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Linking Field Observations And Satellite Data To Assess The Impacts Of Environmental Controls On Water Use Efficiency, For The State Of Kentucky., Sydney Abbott 2021 Murray State University

Linking Field Observations And Satellite Data To Assess The Impacts Of Environmental Controls On Water Use Efficiency, For The State Of Kentucky., Sydney Abbott

Scholars Week

Linking field observations and satellite data to assess the impacts of environmental controls on water use efficiency, for the state of Kentucky.

Sydney Abbott, Bassil El Masri

Murray State University, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences

Abstract

Water use efficiency (WUE), the ratio of carbon assimilation to water loss, is a key physiological parameter linking carbon and water cycles. Understanding changes in WUE is critical to quantify the terrestrial ecosystem response to climate change. In this study, we evaluated satellite data against data collected at an eddy covariance site at Kentucky State University for 5 years (2016-2020). We compared the ...


Investigating Decadal Changes Of Multiple Hydrological Products And Land-Cover Changes In The Mediterranean Region For 2009–2018, Wenzhao Li, Sachi Perera, Erik Linstead, Rejoice Thomas, Hesham el-Askary, Thomas Piechota, Daniele Struppa 2021 Chapman University

Investigating Decadal Changes Of Multiple Hydrological Products And Land-Cover Changes In The Mediterranean Region For 2009–2018, Wenzhao Li, Sachi Perera, Erik Linstead, Rejoice Thomas, Hesham El-Askary, Thomas Piechota, Daniele Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Land-cover change is a critical concern due to its climatic, ecological, and socioeconomic consequences. In this study, we used multiple variables including precipitation, vegetation index, surface soil moisture, and evapotranspiration obtained from different satellite sources to study their association with land-cover changes in the Mediterranean region. Both observational and modeling data were used for climatology and correlation analysis. Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Land Data Assimilation System (FLDAS) and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) were used to extract surface soil moisture and evapotranspiration data. Intercomparing the results of FLDAS and GLDAS suggested that FLDAS data had better ...


Tribal Revegetation Project Final Project Report: 92-Acre Area, Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Jeremy Spoon, Brittany Kruger, Richard Arnold, Kate Monti Barcalow, Tribal Revegetation Committee, TRC 2021 Portland State University

Tribal Revegetation Project Final Project Report: 92-Acre Area, Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Jeremy Spoon, Brittany Kruger, Richard Arnold, Kate Monti Barcalow, Tribal Revegetation Committee, Trc

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Nuwu (Southern Paiute), Newe (Western Shoshone), and Nuumu (Owens Valley Paiute) are linguistically related, Numic-speaking peoples who are part of the broader Uto-Aztecan language group. Numic peoples view the land as a holistic, living, sentient being with feelings and purpose. The land is personified with human characteristics and it needs to be experienced to be understood through “learning by doing.” Numic peoples do not support ground disturbing activities within their ancestral lands, including activities tied to the storage of low-level radioactive waste or classified materials on the NNSS, which they view as culturally inappropriate. These deep-rooted ancestral connections are the ...


Is The Relationship Between Mining And Climate Change Only One-Way? Climate Change Potential Impacts On Mining Activity – Hazards, Risks And Adaptation Measures, Małgorzata Markowska 2021 Central Mining Institute

Is The Relationship Between Mining And Climate Change Only One-Way? Climate Change Potential Impacts On Mining Activity – Hazards, Risks And Adaptation Measures, Małgorzata Markowska

Journal of Sustainable Mining

No abstract provided.


Antioxidant Properties Of Pecan Shell Bioactive Components Of Different Cultivars And Extraction Methods, Cameron Cason, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy, Juan Moreira, Achyut Adhikari 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Antioxidant Properties Of Pecan Shell Bioactive Components Of Different Cultivars And Extraction Methods, Cameron Cason, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy, Juan Moreira, Achyut Adhikari

Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Pecan shells are a rich source of various bioactive compounds with potential antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. This study investigated the effect of pecan variety and method extraction on the antioxidant property of shell extracts. Twenty different varieties of pecan shells were subjected to either aqueous or ethanolic extraction and were examined for total phenolics and antiradical activity. The phenolic content and antiradical activity of shell extracts were significantly (p < 0.05) varied with different pecan cultivars. The total phenolic content of ethanol extracts ranged from 304.2 (Caddo) to 153.54 (Cherokee) mg GAE/g of dry extract and was significantly greater (p < 0.05) than those obtained by aqueous extraction. The antiradical activity of ethanol extracts ranged from 840.6 (Maramec) to 526.74 (Caper Fear) mg TEg−1, while aqueous extracts ranged from 934.9 (Curtis) to 468.3 (Elliot) mg TEg−1. Chemical profiling of the crude and acid hydrolyzed extracts was performed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography and flow injection electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Lignin degradation products such as lignols, dilignols, trilignols, and oligolignols were found to be the major components of tested extracts. Phenolic content and antiradical activity of pecan shell extracts are significantly varied with cultivars and methods of extraction.


Large Area Land Cover Mapping Using Deep Neural Networks And Landsat Time-Series Observations, Shahriar Shah Heydari 2021 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Large Area Land Cover Mapping Using Deep Neural Networks And Landsat Time-Series Observations, Shahriar Shah Heydari

Dissertations and Theses

This dissertation focuses on analysis and implementation of deep learning methodologies in the field of remote sensing to enhance land cover classification accuracy, which has important applications in many areas of environmental planning and natural resources management.

The first manuscript conducted a land cover analysis on 26 Landsat scenes in the United States by considering six classifier variants. An extensive grid search was conducted to optimize classifier parameters using only the spectral components of each pixel. Results showed no gain in using deep networks by using only spectral components over conventional classifiers, possibly due to the small reference sample size ...


The Level Of Securing Dust Deposits Against The Possibility Of Coal Dust Explosion In The Drilled Dog Headings, Bogdan Malich, Krzysztof Cybulski, Malgorzata Wysocka, Krystian Skubacz, Aneta Michałek, Paweł Urban 2021 Experimental Mine “Barbara”, Central Mining Institute

The Level Of Securing Dust Deposits Against The Possibility Of Coal Dust Explosion In The Drilled Dog Headings, Bogdan Malich, Krzysztof Cybulski, Malgorzata Wysocka, Krystian Skubacz, Aneta Michałek, Paweł Urban

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The article presents the analysis how the actual coal dust explosion hazard is at the distance of the initial 200 metres of the safety zone maintained along the entire length of driven inclined drift II – face 567 in BRZESZCZE colliery, which was used during realization of the project titled Modelling of the mechanism of explosive coal dust deposition in the vicinity of mined faces in terms of identification, assessment and levelling the possibility of its explosion financed by the National Centre for Research and Development. The mine dust level was between 0.014 kg/m3 and 0.193 kg ...


The Influence Of Pressure Drop On Gas Emissions From A Mining Shaft – An Overview, Paweł Wrona, Zenon Różański, Grzegorz Pach, Adam Niewiadomski, Tomasz Suponik 2021 Silesian University of Technology

The Influence Of Pressure Drop On Gas Emissions From A Mining Shaft – An Overview, Paweł Wrona, Zenon Różański, Grzegorz Pach, Adam Niewiadomski, Tomasz Suponik

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Climate change can make an impact on the mining sector and post-mining sites. Among others, extreme weather events are connected with sudden and deep pressure drops which lead to gas emissions from an underground space to the surface through closed shafts. The tests undertaken in the frameworks of TEXMIN project lead to get measuring data of this phenomenon and will allow validating numerical models for further forecasts and mitigation means. Three examples of the results were presented. They showed that the intensity of pressure drop influences strongly on gas emissions from a closed shaft. Although the pressure drop process should ...


Bog Plant/Lichen Tissue Nitrogen And Sulfur Concentrations As Indicators Of Emissions From Oil Sands Development In Alberta, Canada, R. Kelman Wieder, Melanie A. Vile, Kimberli D. Scott, Cara M. Albright, James C. Quinn, Dale H. Vitt 2021 Villanova University

Bog Plant/Lichen Tissue Nitrogen And Sulfur Concentrations As Indicators Of Emissions From Oil Sands Development In Alberta, Canada, R. Kelman Wieder, Melanie A. Vile, Kimberli D. Scott, Cara M. Albright, James C. Quinn, Dale H. Vitt

Health Faculty Publications

Increasing gaseous emissions of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) associated with oil sands development in northern Alberta (Canada) has led to changing regional wet and dry N and S deposition regimes. We assessed the potential for using bog plant/lichen tissue chemistry (N and S concentrations, C:N and C:S ratios, in 10 plant/lichen species) to monitor changing atmospheric N and S deposition through sampling at five bog sites, 3-6 times per growing season from 2009 to 2016. During this 8-year period, oil sands N emissions steadily increased, while S emissions steadily decreased. We examined the following: (1 ...


Elemental Hyper-Accumulation In Mushrooms With A Focus On Arsenic, Walter Goessler 2021 Institute of Chemistry, University of Graz, Austria

Elemental Hyper-Accumulation In Mushrooms With A Focus On Arsenic, Walter Goessler

Sustainability Seminar Series

Mushrooms play an important role in the biogeochemical cycling of trace elements. They do neither belong to plants nor to animals but form their own kingdom. Some mushrooms live in symbiosis with plants or as parasites on other living organisms. Mushrooms are abundant worldwide. Although omnipresent, they only become noticeable when fruiting bodies are produced. Mushrooms are becoming a more important part of our diet and are used in various aspects of our life. They are used for antibiotics production, in the food industry(wine, cheese...) but also as biological pesticides. New applications cover plastics degradation and use as a ...


Impact Assessment And Management Challenges Of Key Rural Human Health Infrastructure Under Sea Level Rise, Molly Mitchell, Robert Isdell, Julie Herman, Christine Tombleson 2021 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Impact Assessment And Management Challenges Of Key Rural Human Health Infrastructure Under Sea Level Rise, Molly Mitchell, Robert Isdell, Julie Herman, Christine Tombleson

VIMS Articles

Accelerating sea level rise in Virginia, United States, will significantly increase the flooding threat to low-lying roads, residences, and critical infrastructure as well as raise the water table, allowing saltwater intrusion into well water and threatening the function of septic fields. Although most of the adaptation work in Virginia has focused on urban economic centers, the majority of the coastline is rural and faces different threats and opportunities to address them compared to urban areas due to their reduced economic assets and their reliance on private infrastructure. In this case study, we assess the potential for geospatially quantifying impact to ...


Strategic Approach For Mariculture To Practice “Ocean Negative Carbon Emission”, Jihong ZHANG, Jihua LIU, Yongyu ZHANG, Gang LI 2021 Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China

Strategic Approach For Mariculture To Practice “Ocean Negative Carbon Emission”, Jihong Zhang, Jihua Liu, Yongyu Zhang, Gang Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Reducing CO2 emissions and increasing carbon sinks are basic approaches to achieve carbon neutralization in China. China is the largest mariculture country in the world. China's mariculture industry is dominated by non-fed culture type and characterized by rich species, diverse nutrition levels, and advanced farming technology. Therefore, mariculture has huge potential for the development of ocean negative carbon emissions (ONCE). However, the ONCE process of bivalves and seaweed farming is complicated, and the scientific principles, process, mechanisms, monitoring and evaluating methods, and approaches of increasing carbon sink are gradually being recognized and yet to be resolved. This study discusses ...


Development Mechanism And Trading Mode Of Marine Carbon Sink, Yun ZHAO, Yue QIAO, Liwei ZHANG 2021 School of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China

Development Mechanism And Trading Mode Of Marine Carbon Sink, Yun Zhao, Yue Qiao, Liwei Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Marine carbon sink is one of the important methods to solve the problem of carbon emission in China. Under the dual constraints of economic development demand and ecological capacity, more policy means need to be explored to achieve carbon emission peak and carbon neutrality in China. There is great potential for the construction of marine carbon sink in China. Hence it is of great significance to build an integrated carbon sink system by combining marine carbon sink with land carbon sink. In the path to achieve marine carbon sequestration increase based on marine ecological improvement, marine breeding, coastal wetland protection ...


Promote Ocean Carbon Sinks To Become New Force In Achieving Carbon Neutrality, Contributing Editor 2021 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Promote Ocean Carbon Sinks To Become New Force In Achieving Carbon Neutrality, Contributing Editor

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.


Thinking Of Ocean Negative Emissions Aiming Carbon Neutrality Blue Carbon Sink Function Of Chinese Coastal Wetlands And Carbon Neutrality Strategy, Faming WANG, Jianwu TANG, Siyuan YE, Jihua LIU 2021 1.Xiaoliang Research Station for Tropical Coastal Ecosystems, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China;2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458, China;3.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research/Institute of Eco-Chongming, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China

Thinking Of Ocean Negative Emissions Aiming Carbon Neutrality Blue Carbon Sink Function Of Chinese Coastal Wetlands And Carbon Neutrality Strategy, Faming Wang, Jianwu Tang, Siyuan Ye, Jihua Liu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Coastal wetlands are the main body of the coastal "blue carbon (C)" ecosystem, and their "blue C" and ecosystem service function are important ocean-based climate change governance methods, which is a "nature-based solution". Chinese coastal wetlands are dominated by salt marshes, with little area of mangroves, while the area of unvegetated tidal flats is large. According to conservative estimation, the current C sequestration of coastal wetlands through sediment burial in China reaches to 0.97 Tg C·a-1, and would increase to 1.82-3.64 Tg C·a-1 at the end of this century. To achieve the commitment of "C ...


Coral Reefs: Potential Blue Carbon Sinks For Climate Change Mitigation, Tuo SHI, Xinqing ZHENG, Han ZHANG, Qifang WANG, Xin ZHONG 2021 Institute of Marine Science and Technology, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China

Coral Reefs: Potential Blue Carbon Sinks For Climate Change Mitigation, Tuo Shi, Xinqing Zheng, Han Zhang, Qifang Wang, Xin Zhong

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Coral reefs are one of the most productive, and yet most vulnerable marine ecosystems. The global decline of coral reefs induced by climate change and human activities has already affected the processes of coral calcification and carbon cycling in the reef ecosystem, intensifying the long-standing CO2 "source-sink" debate over coral reefs. Despite the fact that coral calcification is accompanied by the release of CO2 to the atmosphere, the significance of coral reefs as a carbon sink cannot be ignored, given the complex biogeochemical processes in the reef ecosystem and the characteristic mixotrophic lifestyle of the reef-building corals. From the perspective ...


Advocating Eco-Engineering Approach For Ocean Carbon Negative Emission, Yuze WANG, Yun LU, Jihua LIU, Chuanlun ZHANG 2021 Department of Ocean Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China Shenzhen Branch, Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Shenzhen 518055, China

Advocating Eco-Engineering Approach For Ocean Carbon Negative Emission, Yuze Wang, Yun Lu, Jihua Liu, Chuanlun Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Micro-organisms such as bacteria, archaea, and viruses are an immense invisible driving force behind the ocean carbon cycle and play a pivotal role in global climate change. Atmospheric CO2 is transformed into depositing organic components with the help of marine planktonic organisms which act as a biological pump (BP). The labile organic components are then transformed into recalcitrant organic carbon (RDOC) through the action of bacteria, archaea, and other organisms and viruses, which are called the microbial carbon pump (MCP). RDOC can be stored over thousands of years in the water column and the accompanying particulate organic matter can further ...


Data Information: Global Carbon Neutralization—Academic Research And Government Planning, 2021 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Data Information: Global Carbon Neutralization—Academic Research And Government Planning

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

No abstract provided.


Large-Scale Cultivation Of Seaweed Is Effective Approach To Increase Marine Carbon Sequestration And Solve Coastal Environmental Problems, Yufeng YANG, Hongtian LUO, Qing WANG, Zhili HE, Aimin LONG 2021 College of Life Science and Technology/Research Center on Low-carbon Economy for Guangzhou Region, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519000, China

Large-Scale Cultivation Of Seaweed Is Effective Approach To Increase Marine Carbon Sequestration And Solve Coastal Environmental Problems, Yufeng Yang, Hongtian Luo, Qing Wang, Zhili He, Aimin Long

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

All countries in the world are paying attention to low-carbon and carbon neutrality to achieve the mitigation of climate warming by reducing CO2 emissions. Ocean is the largest carbon pool on the earth and play an important role of carbon neutrality. More than half of the biological carbon on the earth is achieved by marine organisms. Among them, seaweed resources are abundant, with advantages such as low cost, high yield, measurable carbon sink, and strong cultivation controllability. Industrialized blue carbon can be formed offshore, which is a sustainable model for future development in coastal ecosystems. In addition, large-scale cultivation of ...


Interdisciplinary Strategies To Enable Data-Driven Plant Breeding In A Changing Climate, Aaron Kusmec, Zihao Zheng, Sotirios Archontoulis, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Jianming Yu, Patrick S. Schnable 2021 Iowa State University

Interdisciplinary Strategies To Enable Data-Driven Plant Breeding In A Changing Climate, Aaron Kusmec, Zihao Zheng, Sotirios Archontoulis, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Jianming Yu, Patrick S. Schnable

Mechanical Engineering Publications

This perspective lays out a framework to enable the breeding of crops that can meet worldwide demand under the challenges of global climate change. Past work in various fields has produced multiple prediction methods to contribute to different plant breeding objectives. Our proposed framework focuses on the integration of these methods into decision-support tools that quantify the effects on multiple objectives of decisions made throughout the plant breeding pipeline. We discuss the complementarities among these methods with an emphasis on integration into tools that utilize operations research and systems approaches to help plant breeders rapidly and optimally design new cultivars ...


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