anna Staudenmaier 2016 Macalester College

Ecosystem Structure And Function In Two Branches Of An Eastern Minnesota, Usa, Trout Stream, Daniel J. Hornbach, Mark Hove, Maya Agata, Ellen Albright, Emily Cavazos, Clara Friedman, Katja Jay, Emily Johnson, Kari Johnson, Anna Staudenmaier

Daniel J. Hornbach

No abstract provided.


Applications Of Time-Lapse Imagery For Monitoring And Illustrating Ecological Dynamics In A Water-Stressed System, Emma Brinley Buckley 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Applications Of Time-Lapse Imagery For Monitoring And Illustrating Ecological Dynamics In A Water-Stressed System, Emma Brinley Buckley

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Understanding and perceiving the natural world is a key part of management, policy, conservation, and inevitably for our future. Increased demand on natural resources has heightened the importance of documenting ecosystem changes, and knowledge-sharing to foster awareness. The advancement of digital technologies has improved the efficiency of passive monitoring, connectivity among systems, and expanded the potential for innovative and communicative approaches. From technological progression, time-lapse imagery has emerged a valuable tool to capture and depict natural systems. I sought to enhance our understanding of a water-stressed system by analyzing imagery, in addition to integrating images with data visualization to illustrate ...


Tb208: Biological Water Quality Standards To Achieve Biological Condition Goals In Maine Rivers And Streams: Science And Policy, Susan P. Davies, Francis Drummond, David L. Courtemanch, Leonidas Tsomides, Thomas J. Danielson 2016 University of Maine - Main

Tb208: Biological Water Quality Standards To Achieve Biological Condition Goals In Maine Rivers And Streams: Science And Policy, Susan P. Davies, Francis Drummond, David L. Courtemanch, Leonidas Tsomides, Thomas J. Danielson

Technical Bulletins

This publication describes the philosophy, history, methodology, and management applications of numeric biological criteria in water quality standards in Maine. The presentation describes the decision-making process used by the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (MDEP) for assessing attainment of aquatic life uses in water quality standards using benthic macroinvertebrates in Maine streams and rivers including eight case studies of management applications and the improved environmental outcomes that have resulted. The MDEP, University of Maine, and business and nonprofit stakeholders participated in the development and testing of Maine’s numeric biological criteria. This publication further discusses the broader relevance of numeric ...


Analyzing Accuracy Of The Lufft Ws600 In Remotely Measuring Precipitation Events, Justin Gay 2016 University of Vermont

Analyzing Accuracy Of The Lufft Ws600 In Remotely Measuring Precipitation Events, Justin Gay

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

The goal of this project was to analyze the accuracy of the Lufft WS600 Weather Sensor in measuring the rate of both liquid and solid precipitation. Measurement accuracy, especially in remote locations, can be difficult to obtain and quantify. Wind, blowing debris, and atmospheric particles can all have the capacity to interfere with instruments that are not being continuously compared to manual observations. Access to quality precipitation data sets are important for both hydrologic and weather forecasting, climate monitoring, and understanding the role of water cycling through ecosystems. Commercially, weather sensors are heavily relied upon by the Federal Aviation Administration ...


The Optimality Of Using Marginal Land For Bioenergy Crops: Tradeoffs Between Food, Fuel, And Environmental Services, Adriana M. Valcu-Lisman, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman 2016 Iowa State University

The Optimality Of Using Marginal Land For Bioenergy Crops: Tradeoffs Between Food, Fuel, And Environmental Services, Adriana M. Valcu-Lisman, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman

Economics Publications

We assess empirically how agricultural lands should be used to produce the highest valued outputs, which include food, energy, and environmental goods and services. We explore efficiency tradeoffs associated with allocating land between food and bioenergy and use a set of market prices and nonmarket environmental values to value the outputs produced by those crops. We also examine the degree to which using marginal land for energy crops is an approximately optimal rule. Our empirical results for an agricultural watershed in Iowa show that planting energy crops on marginal land is not likely to yield the highest valued output.


Ecosystem Structure And Function In Two Branches Of An Eastern Minnesota, Usa, Trout Stream, Daniel J. Hornbach, Mark Hove, Maya Agata, Ellen Albright, Emily Cavazos, Clara Friedman, Katja Jay, Emily Johnson, Kari Johnson, Anna Staudenmaier 2016 Macalester College

Ecosystem Structure And Function In Two Branches Of An Eastern Minnesota, Usa, Trout Stream, Daniel J. Hornbach, Mark Hove, Maya Agata, Ellen Albright, Emily Cavazos, Clara Friedman, Katja Jay, Emily Johnson, Kari Johnson, Anna Staudenmaier

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Sludge Layer Geometry On The Hydraulic Performance Of A Waste Stabilization Pond, Faissal Romaric Ouedraogo 2016 University of South Florida

Impact Of Sludge Layer Geometry On The Hydraulic Performance Of A Waste Stabilization Pond, Faissal Romaric Ouedraogo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Improving the hydraulic performance of waste stabilization ponds (WSPs) is an important management strategy to not only ensure protection of public health and the environment, but also to maximize the potential reuse of valuable resources found in the treated effluent. To reuse effluent from WSPs, a better understanding of the factors that impact the hydraulic performance of the system is needed. One major factor determining the hydraulic performance of a WSP is sludge accumulation, which alters the volume of the pond.

In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was applied to investigate the impact of sludge layer geometry on ...


The Snakehead War: Administrative Rule-Making And Legislative Strategies To Minimize Destruction By The Northern Snakehead, Joshua Rice 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

The Snakehead War: Administrative Rule-Making And Legislative Strategies To Minimize Destruction By The Northern Snakehead, Joshua Rice

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Aransas Project V. Shaw: The Fifth Circuit’S Incorrect And Attenuated Proximate Cause Analysis On What Killed The Whooping Crane, Brian Reagan 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Aransas Project V. Shaw: The Fifth Circuit’S Incorrect And Attenuated Proximate Cause Analysis On What Killed The Whooping Crane, Brian Reagan

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Litigation Against Fracking Bans And Moratoriums In The United States: Exit, Voice And Loyalty, Christopher J. Hilson 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Litigation Against Fracking Bans And Moratoriums In The United States: Exit, Voice And Loyalty, Christopher J. Hilson

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

A number of U.S. states, counties and municipalities have responded to the public health and environmental concerns surrounding fracking by imposing bans or moratoriums on unconventional oil and gas drilling. These restrictions have, in recent years, given rise to litigation challenges by oil and gas companies and by property owners deprived of potential revenues. The current Article begins by examining precisely who has litigated. Have large companies dominated or is it mostly smaller independents? Is there a difference in litigation rates between private and public companies? The Article then considers how Hirschman’s ideas of exit, voice and loyalty ...


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