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Increased Risk Of Chronic Wasting Disease In Rocky Mountain Elk Associated With Decreased Magnesium And Increased Manganese In Brain Tissue, Stephen N. White, Katherine I. O’Rourke, Thomas Gidlewski, Kurt C. Vercauteren, Michelle R. Mousel, Gregory E. Phillips, Terry R. Spraker 2010 USDA-ARS Animal Disease Unit

Increased Risk Of Chronic Wasting Disease In Rocky Mountain Elk Associated With Decreased Magnesium And Increased Manganese In Brain Tissue, Stephen N. White, Katherine I. O’Rourke, Thomas Gidlewski, Kurt C. Vercauteren, Michelle R. Mousel, Gregory E. Phillips, Terry R. Spraker

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of Rocky Mountain elk in North America. Recent studies suggest that tissue and blood mineral levels may be valuable in assessing TSE infection in sheep and cattle. The objectives of this study were to examine baseline levels of copper, manganese, magnesium, zinc, selenium, and molybdenum in the brains of Rocky Mountain elk with differing prion genotypes and to assess the association of mineral levels with CWD infection. Elk with leucine at prion position 132 had significantly lower magnesium levels than elk with 2 copies of methionine. Chronic wasting disease-positive elk ...


Potential Attractants For Detecting And Removing Invading Gambian Giant Pouched Rats (Cricetomys Gambianus), Gary W. Witmer, Nathan P. Snow, Patrick Burke 2010 USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services

Potential Attractants For Detecting And Removing Invading Gambian Giant Pouched Rats (Cricetomys Gambianus), Gary W. Witmer, Nathan P. Snow, Patrick Burke

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

BACKGROUND: Native to Africa, Gambian giant pouched rats (Gambian rats; Cricetomys gambianus Waterh.) are a threatening invasive species on a Florida island, Grassy Key. Gambian giant pouched rats shifted from a domestic pet to invading species after suspected release from a pet breeder. Because of the large size of Gambian rats (weighing up to 2.8 kg), they pose a serious threat to native species (particularly nesting species) and agricultural crops, especially if Gambian rats invade mainland Florida. Also, Gambian rats pose a threat from disease, as they were implicated in a monkeypox outbreak in the mid-western United States in ...


Arsenic Mobilization In A Seawater Inundated Acid Sulfate Soil, Scott G. Johnston, Annabelle F. Keene, Edward D. Burton, Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan, Angus E. McElnea, Colin R. Ahern, C Douglas Smith, Bernard Powell, Rosalie K. Hocking 2010 Southern Cross University

Arsenic Mobilization In A Seawater Inundated Acid Sulfate Soil, Scott G. Johnston, Annabelle F. Keene, Edward D. Burton, Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan, Angus E. Mcelnea, Colin R. Ahern, C Douglas Smith, Bernard Powell, Rosalie K. Hocking

School of Environment, Science and Engineering Papers

Tidal seawater inundation of coastal acid sulfate soils can generate Fe- and SO4-reducing conditions in previously oxic-acidic sediments. This creates potential for mobilization of As during the redox transition. We explore the consequences for As by investigating the hydrology, porewater geochemistry, solid-phase speciation, and mineralogical partitioning of As across two tidal fringe toposequences. Seawater inundation induced a tidally controlled redox gradient. Maximum porewater As (400 μg/L) occurred in the shallow (<1>m), intertidal, redox transition zone between Fe-oxidizing and SO4-reducing conditions. Primary mechanisms of As mobilization include the reduction of solid-phase As(V) to As(III), reductive dissolution of As ...


How The Growth Of The Frampton Fold Affected The Growth Of The Green Knoll Diapir, John A. Zinck 2010 Wright State University

How The Growth Of The Frampton Fold Affected The Growth Of The Green Knoll Diapir, John A. Zinck

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The growth of structural features formed by the movement of the Louann Salt within the study area follows a fold-first model (Rowan et al., 2000), in which the formation of the Frampton Fold predates the formation of the Green Knoll Diapir. The Frampton Fold was formed during two growth episodes driven by movement of the Louann Salt within the study area. The folding and faulting resulting from these growth episodes created a conduit through which the autochthonous Louann Salt was extruded to the sea floor during the Pliocene. Following a depositional episode consisting of the early sequences of the Mississippi ...


Estimating Evapotranspiration Using Remote Sensing: A Hybrid Approach Between Modis Derived Enhanced Vegetation Index, Bowen Ratio System, And Ground Based Micro-Meteorological Data, Sumantra Chatterjee 2010 Wright State University

Estimating Evapotranspiration Using Remote Sensing: A Hybrid Approach Between Modis Derived Enhanced Vegetation Index, Bowen Ratio System, And Ground Based Micro-Meteorological Data, Sumantra Chatterjee

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

We investigated water loss by evapotranspiration (ET) from the Palo Verde Irrigation District (PVID) and the Cibola National Wildlife Refuge (CNWR) in southern California bordering the Colorado River collaborating with the United States Bureau of Reclamation (U.S.B.R.). We developed an empirical model to estimate ET for the entire PVID using satellite derived MODIS enhanced vegetation index (EVI), and ground based measurements of solar radiation and vapor pressure. We compared our predictions with U.S.B.R. estimates through statistical cross validation and showed they agree with an error less than 8%. We tested the same model for ...


Reservoir Analysis Of The Clinton Interval In Stark And Summit Counties, Ohio, Dominick Andrew Wytovich 2010 Wright State University

Reservoir Analysis Of The Clinton Interval In Stark And Summit Counties, Ohio, Dominick Andrew Wytovich

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The characteristics of a sandstone reservoir of Silurian age (the "Clinton interval") were analyzed using 382 geophysical well logs from the Dominion Gas storage field located in Stark and Summit Counties, Ohio. These sandstones have long been identified by the informal drillers' terms, White, Red, and Stray Clinton. Gamma ray logs were used to analyze the distribution of net stand thickness and its relation to initial production through the construction of isopach and net sand isolith maps. I constructed eight cross sections to identify and correlate the tops of three prominent sandstones and two marine flooding surfaces to evaluate reservoir ...


Spatial And Temporal Variation In Otolith Chemistry For Tautog (Tautoga Onitis) In Narragansett Bay And Rhode Island Coastal Ponds, Ivan Mateo, Edward G. Durbin, David A. Bengtson, Richard Kingsley, Peter K. Swart, Daisy Durant 2010 University of Rhode Island

Spatial And Temporal Variation In Otolith Chemistry For Tautog (Tautoga Onitis) In Narragansett Bay And Rhode Island Coastal Ponds, Ivan Mateo, Edward G. Durbin, David A. Bengtson, Richard Kingsley, Peter K. Swart, Daisy Durant

Fisheries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences Faculty Publications

The elemental composition of otoliths may provide valuable information for establishing connectivity between fish nursery grounds and adult fish populations. Concentrations of Rb, Mg, Ca, Mn, Sr, Na, K, Sr, Pb, and Ba were determined by using solution-based inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in otoliths of young-of-the year tautog (Tautoga onitis) captured in nursery areas along the Rhode Island coast during two consecutive years. Stable oxygen (δ18O) and carbon (δ13C) isotopic ratios in young-of-the year otoliths were also analyzed with isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Chemical signatures differed significantly among the distinct nurseries within Narragansett Bay and ...


The Invisible Enemy, Aldemaro Romero Jr. 2010 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

The Invisible Enemy, Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Eurycea Hybrid Zone In Eastern Missouri, Bonnie Jean Beasley 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Analysis Of Eurycea Hybrid Zone In Eastern Missouri, Bonnie Jean Beasley

Masters Theses

"Evolutionary mechanisms are often difficult to observe in action because evolution generally works slowly over time. Hybrid zones provide a unique opportunity to observe many evolutionary processes, such as reinforcement, because of the rapid changes that tend to occur in these zones. Salamanders provide an ideal model for examining the rapid changes in populations that result from hybridization because many closely-related species lack reproductive barriers. In Missouri, a well-documented hybridization zone exists among the two subspecies Eurycea longicauda longicauda (long-tailed salamander) and E. L. melanopleura (dark-sided salamander). These salamanders inhabit caves, limestone creek beds, and abandoned mine shafts. A closely ...


The Role Of Skeletal Development In Body Size Evolution Of Two North American Frogs, Sarah Beth Havens 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Role Of Skeletal Development In Body Size Evolution Of Two North American Frogs, Sarah Beth Havens

Masters Theses

"In order to better understand the evolution of miniaturization in Acris blanchardi, a North American Hylid with a unique life history and of ecological interest in the United States. The development and ossification sequences of 48 larvae, 5 juveniles and 5 adult A. blanchardi were examined. The adult was described by Maglia et al. (2007) to be a miniature and to display morphological novelties. In addition, 44 larvae, 2 juvenile and 5 adults of Pseudacris crucifer a closely related frog that has been suggested to be a miniature, were examined. The cranial and postcranial adult elements of this species, as ...


2010 File Geodatabase Containing Photo Point Locations, Aerial Photos, And Flight Maps, City of Tampa Department of Sanitary Sewers Bay Study Group, Pete Reehling, Richard McKenzie 2010 University of South Florida

2010 File Geodatabase Containing Photo Point Locations, Aerial Photos, And Flight Maps, City Of Tampa Department Of Sanitary Sewers Bay Study Group, Pete Reehling, Richard Mckenzie

Data Sets

The Bay Study Group was created by the City of Tampa in 1976 to monitor the effects of pollution abatement that occurred in Hillsborough Bay when the city’s wastewater treatment plant was upgraded from primary to advanced treatment in 1979. The Bay Study Group documented a remarkable restoration of water quality parameters and biological indicators in Hillsborough Bay from the mid 1980s until 2009, when it was disbanded. This zip Geodatabase file contains the photo point locations, aerial photos, and flight maps for the year 2010.


What Should Be Done With The Revenues From A Carbon Cap And Auction System?, Robert Costanza, Joshua C. Farley 2010 Portland State University

What Should Be Done With The Revenues From A Carbon Cap And Auction System?, Robert Costanza, Joshua C. Farley

Institute for Sustainable Solutions Publications and Presentations

In this article the author discusses the use of the revenues which can be generated from a carbon cap and auction system in the U.S. They believe that auction system will be politically feasible if all individuals share generated revenues equally. A significant fraction from the revenue should pay for related projects like researching and developing renewable energy in developing countries. The shareholders in this atmospheric commons should be both the current and future generations.


Laryngeal Apparatus And Call Structure In North American Hylids, Barbara Ann Catherine Fears 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Laryngeal Apparatus And Call Structure In North American Hylids, Barbara Ann Catherine Fears

Masters Theses

"Although the ecological implications and structure of frog calls have been the subject of much study, little is known about the association between the laryngeal apparatus morphology and call structure in North American hylids. In this study linear measurements of the laryngeal apparatus were captured and compared to the call structures of thirteen species of North American hylids. Species examined included: Pseudacris crucifer, P. triseriata, P. ocularis, Acris crepitans blanchardi, Hyla avivoca, H. cinerea, H. gratiosa, H. chrysoscelis, H. versicolor, H. squirella, H. femoralis, H. arenicolor, and H. eximia. Six homologous landmark points were identified, and the lengths between them ...


Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff 2010 Iowa State University

Swine Producer Appraisal Of The Community Assessment Model For Odor Dispersion (Cam), John C. Tyndall, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The community assessment model (CAM) for odor dispersion is a tool to assist in the siting of swine production facilities. CAM considers the size and type of a swine production system, local historical weather conditions, and odor control implementation. It predicts the number of hours of exposure to various levels of odor, by month, for each receptor in a given community. A follow-up survey of all CAM users since 2005 was conducted. The survey was designed to provide: 1) formative feedback for programming adjustments to improve Extension efficiency, usability, and reduce costs; and 2) summative feedback used to provide an ...


Transport Through Georeservoirs: Spatial Entropy In Hydraulic Properties, And Temporal Entropy In Residence Time Distributions, Lumeng Huang 2010 Wright State University

Transport Through Georeservoirs: Spatial Entropy In Hydraulic Properties, And Temporal Entropy In Residence Time Distributions, Lumeng Huang

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The general principle of maximum entropy can be used to guide the construction of flow and transport models parameters when are uncertain. The principle states that the model which maximizes the entropy should be chosen so that the full multiplicity or uncertainty is represented in the model outcomes.

In models for flow and transport through georeservoirs, the principle would commonly be applicable to the uncertainty in the model outcome for the time of travel through the system, in order to represent the full range of multiplicity in the distribution of residence times. Importantly, the model which maximizes the entropy in ...


Impacts Of Marsh Loss And Fragmentation On Microhabitat Use By Estuarine Nekton In Southwest Louisiana, John Alexander Gordon 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Impacts Of Marsh Loss And Fragmentation On Microhabitat Use By Estuarine Nekton In Southwest Louisiana, John Alexander Gordon

LSU Master's Theses

In Louisiana, the extensive loss and fragmentation of coastal marshes has prompted inquires into the impacts these processes may have on estuarine-dependant nekton. To date, research on nekton response to marsh loss and fragmentation has been limited to landscape-level studies which focus on the relationship between nekton productivity and the availability of marsh edge. These studies have relied on the assumption that marsh edges provide the same level of support to nekton regardless of the degree of surrounding marsh loss or fragmentation. This study tested this assumption by investigating the impacts of marsh loss and fragmentation on marsh-edge characteristics and ...


Understanding The Use Of Barrier Islands As Nesting Habitat For Louisiana Birds Of Concern, Cecilia Marie Leumas 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Understanding The Use Of Barrier Islands As Nesting Habitat For Louisiana Birds Of Concern, Cecilia Marie Leumas

LSU Master's Theses

Colonial nesting seabirds are threatened by habitat loss and degradation, human disturbance, predation, and climate change. Several species of conservation concern concentrate high percentages of their total U.S. populations in Louisiana breeding colonies. We studied seabirds, including Royal Terns, Sandwich Terns, and Black Skimmers, nesting on Isles Dernieres barrier islands along the Gulf coast of Louisiana. Two of the four islands in this chain host extensive seabird colonies and two do not. We used an experimental approach to test the hypothesis that large terns and skimmers are prevented from nesting on Trinity Island, the largest of the Isles Dernieres ...


Introgression, Health, And Condition Of Florida, Northern, And Fx Hybrid Largemouth Bass In Louisiana Water Bodies, Melissa Ann Fries 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Introgression, Health, And Condition Of Florida, Northern, And Fx Hybrid Largemouth Bass In Louisiana Water Bodies, Melissa Ann Fries

LSU Master's Theses

Since 1982, the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) has stocked Florida-strain largemouth bass (FLMB; Micropterus salmoides floridanus) to incorporate Florida alleles into native populations (NLMB; M. s. salmoides) and enhance recreational fishing opportunities. I collected habitat data and largemouth bass samples from 12 LDWF stocked reservoirs and disconnected oxbow lakes to examine the relationships between reservoir characteristics, genetic identity, relative weight (Wr), liver somatic index (LSI), parasite loads, and back-calculated length-at-age. I examined the relationships between water body and genetic identity with Wr, LSI, and back-calculated length-at-age by ANOVA. Parasite loads were analyzed with ordinal regression. Principle component ...


Employee Engagement With A Corporate Physical Activity Program: The Global Corporate Challenge, Pascal Scherrer, Lynnaire Sheridan, Ruth Sibson, Maria Ryan, Nadine Henley 2010 Edith Cowan University

Employee Engagement With A Corporate Physical Activity Program: The Global Corporate Challenge, Pascal Scherrer, Lynnaire Sheridan, Ruth Sibson, Maria Ryan, Nadine Henley

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Employers engage with corporate physical activity programs to foster employee wellbeing with a view to reducing the costs of absence and recruitment. This study reports on employee engagement with a commercial program, the Global Corporate Challenge, in terms of motivation, barriers, team dynamics, social aspects and self-reported physical activity levels. It uses guided introspection to explore how participation affected employee's motivation to sustain regular physical activity within the workplace setting. The program raised awareness of employees' individual physical activity levels and fostered social interaction in the workplace. Findings highlight the importance of employers providing a supportive context, fostering staff-led ...


Tree-Ring Dates And Demographic Change In The Southern Colorado Plateau And Rio Grande Regions, Michael S. Berry, Larry Benson 2010 Bureau of Reclamation, Salt Lake City, UT

Tree-Ring Dates And Demographic Change In The Southern Colorado Plateau And Rio Grande Regions, Michael S. Berry, Larry Benson

USGS Staff -- Published Research

In this chapter, tree-ring dates from the southern Colorado Plateau, Mogollon Highlands, and Rio Grande areas (fig. 3-1) (hereafter referred to as the study area) are used to estimate regional-scale timber-harvesting and construction activities between AD 600 and 1600 (the Basketmaker III through Pueblo IV periods). Within that time span, we focus our attention particularly on the AD 1045-1300 period, a time when anomalously wet periods alternated with megadroughts (fig. 3.2). Treering- date distributions (histograms) for eight archaeological subregions within the study area have been created using a database of more than twenty-four thousand tree-ring dates from archaeological sites ...


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